Cell Organelle Chart
Name
Prokaryotic/
Plant/Animal
Description
Function
 Separates the cell from outside
environment
 Selectively permeable
 Additional support, protection
 Gives cell its shape
A, P
 Flexible boundary that
surrounds the cell
 Bi-layer of proteins & lipids
 Rigid Structure outside plasma
memb
 Made of cellulose
 Contains DNA (directions to
make proteins)
A, P
 Double memb layer that
surrounds nucleus
Nuclear Pores
A, P
 1000s of pores in nuclear
envelope
 Allows material to move into &
out of Nucleus (RNA pass
through pores)
 Allow material to move into &
out of Nucleus
Chromatin
A, P
Cell Membrane
Pro, A, P
Cell Wall
Pro, P
Nucleus
Nuclear
membrane/
Envelope
Chromosome
A, P
 Granular material within
nucleus
 DNA bound to protein
 Distinct threadlike
 Contains genetic info
 Small dense region in nucleus
Nucleolus
A, P
 Controls the cell activities
 Condenses to form chromosome
at the time of cell division
 Blueprint - controls cell activity
 Pass on genetic info to next
generation
 Assembly of ribosomes take
place here
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Cilia/
Flagella
Pro, A, P
 Clear Gelatinous(jelly) fluid
inside the cell
 Chemical reactions take place
here
 Network of protein filaments
 Helps the cell to maintain its
shape & 3 D structure
 Cell movement
 Cell Movement
A, P
A
 Short/long projections of
microtubules
 Hollow tubes of protein
Microtubule
A, P
 Long thin fibers
Microfilament
A, P
 Tiny , abundant
 Made of RNA & Protein
 Site of protein synthesis




Ribosome
Pro, A, P
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
A, P
 Highly folded memb in
cytoplasm
1. Rough E.R. (ribosome)
2. Smooth E.R. (no ribosomes)
A, P
 Flattened stack of tubular
memb
 Found near cell memb
Golgi
Apparatus
 Maintain cell shape
 Form cilia/flagella
 Separate chromosomes in cell
division
 Maintain cell shape
 Cell movement & support
Connects membrane
Moves material
Process protein
Smooth E.R. – production &
storage of carbs & lipid
 Sorts & packs protein into
vesicle & transports them
Lysosome
Vacuole
Mitochondrion
 Contains digestive enzymes
 Digests food, bacteria, worn out
organelle
 Sac (membrane bound)
 Stores food, enzyme, and other
material
 Support
 Power house of cell – produces
energy for growth, development,
and movement
 Helps in cell division (mitosis)
 Helps in forming flagella and
cilia
 Captures light & converts it into
chemical energy
 Pigment chlorophyll
(photosynthesis)
A
P, A (small or
none)
A, P
Centrioles/
Basal bodies
A
Chloroplast
P
 Double membrane bound
organelle
 Small structure outside
nucleus formed from
microtubules
 Double membrane bound
organelle
 Pigment chlorophyll is present
in inner menb
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Cell Organelle Chart