A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Make sure you complete all questions. This assignment is to be completed outside of class. The objective of this assignment is for students to practice the close reading of difficult texts. The assignment also reviews diction, syntax, and some literary terms. For all open-ended questions, answers must differ from anyone else’s. (We have over 500,000 words in the English language. What are the odds that you and your buddy will have exactly the same answer if you did not do it together?). You are only going to learn from actually working on the questions. I hope this assignment makes you appreciate the beautiful language and amazing talent of Charles Dickens. Use your own paper for the short answer questions. You may either write them legibly or type them. Make sure they are numbered. Part I: Vocabulary in Context 1. Pride, contempt, defiance, stubbornness, submission, lamentation, succeeded one another, so did varieties of sunken cheek, cadaverous colour, emaciated hands and figures. A. stubborn B. large C. thin D. careful 2. The gentleman from Tellson’s had nothing left for it but to empty his glass with an air of stolid desperation, settle his little flaxen wig at the ears, and follow the waiter to Miss Manette’s apartment. A. unemotional B. indecisive C. purposeless D. unfortunate 3. Good-humoured-looking on the whole, but implacable-looking, too; evidently a man of a strong resolution and a set purpose… A. unsavory B. candid C. inflexible D. unconditional 4. With the deprecatory grunt, the jackal again complied. A. detached B. repetitive C. derogatory D. obedient 5. His constraint was so manifest, and it was so manifest, too, that it originated in an unwillingness to approach the subject, that Charles Darnay hesitated. A. disguised B. apparent A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review C. mysterious D. reluctant 6. “The last supplication but one I make to you, that you will believe this of me.” A. suggestion B. rule C. demand D. request 7. Practical suggestions being much needed, this suggestion, too, was received with acclimation. A. B. C. D. quiet thoughtfulness sarcastic humor enthusiastic approval mild disappointment 8. He was brushed and washed at the usual hour, and set off with his son to pursue his ostensible calling. A. criminal B. seeming C. humble D. professional 9. “Well! At any rate you know me as a dissolute dog who has never done any good, and never will.” A. immoral B. frivolous C. envious D. ragged 10. These were the echoes to which Lucie, sometimes pensive…listened in the echoing corner, until her little daughter was six years old. A. patient B. appreciate C. contemplative D. perplexed 11. The Court, from the exclusive inner circle to its outermost rotten ring of intrigue, corruption, and dissimulation, was all gone together. A. blackmail B. hypocrisy C. Uniqueness D. Shrewdness A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review 12. I send you, Monsieur heretofore the Marquis, the assurance of my dolorous and unhappy service. A. lengthy B. dangerous C. sad D. reliable Part II: Reading Comprehension 13. The men who met and conspired with Earnest Defarge in the wineshop were called A. Antoines B. Earnests C. Gabelles D. Jacques 14. Madame Defarge has a close friend called A. the Vengeance B. Miss Pross C. Ladybird D. La Force 15. Charles returns to Paris to find that A. Monsieur Defarge has died B. Gabelle is lying C. Aristocrats have no rights D. Lucie is already there 16. Dickens describes France in the beginning of the novel as being a place where A. life is good for a majority of people B. justice is arbitrary and brutal C. it was the best of times D. the established Church is unimportant 17. Though Lucie Manette believes her father is dead, he has actually been in A. hiding from the authorities B. prison C. the New World D. the witness protection program 18. The people who live in the vicinity of the wine-shop are most notable for their A. illiteracy B. violence C. hunger D. greed A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review 19. Miss Pross does not want Lucie to have suitors because she fears they A. might take Lucie away from her B. will mistreat Lucie C. will make Lucie unhappy D. are not good enough for Lucie 20. Madame Defarge is described as knitting with the steadfastness of A. fate B. morality C. rage D. liberty 21. Dr. Manette reacts to Charles Darnay’s revelation of his true origins A. by reverting to shoemaking B. with calm and courage C. by trying to stop the marriage D. by trying to reason with the Defarges 22. The Darnays and Mr. Lorry first know of trouble in France A. from the morning post B. from John Barsad C. from Gabelle D. because of the unusually hectic business at Tellson’s 23. On July 14, 1789, Madame Defarge lays down her knitting in favor of A. an axe B. issuing orders C. the tri-color D. the guillotine 24. Foulon, who pretended to be dead, is hated by the French peasants because he A. is responsible for the capture of Gaspard B. killed the marquis C. had Dr. Manette kept in the Bastille for 18 years D. told them that they could eat grass if they were hungry 25. Mr. Lorry undertakes a journey to Paris because he A. is a spy for the British B. wishes to spirit out some old friends, saving them from the murderous mob C. needs to attend to bank business D. is on a secret mission for the French government 26. Before reaching Paris, Charles Darnay is identified as an aristocrat and