EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 2: Coast Banksia Woodland
Description:
Restricted to near coastal localities on secondary or tertiary dunes behind Coastal Dune Scrub. Usually dominated by a
woodland overstorey of Coast Banksia Banksia integrifolia to 15 m tall over a medium shrub layer. The understorey consists of a
number of herbs and sedges, including scramblers.
Large trees:
Species
Banksia spp.
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
50 cm
70 cm
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Life Forms:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Banksia integrifolia
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. pryoriana
Coast Banksia
Rough-barked Manna Gum
#Spp
3
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leucopogon parviflorus
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Leptospermum laevigatum
Senecio minimus
Haloragis brownii
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Lobelia anceps
Sarcocornia quinqueflora
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Dichondra repens
Pteridium esculentum
Galium australe
Clematis microphylla
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
40%
1%
1%
15%
10%
1%
5%
10%
10%
10%
20%
LF code
IT
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Coast Beard-heath
Seaberry Saltbush
Coast Tea-tree
Shrubby Fireweed
Swamp Raspwort
White Elderberry
Ivy-leaf Violet
Angled Lobelia
Beaded Glasswort
Shining Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Austral Bracken
Tangled Bedstraw
Small-leaved Clematis
EVC 2: Coast Banksia Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
high
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 3: Damp Sands Herb-rich Woodland
Description:
A low, grassy or bracken-dominated eucalypt forest or open woodland to 15 m tall with a large shrub layer and ground layer
rich in herbs, grasses, and orchids. Occurs mainly on flat or undulating areas on moderately fertile, relatively well-drained, deep
sandy or loamy topsoils over heavier subsoils (duplex soils).
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. pryoriana
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Rough-barked Manna Gum
#Spp
1
5
3
1
2
8
5
2
1
4
2
1
na
%Cover
5%
5%
25%
5%
1%
5%
15%
10%
10%
1%
10%
10%
15%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
EVC 3: Damp Sands Herb-rich Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Acacia melanoxylon
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum continentale
Banksia marginata
Leptospermum myrsinoides
Leucopogon virgatus
Dillwynia glaberrima
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Astroloma humifusum
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Geranium solanderi s.l.
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Opercularia varia
Dichondra repens
Poranthera microphylla
Lomandra longifolia
Austrostipa mollis
Tetrarrhena juncea
Lepidosperma concavum
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Lomandra filiformis
Poa sieberiana
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Black Wattle
Blackwood
Common Heath
Prickly Tea-tree
Silver Banksia
Heath Tea-tree
Common Beard-heath
Smooth Parrot-pea
Broom Spurge
Cranberry Heath
Common Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Ivy-leaf Violet
Austral Cranesbill
Stinking Pennywort
Variable Stinkweed
Kidney-weed
Small Poranthera
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Supple Spear-grass
Forest Wire-grass
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Black-anther Flax-lily
Wattle-headed Mat-rush
Grey Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
LTG
LNG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Holcus lanatus
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Sweet Vernal Grass
Yorkshire Fog
Invasive
high
high
high
Impact
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 6: Sand Heathland
Description:
Treeless heathland (or with occasional emergent mallee-form eucalypts and/or Banksias) occurring on deep infertile sands.
Consists of a low, dense heathy shrub layer and a number of sedges and sedge-like species. Grasses and herbs are notably
absent or infrequent.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
#Spp
7
4
3
2
1
1
2
2
1
na
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epacris impressa
Banksia marginata
Leptospermum continentale
Leptospermum myrsinoides
Dillwynia glaberrima
Platylobium obtusangulum
Hibbertia fasciculata var. prostrata
Leucopogon virgatus
Gonocarpus humilis
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Gahnia radula
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Lepidosperma concavum
Hypolaena fastigiata
Schoenus brevifolius
Pteridium esculentum
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
LNG
LTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20% cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
55%
10%
5%
5%
5%
1%
5%
15%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
Common Name
Common Heath
Silver Banksia
Prickly Tea-tree
Heath Tea-tree
Smooth Parrot-pea
Common Flat-pea
Bundled Guinea-flower
Common Beard-heath
Shade Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Thatch Saw-sedge
Small Grass-tree
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Tassel Rope-rush
Zig-zag Bog-sedge
Austral Bracken
EVC 6: Sand Heathland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 7: Clay Heathland
Description:
Occurs on sites with impeded drainage, often on duplex soils. Dominated by heathy shrub species with or without an eucalypt
overstorey. The ground layer is dense and diverse with a variety of landforms.
+
woodland only components (ignore when assessing treeless areas and standardise final score as appropriate)
Large trees+:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
40 cm
Tree Canopy Cover+:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
10 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus conspicua
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Swamp Stringybark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
6
7
2
2
8
2
3
4
4
2
na
na
40%
10%
1%
1%
10%
1%
5%
5%
5%
1%
10%
10%
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
75%
EVC 7: Clay Heathland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Allocasuarina paludosa
Leptospermum continentale
Epacris impressa
Hakea teretifolia ssp. hirsuta
Dampiera stricta
Dillwynia sericea s.l.
