Chapter 5
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____
1. Which is (are) true concerning one’s style of life?
a. The lifestyle is largely set by the age of 6.
b. One’s style of life is learned from early interactions in the family.
c. All people have a lifestyle, but no two people develop exactly the same style.
d. One’s style of life is a reaction to perceived inferiority.
e. All of these
____
2. Dr. Jones told Emily that her efforts to overcome her fear of test taking at school will most likely lead her to
outperform all of her classmates one day. This intervention:
a. was appropriate because it was intended to bolster Emily’s self-esteem and academic selfconcept.
b. was not only unethical, it was illegal.
c. was inappropriate because Emily will never be able to outperform her classmates.
d. was inappropriate because Dr. Jones was confusing Adler’s notion of superiority with the
idea that her client would become superior over others.
____
3. The purpose of examining a client’s family constellation is:
a. to determine who else in the family needs help.
b. to get a picture of the individual’s early social world.
c. to discover hereditary aspects of the client’s behavior.
d. to bring unconscious factors to the surface.
____
4. The term “social interest” refers to:
a. striving for a better future for all humans.
b. a sense of identification and empathy with others.
c. an individual’s attitude in dealing with the social world.
d. all of these.
____
5. The statement “Only when I receive everyone’s approval will I be whole” is an example of:
a. reaction formation.
b. retroflection.
c. a guiding self-ideal.
d. a realistic goal.
e. something a personality disordered individual would say.
____
6. All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except:
a. insight.
b. reorientation.
c. establishing a therapeutic relationship.
d. analysis and assessment.
e. analysis of resistance.
____
7. The process of encouragement in Adlerian counseling includes:
a. helping clients use all their resources.
b. helping clients recognize and accept their positive qualities.
c. transforming traits that can be liabilities into assets.
d. all of these.
____
8. According to Adlerians, inferiority feelings:
a. are directly related to our family constellation.
b. lead to depression.
c. create motivation to achieve mastery.
d. are pathological.
e. keep us from achieving our life goals.
____
9. Adlerian therapy has a phenomenological orientation. Thus, the therapist attempts to view the world:
a. from the frame of reference of a particular theory.
b. from the client’s frame of reference.
c. from an objective frame of reference.
d. from his or her own subjective frame of reference.
e. none of these
____ 10. Which of the following statements is not true about Alfred Adler?
a. He created child guidance clinics.
b. He had much to say about child-rearing practices.
c. His early childhood was happy.
d. He worked with Freud for at least eight years.
____ 11. “Fictional finalism” is an Adlerian term meaning:
a. an imagined central goal that guides our behavior.
b. our strict adherence to certain beliefs that are not based on reality.
c. our stubborn resistance to change.
d. the unrealistic ideas that we have about the way life should be.
____ 12. In helping clients to examine their mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, an Adlerian therapist does not use:
a. challenge and confrontation.
b. encouragement.
c. interpretation of the transference relationship.
d. open-ended interpretations.
____ 13. Which of the following aspects are assessed when exploring a client’s family constellation?
a. birth order
b. the child’s psychological position in the family
c. interactions between siblings and parents
d. all of the above
____ 14. Which of the following is not true about the Adlerian concept of “private logic”?
a. It is a result of the feelings and emotions we experience in our daily lives.
b. It provides a central psychological unity for us.
c. It is the philosophy upon which we base our lifestyle.
d. It often does not conform to the reality of social living.
____ 15. Adler chose the name ____for his theoretical approach because:
a. Individual Psychology; he wanted to avoid reductionism.
b. Individual Psychology; someone else had already adopted the name he wanted to use.
c. Ego Psychology; he emphasized consciousness and deemphasized the power of the
instincts.
d. Ego Psychology; he did not want anyone to confuse his approach with Id Psychology.
____ 16. Adler pioneered the practice of teaching professionals through live demonstrations with parents and children
before large audiences. This is now called:
a. spectator therapy.
c. “on stage” family therapy.
b. “hot seat” family counseling.
d. “open-forum” family counseling.
____ 17. One contribution of Adlerian therapy is that:
a. practitioners are given a great deal of freedom in working with their clients.
b. it is a common-sense psychology.
c. it offers a well-defined theory of personality.
d. many of its concepts have been supported by research.
____ 18. Who is primarily credited with popularizing and extending Adler’s work by applying Adlerian principles to
group work?
a. H. L. Ansbacher
b. Raymond Corsini
c. Don Dinkmeyer
d. Erik Erikson
e. Rudolph Dreikurs
____ 19. Which of the following did Adler not stress?
a. a unique style of life that is an expression of life goals
b. feelings of inferiority
c. behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented
d. the unity of personality
e. focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning
____ 20. All of the following are life tasks that Adler taught we must successfully master except for:
a. establishing intimacy
b. building friendships
c. contributing to society
d. achieving self-actualization
____ 21. The client’s core experience in Adlerian therapy consists of:
a. understanding how their relationship with their parents has shaped their personality.
b. working through the transference relationship.
c. understanding how their birth order has determined the person who they are today.
d. discovering their basic mistakes and then learning how to correct them.
____ 22. Which of the following would an Adlerian therapist particularly value?
a. confronting the ways the client is living dependently since early childhood
b. helping the client to work through the transference neurosis
c. interpretation of dreams
d. modeling of communication and acting in socially minded ways
____ 23. The premise of Adlerian group work is that:
a. insight, not action is needed for change.
b. clients’ problems are usually of a social nature.
c. individuals are encouraged to become fully independent.
d. early childhood disturbances are at the root of the client’s current problems.
____ 24. When counseling couples, Adlerian therapists strive to:
a. increase the couple’s choices.
b. create solutions for problems.
c. enhance the couple’s communication.
d. help the couple discover their collective resources.
e. all of these
____ 25. The Adlerian approach is well suited to multicultural counseling because:
a. the approach encourages clients to define themselves within their social context.
b. the focus on a lifestyle assessment is appealing to most cultures.
c. the approach has few rigid techniques.
d. the focus on early recollections allows clients to explore their past.
Chapter 5
Answer Section
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