Shun Lee Catholic Secondary School
F5 Geography Final Examination (2002-2003)
Suggested Solutions
1.
(a)
X:
Y:
(b)
about 60oN
temperate low pressure belt
convergence of air
exists only over the continent
land is heated up faster than sea
(c)
(d)
(i)
(ii)
(i)
(ii)
high pressure
low pressure
1
1(2)
1
1
1
1
1(3)
SE
In July, overhead sun shifts to the Northern Hemisphere /23.5N/Tropic
of Cancer
It is the summer in the northern hemisphere
Land is heated up faster than sea
A low pressure centre was formed over central Asia
1
Because of high temperature
High pressure centre is found over the ocean / Pacific Ocean
1
Wind blows from high pressure area to low pressure area
1
SE wind is found in Hong Kong
A
I
B
III
C
II
D
IV
The amount of rain is less in D / almost no rain in D
1
dry air
low humidity
the region is far from the sea
absence of wet winds
in winter, it is dominated by high pressure / sub-tropical high pressure1
with sinking air
and offshore wind
1(1)
1
1
1
1
1(6)
1
1
1
1
1
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -1
1(5)
(2)
21
2.
(a)
(i)
(ii)
granite
Z
1(1)
1(1)
(iii)
Type
Location
Cooling rate
Grain Size
Rock type Y
Volcanic rock / rhyolite
On the surface
Fast cooling rate
Small grain size
Rock type Z
Plutonic rock / granite
Deep underground
Slow cooling rate
Large grain size
2 or 0
2 or 0
2 or 0
2 or 0
(6)
Not table form, 0 mark.
(b)
(i)
A:
B:
(ii)
Much of Hong Kong is made up of granite
which easily weathers in hot, humid conditions in Hong Kong.
particularly in bare/vegetationless area
Much of the vegetation cover in Hong Kong has been removed or
destroyed, e.g. by cutting, hill fires, trampling, etc.
Hong Kong has hilly relief with steep slopes
which render weathered debris susceptible to mass wasting such as
landslide and slump
Under the influence of gravity
(i)
landslide
rockfall
spread chunam plaster on steep slopes
reduce slope gradient
remove unstable rock
construct retaining walls
more surface drainage channels and ditches are constructed
subsurface drainage systems are constructed
vegetation cover can be planted on steep slopes
1
1(2)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(5)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(4)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -2
(2)
21
3.
(a)
(i)
@2 (6)
(ii)
Profile CD is affected by vertical erosion / downcutting.
Profile EF is affected by lateral erosion and deposition.
Profile GH is affected by lateral erosion and deposition.
1
1
1(3)
AB
shape
Straight line
gradient
Steeper
Volume of water
More
Roughness of seabed
Rougher
Table form is not required.
it is a straight line channel
The channel is straightened by man.
for flood prevention
for effective dispersion of pollutant
for the safety of building as a result of sinuous meander
upon development
IJ
Meander
Gentler
Less
Less Rough
(b)
(c)
(i)
(ii)
2 or 0
2 or 0
2 or 0
2 or 0
(6)
(1)
1
1
1
1(3)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -3
(2)
21
4.
(a)
(i)
conurbation
1(1)
Northeast Atlantic Seaboard / the Megalopolis / Bosnywash in USA/
Northwest Europe
(b)
1(1)
(ii)
Tokyo has merged with Kawasaki and Yokohama
1
to form a conurbation / Greater Tokyo conurbation
1
as a result of rapid urban growth
1
In the 1960s, Tokyo’s population had grown rapidly to over 8 million 1
by natural increase
1
and by rural urban migration
1
the pull effects of urbanization / urban attractions
1
include better employment opportunities / industrial and office employment / urban
facilities / higher living standard
1
The pull effects / unfavourable conditions in the rural areas
1
include low living standard / lack of facilities and prospects, etc.
1
High level of technology in transportation permits improved
communication links
1
e.g. bullet train / mass transit railway
1
at the same time, overcrowding in the city centre
1
has caused people / industries to move outside in city core
1
where there is cheaper land / better living environment
1
star-shaped and ribbon development took place along the major
communication / railway lines around the bay
1
the city also expland seaward
1
by reclamation / government policy
1
because of industrial expansion
1(10)
(i)
from northern to southern location
from raw material-oriented to market oriented location
(ii)
new processing methods required less raw materials and power
resources
scrap iron was recycled
coal was substituted by other kinds of fuels
modern integrated steel mills of large capacity required the import of
iron ores because of limited local supply
improved transport technology reduced transport costs
large bulk carriers enabled cheap imports and exports but required
deep-water harbours
modern port facilities improved cargo handling
(iii) develop alternative industries e.g. creative industry / high-tech
industries / logistic industry
(any 1)
provide better infrastructure
e.g. port/railway/highway
retraining
provide grant or loan to industrialists to change the field
1
1(2)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(5)
1+1
1
1
1
1(4)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -4
(2)
24
5.