Hibbertia empetrifolia s.l.
Sphaerolobium vimineum s.l.
Xanthosia pusilla spp. agg.
Euphrasia collina
r Hybanthus vernonii ssp. vernonii
Gonocarpus teucrioides s.l.
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Helichrysum scorpioides
Opercularia varia
Drosera pygmaea
Anisopogon avenaceus
Xanthorrhoea resinosa
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Themeda triandra
Patersonia sericea
Lomandra filiformis
Patersonia glabrata
Schoenus brevifolius
Lepidosperma neesii
Entolasia marginata
Schoenus lepidosperma
Lindsaea linearis
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Scrub Sheoak
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Heath
Dagger Hakea
Blue Dampiera
Showy Parrot-pea
Tangled Guinea-flower
Leafless Globe-pea
Heath Xanthosia
Purple Eyebright
Erect Violet
Germander Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Button Everlasting
Variable Stinkweed
Tiny Sundew
Oat Spear-grass
Spear Grass-tree
Reed Bent-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Silky Purple-flag
Wattle Mat-rush
Leafy Purple-flag
Zig-zag Bog-sedge
Stiff Rapier-sedge
Bordered Panic
Slender Bog-sedge
Screw Fern
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20% Cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 8: Wet Heathland
Description:
A low, generally treeless heathland although sometimes emergent eucalypts may be present. Occurs on lower slopes, flats or
depressions, which are infertile and subjected to prolonged water logging. Understorey is often dominated by a range of
sedges, grasses and shrubs.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
#Spp
6
3
1
3
2
1
2
2
5
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Melaleuca squarrosa
Leptospermum continentale
Allocasuarina paludosa
Sprengelia incarnata
Platylobium obtusangulum
Epacris obtusifolia
Epacris gunnii
Gonocarpus humilis
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Gahnia radula
Patersonia occidentalis
Schoenus brevifolius
Schoenus lepidosperma
Baumea juncea
Leptocarpus tenax
Cassytha glabella
Lindsaea linearis
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
SC
GF
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20% cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
40%
5%
1%
5%
5%
5%
10%
5%
20%
1%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Scented Paperbark
Prickly Tea-tree
Scrub Sheoak
Pink Swamp-heath
Common Flat-pea
Blunt-leaf Heath
Ace of Spades
Shade Raspwort
Common Raspwort
Thatch Saw-sedge
Long Purple-flag
Zig-zag Bog-sedge
Slender Bog-sedge
Bare Twig-sedge
Slender Twine-rush
Slender Dodder-laurel
Screw Fern
EVC 8: Wet Heathland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 9: Coastal Saltmarsh
Description:
Occurs on and immediately above marine and estuarine tidal flats and contains distinct floristic communities as bands or zones
in the same location, depending on the positioning of the various floristic communities in relation to the saline environment.
Consists of a range of life forms including succulent herbs, low succulent shrubs, rushes and sedges.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Soil Crust
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
#Spp
2
1
3
2
1
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Sclerostegia arbuscula
Suaeda australis
Sarcocornia quinqueflora
Samolus repens
Hemichroa pentandra
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Triglochin striatum
Distichlis distichophylla
MS
SS
MH
MH
MH
SH
MNG
MNG
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
20%
1%
20%
15%
1%
5%
10%
10%
70%
LF code
MS
SS
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MNG
S/C
Common Name
Shrubby Glasswort
Austral Seablite
Beaded Glasswort
Creeping Brookweed
Trailing Hemichroa
Rounded Noon-flower
Streaked Arrowgrass
Australian Salt-grass
EVC 9: Coastal Saltmarsh - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 10: Estuarine Wetland
Description:
Grows on anaerobic peat-rich muds on the edges of estuarine waterbodies such as creeks, rivers and lagoons with intermediate
salinity conditions. Vegetation is determined by fluctuating salinity, which varies in time from occasionally fresh to brackish or
occasionally saline according to river flood and marine tide events. Dominated by graminoids and halophytic herbs and often
fringed by a tall scrub layer of Swamp Paperbark Melaleuca ericifolia at the landward edge.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MNG
MNG
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
2
2
6
2
2
1
2
3
10%
5%
5%
20%
10%
10%
5%
5%
20%
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
85%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Melaleuca ericifolia
Samolus repens
Hydrocotyle hirta
Selliera radicans
Lomandra longifolia
Juncus pallidus
Juncus kraussii ssp. australiensis
Ficinia nodosa
Distichlis distichophylla
Common Name
Swamp Paperbark
Creeping Brookweed
Hairy Pennywort
Shiny Swamp-mat
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Pale Rush
Sea Rush
Knobby Club-sedge
Australian Salt-grass
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood: desirable period of disturbance is every five years
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Plantago coronopus
Cotula coronopifolia
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Spear Thistle
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Buck's-horn Plantain
Water Buttons
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
high
high
EVC 10: Estuarine Wetland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 11: Coastal Lagoon Wetland
Description:
Occupies the margins of coastal freshwater lagoons that have formed behind the coastal dune barrier and the adjacent hills. It
has several zones dependent upon water depth and persistence of inundation. Within the lagoon itself where exposure is rare,
the vegetation is dominated by graminoids whereas on the lagoon margin a tall scrub layer is common.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
#Spp
4
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Melaleuca squarrosa
Melaleuca ericifolia
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Carex appressa
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Phragmites australis
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Baumea tetragona
Cassytha glabella
MS
MS
MS
MH
LTG
MTG
LNG
LNG
MNG
SC
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20% cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
15%
1%
1%
5%
1%
5%
15%
5%
5%
5%
1%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
60%
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Scented Paperbark
Swamp Paperbark
Common Raspwort
Tall Sedge
Water Ribbons
Common Reed
Pithy Sword-sedge
Square Twig-sedge
Slender Dodder-laurel
EVC 11: Coastal Lagoon Wetland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 12: Wet Swale Herbland
Description:
Occupies seasonally inundated dune swales often forming between the coastal dune barrier and hinterland hills. Soils are
predominantly deep peats often with aeolian sand lenses where species typical of drier environments may grow. This EVC
typically consists of a range of amphibious rushes, sedges and herbs.
