Bacteria and Virus Test Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Describe how the Domains Archaea and Bacteria are different List and contrast the three Archaeal groups List and contrast the five bacterial groups. What is gram staining and why do scientists use it? Differentiate between antibiotics and vaccines. Why don’t antibiotics work on viruses? What is an endospore and why is it important to bacterial survival What are the three ways that prokaryotes can get DNA from other prokaryotes? How do we know that viruses are not alive? Compare the lytic and lysogenic cycle. Be able to name the steps of the lytic cycle (adsorption etc…) 10. How can viral diseases be prevented? 11. Name some criteria used to classify viruses. 12. What do protists and fungi have in common? How are they different? (p. 349) 13. What are the three main groupings of protists? Compare them. 14. What is a lichen? 15. How are chitin, hyphae, and the mycelium related?