Sager
World History
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION GUIDED NOTES
Definition
 Shift from making goods by hand to using ___________________________.
 Greatly increased output of _________________________ goods.
 Began in England in mid-1700s
Industrialization
 Process of developing _____________________________________ of goods
 Requires natural resources:
 ______________________ and coal to fuel new machines
 ______________________ to construct machines, tools, and buildings
 ______________________ for inland transportation
 ______________________ from which merchant ships sail
Factors of Production
 __________________________ needed to produce goods and services that the
Industrial Revolution required
 Includes _________________, _____________________, and ____________________(or wealth)
Inventions Spur Industrialization
 ________________________________ – inventions helped increased production of
wool, linen, and cotton
 Examples: Flying shuttle and Spinning jenny
Improvements in Transportation
 Watt’s _________________________________
JAMES WATT
Made steam engine more efficient and faster by burning less fuel
 Water Transportation
__________________________
 Road Transportation
More and better improved roads helped __________________________________
Improvement in Railroads
 Four major effects
Railroads spurred __________________________ by giving manufacturers a cheap way
to transport materials and finished products
New ____________________
Boosted _________________________ and _______________________ industries
(transportation)
People encouraged to taking jobs in other towns
Economic Effects
 *Creation of ____________________________
Businesses that sell _____________ - shares of ownership
Similar to ________________________
 Growth of middle class
 Western Europe & America become richer than other nations
Social Effects
 _________________________ - growth of cities
Crowded, dangerous and unsanitary
Political Effects
 Debate over which economic system is best
_______________________ vs. ______________________________________
Capitalism –
 *Property is _________________________
 *Businesses compete for customers
 *People invest to get profit
 Explained in Adam Smith’s book:
___________________________________________
 *People work for their own good
 *__________________________________ makes better products

Socialism/Communism
 *Some property is owned by government
 *Government plans________________________, provides services
 *Operates for everyone’s benefit
 *Property owned collectively
 *Articulated by ____________________________
 *Wrote ______________________________
 *Predicted workers would ________________________, produce
goods cooperatively, share them equally
Industrial Revolution Movement
 *Responded to negative aspects of ____________________________
 *Workers formed _____________________________
*Group of workers who advocate for themselves
*Use _____________________________, strikes
*Helped get minimum wage, ban child labor, limit hours
 *Movement spread, pushed for:
*Free ___________________________________
*Abolition of ____________________________________
*Women's _____________________ (right to vote), equal pay
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Sager World History INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION GUIDED NOTES