Life forms:
Life form
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
#Spp
1
1
7
3
2
1
4
4
1
2
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
%Cover
1%
1%
15%
5%
5%
1%
10%
25%
5%
1%
LF code
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
70%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Villarsia reniformis
Potamogeton tricarinatus s.l.
Myriophyllum simulans
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Veronica plebeia
Dichondra repens
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Asperula subsimplex
Lomandra longifolia
Eleocharis sphacelata
Lepidosperma concavum
Isolepis fluitans
Lachnagrostis filiformis
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Imperata cylindrica
Hemarthria uncinata var. uncinata
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
e Pseudoraphis paradoxa
Ficinia nodosa
Pteridium esculentum
Billardiera scandens
Glycine clandestina
Common Name
Running Marsh-flower
Floating Pondweed
Amphibious Water-milfoil
Ivy-leaf Violet
Trailing Speedwell
Kidney-weed
Shining Pennywort
Water Woodruff
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Tall Spike-sedge
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Floating Club-sedge
Common Blown-grass
Water Ribbons
Blady Grass
Mat Grass
Weeping Grass
Slender Mud-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Austral Bracken
Common Apple-berry
Twining Glycine
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood: desirable period of disturbance is every five years
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Hairy Hawkbit
Invasive
high
high
Impact
low
low
EVC 12: Wet Swale Herbland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plains bioregion
EVC 14: Banksia Woodland
Description:
Open scrub to open woodland to 10 m tall on well-drained Quaternary and Tertiary sandy soils. The overstorey is dominated by
Saw Banksia Banksia serrata, sometimes with emergent eucalypts while the understorey is shrub-rich.
Large trees:
Species
Banksia serrata
DBH(cm)
#/ha
50 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Common Name
Banksia serrata
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Saw Banksia
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
10
7
1
5
1
3
1
5
2
2
3
na
5%
5%
25%
15%
1%
10%
1%
10%
5%
10%
5%
10%
1%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 14: Banksia Woodland - Gippsland Plains bioregion
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum continentale
Acacia terminalis
Acacia suaveolens
Dampiera stricta
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Tetratheca pilosa
Dillwynia glaberrima
Gonocarpus teucrioides s.l.
Selaginella uliginosa
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Lomandra longifolia
Xanthorrhoea resinosa
Gahnia clarkei
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella caerulea var. caerulea
Patersonia glabrata
Lepidosperma laterale
Burchardia umbellata
Empodisma minus
Pteridium esculentum
Lindsaea linearis
Cassytha glabella
Cassytha phaeolasia
Billardiera scandens
Common Heath
Prickly Tea-tree
Sunshine Wattle
Sweet Wattle
Blue Dampiera
Broom Spurge
Hairy Pink-bells
Smooth Parrot-pea
Germander Raspwort
Swamp Selaginella
Tall Sundew
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Spear Grass-tree
Tall Saw-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Paroo Lily
Leafy Purple-flag
Variable Sword-sedge
Milkmaids
Spreading Rope-rush
Austral Bracken
Screw Fern
Slender Dodder-laurel
Rusty Dodder-laurel
Common Apple-berry
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 15: Limestone Box Forest
Description:
Occurs on generally well developed terra rossa soils derived from Tertiary limestones that outcrop around coastal streams,
gullies and lakes. Open eucalypt forest to 20 m tall with a tall shrub layer understorey and a grass and herb-rich ground layer
on sheltered aspects but may be almost completely bare on drier aspects.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
25%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
T
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
SC
SC
SC
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus baueriana
Eucalyptus bosistoana
Eucalpytus globulus ssp. pseudoglobulus
Eucalyptus tereticornis ssp. mediana
Eucalyptus cypellocarpa
Blue Box
Coast Grey-box
Gippsland Blue-gum
Gippsland Red-gum
Mountain Grey-gum
#Spp
3
2
2
4
2
2
3
4
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Pittosporum undulatum
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Acacia melanoxylon
Hymenanthera dentata s.l.
