Topic: Articles
Sub Topic: Definite Articles
Objective(s): TSWBAT differentiate between definite and indefinite
articles in Spanish.
Text:
Slide: 1 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Graphic box
illustrating articles
Matching activity on
Quia
Fancy image of
“the” bordered by
el, la, los, and las
Dustbin with nouns
and definite articles
Memory link to
past (image)
Link to names /
gender
Definite Articles mean ‘the’
In Spanish there are four words that mean ‘the’
They are:
masculine, singular = el
feminine, singular = la
masculine, plural = los
feminine, plural = las
Review gender from the beginning of the year:
If a noun end in an ‘O’ – is it masculine or feminine?
If a noun ends in an ‘A’ – is it masculine or feminine?
You need to know the gender of a noun so you can figure out the
correct definite article to use.
Each noun has a single correct definite article that could come
before it. If you do not know if something is masculine or feminine,
you can check a Spanish-English dictionary.
You will either see (m.) for masculine or (f.) for feminine.
The letter ‘s’ at the end almost always makes it plural.
For each of the sentences below, figure out the correct definite
article to use in the blank. You also need to translate the sentence.
1. Él come _____ hamburguesas.
Video with gender &
articles
Screen shot of
Spanish dictionary
with gender
highlighted
Creative commons
image of
hamburger
Cloze activity with
definite articles.
2. Nosotros usamos _____ computadoras.
3. Tú bailas _____ tango.
Image of the tango
4. Yo compro _____ comida deliciosa.
5. Ellos llevan _____ jeans azules.
6. _____ cebra corre rápida.
Notes:
Memory link to
past – consistent
image when
connecting to prior
knowledge.
1
Topic: Articles
Sub Topic: Indefinite Articles
Objective(s): TSWBAT differentiate between definite and indefinite
articles in Spanish.
Text:
Singular indefinite articles mean ‘a’ or ‘an’
Plural indefinite articles mean ‘some’
The indefinite articles in Spanish are:
masculine, singular = un
feminine, singular = una
masculine, plural = unos
feminine, plural = unas
Each noun has a single correct indefinite article that could come
before it. If you do not know if something is masculine or feminine,
you can check a Spanish-English dictionary.
You will either see (m.) for masculine or (f.) for feminine.
The letter ‘s’ at the end almost always makes it plural.
You can remember that indefinite articles mean ‘a’ or ‘an’ by
comparing it to ‘one’
uno = one
una = a
When you write, you would use ‘un’ instead of ‘uno’ for a masculine
singular noun.
For each of the sentences below, figure out the correct indefinite
article to use in the blank. You also need to translate the sentence.
1. Ellos viven en _____ casa.
Slide: 2 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Fancy ‘a’ bordered
by un & una
Matching activity on
Quia
Fancy ‘some’
bordered by unos
& unas
Dustbin game with
nouns & indefinite
articles
Screen shot of
Spanish dictionary
with example
Flash graphic with
uno & una
Cloze activity with
indefinite articles.
2. La familia come _____ pizza.
3. Yo tengo dos gatos y _____ perro.
4. Ella quiere _____ amigas.
5. Ricardo y Juan son _____ estudiantes.
6. Hay _____ problema*
(problema = masculine, singular)
Notes:
2
Topic: Articles
Sub Topic: Practice
Objective(s): TSWBAT select the correct definite or indefinite
articles based on the sentence.
Slide: 3 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Text:
Interactions:
Articles, definite or indefinite, make the sentence complete. Without
the articles, either Spanish or English, the sentences do not sound
correct.
The video is an example of an English conversation missing articles.
Can you figure out what is missing?
Video – Article
Grammarman & the
Article Ants
It sounds just as silly in Spanish when you are missing the article (or
if you use the incorrect article.
Choose some practice activities for articles. Each activity is different,
so read the directions before you start.
Millionaire – Choose correct definite or indefinite article. The prompts
will get more challenging each level.
Quizlet – Practice with noun and definite/indefinite article pairs.
Jeopardy – Write the translated sentence, making sure you use the
correct article.
