INTELLIGENCE THEORIES
Chapter 11
AP Psychology
WORKSHEET
DEFINITION:
Extremely controversial; 52 intelligence researchers agreed on the following:
Intelligence is a very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason,
plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly, and learn from
experience.”
INTELLIGENCE THEORIES
FACTOR THEORY: ____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

SPEARMAN (1904)

THURSTONE:
Word fluency:
Number ability:
Visual-Spatial ability:
.
Associative memory:
General reasoning ability
INDUCTIVE REASONING
DEDUCTIVE REASONING
Perceptual speed:
Verbal Meaning:
Chapter 11 -- Intelligence Outline

GUILFORD:
Operations:
Contents:
Products:

GARDNER:
Logical-Mathematic:
Linguistic:
Musical:
Spatial:
Bodily-Kinesthetic:
Interpersonal:
.
Intrapersonal:
Naturalist:
Existentialist:
page 2
Chapter 11 -- Intelligence Outline
COGNITIVE THEORIES: _______________________________________________________
STERNBERG:
Contextual Level –
Experiential Level --
Componential Level -KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION –
PERFORMANCE—
METACOMPONENTS –
JENSEN:
Level 1:
Level 2:
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE: __________________________________________________
GOLEMAN:
EQ =
NATURE vs. NURTURE THEORY________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Nature –
Nurture –
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Chapter 11 -- Intelligence Outline
MEASUREMENTS OF INTELLIGENCE
1.) TWO important and necessary characteristics of any measurement:
a)
b)
2.) To determine validity & reliability, psychologists use
3.) Two tests using statistical techniques for determining reliability & validity are:
STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE SCALE :
Purpose:
Goal:
Believed that _____________________________________________________
Created a series of age-graded questions in order of difficulty.
Scoring:
Mental Age:
L. Terman ________________________________________________________
IQ is the relationship between _____________________________________
________________________________________________________________
FORMULA:
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Chapter 11 -- Intelligence Outline
page 5
DAVID WECHSLER INELLIGENCE TESTS
WAIS – __________________________________________________________
WISC – __________________________________________________________
WPPEI – _________________________________________________________
a)MEASURES:
b)INTRODUCED:
c)AVERAGE TEST SCORE:
100
To
(
%)
To
(
%)
To
To
1) BIAS in testing
CULTURAL bias –
SEXUAL bias
SOCIOECONOMIC bias
2) Nature v. Nurture in testing
(
(
%)
%)
Chapter 11 -- Intelligence Outline
3) TYPES of tests:
APTITUDE –
ACHIEVEMENT –
STANDARDIZED --
GROUP TESTS –
INDIVIDUAL TESTS –
SPEED TESTS –
POWER TESTS
page 6
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intelligence theories - Ms. Mitchell's Class