(a)
(b)
(i)
market gardening / horticulture
(ii)
market gardening brings higher profits to farmers
because of urban demand for fresh vegetables/changing diets
and more frequent harvest
it can afford to pay higher land rent than other rural land uses
vegetable are highly perishable
they have to be market-oriented
and hence highly dependent on efficient transport
the improvement in transportation network in Guangdong ensure
efficient transport
(i)
(ii)
industrial land use
(I) keen competition for different land uses
increases the land value of rural areas
the farmers abandon the lands
await speculation
(II)
(c)
2(2)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(5)
1(1)
1
1
1
1(3)
pollution reduces farm product
labour shortage
due to rural-urban migration
as a result of wage difference
1
1
1
1(3)
(i)
food production per head decreases
1
amount of food production decreases
1
any one factor to explain the decrease in food production: e.g. rural urban migration /
decrease in the size of farmland / etc.
1
the total population increases
1
any one factor to explain the increase in total population: e.g. improvement in medical
care / etc.
1(5)
(ii)
provide information on farm mechanization
set up experiential farm for research and development of agriculture
provide grant and loan for farmers for farm innovation
education on the people for the importance of birth control
1
1
1
1(3)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -5
(2)
24
6.
(a)
(b)
I
II
III
-
Central Business District
Commerical / Residential District
Public Housing / Industrial District
X
Y
Z
-
low class residential
middle class residential
high class residential
1
1
1(3)
1
1
1(3)
(c)
Height
Purpose
Vertical zonation
Order of goods
Size of shops
Ground floor
Upper floor
Building M
Taller / high-rise
Purely for commercial purpose
Obvious
Higher order
Larger
Departmental stores or shops
selling high-order goods or
services
Offices for trading firms, medical
specialists, stockbrokers, solicitors
and other professionals
Building N
Shorter / low-rise
Mixed land use
Not obvious
Lower order
Smaller
Offices offering general services,
shops or stores selling consumer
goods, daily necessities and
foodstuffs
Residential flats
@ 2(6)
(d)
(i)
(ii)
tourist attraction
a good site to view the beautiful scenery of Victoria Harbour /
Pearl of Oriental
bring income to Hong Kong
another international famous landmark of Hong Kong
increase the population flow of Tsim Sha Tsui
block the skyline of Victoria Harbour
not harmonious with the urban design
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -6
1
1
1
1
1(3)
1
1(2)
(e)
fully utilize unused buildings
increase the rent from buildings
save the cost of demolition
indirectly provide more job opportunities
reduce unemployment rate
eliminate the problems of vacant buildings
e.g. illegal use / crime
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(5)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -7
(2)
24
7.
(a)
(i)
(ii)
decrease
deindustralization / the factories relocate to Southern China
1
1(2)
increase
increase in living standard
increase in recreational activities
increase in population size
(b)
increase in population size
increase in economic development
e.g business, industry
increase in recreational activities
(c)
(i)
increase
(ii)
(I)
(II)
1
1
1
1(2)
1
1
1
1(3)
1(1)
the economic development will slow down
cost of production increases
increase the burden of citizens as the increasing cost of production
shifting to consumers
lead to the research for new / alternative energy resources
which are renewable
e.g. solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy
in order to reduce the dependence on oil
there has also been research into energy-saving technology
in manufacturing and transport
1
1
1(2)
1
1
1
1
1
1(3)
EC
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -8
(2)
15
8.
(a)
(b)
multi-purpose water project
flood prevention / control
navigation
hydro-electric power generation
development of fishery in the reservoir
tourism
recreational activities
1
1
1
1
1
1
1(5)
(i)
disagree
1
Chongqing is a historical cities with lots of antique / sites of historical interest
1
construction of Three Gorges Project would bury them
1
as the water level rises
1(3)
(ii)
agree (mark is given for sound reasons)
1
as the area is inundated the citizens will be relocated to other parts of China
1
they can have compensation
1
or they may be housed by government
1(3)
disagree (mark is given for sound reasons)
1
as the area is inundated the citizens will be relocated to other parts of China
1
family tie / inertia factor
(c)
the location is suitable for HEP development even though it is an interior
location
the demand for electricity will increase in future given the Go West Policy
of PRC
as industrial and commercial sectors develop
with the development of transmission network,
the electricity is sold to the Changjiang Delta
EC
1
1
1
1
1(3)
MAX.
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -9
1(3)
(2)
15
SHUN LEE CATHOLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL
FINAL TERM EXAMINATION 2002/2003
MARKING SCHEME
Level
: Form 5
Subject
: Geography (Paper II)
Full mark
1. C
2. C
3. A
4. D
5. B
6. C
7. B
8. D
9. B
10.C
: 60 marks
11. B
12. C
13. C
14. B
15. B
16. A
17. C
18.A
19. B
20. D
21. A
22. C
23. B
24. D
25. B
26. C
27. A
28.B
29. C
30. A
31. D
32. C
33. C
34. B
35.A
36. D
37. D
38. D
39. B
40. D
2003-CE Final Examination – GEOG I -10
41.D
42. C
43. C
44. C
45. B
46.B
47. D
48. A
49. A
50. B
51. C
52. B
53. B
54. B
55. D
56. C
57. C
58. A
59. C
60. D

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