forced to A. walk in chains to the capital B. speak for himself in a village tribunal C. pay for his own escort into Paris A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review D. admit who his uncle was 27. Lucie is frightened by a dance called the A. Carmagnole B. Bagatelle C. Tarantella D. Minuet 28. Dr. Manette and the Darnays live simply in Paris partly because they have very little money but also because they A. do not wish to attract attention to themselves B. use what extra funds they have to help those less fortunate than themselves C. are saving money for their return to England D. are saving their money for little Lucie’s education 29. Monseigneur (the one who loved chocolate) A. had been executed B. had fled to Italy C. had escaped France D. had sold his house to Tellson’s Part III: Close Reading Book II Chapter 1 Tellson’s Bank by Temple Bar was an old-fashioned place, even in the year one thousand seven hundred eighty. It was very small, very dark, very ugly, very incommodious. It was an old-fashioned place, moreover, in the moral attribute that the partners in the House were proud of its smallness, proud of its darkness, proud of its ugliness, proud of its incommodiousness. They were even boastful of its eminence in those particulars, and were fired by a conviction that, if it were less objectionable, it would be less respectable. This was no passive belief, but an active weapon which they flashed at more convenient places of business. Tellson’s (they said) wanted no light, Tellson’s wanted no embellishment. Noakes and Co.’s might, or Snooks Brothers’ might; but Tellson’s, thank Heavens!— 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What effect does the use of repetition have on Dickens’ description of Tellson’s? What makes Tellson’s so “respectable?” What are Noakes and Co. and Snooks Brothers? What is Dickens thanking Heaven for? What is Dickens’ tone in this passage? How did the partners of the House treat the men at Noakes and Co. and Snooks Brothers? 7. What does Dickens contrast with a “passive belief?” 8. Why does Tellson’s “want no light…or embellishment?” A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Any one of these partners would have disinherited his son on the question of rebuilding Tellson’s. In this respect the House was much on a par with the Country, which did very often disinherit its sons for suggesting improvements in laws and customs that had long been highly objectionable, but were only the more respectful. 9. Explain what the House and the Country have in common. 10. What is the subject and verb of the second sentence? Thus it had come to pass, that Tellson’s was the triumphant perfection of inconvenience. After bursting open a door of idiotic obstinacy, with a weak rattle in its throat, you fell into Tellson’s’ down two steps, and came to your senses in a miserable little shop, with two little counters, where the oldest of men made your cheque shake as if the wind rustled it, while they examined the signature by the dingiest of windows, which were always under a showerbath of mud from Fleet Street, and which were made the dingier by their own iron bars proper, and the heavy shadow of Temple Bar. If your business necessitated your seeing “the House,” you were put into a species of Condemned Hold at the back, where you meditated on a spent life, until the House came with its hands in its pockets, and you could hardly blink at it in the dismal twilight. Your money came out of, or went into, wormy old wooden drawers, particles of which flew up your nose and down your throat when they were opened and shut. Your bank-notes had a musty odour, as if they were fast decomposing into rags again. Your plate was stowed away among the neighbouring cesspools, and evil communications corrupted its good polish in a day or two. Your deeds got into extemporized strong-rooms made of kitchens and sculleries, and fretted all the fat out of their parchments into the banking-house air. Your lighter boxes of family papers went upstairs into a Barmecide room, that always has a great dining-table in it and never had a dinner, and where, even in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty, the first letter written to you by your old love, or by your little children, were by newly released from the horror of being ogled through the windows, by the heads exposed on Temple Bar with an insensate brutality and ferocity worthy of Abyssinia [Asia] or Ashantee [Africa]. 11. What makes this paragraph so funny? 12. What is the purpose of personifying the door? 13. Why does your “cheque rattle” as the old man holds it? 14. What is a “Condemned Hold?” 15. What is your “plate?” 16. What are the heads that are ogling your letters through the window? Why the reference to Asia and Africa? 17. What effect does the passage have on the reader by referring to the reader as “you?” 18. Find an example of parallelism. A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Cramped in all kinds of dim cupboards and hutches at Tellson’s, the oldest of men carried on the business gravely. When they took a young man into Tellson’s London house, they hid him somewhere till he was old. They kept him in a dark place, like a cheese, until he had the full Tellson flavour and blue-mould upon him. Then only was he permitted to be seen, spectacularly poring over large books, and casting his breeches and gaiters [pants and socks] into the general weight of the establishment. 19. Why is the comparison between the men at Tellson’s and aged cheese funny? 