Study Guide for Surface Water Test
1. What are major causes of floods?
2. How does a spring form?
3. What is a prominent feature of narrow valleys?
4. What are sources of groundwater pollution?
5. What is an aquifer?
6. How do sinkholes form?
7. What is a divide?
8. What is the function of a levee?
9. What is an oxbow lake and how does it form?
10. What is a geyser?
11. What is the water cycle?
12. What characteristic has the most effect on a stream’s ability to transport sediment?
13. What is a river’s discharge? Where is it the greatest?
14. What is the zone of saturation?
15. What powers the water cycle?
16. Why does a river deposit sediment?
17. What is bedload?
18. What does it mean for soil to be impermeable?
19. What is an artesian well?
20. What is transpiration?
21. What is a stream’s drainage basin?
22. What is base level?
23. What is the process called when water moves sediments?
24. What is a delta?
25. What is the largest source of groundwater pollution?
26. What is infiltration?
27. When does groundwater become a nonrenewable resource?
28. What can affect the velocity of a stream?
29. How are velocity of a stream and the competence and capacity of a stream related?
30. What is the Clean Water Act?
31. What are estuaries?
32. What are mangrove swamps?
33. How are porosity and permeability related?
34. What is the difference between point source pollution and nonpoint source pollution?
35. What are examples of point and nonpoint source pollution?
36. In a meander, where is velocity highest? Is erosion or deposition occurring here?
37. What makes a well successful?
38. What makes the water table rise and fall during different times of the year?
39. Discharge and velocity change during the length of the river and also during different times of the
year. Explain why this is true.
40. What happens to the volume of water as it freezes?
41. What is the impact of not removing bacteria and viruses from drinking water?
42. Mercury and lead are what type of compounds that could impact drinking water?
43. What are wetlands
44. What are salt marshes?
45. What are the steps in the water treatment process?
Study Guide for Surface Water Test
1. What are major causes of floods?
2. How does a spring form?
3. What is a prominent feature of narrow valleys?
4. What are sources of groundwater pollution?
5. What is an aquifer?
6. How do sinkholes form?
7. What is a divide?
8. What is the function of a levee?
9. What is an oxbow lake and how does it form?
10. What is a geyser?
11. What is the water cycle?
12. What characteristic has the most effect on a stream’s ability to transport sediment?
13. What is a river’s discharge? Where is it the greatest?
14. What is the zone of saturation?
15. What powers the water cycle?
16. Why does a river deposit sediment?
17. What is bedload?
18. What does it mean for soil to be impermeable?
19. What is an artesian well?
20. What is transpiration?
21. What is a stream’s drainage basin?
22. What is base level?
23. What is the process called when water moves sediments?
24. What is a delta?
25. What is the largest source of groundwater pollution?
26. What is infiltration?
27. When does groundwater become a nonrenewable resource?
28. What can affect the velocity of a stream?
29. How are velocity of a stream and the competence and capacity of a stream related?
30. What is the Clean Water Act?
31. What are estuaries?
32. What are mangrove swamps?
33. How are porosity and permeability related?
34. What is the difference between point source pollution and nonpoint source pollution?
35. What are examples of point and nonpoint source pollution?
36. In a meander, where is velocity highest? Is erosion or deposition occurring here?
37. What makes a well successful?
38. What makes the water table rise and fall during different times of the year?
39. Discharge and velocity change during the length of the river and also during different times of the
year. Explain why this is true.
40. What happens to the volume of water as it freezes?
41. What is the impact of not removing bacteria and viruses from drinking water?
42. Mercury and lead are what type of compounds that could impact drinking water?
43. What are wetlands
44. What are salt marshes?
45. What are the steps in the water treatment process?
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Study Guide for Surface Water TestS12