Coprosma quadrifida
Urtica incisa
Solanum prinophyllum
Stellaria flaccida
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Dichondra repens
Oplismenus hirtellus
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Asplenium flabellifolium
Pteris tremula
Pellaea falcata s.l.
Doodia australis
Eustrephus latifolius
Geitonoplesium cymosum
Clematis glycinoides var. glycinoides
Marsdenia rostrata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
20%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
15%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Cherry Ballart
Sweet Pittosporum
Sweet Bursaria
Blackwood
Tree Violet
Prickly Currant-bush
Scrub Nettle
Forest Nightshade
Forest Starwort
White Elderberry
Kidney-weed
Australian Basket-grass
Weeping Grass
Necklace Fern
Tender Brake
Sickle Fern
Common Rasp-fern
Wombat Berry
Scrambling Lily
Forest Clematis
Milk Vine
EVC 15: Limestone Box Forest – Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
LNG
SC
SC
MH
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Conyza bonariensis
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Cardamine hirsuta s.l.
Holcus lanatus
Asparagus asparagoides
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Common Name
Black Nightshade
Flaxleaf Fleabane
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Common Bitter-cress
Yorkshire Fog
Bridal Creeper
Blackberry
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
low
high
low
high
low
high
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 16: Lowland Forest
Description:
Eucalypt forest to 20 m tall on relatively fertile, moderately well-drained soils in areas of relatively high rainfall. Characterised by
the diversity of life forms and species in the understorey including a range of shrubs, grasses and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus consideniana
Messmate Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Yertchuk
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
7
5
2
1
7
7
2
1
7
1
2
3
na
5%
10%
30%
10%
5%
1%
10%
5%
15%
5%
15%
1%
15%
1%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum continentale
Banksia marginata
Leptospermum myrsinoides
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Acrotriche serrulata
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Opercularia varia
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Poa australis spp. agg.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Billardiera scandens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Blackwood
Common Heath
Prickly Tea-tree
Silver Banksia
Heath Tea-tree
Broom Spurge
Honey-pots
Common Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Ivy-leaf Violet
Variable Stinkweed
Small Grass-tree
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Tussock Grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Common Apple-berry
EVC 16: Lowland Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 18: Riparian Forest
Description:
A tall forest to 30 m tall along river banks and associated alluvial terraces with occasional occurrences in the heads of gullies
leading into creeks and rivers. The soil is fertile alluvium, regularly inundated and permanently moist. Dominated by tall
eucalypts but also has an open to sparse secondary tree layer of wattles and scattered dense patches of shrubs, ferns, grasses
and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
80 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus viminalis
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Swamp Gum
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Messmate Stringybark
Manna Gum
#Spp
2
8
1
3
10
2
3
1
4
3
3
1
2
na
%Cover
5%
15%
25%
5%
5%
10%
5%
15%
5%
10%
10%
15%
1%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 18: Riparian Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia dealbata
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia verticillata
Goodenia ovata
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Leptospermum continentale
Senecio linearifolius
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Dichondra repens
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Galium propinquum
Hydrocotyle hirta
Gahnia sieberiana
Lomandra longifolia
Carex appressa
Tetrarrhena juncea
Lepidosperma laterale
Dianella tasmanica
Poa australis spp. agg.
Poa tenera
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Echinopogon ovatus
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Blechnum nudum
Blechnum minus
Cyathea australis
Dicksonia antarctica
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Silver Wattle
Blackwood
Prickly Moses
Hop Goodenia
Tree Everlasting
Prickly Tea-tree
Fireweed Groundsel
Bidgee-widgee
Ivy-leaf Violet
Kidney-weed
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Maori Bedstraw
Hairy Pennywort
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Tall Sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Tasman Flax-lily
Tussock Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Common Hedgehog-grass
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Fishbone Water-fern
Soft Water-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Soft Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Sonchus oleraceus
Plantago lanceolata
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Galium aparine
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
Common Sow-thistle
Ribwort
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Cleavers
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
low
low
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 19: Riparian Shrubland
Description:
Diverse, medium to tall shrubland to 8 m tall occurring on rocky substrates of major streams and banks and channels of rocky
creeks and along perennial streams in gorge tracts. Able to withstand frequent flooding or regenerate rapidly after such
disturbance and often forming dense thickets along the stream's edge during long periods without flooding. Trees may be
irregularly scattered throughout but tend to be restricted to the banks of the rivers and creeks. Sedges and rushes common to
riparian environments dominate the understorey as well as an array of herbs and grasses including many ephemeral species
which survive on the bare sands or in rock crevice.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Common Name
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia falciformis
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Blackwood
Large-leaf Hickory-wattle
#Spp
9
4
9
2
3
3
2
4
2
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
SC
SC
SC
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
25%
5%
15%
5%
5%
10%
1%
10%
5%
10%
80%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Kunzea ericoides
Prostanthera lasianthos
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Cassinia longifolia
Urtica incisa
Persicaria decipiens
Stypandra glauca
Xerochrysum bracteatum
Hydrocotyle hirta
Solanum prinophyllum
Poranthera microphylla
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dichondra repens
Carex polyantha
Lepidosperma urophorum
Lomandra longifolia
Carex appressa
Poa australis spp. agg.