Assessment:
There is an in-class practice as a formative assessment for using
ActivInspire
articles. The actual quiz will be the same format, but different
Flipchart with
sentences.
questions
programmed
Mixed up sentences. You need to put the parts of the sentence in the
correct order and add an appropriate article. Check your answers by
translating the sentence to make sure it makes sense.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Quizbusters with
articles &
translations
Millionaire, Quizlet,
& Jeopardy
alta / girafa / es
Alicia / libros / lee / de Twilight.
casa / yo / en / vivo
tienen / ellos / amigas
tú / shorts / llevas
Type 2 Writing: What is the difference between definite and indefinite Collin’s Image
articles? Write in English (3 lines, 2 minutes)
Notes:
Type 1-5 writings are part of the Collin’s writing program. Anything
higher than one is a graded response, so it is a form of assessment.
The paper & pencil
writing Collin’s
image will be
consistent =Type 2
writing assessment
3
Topic: Clothing
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify the items of clothing in Spanish.
Text:
Slide: 4 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Vocabulario de Ropa:
la blusa ~ blouse
la bolsa ~ bag
las botas ~ boots
el calcetín ~ sock
los calcetines ~ socks
la camisa ~ shirt
la camiseta ~ T-shirt
la chaqueta ~ jacket
la corbata ~ tie
la falda ~ skirt
los jeans ~ jeans
los vaqueros ~ jeans
los pantalones ~ pants
el paraguas ~ umbrella
la ropa ~ clothes
el sombrero ~ hat
el suéter ~ sweater
el vestido ~ dress
el zapato ~ shoe
los zapatos ~ shoes
PDF of Vocab
Interactive
Vocabulario 1.2.pdf Slideshow with
clothing items
Photos of Clothing labeled in Spanish
Preguntas
¿De qué color ...? ~ What color ...?
¿Qué lleva? ~ What is he/she wearing?
¿Qué llevas tú? ~ What are you wearing?
Links for Vocabulary Practice: Quizlet, StudyStack, Digital Dialects,
Quia
Online practice links
to outside sources
Looking at the pictures, answer the questions in a list format using the
correct Spanish vocabulary.
1. ¿Qué lleva la chica?
2. ¿Qué lleva Sr. José?
3. ¿Qué llevas tú?
Graphic of girl
Graphic of señor
Graphic of mirror
Listening Activity:
Draw a stick figure on a piece of paper. Play the description of
someone’s outfit, as you hear the outfit described draw it on the stick
figure. You will need to use colors too.
Notes: See handwritten notes for script for audio activity.
Graphic of stick
figure
Audio File
4
Topic: Clothing
Sub Topic: llevar
Objective(s): TSWBAT use the correct form of llevar when answer
questions about clothing.
Text:
Slide: 5 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
LLEVAR = to wear
There are different forms of llevar to show who is wearing.
What subject pronouns do you remember?
yo, tú, usted, él, ella, nosotros, nosotras, vosotros, ustedes, ellos,
ellas
Subject pronoun
chart with forms of
llevar
llevar.png
The chart shows the correct form of llevar for each of the subject
pronouns.
Link to Quia – cloze
sentence activity
Practice using the correct form of llevar on Quia.
¿PREGUNTAS?
You need to be able to answer questions with the correct subject
and the correct verb.
¿Quién lleva...? ~ Who wears ...?
Image question
marks
Matching activity –
definitions of
questions/answers
and which response
goes with the
question
¿Qué llevas tú? ~ What do you wear?
Yo llevo ... ~ I wear ...
¿Qué lleva ella? ~ What does she wear?
Ella lleva ... ~ She wears ...?
¿Qué lleva él? ~ What does he wear?
Él lleva ... ~ He wears ...
Nosotros llevamos ... ~ We wear ...
Ellos llevan ... ~ They wear ...
Examples:
Los estudiantes llevan uniformes.
Ella lleva un vestido.
Tú llevas una camisa y los jeans.
¿Qué lleva las personas famosas?
Looking at the pictures from different award shows, what are the
celebrities wearing?
Notes:
Graphic with
written example
Pictures from
award shows
Voicethread –
comments can be
added
5
Topic: Clothing
Sub Topic: Agreement
Objective(s): TSWBAT change the adjective to agree in number and
gender with the item of clothing it is describing.
Text:
Adjectives need to match the gender and the number of the noun
they describe.
Adjectives that end in –o can have four forms:
masculine singular - o
feminine singular - a
masculine plural - os
feminine plural - as
The ending of the adjective changes to match the noun.
Slide: 6 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Image of box with
adjective endings
la ropa image –
with article
highlighted
It does not matter WHO is wearing the clothing, you look at the
article of the clothing to find the gender/number of the clothing.
image boy wearing
dress
la ropa (feminine, singular)
image multiple
people wearing
pants
el vestido (masculine, singular) even though a boy does not wear a
dress.
los pantalones (masculine, plural) even though one person wears
the pants, the adjective is plural to describe pants.
