Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SECTION 51-1 REVIEW
MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
VOCABULARY REVIEW Define the following terms.
1. semen _________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. testes __________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. ejaculation _____________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. seminiferous tubules ______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. epididymis _____________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE Write the correct letter in the blank.
_____ 1. A human sperm
a. does not have a nucleus.
b. has the haploid number of chromosomes located in the midpiece.
c. has a small amount of cytoplasm.
d. All of the above
_____ 2. The vas deferens connects the epididymis to the
a. seminal vesicles.
c. urethra.
b. bulbourethral glands.
d. seminiferous tubules.
_____ 3. The prostate gland is important to the
a. proper functioning of the scrotum. c. ejaculation of normal semen.
b. completion of meiosis.
d. maturation of sperm.
_____ 4. After sperm move through the vas deferens, they enter the
a. seminal vesicles. b. urinary bladder. c. urethra. d. All of the above
_____ 5. A sperm tail consists of
a. a nuclear envelope.
c. mitochondria.
b. enzymes used to penetrate an egg. d. a flagellum.
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Male Reproductive System
Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SHORT ANSWER Answer the questions in the space provided.
1. Describe the path that sperm take in leaving the body. ___________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. Describe the composition of semen. _________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. Describe two differences between seminiferous tubules and the vas deferens.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. How is the structure of a sperm suited for fertilization? __________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. Critical Thinking Is there an advantage for cells that secrete androgens
(particularly testosterone) to be located within the testes instead of in other
areas of the body? Explain your answer.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS Use the figure below to answer the
following questions.
1. Label each part of the figure in the spaces provided.
2. For each labeled structure, indicate whether sperm would be immature or
mature. _________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
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Male Reproductive System
Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SECTION 51-2 REVIEW
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
VOCABULARY REVIEW Explain the relationship between the terms in each
of the following pairs of terms.
1. ovulation, ovary _________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. menopause, menstruation __________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. uterus, cervix ___________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. menstrual cycle, follicular phase ____________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. corpus luteum, luteal phase ________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE Write the correct letter in the blank.
_____ 1. How many mature eggs does each complete meiotic division yield?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
_____ 2. Fallopian tubes are connected to
a. the corpus luteum.
b. the urethra.
c. the vagina.
d. the uterus.
_____ 3. Which stage of the menstrual cycle is characterized by thickening of
the uterine lining?
a. follicular phase b. luteal phase c. menstruation d. ovulation
_____ 4. Which of the following hormones initiates ovulation?
a. progesterone
c. luteinizing hormone
b. follicle-stimulating hormone
d. oxytocin
_____ 5. Which of the following hormones acts directly on the uterine lining
during the menstrual cycle?
a. estrogen
c. follicle-stimulating hormone
b. luteinizing hormone
d. testosterone
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Female Reproductive System
Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SHORT ANSWER Answer the questions in the space provided.
1. Does the male or female gamete contribute more chromosomes to the
fertilized egg? Explain your answer. _________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. Describe two structural differences between a mature sperm and a mature egg.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. Critical Thinking What does the onset of menopause indicate about the
number of immature eggs remaining in the ovaries? _____________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS Use the figures of the menstrual cycle below
to answer the following question.
Briefly describe what is depicted in each figure. ________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
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Female Reproductive System
Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SECTION 51-3 REVIEW
GESTATION
VOCABULARY REVIEW Define the following terms.
1. human chorionic gonadotropin ______________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. implantation ____________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. chorionic villi ___________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. umbilical cord ___________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. amniotic sac _____________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE Write the correct letter in the blank.
_____ 1. Fertilization occurs in the
a. vagina.
b. uterus.
c. fallopian tubes.
d. ovaries.
_____ 2. The morula is
a. the outer cell layer of a rupturing follicle.
b. an unfertilized egg.
c. formed after the fusion of sperm and egg nuclei.
d. attached to the uterine lining after implantation.
_____ 3. Which of the following organ systems begins to form during the first
trimester?
a. nervous system
c. digestive system
b. circulatory system
d. All of the above
_____ 4. Afterbirth includes
a. amniotic fluid.
b. the placenta.
c. unfertilized eggs.
d. ruptured ovarian follicles.
_____ 5. A zygote is a(n)
a. implanted fertilized egg.
b. ovulated egg.
c. fertilized egg.
d. blastocyst.
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Gestation
Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
SHORT ANSWER Answer the questions in the space provided.
1. Explain why ovulation does not occur during pregnancy. _________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. Describe how the placenta, chorionic villi, and allantois are functionally and
structurally related.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. Explain the importance of estrogen during pregnancy. ___________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. What events must be completed before implantation is successful?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. Critical Thinking If you were asked to design a pregnancy test that was based
on hormones, which hormone would you select to indicate a pregnancy?
Explain your answer. _____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS Use the figure of part of the female
reproductive system below to answer the following questions.
1. Label each part of the figure in the spaces provided.
2. Use the letters of the labeled structures to indicate where the following would
normally be found during pregnancy:
_________ blastocyst
________ corpus luteum
_______ zygote
________ morula
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Gestation