College History I
Chapter 15
Essay Questions
Answer these questions on a separate sheet of paper.
1. What were the successes and failures of the many American reform movements of the early 19th
century? Was the failure of some of them due to entrenched social conservatism, or to
weaknesses in the movements themselves?
2. Why did the communitarian movement flourish in the early 19th century? What were
communitarians trying to prove? Why did most of these efforts fail?
3. In what ways did American literature in the early 19th century reflect the New Democracy of
the Jacksonian age?
Some terms and events you should become familiar with.
Circuit Riders
“Burned-Over District”
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
“Free” public education
Noah Webster
Imprisonment from debt
Prison for reform/Penitentiaries
American Temperance Society
Lucretia Mott
Susan B. Anthony
New Harmony, Indiana
The Shakers
John J. Audubon
American architecture in the 19th century
American literature in the 19th century
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Walt Whitman
Nathaniel Hawthorne
American historians of the 19th century
Unitarian faith
Second Great Awakening
Joseph Smith
Brigham Young
Horace Mann
State-supported universities
Prejudices against women in higher education
Dorothea Dix
Maine Law of 1851
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Seneca Falls Convention
Oneida Community
Advances in Scientific Achievement
Shortfalls in medicine practice
American artists in the 19th century
Henry David Thoreau
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Herman Melville