Intro to Psychology
Chapter 1: Vocabulary
1. Physiological
8. Scientific method
15. Cognitivist
2. Cognitive
9. Structuralist
16. Psychobiologist
3. Psychology
10. Introspection
17. Clinical psychologist
4. Psychologist
11. Functionalist
18. Counseling psychologist
5. Hypothesis
12. Psychoanalyst
19. Psychiatry
6. Theory
13. Behaviorist
20. Experimental
7. Applied science
14. Humanist
psychologist
Reader Questions Ch. 1
1. Explain the main difference between principle and theory.
2. Why do psychologists use the scientific method? Explain your answer.
3. How might a psychologist doing basic science and a psychologist practicing applied science differ in their
approach to the issue of Internet addiction?
4. List and explain the important trends in the history of psychology.
5. Identify and explain three of the various approaches to the study of psychology. Which approach sounds most
interesting to you and why?
6. List and explain some issues that a sociocultural psychologist might research.
7. Using the case study on page 23, according to Galen’s hypothesis, how are a person’s physical and mental states
related?
8. How did Galen treat psychological disorders?
9. How can Galen’s original theory be used today as a prescription for a healthy personality? Cite an example from
a newspaper or magazine and explain how it might be applied.
10. Explain the benefits and uses of businesses and government agencies hiring of psychologists.
11. Differentiate between environmental psychologists and that of an industrial/organizational psychologist.
12. If you decided to continue in the field of psychology, what type of psychologist would you want to be and why?
Intro to Psychology
Chapter 2: Vocabulary
1. Sample
8. Experimental group
15. Frequency distribution
2. Case study
9. Control group
16. Normal curve
3. Survey
10. Single-blind experiment
17. Variance
4. Longitudinal study
11. Double-blind experiment
18. Standard deviation
5. Correlation
12. Placebo effect
19. Correlation coefficient
6. Hypothesis
13. Statistics
20. Inferential statistics
7. Variable
14. Descriptive statistics
Reader Questions Ch. 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Describe the process of psychological research and the individual steps of the scientific method.
List and describe the six different types of psychological research.
Explain how a psychologist might select a sample for a survey.
Review the pre-research decisions a psychologist must make.
Explain why a psychologist should question the results of an experiment that they have conducted for the
first time.
6. What did Jane Goodall especially like about naturalistic observations?
7. What behaviors previously thought to only be human did Goodall observe?
8. Explain experimental procedures psychologists use to avoid bias.
9. Explain how psychologists try to avoid the self-fulfilling prophecy.
10. How can the expectations of the participants bias the results of an experiment?
11. How can the expectations of the experimenter bias the results of an experiment?
12. What does correlation tell about a relationship between two variables?
13. Look at the “building skills” section on the bottom of page 57 and using the graphs, answer the five
following questions:
a. What does each graph illustrate?
b. Which age group owns or uses the most cellular phones?
c. How has the number of cellular subscribers changed since 1988?
d. Do most cell phone owners talk on their phone while driving? What percentage never uses their
phones while driving?
e. What arguments might these statistics be used to support or refute? Explain.