Jeriza Dana M. Junio O0B ITETHICS Book Review Chapter 1---Ethical Theories Trying Out One’s New Sword --- Mary Midgley Book: Contemporary Moral Problems By: James E. White Library Reference: N/A Amazon Link: http://www.amazon.com/Contemporary-Moral-Problems-James White/dp/0534584306/ref=pd_bbs_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1233793391&sr=8-1 Learning Expectations: I want to learn something interesting in this part, I want to gain new knowledge regarding the moral problems that are included in this text. Quote: “Morally, as well as physically, there is only one world, and we all have to live in it.” Review: In this part of the book Midgley had some very strong arguments in this chapter. Generally the idea is to revoke moral isolation. Moral isolation is the belief of anthropologists that people cannot criticize other customs or cultures that they don't belong to. To Midgley, the idea deprives us of moral reasoning and judgment. It was an aggressive take on the simple idea. I think this topic can be an eye opener to people. It states that people should get to know first a culture before judging it. We should consider moral isolationism which prohibits us to criticize other culture if we don’t understand them or we don’t belong in them. It will not People should learn from Midgley’s point of view. What I have learned: I have learned the meaning of the title of this subtopic of the book. Midgley has thought of a good example to explain her point. Integrative Questions: 1.) What is tsujigiri? 2.) Who is Mary Midgley? 3.) What is Moral Isolationism? 4.) What is a crude opinion? 5.) What is moral judgement? Review Questions: 1.) What is “moral isolationism”? - Moral isolationism is a doctrine of immoralism because it forbids any moral reasoning. 2.) Explain the Japanese custom tsujigiri? What questions does Midgley ask about this custom? - A samurai sword had to be tried out because, if it is was to work properly, it had to slice through someone at a single blow, from the shoulder to the opposite flank. Otherwise, the warrior bungled his stroke. This could injure his honour, offend his ancestors, and even let down his emperor. Does the isolating barrier work both ways? Are people in other cultures equally unable to criticize us? 3.) What is wrong with moral isolationism according to Midgley? - It falsely assumes that cultures are separate and unmixed, whereas most cultures are in fact formed out of many influences. 4.) What does Midgley think is the basis for criticizing other cultures? - To respect someone, we have to know enough about him to make a favourable judgement, however general or tentative. And we do understand people in other cultures to this extent. Discussion Question: 1.) Midgley says that Nietzsche is an immoralist. Is that an accurate and fair assessment of Nietzsche? Why or why not? - Yes. It is not acceptable that Midgley judge Nietzsche without stating a reason. 2.) Do you agree with Midgley’s claim that the idea of separate and unmixed cultures is unreal? Explain your answer. - Yes.