The Rock Cycle, Weathering, and Erosion Review Sheet
The rock cycle
1. What is a rock? (rock)
2. What are the three major types of rocks? (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic)
3. How do igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks differ?
4. What is the rock cycle? (rock cycle, magma, lava, weathering, sediments)
Igneous Rocks
1. How are intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks alike and different? (intrusive, plutonic, extrusive, volcanic)
2. How does the rate of cooling affect an igneous rock’s texture? (coarse-grained, fine-grained)
Sedimentary Rocks
1. Describe the major processes involved in the formation of sedimentary rocks. (erosion, weathering, deposition, compaction,
cementation)
2. What are clastic sedimentary rocks? (clastic sedimentary rocks)
3. What are chemical sedimentary rocks? (chemical sedimentary rocks)
4. What features are unique to sedimentary rocks?
Metamorphic Rocks
1. Where does most metamorphism take place? (metamorphism)
2. How is contact metamorphism different from regional metamorphism? (contact metamorphism, regional metamorphism)
3. What are the 3 agents of metamorphism?
4. What are foliated metamorphic rocks, and how do they form? (foliated metamorphic rock, nonfoliated metamorphic rock)
Weathering
1. What is mechanical (physical) weathering? (mechanical weathering, frost wedging, biological activity, abrasion by wind)
2. What is chemical weathering? (oxidation, acid rain)
3. What factors affect the rate of weathering? (rock characteristic, climate)
Erosion
1. What is the different between weathering and erosion? (erosion)
2. What are methods of erosion? (water, wind, glaciation)
3. How is sediment transported and sorted by water?
The Rock Cycle, Weathering, and Erosion Review Sheet
The rock cycle
1. What is a rock? (rock)
2. What are the three major types of rocks? (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic)
3. How do igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks differ?
4. What is the rock cycle? (rock cycle, magma, lava, weathering, sediments)
Igneous Rocks
1. How are intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks alike and different? (intrusive, plutonic, extrusive, volcanic)
2. How does the rate of cooling affect an igneous rock’s texture? (coarse-grained, fine-grained)
Sedimentary Rocks
1. Describe the major processes involved in the formation of sedimentary rocks. (erosion, weathering, deposition,
compaction, cementation)
2. What are clastic sedimentary rocks? (clastic sedimentary rocks)
3. What are chemical sedimentary rocks? (chemical sedimentary rocks)
4. What features are unique to sedimentary rocks?
Metamorphic Rocks
1. Where does most metamorphism take place? (metamorphism)
2. How is contact metamorphism different from regional metamorphism? (contact metamorphism, regional
metamorphism)
3. What are the 3 agents of metamorphism?
4. What are foliated metamorphic rocks, and how do they form? (foliated metamorphic rock, nonfoliated
metamorphic rock)
Weathering
1. What is mechanical (physical) weathering? (mechanical weathering, frost wedging, biological activity, abrasion
by wind)
2. What is chemical weathering? (oxidation, acid rain)
3. What factors affect the rate of weathering? (rock characteristic, climate)
Erosion
1. What is the different between weathering and erosion? (erosion)
2. What are methods of erosion? (water, wind, glaciation)
3. How is sediment transported and sorted by water?
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Rock Cycle, Weathering, and Erosion Review Sheet

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