2009 NORTH DAKOTA STATE FLORICULTURE CDE
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATION
250 POINTS (5 POINTS EACH)
Do not write on this test – mark your answers on your grademaster answer card. Use a number 2 lead
pencil. Make dark marks, erase completely to change.
1. All foliage plants must be_______ prior to installing in an interior area.
A. smelled
B. cut and dried
C. acclimated
D. sold
2. Odd numbers should be used in arrangements when fewer than____ flowers of
one kind are used.
A. 10
B. 8
C. 3
D. 5
3. Humans breathe______ and release_____ . Plants use______ and release_____ .
A. O2, CO2, CO2, O2
C. CO2, O2, O2, CO2
B. CO2, O2, CO2, O2
D. O2, CO2, O2, CO2
4. _____________capacity is the measure of a medium’s capacity to hold nutrients.
A. Aeration
C. Caution exchange
B. Conservatory
D. Chamber
5. ______is best achieved when the design is arranged from back of the container
toward the front. This gives the arrangement a feeling of _____ and _____.
A. balance, focal point, emphasis
C. vertical, support, crescent
B. emphasis, rhythm, support
D. balance, visual depth, support
6. The hook method of wiring for floral arrangements is used for _______..
A. tubular flowers
C. delicate flower flowers
B. flat headed
D. roses
7. What is the purpose of “pinching” plants?
A. Pinching is the removal of dead flowers
B. Pinching helps the plants to become more bushy
C. Pinching helps the plant by requiring less fertilizer
D. Pinching is the removal of large insects, such as beetles
8. A simple equation for photosynthesis follows:
A. 4 CO2 + 12 H2O light
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 + 6 H2O
Chlorophyll
B. 6CO2+6H2O light C6H12O6+6O2
Chlorophyll
C.. 6CO2+2H2O light C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
Chlorophyll
D. 6CO2+12H2O light C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
Chlorophyll
9. A simple equation for cellular respiration follows:
A. C6H2O6+6O2+6H2O --------- 12H2O +6CO2+ Energy
B. C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O -------- 12H2O +6CO2 + Energy
C. C6H12O6+4O2+6H2O ------- 6H2O +6CO2 +Energy
D. None of the above
10. Hard-shelled greenhouse pests that suck plant fluids from the stem of many
common foliage plants are collectively called:
A. Mealy bugs B. Aphids
C. Thrips
D. Scale
11. The soil PH level primarily controls:
A. Availability of essential plant nutrients
B. Activity of soil borne disease
C. Soil temperature
D. Moisture absorption by root
12. An arm bouquet is also known as a _______.
A. Traditional bouquet
B. Presentation bouquet
C. Lazyman’s bouquet
D. Colonial bouquet
13. Which of the following is not used to make the skeletal makeup of an
arrangement
A. Eucalyptus
B. Gladiolus
C. Liatrus
D. Lisianthus
14. Which of the following is not a function of a good growing medium:
A. Provide storage for water
B. Provide anchorage and support for plant
C. Provide for evaporation from plant
D. Provide for storage capacity for nutrients
15. Which of the following is not a wire service used in the floral industry?
A. FTD
B. AFS
C. Carik
D. UPS
16. Pesticides help control
A. animal reproduction
B. Tree growth and plant pollination
C. Root growth, stem and leaf beauty
D. Weeds, insects, diseases and other organisms that can damage crops
17. A greenhouse producer of young seedlings for shipping for finishing by others is
referred to as a ______ producer.
A. Finisher
B. Seed
C. Plug
D. Knot
18. Some seeds require that their seed coats be broken or “wounded” before they are
able to germinate. The procedure of wounding the seed coat is called:
A. Viability
B. Pre-germination C. stratification
D. Scarification
19. Factors which enable a floral designer to develop a dominant impact for an event
include:
A. Having dominant plant materials
B. Adding a focal point or center of interest
C. Both of the above
D. None of the above
20. A typical_____ arrangement might contain a fully opened flower, half opened
flower and a tight bud.
A. European B. South American C. Texas
D. Oriental
21. Carnations are classified into two groups:
A. Floral and greenhouse
B. Standards and miniatures
C. Premium and discount
D. None of the above
22. These annuals will tolerate periods of damp or cold weather, but may be killed by
frost:
A. Tender
B. Biennials
C. Hardy
D. Half-hardy
23. These insects are identified by the cottony material found on stems and along leaf
veins.
A. Aphids
B. Spider mites
C. Mealy bugs
D. Whiteflies
24. In order to create successful arrangements, one must understand the range of
acceptable color combinations called color scheme. One of the following is not
among these frequently used color schemes?