Poa ensiformis
Lepidosperma laterale
Dianella tasmanica
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Luzula campestris spp. agg.
Pteridium esculentum
Calochlaena dubia
Blechnum nudum
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia
Rubus parvifolius
Pandorea pandorana
Clematis microphylla
Common N
Burgan
Victorian Chris
Tree Everlastin
Shiny Cassinia
Scrub Nettle
Slender Knotw
Nodding BlueGolden Everlas
Hairy Pennywo
Forest Nightsh
Small Poranth
Yellow Wood-s
Kidney-weed
River Sedge
Tailed RapierSpiny-headed
Tall Sedge
Tussock Grass
Sword Tussoc
Variable Sword
Tasman Flax-l
Weeping Gras
Field Woodrus
Austral Bracke
Common Grou
Fishbone Wate
Green Rock-fe
Small-leaf Bra
Wonga Vine
Small-leaved C
EVC 19: Riparian Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/flood – desirable period between flood events is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
20% cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Rosa rubiginosa
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Conium maculatum
Conyza bonariensis
Carduus tenuiflorus
Sonchus asper s.l.
Plantago lanceolata
Rumex crispus
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Trifolium arvense var. arvense
Anagallis arvensis
Euphorbia peplus
Silene gallica
Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Gamochaeta purpurea s.l.
Centaurium erythraea
Modiola caroliniana
Holcus lanatus
Cyperus eragrostis
Bromus catharticus
Vulpia bromoides
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Bromus diandrus
Aira caryophyllea
Vinca major
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Sweet Briar
Blackberry
Hemlock
Flaxleaf Fleabane
Winged Thistle
Rough Sow-thistle
Ribwort
Curled Dock
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Hare's-foot Clover
Pimpernel
Petty Spurge
French Catchfly
Childling Pink
Purple Cudweed
Common Centaury
Red-flower Mallow
Yorkshire Fog
Drain Flat-sedge
Prairie Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Soft Brome
Great Brome
Silvery Hair-grass
Blue Periwinkle
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 21: Shrubby Dry Forest
Description:
Occurs on a range of geologies on exposed aspects such as ridge-lines and medium to steep upper slopes, often in high rainfall
areas and on shallow infertile soils. The overstorey is a low, open forest to 25 m tall characterised by the diversity and
variability of the eucalypts. The understorey often lacks a secondary tree layer but contains a well-developed medium to low
shrub layer. The ground layer is often very sparse with tussock-forming graminoids being the dominant life form.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
60 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
EP
Common Name
Eucalyptus consideniana
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Yertchuk
Red Stringybark
#Spp
1
11
9
1
4
4
1
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia oxycedrus
Brachyloma daphnoides
Correa reflexa
Epacris impressa
Dampiera stricta
Hibbertia fasciculata var. prostrata
Hibbertia virgata
Leucopogon virgatus
Bossiaea prostrata
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Lagenophora stipitata
Comesperma calymega
Lomandra filiformis
Stylidium graminifolium s.l.
Austrodanthonia setacea
Arthropodium milleflorum s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Thelymitra ixioides s.l.
Pteridium esculentum
Cassytha pubescens s.s.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
40%
15%
1%
5%
5%
1%
1%
10%
55%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Common Name
Spike Wattle
Daphne Heath
Common Correa
Common Heath
Blue Dampiera
Bundled Guinea-flower
Twiggy Guinea-flower
Common Beard-heath
Creeping Bossiaea
Common Raspwort
Common Bottle-daisy
Blue-spike Milkwort
Wattle Mat-rush
Grass Trigger-plant
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Pale Vanilla-lily
Weeping Grass
Spotted Sun-orchid
Austral Bracken
Downy Dodder-laurel
EVC 21: Shrubby Dry Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 20 years.
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris glabra
Hypochoeris radicata
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Sporobolus africanus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Smooth Cat's-ear
Cat's Ear
Panic Veldt-grass
Rat-tail Grass
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 22: Grassy Dry Forest
Description:
Occurs on a variety of gradients and altitudes and on a range of geologies. The overstorey is dominated by a low to medium
height forest of eucalypts to 20 m tall, sometimes resembling an open woodland with a secondary, smaller tree layer including
a number of Acacia species. The understorey usually consists of a sparse shrub layer of medium height. Grassy Dry Forest is
characterised by a ground layer dominated by a high diversity of drought-tolerant grasses and herbs, often including a suite of
fern species.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus melliodora
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus polyanthemos
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Yellow Box
Red Stringybark
Red Box
#Spp
2
9
4
2
2
8
2
3
11
2
3
na
na
%Cover
5%
10%
20%
5%
1%
5%
15%
5%
5%
30%
10%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 22: Grassy Dry Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Character Species
Common Name
Acacia mearnsii
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Cassinia aculeata
Daviesia leptophylla
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Epacris impressa
Platylobium obtusangulum
Dillwynia cinerascens s.l.