20. What does he mean that the men cast their clothing “into the general weight of the establishment?” 21. The first sentence begins with a participial phrase. Compose a sentence of your own that begins with a participial phrase. Book III Chapter 2 Tellson’s Bank, established in the Saint Germain Quarter of Paris, was in a wing of a large house, approached by a courtyard and shut off from the street by a high wall and a strong gate. The house belonged to a great nobleman who had lived in it until he made a flight from the troubles, in his own cook’s dress, and got across the borders. A mere beast of the chase flying from hunters, he was still in his metempsychosis no other than the same Monseigneur, the preparation of whose chocolate for whose lips had once occupied three strong men beside the cook in question. 22. Why did the Monseigneur leave France? 23. Why does Dickens say a “mere” beast? Monseigneur gone, and three strong men absolving themselves from the sin of having drawn his high wages, by being more than ready and willing to cut his throat on the altar of the dawning Republic one and indivisible, of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death, Monseigneur’s house had been first sequestrated, and then confiscated. For, all things moved so fast, and decree followed decree with that fierce precipitation, that now upon the third night of the autumn month of September, patriot emissaries of the law were in possession of Monseigneur’s house, and had marked it with the tricolor, and were drinking brandy in its state apartments. 24. What is the subject and verb of the first sentence? 25. Dickens takes the motto of the revolution—Liberty, Equality, Fraternity—and adds “or Death.” Why does he do this? 26. What do you think sequestrated means? 27. What has happened to the Monseigneur’s house? A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review A place of business in London like Tellson’s place of business in Paris would soon have driven the House out of its mind and into the Gazette [the newspaper]. For, what would staid British responsibility and respectability have said to orange-trees in boxes in a bank courtyard, and even to a Cupid over the counter? Yet such things were. Tellson’s had whitewashed the Cupid, but he was still to be seen on the ceiling,…aiming (as he very often does) at money from morning to night. Bankruptcy must inevitably have come of this young pagan, in Lombard Street, London, and also of a curtained alcove in the rear of the immortal boy, and also of a looking-glass let into the wall, and also of clerks not at all old, who danced in public at the slightest provocation. Yet, a French Tellson’s could get on with these things exceedingly well, and, as long as the times held together, no man had taken fright at them, and drawn out his money. 28. What does Dickens mean when he says the Paris bank would have driven the London “House” “out of its mind and into the Gazette?” 29. Why would the Londoners been shocked at the Cupid over the counter? 30. Why is it humorous that Dickens says Cupid often “aims” at money? What money would be drawn out of Tellson’s henceforth, and what would lie there, lost and forgotten; what plate and jewels would tarnish in Tellson’s hiding-places, while the depositors rusted in prisons, and when they should have violently perished; how many accounts with Tellson’s, never to be balanced in this world, must be carried over into the next; no man could have said, that night, any more than Mr. Jarvis Lorry could, thought he thought heavily of these questions. 31. Paraphrase what was going through Mr. Lorry’s mind. 32. What is meant by “this world” and the “next?” 33. What is the connection between “tarnish” and “rusted?” 34. Construct a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting the London Tellson’s and the Paris Tellson’s. A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Book III Chapter 8 Carton: “Look over your hand carefully, Mr. Barsad. Take time.” It was a poorer hand than he suspected. Mr. Barsad saw losing cards in it that Sydney Carton knew nothing of. Thrown out of his honourable employment in England through too much unsuccessful hard swearing there—not because he was wanted there: our English reasons for vaunting our superiority to secrecy and spies are of very modern date—he knew that he had crossed the Channel, and accepted service in France: first, as a tempter and an eavesdropper among his own countrymen there: gradually, as a tempter and an eavesdropper among the natives. H knew that under the overthrown government he had been a spy upon Saint Antoine and Defarge’s wine-shop; had received from the watchful police much heads of information concerning Doctor Manette’s imprisonment, release, and history, as should serve for an introduction to familiar conversation with the Defarges; and tried them on Madame Defarge, and had broken down with them signally. He always remembered with fear and trembling that that terrible woman had knitted when he talked with her, and had looked ominously at him as her fingers moved. He had since seen her, in the Section of Saint Antoine, over and over again produce her knitted registers, and denounce people whose lives the guillotine then surely swallowed up. He knew, as every one employed as he was did, that he was never safe; that flight was impossible; that he was tied fast under the shadow of the axe; and that in spite of his utmost tergiversation and treachery in furtherance of the reigning terror, a word might bring it down upon him Once denounced, and on such grave grounds as had just now been suggested to his mind, he foresaw that the dreadful woman of whose unrelenting character he had seen many proofs, would produce against him that fatal register, and would quash his last chance of life. Besides that all secret men are men soon terrified, here were surely cards enough of one black suit to justify the holder in growing rather livid as he turned them over. 35. What “hand” is Carton referring to? 36. What “losing cards” does Barsad see? 37. What kind of mood is Barsad in? 38. What does “quash” mean? What image does this word produce? 