A. Monochromatic
B. Analogous
C. Triad
D. Quadraplex
25. Floral preservatives function to:
A. acidify the water
B. provide sugar
C. supply a bactericide
D. all of the above
26. Cellular respiration is the _______of photosynthesis in that energy is released as
the stored sugars are broken down.
A. Same
B. Reverse
C. product
D. none of the above
27. In the art form of floral design, which of the following is not one of the principles:
A. Balance
B. Emphasis
C. Scale
D. Price
28. ________is a foliage planting inside buildings to create the feeling of outdoors.
A. Landscaping
C. Interiorscaping
B. Naturalizing
D. Pollinating
29. A stem with the form and function of a leaf:
A. Column
B. Amorphous
C. Navicular
D. Cladophyll
30. Which is not an example of a “Temporary Plant”.
A. African violet
B. Gloxinia C. Cyclamen
D. Azalea
31. Underwater cutting is recommended especially for roses to ensure that ______ not
_____enters the xylem
A. Light, rust B. Air, water
C. Water, air
D. None of the above
32. A more expensive decorative container into which a potted plant can be set is a:
A. Quick sleeve
B. Vase
C. Jardinière
D. Rose bowl
33. Wire size most often used by florists vary from____ to _____.
A. 04-15
B. 18-30
C. 00-10
D. None of the above
34. Daisies should be cut at the ____.
A. Bud stage B. Node
D. Neck
C. Barmitzvah
35. The point on a plant stem where one or more leaves are attached is known as
A. a truss
B. a petiole
C. an internode
D. a node
36. Plants in your greenhouse just aren’t looking right. They are severely stunted,
and the foliage is deeper green than normal. Many of the plants have developed
purple coloration on the older leaves and these leaves develop chlorosis and die.
Which is most likely the problem?
A. Calcium toxicity
C. Iron deficiency
B. Sulfur toxicity
D. Phosphorus deficiency
37. The pierce wiring technique works best on flowers that have a______?
A. Thin Calyx B. Limp stem
C. Thick calyx
D. Fuller bloom
38. The most important environmental factor in orchid culture is?
A. Watering and water quality
C. Light
B. Temperature
D. Fertilization
39. Preformed pot covers used on potted plants and potted flowers are called:
A. Picks
B. Speed covers
C. Mylar
D. Quick wraps
40. Which of the following is not a bulb crop:
A. Hyacinth
B. Tulip
C. Freesia
D. Salvia
41. Florist wire is used in corsage and bout construction to:
A. Hold the flowers in the correct position
B. Make arranging easier
C. Prevent the flower heads from breaking off the stems
D. All of the above
42. Color harmony achieved in an arrangement by using two or three colors found
near each other on the color wheel is called:
A. Supplementary
C. Polychromatic
B. Monochromatic
D. Analogous
43. The binomial name for a plant includes the:
A. Order and family
B. Genus and species
44.
C. Class and subclass
D. Division and class
The cool colors on a typical color wheel consist of:
A. Green, blue and violet
C. All shades of yellow
B. Orange, brown and white
D. All shades of red
45. Gloxinia is classified as a?
A. Permanent foliage plant
B. Permanent flowering plant
C. Temporary foliage
D. Temporary flowering plant
46. Pasteurization of root media at 180 degrees for 30 minutes would:
A. Kill most plant viruses
C. Kill most pathogenic fungi
B. Kill most weed seed
D. All of the above
47.
This pathogen attacks a wide variety of ornamental plants, probably causing
more losses than any other single pathogen
A. Althernariam
C. Pythium root rot
B. Botryis cinerea
D. Phytophthora
48. A small bulb arising from the base of a larger bulb:
A. Corm
C. Ancillary bulb
B. Bubel
D. Bulbet
49. Excessively short stems in tulips planted outdoors are due to:
A. Excessive moisture
B. Lack of sunlight
C. Magnesium and calcium deficiencies
D. Warm spring temps and lack of winter cooling
50. The florists’ Gloxinia and African violet are members of which plant family
A. Legume
B. Composite
C. Gesneriaceae
D. Caryophyllaceae
2009 NORTH DAKOTA STATE FLORICULTURE
CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATION
250 POINTS (5 POINTS EACH)
KEY
1. C
2. A
3. A
4. C
5. D
6. B
7. B
8. D
9. B
10. D
11. A
12. B
13. D
14. C
15. D
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18. D
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20. D
21. B
22. A
23. C
24. D
25. D
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B
D
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A
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C
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D
C