Topic 1 Biology: Exploring Life Student Objectives . Themes in the Study of Biology Describe the levels of biological organization from molecules to the biosphere, noting the interrelationships between levels. Compare the flow of chemical nutrients and the flow of energy in an ecosystem. Explain how cells function as the structural and functional units of life. Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Define the principle of emergent properties and describe an example of it. Evolution, the Core Theme of Biology Explain how DNA encodes a cell’s information. List seven properties that are common to all life. Compare the three domains of life. Distinguish between the three multicellular kingdoms within Eukarya. Describe the process and products of natural selection. Explain why individuals cannot evolve. The Process of Science Describe the goals and limits of scientific investigations. Compare discovery science and hypothesis-based science. Define a hypothesis and compare inductive and deductive reasoning. Explain how deductive reasoning is part of hypothesis-based science. Describe the structure of a controlled experiment and give an example. Biology and Everyday Life Compare the goals of science and technology. Explain why an understanding of science is essential to our lives. Explain how evolution impacts the lives of all humans.