Adjectives that end in –e or any consonants will agree with either a
masculine or a feminine noun.
To make it plural
e + s = - es
or consonant + es
What adjectives do you know that can be either masculine or
feminine?
fuerte, trabajador, inteligente, verde, azul
Make these adjectives plural:
fuertes, trabajadores, inteligentes, verdes, azules
¿Qué llevan los estudiantes? Describe en español the clothing with
the color to match each of the items.
Type 2 Writing: Describe your outfit in Spanish using adjectives that
agree with the clothing. (3 clothing items, 3 minutes)
Notes:
Interactions:
Multiple choice
activities to select
adjective that
agrees: battleship,
millionaire, cloze
Dustbin with 4 forms
of same adjective:
Place nouns in
correct bin – include
non-O or -A nouns.
Image of Clothing
in color
ClothingAgreement
.jpg
Paper & pencil
image
The paper & pencil
image will be
consistent =Type 2
writing
6
Topic: Clothing
Sub Topic: Fashion Show
Objective(s): TSWBAT write sentences to describe in an outfit using
the verb to match the person and adjectives that match the clothing.
Text:
There is no end of the unit test. Instead we are going to have a
Spanish Fashion Show.
You will work with a partner to brainstorm a crazy outfit and write
descriptive Spanish sentences.
Your sentences must use ...
 the correct form of llevar
 either definite or indefinite articles
 and adjectives to describe the clothing
You and your partner will add both of your sentences to
GoogleDocs. Each student will get their own grade, but you should
peer edit.
Slide: 7 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Project description
Fashion Show.pdf
Interactions:
Slideshow with
images from
previous
fashionshows
GoogleDoc
template for
sentences
Do not change your partner’s sentences, use ‘ctrl+M’ to leave a
comment.
You need to share it with your teacher so feedback can be provided
ahead of time.
FASHION SHOW
Today is the big day: our FASHION SHOW
Bring the items to class. You will have time to quickly change before
we start.
Flash – stick figure
walking
Students will record
and photograph the
fashion show.
Flash - Fashion
Show sign flashing
Use to create the
Voicethread.
Voicethread:
students will have
the ability to add
comments.
Notes:
7
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify the definitions of basic AR verbs.
Text:
Verbs in Spanish are special. The infinitive form of the verb changes
to show who is doing the action. This is called conjugation.
Slide: 8 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Memory link image
Interactions:
Link to infinitive
page and
conjugation page
Before we get to that step, we need to review the definitions of AR
verbs that we have already learned this year.
You have many options for practicing the definitions of AR verbs.
Choose from the activities below:
StudyStack, Quizlet, Battleship, Challenge Board, Millionaire
Battleship
screenshot
When you see the verb in the infinitive, the AR verbs end in AR. The
stem of the verb stays the same, only the end changes.
Stem/End image
verb_stem.png
Based on the pictures – write all the AR verbs that could go with the
pictures. As a class, we will take the verb lists and write a story.
3 images in a
series – writing
prompt for a mini
story
Assessment: Matching quiz with the verbs and the definitions. There
will be a pre-test and a post-test for the verb definitions since they
were taught at the beginning of the year.
Links to outside
resources: AR verbs
in the infinitive
Slideshare – AR
verbs in the infinitive
with creative
commons images
Practice quiz on
Quia.
Notes:
8
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic: Infinitive
Objective(s): TSWBAT explain the importance of an infinitive verb.
Text:
Slide: 9 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Verbs in the infinitive end in ‘R’
Interactions:
Slideshare again –
verbs in infinitive
with creative
commons images
When the verb ends in ‘R’ it means ‘to … do something’
Examples:
Bailar = to dance
Pintar = to paint
Estudiar = to study
Before you conjugate a verb, you need to know what it is in the
infinitive. That will make conjugating a lot easier.
Link to conjugation
page
The previous page had many practice activities for verbs defined in
the infinitive.
Link to AR verbs
Are the verbs in the infinitive? ¿Sí o No?
1. salta
2. mira
3. usar
4. pintar
5. cantas
6. hablo
7. patina
8. tocan
9. grito
10. pegar
11. levanter
12. paga
13. llorar
14. buscar
15. da
For the ones that you said were not in the infinitive, what do you
have to change to make the verb infinitive?
