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Chemistry – Unit 5 Worksheet 3
Empirical and Molecular Formulas
Show all your work when solving the following problems. Be sure to include units
and label your answer.
1. Find the empirical formula of a compound containing 32.0 g of bromine and 4.9 g of
magnesium.
32.0 g  1 mole = 0.401 mole Br
79.9 g
1:2 ratio
4.9 g  1 mole = 0.20 mole Mg
24.31 g
MgBr2
2. What is the empirical formula of a carbon-oxygen compound, given that a 95.2 g
sample of the compound contains 40.8 g of carbon and the rest oxygen?
95.2 g – 40.8 g = 54.4 g O
40.8 g  1 mole = 3.40 moles C
12.0 g
1:1 ratio
54.4 g x 1 mole = 3.40 moles O
16.0g
CO
3. A compound was analyzed and found to contain 9.8 g of nitrogen, 0.70 g of
hydrogen, and 33.6 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula of the compound?
9.8 g  1 mole = 0.70 moles N
14.0g
1:1:3 ratio
0.70 g 
1 mole = 0 .69 moles H
1.01 g
HNO3
33.6 g  1 mole = 2.10 moles O
16.0 g
4. A compound composed of hydrogen and oxygen is found to contain 0.59 g of
hydrogen and 9.40 g of oxygen. The molar mass of this compound is 34.0 g/mol.
Find the empirical and molecular formulas.
0.59 g  1 mole = 0.58 mole H
1:1 ratio; empirical formula: HO
1.01 g
empirical formula mass: 17.0 g/mol
molecular formula mass: 34.0 g/mol
9.40 g  1 mole = 0.588 mole O
mfm is 2x efm so the molecular formula
16.0 g
is: H2O2
©Modeling Instruction–AMTA
1
U5 ws 2 v3.0
5. A sample of iron oxide was found to contain 1.116 g of iron and 0.480 g of oxygen. Its
molar mass is roughly 5 x as great as that of oxygen gas. Find the empirical
formula and the molecular formula of this compound.
1.116 g 
1 mole = 0.0200 mole Fe
55.8 g
Since the efm and the mfm are
nearly identical, the ef and the mf
must also be identical: Fe2O3
.480 g  1 mole = 0.0300 mole O
16.0 g
efm: 2(55.8) + 3(16.0) = 159.6 g/mol
mfm: 32.0 g O2  5 = 160. g/mol
1 mole
6. Find the percentage composition of a compound that contains 17.6 g of iron and
10.3 g of sulfur. The total mass of the compound is 27.9 g.
17.6 g Fe = 0.631 = 63.1 % Fe
27.9 g
10.3 g S = 0.369 = 36.9 % S
27.9 g
7. Find the percentage composition of a compound that contains 1.94 g of carbon, 0.48
g of hydrogen, and 2.58 g of sulfur in a 5.00 g sample of the compound.
1.94 g C = 0.388 = 38.8 % C
5.00 g
0.48 g H = 0.096 = 9.6 % H
5.00 g
2.58 g S = 0.516 = 51.6 % S
5.00 g
8.
What is the % by mass of oxygen in Mg(NO3)2 ?
16.0  6 = 96.0 g
24.3 + 2(14.0) + 6(16.0) = 148.3 g
96.0 g = 0.647 = 64.7 % O
148.3 g
©Modeling Instruction–AMTA
2
U5 ws 2 v3.0
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Empirical and Molecular Formulas