Pimelea humilis
Acacia aculeatissima
Acrotriche serrulata
Bossiaea prostrata
Senecio glomeratus
Senecio hispidulus
Plantago varia
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Opercularia varia
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Austrostipa rudis
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Themeda triandra
Joycea pallida
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Poa sieberiana
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Hardenbergia violacea
Billardiera scandens
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Black Wattle
Cherry Ballart
Common Cassinia
Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
Sweet Bursaria
Common Heath
Common Flat-pea
Grey Parrot-pea
Common Rice-flower
Thin-leaf Wattle
Honey-pots
Creeping Bossiaea
Annual Fireweed
Rough Fireweed
Variable Plantain
Common Raspwort
Variable Stinkweed
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Veined Spear-grass
Small Grass-tree
Kangaroo Grass
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Grey Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Purple Coral-pea
Common Apple-berry
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
MH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Cotoneaster pannosus
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Briza maxima
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Romulea rosea
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Velvet Cotoneaster
Boneseed
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Large Quaking-grass
Sweet Vernal-grass
Onion Grass
Brown-top Bent
Panic Veldt-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 23: Herb-rich Foothill Forest
Description:
Occurs on relatively fertile, moderately well-drained soils on an extremely wide range of geological types and in areas of
moderate to high rainfall. Occupies easterly and southerly aspects mainly on lower slopes and in gullies. A medium to tall open
forest or woodland to 25 m tall with a small tree layer over a sparse to dense shrub layer. A high cover and diversity of herbs
and grasses in the ground layer characterise this EVC.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Messmate Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
2
5
2
1
2
7
2
1
2
3
1
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
1%
1%
10%
1%
5%
5%
20%
1%
25%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 23: Herb-rich Foothill Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Epacris impressa
Banksia marginata
Acacia stricta
Pimelea humilis
Acrotriche prostrata
Wahlenbergia gracilis s.l.
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Hypericum gramineum
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Themeda triandra
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Clematis aristata
Glycine clandestina
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Heath
Silver Banksia
Hop Wattle
Common Rice-flower
Trailing Ground-berry
Sprawling Bluebell
Common Raspwort
Ivy-leaf Violet
Small St John's Wort
Stinking Pennywort
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Kangaroo Grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Mountain Clematis
Twining Glycine
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Invasive
high
high
Impact
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 29: Damp Forest
Description:
Grows on a wide range of geologies on well-developed generally colluvial soils on a variety of aspects, from sea level to
montane elevations. Dominated by a tall eucalypt tree layer to 30 m tall over a medium to tall dense shrub layer of broadleaved species typical of wet forest mixed with elements from dry forest types. The ground layer includes herbs and grasses as
well as a variety of moisture-dependent ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
90 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus cypellocarpa
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Messmate Stringybark
Mountain Grey-gum
#Spp
3
9
2
1
2
6
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
4
na
%Cover
5%
20%
25%
5%
1%
1%
10%
1%
5%
5%
5%
1%
20%
5%
10%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 29: Damp Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pomaderris aspera
Bedfordia arborescens
Coprosma quadrifida
Goodenia ovata
Polyscias sambucifolia
Leucopogon lanceolatus var. lanceolatus
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus teucrioides s.l.
Lagenophora stipitata
Poranthera microphylla
Lomandra longifolia
Poa labillardierei
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Hierochloe rariflora
Dianella caerulea var. caerulea
Lepidosperma laterale
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum cartilagineum
Polystichum proliferum
Calochlaena dubia
Cyathea australis
Clematis aristata
Billardiera scandens
Smilax australis
Pandorea pandorana
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
SC
SC
SC
SC
Common Name
Hazel Pomaderris
Blanket-leaf
Prickly Currant-bush
Hop Goodenia
Elderberry Panax
Lance Beard-heath
Ivy-leaf Violet
Germander Raspwort
Common Bottle-daisy
Small Poranthera
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Common Tussock Grass
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Cane Holy-grass
Paroo Lily
Variable Sword-sedge
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Gristle Fern
Mother Shield-fern
Common Ground-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Common Apple-berry
Austral Sarsaparilla
Wonga Vine
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 30: Wet Forest
Description:
Grows on fertile, well-drained loamy soils on a range of geologies and elevation levels. It is largely restricted to protected sites
in gullies and on southern aspects of hills and mountains where rainfall is high and cloud cover at ground level is frequent.