Type 2 Writing: Explain the importance or the role of an infinitive
verb.
Image of
questionmarks
Collin’s Image
Notes:
9
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic: Conjugation
Objective(s): TSWBAT diagram the steps for conjugating a regular
AR verb.
Text:
Slide: 10 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
The verb endings in Spanish change to show how is doing the
action. The process of changing the verb is called conjugation.
Link to endings &
conjugation
You need to start with the verb in the infinitive. There are two steps:
1. drop the AR
2. add the correct ending
Conjugation
PowerPoint
STEP 1:
Drop, Erase, Make Disappear, Blow Up … the AR
STEP 2:
Add the correct ending
Flash animation
SALT AR
Drop, erase,
disappear, blow up
AR
HINT: the endings are related to the subject pronouns
Memory link image
The next page has a complete list of the AR endings.
Link to subject
pronouns
Link to endings
Video with subject
pronouns/verbs
Podcast for AR conjugation. As you listen to the podcast, you are
going to fill in a subject pronoun chart. To start, copy down the blank
outline of the chart.
Subject pronoun
chart image
Type 4 Writing: Explain conjugation including an example of a verb
completely conjugated in the six forms.
FCAs: Steps to conjugate, Verb conjugated in 6 forms.
The final copy will be a poster – either on paper or digital on Glogster
Links to previous student copies of the digital posters:
1. estudiante A
2. estudiante B
3. estudiante C
4. estudiante D
Notes:
10
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic: Endings
Objective(s): TSWBAT compare the relationship between verb
endings and subject pronouns.
Text:
Slide: 11 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
When you conjugate the verb, the ending matches the subject
pronoun.
Link to conjugation
page & subject
pronoun page
The chart below shows all the AR verb endings with the
corresponding subject pronouns.
Remember we talked about the dotted line between usted & él / ella
as well as ustedes & ellos / ellas. They have the same verb ending,
but the definitions of the subject pronouns are very different.
The endings also work with mixed subject pronouns. Think about
which subject pronouns they match.
Subject pronoun
and ending chart
Chart with mixed
subject pronouns
Remember the steps to conjugate:
1. Drop the AR
2. Add the correct ending
Fill in either the missing subject pronoun or the verb ending based
on what is given.
1. ____ gritas fuerte.
2. ____ bailamos.
3. ____ ayudo mi mamá.
4. ____ anda la bicicleta.
5. ____ saltáis.
6. Ella mira___ el televisión.
7. Usted enseñ___ la clase.
8. Nosotros compr____ pizza.
9. Yo us___ la computadora.
10. Ellos jueg____ el béisbol.
For additional notes, check out Study Spanish.
The next page has recommended and required practice activities for
conjugating AR verbs.
Quia matching with
verb endings &
subject pronouns –
including mixed
Link to Millionaire
mixed subject
pronoun practice
Video by TonitoFrito
Music videos with
conjugation
You can figure out the correct ending by looking at the subject
pronoun.
You can tell who is doing the action just by looking at the verb
ending. An example of a verb conjugated is CAMINAR.
Who walks? Check out the chart.
Interactions:
Subject pronoun
chart with
CAMINAR
conjugated
Dustbin with verbs
conjugated and
subject pronouns
Link to
StudySpanish
Link to practice
Notes:
11
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic: Practice
Objective(s): TSWBAT correctly conjugate a regular AR verb to
match the subject pronoun.
Text:
AR verb conjugation is one of the critical topics of first year Spanish.
It is very important that you master conjugations before the end of
the year.
Slide: 12 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Conjugation
Practice – flash
animation
There is a variety of practice links below to help you master AR
conjugations. Some of the games were meant to be played against
an opponent. So find a friend, and may the best conjugater win!
 Spaleon, Quizlet (scatter, space race), StudyStack
(matching, bug, hangman, flashcards), Burrito Builder, Study
Spanish, Battleship, Challenge Board, More Challenging
Screen shots of the Each of the
Board, Millionaire
games
individual games
You should keep a practice journal to track the AR practices you
complete.
Open the GoogleDoc template and ‘Make a Copy’
Save the copy as your last name AR Journal
You need to share the Doc with your teacher so you can receive a
grade.
Class Practice Activities:
Digital Dice: Roll both digital dice. The first dice corresponds with
the subject. The second dice tells you the verb. Conjugate the verb
to match the subject.
