Social Studies – Midterm – 7th grade
KEY TERMS AND PEOPLE
1. Mountain Range
2. Piedmont
3. Appalachian Mountains
4. Rocky Mountains
5. Sea level
6. Basin
7. 5 Themes of Geography
8. Physical features
9. Human features
10. Charter of the Virginia Company
11. Jamestown Fort
12. The Jamestown Nightmare
13. Captain John Smith
14. Pocahontas
15. The “Starving Time”
16. Chief Powhatan
17. Powhatan Confederacy
18. First Anglo-Powhatan War
19. John Rolfe
20. Powhatan Uprising of 1622
21. Second Anglo-Powhatan War
22. Peace Treaty of 1646
23. Indentured Servitude
24. House of Burgesses
25. Royal Colony
26. The Atlantic Slave Trade
27. The “Middle Passage”
28. Calvinism
29. Puritans
30. Separatists
31. The Mayflower
32. The Mayflower Compact
33. Plymouth Colony
34. William Bradford
35. Massachusetts Bay Colony
36. John Winthrop
37. Patriarchy
38. Roger Williams
39. Maryland Toleration Act of 1649
KEY QUESTIONS
1. Why is it important that we study geography?
2. How would our way of life be different if the climate of NYC was colder?
Warmer?
3. What are the 5 Themes of geography? Why is it important that we study
them?
4. What were the reasons for European migration to the Americas in the 17th
Century?
5. What was the Charter of the Virginia Company? Why was it important to the
colonists who decided to settle in the New World?
6. What were the pros and cons of living in Jamestown?
7. What was the Jamestown Nightmare? How could it have affected future
settlements in the New World?
8. Why was 1619 a pivotal year for the Chesapeake settlement?
9. What effects did tobacco have on Virginia’s economy?
10. What was indentured servitude? Why did it become popular in the colonies?
11. What led King James I to make Virginia a royal colony?
12. What led to the sudden increase in the population of Africans in the colony at
the end of the 17th Century?
13. Why was Maryland founded? What was the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649?
How did it shape the future of the colonies?
14. What were the characteristics of the New England Settlements?
BE PREPARED TO WRITE AN ESSAY (INTRODUCTION, BODY PARAGRAPHS,
CONCLUSION) ON THE FOLLOWING TOPIC:
Compare and contrast the Virginia settlement and the New England settlement.
FEEL FREE TO PREPARE FOR THE ESSAY BEFOREHAND, BUT NOTES WILL NOT
BE ABLE TO BE USED ON THE EXAM.
Social Studies – Midterm – 8th Grade
KEY TERMS AND PEOPLE
1. 10% Plan
2. 10%+ Plan
3. 13th Amendment
4. 14th Amendment
5. Black Codes
6. Sharecropping
7. Abraham Lincoln
8. Andrew Johnson
9. Wade-Davis Bill
10. Emancipation Proclamation
11. Impeachment
12. 15th Amendment
13. 16th Amendment
14. Civil Rights Act of 1875
15. Ulysses S. Grant
16. William Marcy Tweed
17. The Panic of 1873
18. “Grantism”
19. Rutherford B. Hayes
20. The “Big Four” Railroad Magnates
21. Cowboys
22. Gunslingers
23. “Boom” Towns
24. The Cattle Trails
25. Steel Plow
26. Mining
27. Barbed wire
28. Dry Farming
29. Bonanza farm
30. Hybridization
31. Improved Communication
32. Thomas Edison
33. Alexander Graham Bell
34. George Westinghouse
35. Wright Brothers
36. Henry Ford
37. Motel T Automobile
38. Laissez Faire
39. Social Darwinism
40. John D. Rockefeller
41. Standard Oil Co.
42. Gustavus Swift
43. Andrew Carnegie
44. The Assembly Line
45. The Gospel Of Wealth
46. Child Labor
47. “Tools” of Management
48. “Tools” of Labor
49. “Scabs”
50. Knights of Labor
51. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
52. The American Federation of Labor
53. Tenements
54. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
KEY QUESTIONS
1. What were the effects of Johnson’s 10%+ Plan?
2. What was the Emancipation Proclamation? What effect did it have on the
Civil War?
3. What were the positive and negative effects of the 13th and 14th
Amendments?
4. What were some of the challenges newly freedmen faced in the South during
Reconstruction?
5. What were the black codes? How did it affect life of newly freedmen?
6. Why was President Johnson impeached? Why wasn’t he removed from
office?
7. Why were women’s rights groups furious about the 15th amendment?
8. Why did the Federal government fail to enforce the Civil Rights Acts?
9. What were the pros and cons of the Civil Rights Act of 1875?
10. What were the effects the Grant administration had on the people’s trust in
government?
11. What were the effects of the Panic of 1873?
12. What was the significance of Bradwell vs. Illinois?
13. What national issues emerged in the process of closing the Western frontier?
14. Why does the West hold such an important place in the American
imagination?
15. In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture?
16. What were 2 of the key tensions that were going on during the Westward
Expansion? How did they have an effect on the lives of those moving west?
17. What were some of mining’s economic impacts?
18. How was farming turned into a business during the expansion of the West?
19. What were the myths vs. realities of the Wild West?
20. What were 5 causes of rapid industrialization?
21. How did the railroads fuel the growing US economy?
22. What led to the rise in patents granted in the United States?
23. Is the Protestant “work ethic” idea of the “Self-made man” a myth? Explain
24. What was the Gospel of Wealth? How did it characterize industrialization
during this time?
25. What were the effects of industrialization on children?
26. Who were the Knights of Labor? What did they advocate for in the
workplace?
27. What were effects of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877?
28. What were some ways the American Federation of Labor fought for the
rights of workers?
BE PREPARED TO WRITE AN ESSAY (INTRODUCTION, BODY PARAGRAPHS,
CONCLUSION) ON THE FOLLOWING TOPIC:
Industrialization increased the standard of living and the opportunites of most
Americans, but at what cost? What were the positive and negative effects of
industrialization? Are we in an industrial revolution today? Use examples to support
your rationale.
FEEL FREE TO PREPARE FOR THE ESSAY BEFOREHAND, BUT NOTES WILL NOT
BE ABLE TO BE USED ON THE EXAM.
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Social Studies – Midterm – 7th grade KEY TERMS AND PEOPLE