39. What might Barsad mean “all secret men are men soon terrified?” A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Book III Chapter 4 The new era began; the king was tried, doomed, and beheaded; the Republic of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death, declared for victory or death against the world in arms; the black flag waved night and day from the great towers of Notre Dame; three hundred thousand men, summoned to rise against the tyrants of the earth, rose from all the varying soils of France, as if the dragon’s teeth had been sown broadcast, and had yielded fruit equally on hill and plain, on rock, in gravel, and alluvial mud, under the bright sky of the South and under the clouds of the North, in fell and forest, in the vineyards and the olivegrounds and among the cropped grass and the stubble of the corn, along the fruitful banks of the broad rivers, and in the sand of the sea-shore. What private solicitude could rear itself against the deluge of the Year One of Liberty—the deluge rising from below, not falling from above, and with the windows of Heaven shut, not opened. 40. Research the mythological allusion to the “dragon’s teeth.” Why is this such an appropriate metaphor for what was happening in France? 41. .Why does Dickens mention every kind of “soil” in France? 42. What is a deluge? 43. What is Dickens attitude about the new government in Year One of Liberty? 44. “…the king was tried, doomed, beheaded …” What effect does this simple diction, simple sentence, and lack of conjunctions have on the reader? 45. Explain why “the deluge rising from below, not falling from above” is an example of parallelism. A revolutionary tribunal in the capital, and forty or fifty thousand revolutionary committees all over the land; a law of the Suspected, which struck away all security for liberty or life, and delivered over any good and innocent person to any bad and guilty one, prisons gorged with people who had committed no offence, and could obtain no hearing; these things became the established order and nature of appointed things, and seemed to be ancient usage before they were many weeks old. Above all, one hideous figure grew as familiar as if it had been before the general gaze from the foundations of the world—the figure of the sharp female called La Guillotine. 46. Dickens begins the paragraph with a series of dependent clauses. Why does he wait until after the list to tell the reader what it is a list of? 47. What does he mean “…seemed to be ancient usage before they were many weeks old?” 48. What makes the description of the guillotine chilling? A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review It was the popular theme for jests; it was the best cure for headache, it infallibly prevented the hair from turning gray, it impaired a peculiar delicacy to the complexion, it was the National Razor which shaved close; who kissed la Guillotine looked through the little window and sneezed into the sack. It was the sign of the regeneration of the human race. It superseded the Cross. Models of it were worn on breasts from which the Cross was discarded, and it was bowed down to and believed in where the Cross was denied. 49. What is the tone of this paragraph? 50. What is the “Cross?” 51. Why is it human nature to laugh and make jokes about terrifying and horrible? things (like the guillotine)? 52. Can you think of anything in our time that is made fun of because we are afraid of the subject of the jokes? 53. Why do you think people would wear necklaces and pins that represented the guillotine? 54. Why would people “bow down to and believe in” the guillotine? Was Dickens being literal or figurative when he wrote that? 55. During this period of the French Revolution, people could buy toy guillotines for their children. What do you think about that? Are there equivalent toys we buy for our children today? It sheared off heads so many, that it and the ground it most polluted were a rotten red. It was taken to pieces, like a toy puzzle for a young Devil, and was put together again when the occasion wanted it. It hushed the eloquent, struck down the powerful, abolished the beautiful and good. Twenty-two friends of high public mark, twenty-one living and one dead, it had lopped the heads off, in one morning, in as many minutes. The name of the strong man of Old Scripture had descended to the chief functionary who worked it; but, so armed, he was stronger than his namesake, and blinder, and tore away the gates of God’s own Temple every day. 56. To what senses does the phrase “rotten red” appeal to? Say “rotten red” out loud. Can you say it in a nice tone of voice, or does it have to be said in a disgusting, ugly tone? 57. Instead of saying the guillotine was put together when needed, Dickens compares it to a “toy puzzle” for a for a little Devil child. How does this simile support Dickens’ tone in this paragraph? 