6th Grade Chapter 1 Study Notes: A Nation Divided 1. Study Vocabulary (Matching) 2. Most Southerners lived on farms or in small towns (rural areas) by the mid 1850’s. 3. Most cities were located in the North. 4. Slaves resisted slavery by – Holding back on work Breaking tools Running away Pretending to be sick Learning to read and write 5. During the Amistad rebellion, the slaves were returned to Africa. 6. By 1850, most Northern states had outlawed slavery. 7. Slavery was profitable (made money) for the south. 8. Harriet Tubman used the Underground Railroad to help slaves reach freedom. 9. Southern states seceded from the Union because they wanted to keep slavery legal. 10. Lincoln opposed slavery, but Douglas thought slavery had its place in America. 11. Free African Americans lived in fear of losing their freedom. 12. The Missouri Compromise helped to solve the problems of balancing Free states and slave states. 13. When Northerners and Southerners disagreed over the results of the slavery vote, it caused violence in Kansas. 14. People were mad after the Dred Scott decision because the Court said African Americans had no rights. 15. The shots fired at Ft. Sumter officially started the Civil War. 16. The North hoped to end slavery by winning the Civil War.