Characterised by a tall eucalypt overstorey to 30 m tall with scattered understorey trees over a tall broad-leaved shrubby
understorey and a moist, shaded, fern-rich ground layer that is usually dominated by tree-ferns.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
90 cm
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus cypellocarpa
Eucalyptus globulus ssp. pseudoglobulus
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. viminalis
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Messmate Stringybark
Mountain Grey-gum
Gippsland Blue-gum
Manna Gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
3
6
1
6
2
2
1
3
1
4
1
2
na
5%
20%
15%
1%
10%
1%
5%
1%
15%
10%
15%
15%
5%
20%
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TF
SC
BL
EVC 30: Wet Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia dealbata
Acacia melanoxylon
Olearia argophylla
Goodenia ovata
Cassinia longifolia
Cassinia aculeata
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Rhytidosporum procumbens
Senecio velleioides
Senecio glomeratus
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus teucrioides s.l.
Lagenophora stipitata
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dichondra repens
Lomandra longifolia
Cyperus lucidus
Juncus pallidus
Gahnia radula
Tetrarrhena juncea
Poa australis spp. agg.
Dianella tasmanica
Poa labillardierei
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum cartilagineum
Calochlaena dubia
Sticherus lobatus
Cyathea australis
Dicksonia antarctica
Clematis aristata
Billardiera scandens
Comesperma volubile
Common Name
Hazel Pomaderris
Siver Wattle
Blackwood
Musk Daisy-bush
Hop Goodenia
Shiny Cassinia
Common Cassinia
Tree Everlasting
White Marianth
Forest Groundsel
Annual Fireweed
Ivy-leaf Violet
Germander Raspwort
Common Bottle-daisy
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Leafy Flat-sedge
Pale Rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Tussock Grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Gristle Fern
Common Ground-fern
Spreading Fan-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Soft Tree-fern
Mountain Clematis
Common Apple-berry
Love Creeper
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 32: Warm Temperate Rainforest
Description:
Closed forest to 20 m tall occurring along small streams and narrow coastal fringes associated with lakes and estuaries.
Dominated by a range of non-eucalypt canopy species above an understorey of smaller trees and shrubs and usually visually
dominated by ferns and climbers.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Various spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Epiphyte
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Acmena smithii
Acacia melanoxylon
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Lilly Pilly
Blackwood
#Spp
3
2
2
3
1
1
1
2
4
1
7
na
%Cover
5%
30%
10%
5%
5%
5%
1%
1%
5%
25%
5%
20%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
EP
SC
BL
EVC 32: Warm Temperate Rainforest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
T
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
EP
SC
SC
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Olearia argophylla
r Acronychia oblongifolia
Coprosma quadrifida
Urtica incisa
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Stellaria flaccida
Austrocynoglossum latifolium
Pyrrosia rupestris
Dichondra repens
Gahnia melanocarpa
Oplismenus hirtellus
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Asplenium flabellifolium
Pellaea falcata s.l.
Lastreopsis acuminata
Pteris tremula
Microsorum scandens
Eustrephus latifolius
Clematis glycinoides var. glycinoides
Geitonoplesium cymosum
Smilax australis
Common Name
Musk Daisy-bush
Yellow-wood
Prickly Currant-bush
Scrub Nettle
White Elderberry
Forest Starwort
Forest Hound's-tongue
Rock Felt-fern
Kidney-weed
Black-fruit Saw-sedge
Australian Basket-grass
Weeping Grass
Necklace Fern
Sickle Fern
Shiny Shield-fern
Tender Brake
Fragrant Fern
Wombat Berry
Forest Clematis
Scrambling Lily
Austral Sarsaparilla
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
SC
Typical Weed Species
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Asparagus asparagoides
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Black Nightshade
Bridal Creeper
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 34: Dry Rainforest
Description:
Open to closed non-eucalypt low forest or tall shrubland to 15 m tall. Occurs in areas of relatively low rainfall (750-900mm per
annum) and primarily confined to topographic fire refuges most often associated with extensive cliffs, gorges and rock screes
on northern and western aspects.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Various spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Epiphyte
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Cirsium vulgare
Conyza spp.
Hypochoeris radicata
Gamochaeta purpurea s.l.