Table Race: Each table will have a list of subjects and verbs. Work
with your table while passing the paper in a circle to conjugate all the
verbs. The first table done with all correct wins.
Assessment: All students will take the AR conjugation quiz 5 times.
The best three scores count as the quiz grade worth 30 points.
GoogleDoc icon
Link to GoogleDoc
template
Rolling dice
Pdf files for table
races
Quiz symbol
Notes:
12
Topic: AR Verbs
Sub Topic: Complete Sentences
Objective(s): TSWBAT correctly conjugate a regular AR verb to
match the subject pronoun.
Text:
Slide: 13 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
All sentences need a subject and a verb. This is true in both English
and Spanish.
In Spanish, you have to make sure the verb conjugates to match the
subject in the sentence.
The subject and the verb is the minimum to write the sentence. You
can also add other pieces to the sentence to give it detail.
Él come. Él come un taco. Él come un taco grande.
Ella nada. Ella nada en el océano. Ella nada en el océano con los
tiburones.
Image of man
eating a big taco.
Image of a girl
swimming in ocean
with sharks
Based on the pictures, write sentences in Spanish
There are many correct possibilities.
If you want to add detail, you can look up individual words using
Word Reference.
Type 3:
Write 5 sentences in Spanish using different subject pronouns.
FCA: Each sentence has a subject pronoun and a verb.
The verb is conjugated correctly.
Audio translations:
Write the Spanish sentence you hear. Translate the sentence into
English.
1. Nosotros visitamos con la familia.
2. Tú pintas en la clase de arte.
3. Yo cocino con mi mamá y mi tía.
4. Ellos escuchan la música.
5. Raúl usa la computadora.
6. Los estudiantes estudian matemáticas.
Notes:
Picture prompts for
writing
Voicethread with
pictures
Embed Word
Reference
Collin’s Image
Sentences to the
left should be
recorded/
embedded
13
Topic: Family
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify the Spanish family vocabulary.
Text:
Family is very important to Spanish culture. Below are the
vocabulary words for family.
Slide: 14 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Pdf vocabulary list
Link to culture
Video by TonitoFrito
Images of family –
arrow shows
relationship
What is the difference between hermano / hermana or abuelo /
abuela?
This is another review of gender of nouns. One letter can change the
entire meaning of the word.
If hermano is brother, what is hermanos?
Slideshare with
images
Framed image
labeled ‘abuelos’
Link to gender
Framed image
labeled ‘hermanos’
with boys & girls
Why could it be brothers or siblings?
Practice with the vocabulary.
 Matching, Flashcards, Hangman, Millionaire
Brainteasers: Complicated family relationships ¿Quién es?
1. ¿Quién el la madre de la hermana de tu prima?
2. ¿Quién es la abuela del hermano del hijo de tu padre?
3. ¿Quién es el padre de tu tía?
4. ¿Quién es el hermano de la tía del hijo de mi primo?
5. ¿Quién es el nieto de la madre de mi padre?
6. ¿Quién es el hijo de mi abuelo?
7. ¿Quién es la hermana de la tía de la madre de mi hermano?
8. ¿Quién es el hijo del hermano de mi padre?
Links to outside
resources
ActivInspire
FlipChart with
voting
Fake family tree
Assessment: Multiple choice definitions of the family vocabulary
Notes: Check handwritten notes for fake family tree and questions
related to the fake tree.
14
Topic: Family
Sub Topic: Personal
Objective(s): TSWBAT personalize the vocabulary and articulate
who is in their family.
Text:
Slide: 15 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Everyone’s family is unique. There are some additional words for us
to define:
 stepfather and stepmother
 stepbrother and stepsister
 half brother and half sister
Interactions:
Embed Word
Reference
Are there any additional words you need to talk about your own
family?
After talking to your parents, draw a family tree. Label it with first
names and the Spanish word that shows their relationship to you.
You can see the example from la familia de Señorita Butler.
You will need to be able to answer questions about your family using
your family tree.
FamilyTree.png
Example questions from la familia de Señorita Butler.
1. ¿?
2. ¿?
3. ¿?
4. ¿?
¿? Preguntas ¿?
¿Cómo se llaman tus padres? Mis padres se llaman …
¿Tienes hermanos? Sí/No tengo hermanos
¿Cuántos hermanos tienes?
¿Cuántos años tiene tu hermano/hermana? Él/Ella tiene # años.
¿Cuántos tíos tienes?
¿Cuántos primos tienes?
