TEST REVIEW – Rocks, Weathering,
NAME: _________________________________________
Soil, Mass Movements
BLOCK: _____________
DATE: _________________
QUESTIONS
1. What are the ultimate sources of energy for the rock cycle:
2.
METAMORPHIC
SEDIMENTARY
Becoming Metamorphic:
Becoming Igneous:
Becoming Igneous:
Becoming Sedimentary:
Becoming Sedimentary:
Becoming Metamorphic:
Unique
Characteristics /
Facts
How does it change into
other rock types? Explain
thoroughly!!
Examples:
How it’s
formed:
IGNEOUS
3. Compare & contrast mechanical weathering & chemical weathering?
4. What factors affect the rate of weathering?
5. What happens to a rock’s mineral composition during mechanical weathering?
6. Using the soil texture diagram on page 134 of the text, determine what type of soil consists of
a. 10% clay, 60% silt and 30% sand. __________________________________
b. 50% clay, 10% silt and 40% sand.
__________________________________
c. 20% clay, 40% silt and 40% sand.
__________________________________
7. Explain how the slope of the land affects soil thickness.
8. Label the layers of the soil profile to the right.
Identify one Characteristic for each layer.
9. How do human activities affect rates of erosion?
10. What are some ways in which humans can stabilize soil to prevent mass movements?
11. List & describe each of the four types of Landslides /Mass Movements.
Type of
Landslide
Description
Speed of
Flow
CREATE A CONCEPT MAP USING THE FOLLOWING TERMS:
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
Rock cycle
Magma vs. Lava
Weathering
Sediment
Porphyritic texture
Erosion
Deposition
Compaction
Cementation
Strata
Metamorphism
Hydrothermal solution
Foliated
Nonfoliated
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Spheroidal Weathering
Exfoliation
Chemical weathering
Soil
Humus
Soil horizon
Soil profile
Creep
Slump
Earthflow
Mudflow
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ROCK-WEATHERING-SOIL-MASSMOVEMENTS