FUNDACION H. A. BARCELO, FACULTAD DE MEDICINA CARRERA DE MEDICINA INGLÉS MÉDICO I TRABAJO PRACTICO PARA TODAS LAS COMISIONES QUE SE ENCUENTRAN CURSANDO LA MATERIA ACTUALMENTE. 1. READING COMPREHENSION Leer el artículo “THE COMPARTMENT OF THE BODY” The compartment of the body The body has three compartments. The first compartment of these consists of active tissue, which is also known as cell mass. This does most of the chemical work of the body. The second compartment consists of supporting tissue. This is composed of bone minerals, extracellular proteins, and the internal environment or extracellular fluid in the blood and lymph. The third compartment is the energy reserve. This consists of fat, which lies round the principal internal organs and in adipose tissue. These compartments cannot be separated by physical dissection, but it is possible to measure them indirectly. This may be done using methods such as the dilution technique. The size of each compartment varies according the age, sex and health of the individual. In a health young man the total body weight is divided approximately: 55% cell mass 30% supporting tissue 15% energy reserve A healthy young woman has normally twice as much fat. Determinar si las siguientes afirmaciones son verdaderas o falsas de acuerdo a la información en el texto. Si son falsas justificarlas EN CASTELLANO. 1. The first compartment of the body consists of cell mass. 2. The second compartment of the body is composed of bone minerals. 3. The internal environment is composed of the extracellular fluid in the blood and lymph. 4. The energy reserve is composed of adipose tissue and fat which lies round the principal internal organs. 5. The compartments of the body are measurable. 6. The dilution technique is the only method of measuring the compartments of the body. 7. The sum of the sizes of the compartments is the same as the total body weight. 8. The energy reserve of a healthy young woman is approximately 30 % of her total body weight. Transcribir las siguientes oraciones reemplazando las palabras subrayadas con expresiones del texto EN INGLES que tengan el mismo significado. 1. In a healthy young man, approximately 55 % of the total body weight consists of cell mass. 2. The energy reserve consists of fat. 3. The supporting tissue consists partly of extracellular fluid in the blood and lymph. 4. The compartments are not separable by physical dissection. 5. The supporting tissue makes up about 30 % of the total body weight. 6. A young woman has usually twice as much as fat as a young man. 2. GRAMMATICAL ACTIVITIES Reemplazar el sujeto de cada oración con el Pronombre Personal Sujeto (I,YOU,HE,SHE,IT,WE,YOU,THEY) correspondiente: 1. (Dr. Smith)___________works in the laboratory. 2. (Susan)___________is a nurse. 3. (The dog)___________cannot enter in the hospital. 4. (X)_______am a doctor. 5. (My father)_________is a paediatrician. 6. (Peter and Susan)_________go to the hospital everyday. 7. (The teacher and x)_______are in this classroom. 8. (The hospital)_______is near the house. 9. (My mother)_________speaks English. 10. (Robert)___________teaches English in this hospital. Completar los espacios en blanco de cada oración con el Verbo “TOBE” (AM, IS, ARE) correspondiente: 1. The patient _________in room 204. 2. Alternative medicine _________still an exotic territory. 3. The chapter of the book _________about cancer, psychiatric disorders, allergy and asthma. 4. My mother ___________sick now. 5. Hospitalized patient _________always extremely sick. 6. I _________a surgeon. My sister _______a nurse. 7. She _________allergic to cephalosporin and penicillin. 8. The lungs _______clear and the Heart sound ________normal. 9. Portal hypertension _______an homodynamic abnormality. 10. Advanced age _______a primary risk factor for many diseases. Completar los espacios en blanco de cada oración con el Verbo “TO HAVE” (HAVE, HAS) correspondiente: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Tina _________headache. I __________toothache. Sue and Mary _________stomach-ache. Peter _________cold. You ___________cough. We _________sore throat. It ________temperature/fever. The patient ___________flu. Todas las dudas que pudieran surgir serán evacuadas en la primera clase, luego del receso, por el docente a cargo.