¿Cuántos hermanos tiene tu madre?
¿Cuántos hijos tiene tu padre?
Type 3 Writing: In Spanish, describe your family providing some
details such as names or age.
FCA: 5 family vocabulary words circled
5 supporting details underlined
Verbs are conjugated correctly.
Questionmark
image
Collin’s Image
Notes:
15
Topic: Family
Sub Topic: Cultural
Objective(s): TSWBAT compare the role of family in Spanish
speaking countries and the United States.
Text:
Slide: 16 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
What does family mean to you?
Family plays an important role in the lives of Spanish speaking
people.
Authentic article
Read the article and watch the video talking about family. Be
prepared to compare and contrast to your own family.
Video
Watch the clip from Plaza Sésamo that describes family. Even from
an early age they are taught the importance of family.
Video
Create a Venn Diagram comparing or contrasting a Spanish family to
your own family.
Watch the episode of Maya & Miguel and write down all the family
vocabulary you hear. The characters speak Spanglish – a mix of
Spanish and English.
Video – link through
PBS Kids
“La cocinita” – the Little Kitchen
You should see the strong connection between the extended family.
Children are raised to have lots of respect for their elders.
Notes:
16
Topic: Tener
Sub Topic: Irregular Forms
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify which forms of tener are irregular.
TSWBAT translate tener.
Text:
Slide: 17 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Tener means to have.
In Spanish, there are some special uses for tener – both expressions
and expressing obligation.
Before we can discuss expressions or tener que, you need to know
about the irregular forms.
Unlike earlier verbs you learned to conjugate, tener is an ER verb, so
the endings are slightly different.
Instead of the endings have ‘A’s – the endings have ‘E’s.
The yo form is completely irregular.
In the tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes, ellos, and ellas forms of the verb,
the ‘E’ in the stem changes to ‘IE’
Nosotros and vosotros do not change in the stem. You just have to
remember to conjugate the end.
Vosotros tenéis que recorder a cambiar el fin.
It is easiest to just memorize the forms of tener as vocabulary. The
Study Stack link will help you practice.
Color coded
conjugation chart
for tener
Video with tener
Tener conj.png
Study Stack
Conjugations &
Expressions
Notes: There is not enough content for tener to stand alone – so it is
going to be combined with tener irregular forms.
See handwritten notes for color coded chart with captions
17
Topic: Tener
Sub Topic: Expressions
Objective(s): TSWBAT translate and use Spanish expressions that
use tener.
Text:
Slide: 18 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Tener is used more frequently in Spanish than ‘to have’ is used in
English.
Many expressions in English use a form of ‘to be’ are transformed
into tener expressions in Spanish.
This is a short list of tener expressions that we have used this year:
 tener # años = to be # years old
 tener hambre = to be hungry
 tener sed = to be thirsty
 tener sueño = to be tired
 tener calor = to be hot
 tener frío = to be cold
Link to irregular
forms of tener
You conjugate the verb tener to show who is hungry, or tired, or cold.
Based on the prompt, which tener expression would make sense?
1. No come nada en dos días.
2. Celebra mi cumpleaños con mis amigos.
3. Camina en el desierto y no tiene agua.
4. La temperatura hace noventa grados.
5. Quiere ir a la casa y duerme.
6. Es diciembre y hay nieva.
desert
snow
Notes:
18
Topic: Tener
Sub Topic: tener + que
Objective(s): TSWBAT construct sentences with tener + que to
express ‘has to.’
Slide: 19 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Text:
Another use for tener is combining it with ‘que’ to express obligation.
TENER
+
(conjugated to match subject)
QUE
Interactions:
link to tener
= TO HAVE TO
The verb that follows ‘que’ stays in the infinitive; it should not be
conjugated.
Example sentences:
Nosotros tenemos que estudiar. We have to study.
Ella tiene que practicar el piano. She has to practice the piano.
Video ‘tener que’
messy bedroom
Yo tengo que limpiar mi dormitorio. I have to clean my bedroom.
Practice: based on the picture and the subject in parenthesis, write a
sentence explaining what each person has to do.
Click ANSWERS to check your responses.
Link to answers
(duplicate hidden
page & add
answers)
Select the correct form of tener. Afterwards, translate each sentence.
1. Yo (tiene / tengo) que comprar un regalo.
birthday
2. Mi mamá (tiene / tenemos) que cocinar algo especial.
3. Ronaldo y Luz (tenéis / tienen) que visitar.
4. Nosotros (tienes / tenemos) que celebrar el cumpleaños de mi
papá.
