University of Jordan
Faculty of Science
Department of Applied Geology and Environment
0305311 Field Techniques
Dr.Fathi Shaqour
FIELD EXCURSION NO.6 (Um Eddananeer), two weeks
STUDENT NAME and NUMBER: .......................................................
OBJECTIVES:
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To recognise the interaction between rock type and erosion to produce different slopes,
To practice how to recognize location in the field using GPS and topographic maps,
To measure strike and dip of rock layers and joint surfaces,
To trace geological contacts following topographic map and using GPS,
Identify faults and try to measure/estimate fault throw.
On completion of this trip students will be able to:
 Identify geomorphologic features and appreciate the influence of erosion on rocks with variable
resistance to erosion,
 To measure the bearing of lineaments using geologic campus and represent them on rose
diagram,
 To measure strike and dip of layers and joint surfaces,
Equipment:
1) Geologic hammer, measuring tape, geologic campus, note book (preferable with hard
cover), ruler, pencil, rubber hand lenses, and dilute HCl.
2) Suitable clothing (jeans?) with sun protection cap. Girls with long (hejab) wear need to
preferably wear pants with medium length dress to allow flexibility in movement in the field.
3) Profile shoes preferably with hard cap for safety purposes.
4) Drinking water.
Students need to take extreme care while walking in the field as there may be snakes, scorpions,
and dogs. Avoid walk alone and stick to a group. Also students need to trust and respect culture and
customs of local people.
Note: Reports shall be handed in next Monday
This excursion is designed to train students on some field techniques such as:
measurement of lineament bearing, slope, and dip angles.
You will also be introduced to the geomorphologic features and note the influence of rock
type on slope and the shape of outcrop i.e. the inter relationships between rock type,
erosion and slope. In addition, slope stability problem will be examined and analyzed.
Geological Setting:
The area is part of Sweileh/Baqa’ structure. It is dominated by Upper Cretaceous deposits
(carbonate rocks of limestone and marls). The area is influenced by folding and faulting
controlled by the main rift system.
Stop No.1: Um Eddananeer
Remember the sign with this note:
STOP
LOOK
THINK
TALK
CONCLUDE
ON or next to the OUTCROP
OBSERVE with open eyes and minds, collect some data
MAKE A HYPOTHESIS
TEST/DISCUS your HYPOTHESIS by more data/ evidence
Make you conclusion
Faculty of Science – Dept. of Applied Geology and Environment
Page 1
University of Jordan
Faculty of Science
Department of Applied Geology and Environment
0305311 Field Techniques
Dr.Fathi Shaqour
Use this principle in the field, which is actually quoted from the scientific research method:
Making observations, data collection, making hypothesis, collect more data and evidence to
allow a theory and the experimentation to conclude a scientific FACT.
1.1 Work in groups: Each group is asked to take measurements to the joints within an
allocated area:
- Bearing angle spacing of the joint (width of the joint opening),
- Strike and dip of the joint surface.
1.2 Tabulate the measurements of joint bearing and categorize them in intervals of 10
degrees. Then represent them on a rose diagram.
Get the measurements of the other groups and represent the whole data on a rose
diagram. Compare the rose diagram with that representing Salhoob area and comment.
1.3 Each group shall take measurements of strike and dip of the layers. Record the
measurements separately.
…………………………………………………………………………
Note: Take photos to support your discussion in the report.
Faculty of Science – Dept. of Applied Geology and Environment
Page 2
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FIELD EXCURSION NO.6 (Um Eddananeer), two weeks

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