58. Why does Dickens use as an example of the guillotine’s cruelty the twentytwo people who were put to death one morning? They were all good people “of high public mark.” How does their example also support Dickens’ tone in this paragraph? 59. The rest of the paragraph is an allusion to the story of Samson in the Old Testament. He says the name of the man who operates the guillotine is Samson, but how does he differ from the Samson in the Bible? A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review Book III Chapter 6 Then began one of those extraordinary scenes with which the populace sometimes gratified their fickleness, or their better impulse towards generosity and mercy, or which they regarded as some set-off against their swollen account of cruel rage. No man can decide now to which of these motives such extraordinary scenes were referable; it is probable, to a blending of all the three, with the second predominating. No sooner was the acquittal pronounced, than tears were shed as freely as blood at another time, and such fraternal embraces were bestowed upon the prisoner by as many of both sexes as could rush him, that after his long and unwholesome confinement, he was in danger of fainting from exhaustion; none the less he knew very well that the very same people, carried by another current, would have rushed at him with the very same intensity, to rend him to pieces and strew him over the streets. 60. Who has been acquitted in this passage? Was it significant to the crowd that Dr. Manette, the old Bastille prisoner, had a hand in defending the prisoner? 61. When Dickens says the second predominat[ed}, what was he referring to? 62. Explain what fickleness means and how it relates to end of the passage beginning with “none the less…” Book III Chapter 10 “…The Marquis took from his pocket the letter I had written, showed it me, burnt it in the light of a lantern that was held, and extinguished the ashes with his foot. Not a word was spoken. I was brought here, I was brought to my living grave. “If it had pleased God to put it in the hard heart of either of the brothers, in all these frightful years, to grant me any tidings of my dearest wife—so much as to let me know by a word whether alive or dead—I might have thought that He had not quite abandoned them. But, now I believe that the mark of the red cross is fatal to them, and that they have no part in His mercies. And them and their descendents, to the last of their race, I Alexandre Manette, unhappy prisoner, do this last night of the year 1767, in my unbearable agony, denounce to the times when all these things shall be answered for. I denounce them to Heaven and to earth. 63. Why does Dr. Manette denounce the Evremonde brothers? 64. In line 8, who is “He?” 65. What does Dr. Manette mean when he says, “…they have no part in His mercies?” 66. What does it mean to “denounce” them? A Tale of Two Cities Analytical Review A terrible sound arose when the reading of this document was done. A sound of craving and eagerness that had nothing articulate in it but blood. The narrative called up the most revengeful passions of the time, and there was not a head in the nation but must have dropped before it. Little need, in presence of that tribunal and that auditory, to show how the Defarges had not made the paper public, with the other captured Bastille memorials borne in procession, and had kept it, biding their time. Little need to show that this detested family name had long been anathematized by Saint Antoine, and was wrought into the fatal register. The man never trod ground whose virtues and services would have sustained him in that place that day, against such denunciation. And all the worse for the doomed man, that the denouncer was a well-known citizen, his own attached friend and the father of his wife. One of the frenzied aspirations of the populace was for imitations of the questionable public virtues of antiquity, and for sacrifices and self-immolations on the people’s altar. Therefore when the President said (else had his own head quivered on his shoulders), that the good physician of the Republic would deserve better still of the Republic by rooting out an obnoxious family of aristocrats, and would doubtless feel a sacred glow and joy in making his daughter a widow and her child an orphan, there was wild excitement, patriotic fervour, not a touch of sympathy. Unanimously voted. At heart and by descent an aristocrat, an enemy of the Republic, a notorious oppressor of the People. Back to the Conciergerie, and Death within four-and-twenty hours! 67. If the roar had “nothing articulate” in it but blood, what did it sound like? 68. Define anathematized.. 69. What does Dickens mean that “one of the frenzied aspirations” of the people was for “imitations of the questionable public virtues of antiquity?” 70. When Darnay was sentenced to be killed, why was there a “patriotic fervour” among the crowd? Book III Chapter 15 “It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known.” 71. Explain why this is an example of parallelism. 72. Complete a character analysis of Sydney Carton from the time the reader meets him in Book II, Chapter 3 to this point at the end of his story. Why did he believe this was the best thing he had ever done? Will dying give him the best rest he has ever known? What kind of rest is he talking about? Is Sydney Carton a static or dynamic character?