Type 2 Writing: Write three sentences expressing obligation using
tener and different subjects.
Collin’s Image
Notes:
19
Topic: Subject Pronouns
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify and use subject pronouns in a
Spanish sentence.
Text:
Slide: 20 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Interactions:
Subjects are the people doing the actions or talking.
Glogster Main
Page – details on
subsequent pages
Videos on glog
Below is a chart of the subject pronouns.
Subject pronoun
chart
Study Stack with
subject pronouns
The headings for the columns and rows tell you when to use each.
Which one is not like the others? VOSOTROS
The faded Spanish flag means it is only used in Spain. All other
countries use Ustedes for all of you.
Practice:
Look at each of the images above.
 Which subject pronoun does the image represent?
 Compare your answers to the chart: do they make sense?
 Do any of the pictures have more than one possible
answer? Which and Why?
Subject Pronoun
Practica.png
Notes: This page occurs earlier in the course. However, it is
referenced multiple times during conjugation, so it needs to be
completed for the project. This is like 11B in the sequence of the
storyboard.
20
Topic: Adjectives
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify the correct form of an adjective to
match a person or object.
Text:
Adjectives for People:
 aburrido – boring
 alto – tall
 antipático – mean
 bajo – short
 bonito – pretty
 bueno – good
 cómico – funny
 Etc
Adjectives for objects:
 pequeño – small
 grande – big
 largo – long
 corto - short
 rojo – red
 anaranjado – orange
 amarillo – yellow
 verde – green
 azul – blue
 violeta – purple
 rosado – pink
 negro – black
 blanco - white
The adjectives have to agree in number and in gender with the noun
they are describing: masculine vs feminine, singular vs plural
Generally adding an ‘S’ makes it plural. (or ‘ES’ if the adjective ends
in a consonant instead of a vowel).
Slide: 21 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Adjectivos.pdf
Slideshow of
images with
Spanish adjectives
Color Song Video
Color activity
FlipChart for
Promethean board
Interactions:
¿Cómo es?
Slideshare with
characters
StudyStack
adjectives + ser
Color Activity
Digital Dialects
¿Qué color no es
correcto?
Dustbin game
Millionaire game
Generally an ‘O’ is a masculine ending and ‘A’ is the feminine
ending. Adjectives that end in other letters can be masculine or
feminine.
Notes: This page occurs earlier in the course. However, it is
referenced multiple times during the clothing section, so it needs to
be completed for the project.
21
Topic: Ser
Sub Topic:
Objective(s): TSWBAT identify the correct form of ser to match the
subject pronoun.
Text:
Think about English – when you are describing someone you do not
say “she to be tall” , “we to be students”, “I to be rich”
How would you describe these people in English?
She is tall. We are students. I am rich.
In Spanish, each subject pronoun has a form of ser that matches.
Check out the chart to see the matches.
You must use the form of ser that is in the box with the subject
pronoun.
Vosotros soy bonitos = Y’all am pretty.
This sounds just as crazy in Spanish as in English.
Tú eres loco ... NOT tú es loco.
You can tell the correct form of ser based on the subject pronoun.
You can also figure out the subject pronoun based on the form of
ser. For the practice activity – figure out what would go in the blank.
1. ____ soy inteligente.
2. Señor Pepe ____ profesor.
3. Usted ____ rica.
4. ____ eres guapo.
5. Andres y Diego ____ locos.
6. ____ somos de Pennsylvania.
7. Ella ____ alta.
8. Nosotros ____ estudiantes buenos.
9. _____ sois de España.
10. Yo ____ especial.
The quiz for ser and subject pronouns is very similar to this activity.
Based on the information, you need to either fill in the correct subject
pronoun or the correct form of ser.
Ser + de explains origin of someone.
It is where they were born/grew up. It is not necessarily where they
live now.
Do you remember which countries speak Spanish? Check out the
geography section.
Notes: This page occurs earlier in the course.
Slide: 22 of 22
Graphic/Audio/
Doc Files:
Ser.pdf
Ser Chart.png
Interactions:
What is missing
from the chart?
crazy image
Flipchart with self
guided questions
Scrolling text bar
with the answers
money
caption: You are
rich
Spain flag
caption: Y’all are
from Spain.
De dónde eres?
Map
Geography
practice
worksheet.pdf
22