Internal Medicine History and Physical Pierce, Brittany DOB: 04/11/1962 MRN: 5689234018 Chief Complaint: “Dizziness” History of Chief Complaint: 49 year-old white female presenting with 3 days of persistent dizziness, described as the sensation the room is spinning. It started after she awoke three days ago with a pounding headache on her right side that was associated with nausea but no vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. The headache resolved after about 2 hours, but the dizziness persisted and has not gotten any better or worse despite trying over-the-counter Sudafed and Benadryl. The dizziness does not vary with position and she has an associated sense of “fullness” in her right ear, and hearing in her right ear is muffled. Denies frank pain in ears, ear discharge, changes in vision or speech, trauma, or previous similar episodes. No recent illnesses, travel or sick contacts. Past Medical History: Hypertension Seasonal allergies Surgeries: Total vaginal hysterectomy 2 years ago Medications: Lisinopril-HCTZ 20/12.5 mg daily Benadryl OTC as needed Review of Systems: General: Denies increased fatigue, weight gain or loss, sleeplessness or insomnia. HEENT: See HxCC. Otherwise denies headaches, blurry or double vision, changes in vision or senses of smell or taste. Respiratory: Denies trouble breathing, shortness of breath, or cough. Cardiovascular: Denies chest pain, palpitations, irregular or rapid heartbeats. Gastrointestinal: Occasional constipation which she treats with prune juice. Denies diarrhea, constipation, blood in stool, or black, tarry stools. Vitals: Allergies: NKDA Social History:. High school math teacher Nonsmoker, denies alcohol and illicit drug use No sick contacts and denies any recent travel Family History: Mother has a benign brain tumor; never had surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. Father has hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Genitourinary: Denies dysuria, changes in urinary habits or frequency. Musculoskeletal: Denies joint or back pain, weak muscles or increased pain with movement. Neurologic: Denies diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia or ataxia. Hematological: Denies bleeding, easy bruising, or wounds that won’t heal. Integumentary: Denies any rashes, petechiae, ecchymoses, or abnormal lesions. Psychiatric: Denies depression, anxiety, suicidal or homicidal thoughts. T: 98.1 P: 70 R: 14 BP: 127/76 PO: 100% on RA Pain: 0/10 Physical Exam: General Appearance: Appears stated age; in no acute distress. Alert and communicating appropriately. Head: Symmetrical, normocephalic without palpable masses. Eyes: Conjunctiva and sclera non-injected, non-icteric. Extraocular muscles (EOM) intact without ptosis or exophthalmus. No nystagmus with Dix-Hallpike maneuver. Pupils equal, react to light and accommodation (PERLA). Ears: External auditory canals patent, tympanic membranes clear, bony landmarks visualized. Nose: Mucosa pink, moist without deformities, bleeding or discharge. Throat/Mouth: Lips pink, tongue pink without atrophy. Buccal mucosa, palate, and uvula pink and moist without lesion or masses. Tonsils absent. Teeth are in good repair . Neck: Supple without nuchal rigidity. No jugular vein distention. Carotid pulses are equal bilaterally without bruits. Thyroid not enlarged, moves with swallowing. Trachea midline. Lymphatic: No enlargement or tenderness of cervical, axillary, or inguinal lymph nodes. Lungs: Clear to auscultation (CTA) without rhonchi, rales, wheezes, crackles, or impaired resonance in all fields with adquate aeration throughout. Heart: Regular rate and rhythm (RRR) with S1 equal to S2. No murmurs, gallops or rubs. PMI approximates 5th intercostal space midclavicular line, left without pulsations, thrills or heaves. Abdomen: Soft, nontender, nondistended. No palpable masses or organomegaly. Normal bowel sounds present. Genitourinary: Perianal area intact without lesion, rashes, inflammation, scars. Anal surface intact without lesion, fissure, fistula, hemorrhoids. Good sphincter tone. Extremities: Warm, pink, non-tender with peripheral pulses: radial, posterior tibial, and dorsalis pedis +2/4 equal bilaterally. No edema, varicosities, lesions, deformities. Capillary refill 2-3 seconds bilaterally. Muscle mass symmetrical bilaterally with full active, passive range of motion (ROM). Neurological: Cranial nerves II-XII intact bilaterally. Oriented to person, place and time (Ox3). Reflexes are +2/4 and equal bilaterally for patellar, Achilles, biceps, triceps. Babinski reflex is down-going bilaterally. Structural Exam: Shoulders, iliac crest height are level. No apparent abnormality of kyphotic or lordotic curves. No scoliosis. Paravertebral musculature is symmetrical and non-tender with palpation. Skin: No erythema, redness, rashes, or lesions. No unusual dryness or irritation. Labs/Imaging: 14.2 141 102 15 104 400 8.2 3.7 26 0.8 39.1 Assessment: 49 year-old white female with PMH of HTN and seasonal allergies presenting with a 3-day history of vertigo accompanied by hearing impairment and sensation of fullness in right ear that began after the onset of a pounding, unilateral headache with photo/phonophobia and nausea but no vomiting. The headache resolved after 2 hours, but the vertigo persisted. No recent illnesses, Dix-Hallpike negative, family history of brain tumor in mother (unknown type). Plan: Differential: Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuronitis, perilymphatic fistula, brainstem/cerebellar stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage Noncontrast head CT Lumbar puncture?