EINSTEIN TIMELINE
1879
Albert Einstein born March 14 in Ulm, Germany
1885–1888
Pupil at Catholic elementary school in Munich
1888–1894
Pupil at Luitpold-Gymnasium, Munich
1894
Einstein leaves Gymnasium without completing his schooling, and
joins his family in Pavia, Italy
1895–1896
Pupil at cantonal school in Aarau, Switzerland
1896–1900
Student at Polytechnic (later the Federal Institute of Technology),
Zurich
1901
Acquires Swiss citizenship
Completes his first scientific paper
1902
Daughter Liesel born to Mileva Marić in Novi Sad, Hungary
Appointed as technical expert third class at the Swiss Patent Office
in Bern
1903
Marries Mileva Marić in Bern
1904
Son Hans Albert born in Bern
1905
The annus mirabilis: Einstein publishes four papers that
completely revolutionize the concepts of time and space, energy
and matter, and resolve fundamental issues that had baffled
physicists for several decades. The first version of E=mc2 appears
in print for the first time.
Receives Ph.D. from Zurich University
1906
Promoted to technical expert second class at the Swiss Patent
Office
1908
Appointed lecturer at Bern University
1909
Resigns from Patent Office
1910
Son Eduard born in Bern
1911
Predicts bending of light by gravity
1911–1912
Professor of theoretical physics at the German University of Prague
(more)
2
1912–1914
Professor of theoretical physics at the Federal Institute of
Technology, Zurich
1914
Appointed Professor at University of Berlin (without teaching
obligations) and Member of Prussian Academy of Sciences
Separates from his wife, Mileva Marić—she returns to Zurich with
their two sons
Signs anti-war Manifesto to Europeans and joins pacifist New
Fatherland League
1915
Completes logical structure of the general theory of relativity
1916
Publication of the General Theory of Relativity
1917–1920
Suffers from ill health—his cousin Elsa Loewenthal takes care of
him
1919
Divorces Mileva Marić
Marries Elsa Lowenthal
Announcement at joint meeting of Royal Society and Royal
Astronomical Society that Einstein’s theories on light and gravity
have been confirmed by eclipse observations
Sensational headlines in The Times of London and The New York
Times; Einstein becomes a world figure
1921
Lectures at Princeton University on Theories of Relativity
1922
Completes first paper on unified field theory
Joins Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of
Nations
1923
Visits Palestine; holds inaugural scientific lecture at future site of
the Hebrew University in Jerusalem; named first honorary citizen
of Tel Aviv
Edits first collection of scientific papers for the Hebrew University
1928
Suffers temporary physical collapse—enlargement of the heart is
diagnosed
1930–1932
Three trips to the U.S.: stays mainly at the California Institute of
Technology, Pasadena, during winter semesters
1932
Public correspondence with Sigmund Freud on the nature of war
(more)
3
Appointed Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at
Princeton University
1933
Resigns from Prussian Academy of Sciences
Spends spring and summer in Belgium and Oxford, England
Emigrates to the U.S. in September
1936
Wife Elsa Einstein dies
1939
Signs famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
recommending the U.S. examine the feasibility of developing
nuclear weapons
1940
Acquires U.S. citizenship
1943
Works as consultant with the Research and Development Division
of the U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordinance, Section Ammunition and
Explosives
1944
Handwritten copy of his 1905 paper on Special Relativity auctioned
for $6 million in Kansas City; proceeds go to the American War
effort
1945
The U.S. drops nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki;
Einstein publicly expresses outrage
1946
Becomes chairman of the Emergency Committee for Atomic
Scientists; expresses public support for the formation of a world
government
1947
Intense activity on behalf of disarmament and world government
1948
Supports creation of the State of Israel
First wife, Mileva Marić, dies in Zurich
Intact aneurysm of the abdominal aorta diagnosed
1952
Offered presidency of the State of Israel, but declines
1955
Co-signs the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, which warned of the
consequences of a nuclear war and appealed for nuclear
disarmament
Rupture of the aortic aneurysm causes death on April 18 in
Princeton Hospital at the age of 76
Body cremated and ashes scattered at an undisclosed location
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