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Hypochoeris glabra
Galium murale
Anagallis arvensis
Vulpia bromoides
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Aira praecox
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
10 / ha
Common Name
Rapanea howittiana
Pittosporum undulatum
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Mutton-wood
Sweet Pittosporum
#Spp
3
9
5
12
5
2
3
3
5
2
6
na
%Cover
5%
20%
20%
5%
15%
5%
5%
5%
5%
10%
1%
10%
20%
Common Name
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
EP
SC
BL
Blackberry
Black Nightshade
Spear Thistle
Fleabane
Cat's Ear
Purple Cudweed
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Four-leaved Allseed
Smooth Cat's-ear
Small Goosegrass
Pimpernel
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Panic Veldt-grass
Early Hair-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
low
EVC 34: Dry Rainforest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
EP
EP
EP
EP
SC
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Acacia implexa
Acacia falciformis
Olearia lirata
Cassinia trinerva
Cassinia longifolia
Coprosma quadrifida
Urtica incisa
Sigesbeckia orientalis ssp. orientalis
Senecio minimus
Solanum prinophyllum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Sambucus gaudichaudiana
Lobelia anceps
Dichondra repens
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Pyrrosia rupestris
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia
Lepidosperma urophorum
Gahnia melanocarpa
Notodanthonia longifolia
r Libertia paniculata
Lepidosperma laterale
Poa hothamensis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Echinopogon ovatus
Oplismenus hirtellus
Entolasia marginata
Pteris tremula
Asplenium flabellifolium
Doodia australis
Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia
Microsorum pustulatum ssp. pustulatum
Hymenophyllum cupressiforme
Sarcochilus australis
Cassytha phaeolasia
Eustrephus latifolius
Celastrus australis
Morinda jasminoides
Common Name
Black Wattle
Lightwood
Pale Hickory Wattle
Snowy Daisy-bush
Three-nerved Cassinia
Shiny Cassinia
Prickly Currant-bush
Scrub Nettle
Indian Weed
Shrubby Fireweed
Forest Nightshade
Ivy-leaf Violet
White Elderberry
Angled Lobelia
Kidney-weed
Shining Pennywort
Rock Felt-fern
Shady Wood-sorrel
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Tailed Rapier-sedge
Black-fruit Saw-sedge
Long-leaf Wallaby-grass
Branching Grass-flag
Variable Sword-sedge
Ledge Grass
Weeping Grass
Common Hedgehog-grass
Australian Basket-grass
Bordered Panic
Tender Brake
Necklace Fern
Common Rasp-fern
Green Rock-fern
Kangaroo Fern
Common Filmy Fern
Butterfly Orchid
Rusty Dodder-laurel
Wombat Berry
Staff Climber
Jasmine Morinda
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 45: Shrubby Foothill Forest
Description:
Eucalypt forest to 25 m tall over an understorey characterised by a distinctive middle strata dominated by a diversity of narrowleaved shrubs and a paucity of ferns, graminoids and herbs in the ground stratum.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus sieberi
Eucalyptus baxteri s.l.
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
40%
Messmate Stringybark
Silvertop Ash
Brown Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
1
8
3
1
3
1
2
1
2
2
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Spyridium parvifolium
Goodenia ovata
Epacris impressa
Correa reflexa
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Tetratheca ciliata
Lomatia ilicifolia
R r Tetratheca stenocarpa
Acrotriche prostrata
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Lepidosperma elatius
Tetrarrhena juncea
Poa australis spp. agg.
Lepidosperma laterale
Pteridium esculentum
Billardiera scandens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
35%
10%
5%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
1%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Dusty Miller
Hop Goodenia
Common Heath
Common Correa
Broom Spurge
Pink-bells
Holly Lomatia
Long Pink-bells
Trailing Ground-berry
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Tall Sword-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Tussock Grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Austral Bracken
Common Apple-berry
EVC 45: Shrubby Foothill Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 47: Valley Grassy Forest
Description:
Valley Grassy Forest occurs under moderate rainfall regimes of 700-800 mm per annum on fertile well-drained colluvial or
alluvial soils on gently undulating lower slopes and valley floors. Open forest to 20 m tall that may carry a variety of eucalypts,
usually species which prefer more moist or more fertile conditions over a sparse shrub cover. In season, a rich array of herbs,
lilies, grasses and sedges dominate the ground layer but at the drier end of the spectrum the ground layer may be sparse and
slightly less diverse, but with the moisture-loving species still remaining.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus leucoxylon
Eucalyptus melliodora
Eucalyptus rubida
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Yellow Gum
Yellow Box
Candlebark
#Spp
2
2
1
2
11
3
2
2
16
2
1
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
1%
5%
25%
5%
5%
10%
40%
5%
1%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
EVC 47: Valley Grassy Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Myoporum sp. 1
Acacia pycnantha
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Pimelea humilis
Bossiaea prostrata
Veronica gracilis
Poranthera microphylla
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Solenogyne dominii
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Oxalis exilis
Opercularia varia
Austrostipa rudis
Austrostipa mollis
Gahnia radula
Themeda triandra
Lomandra filiformis
Tricoryne elatior
Arthropodium strictum s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Billardiera scandens
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Black Wattle
Sticky Boobialla
Golden Wattle
Sweet Bursaria
Common Rice-flower
Creeping Bossiaea
Slender Speedwell
Small Poranthera
Common Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Smooth Solenogyne
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Shady Wood-sorrel
Variable Stinkweed
Veined Spear-grass
Supple Spear-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Kangaroo Grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Yellow Rush-lily
Chocolate Lily
Weeping Grass
Common Apple-berry
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Watsonia meriana var. bulbillifera
Holcus lanatus
Briza maxima
Romulea rosea
Ehrharta longiflora
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Sporobolus africanus
Paspalum dilatatum
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Dactylis glomerata
Galium aparine
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Bulbil Watsonia
Yorkshire Fog
Large Quaking-grass
Onion Grass
Annual Veldt-grass
Panic Veldt-grass
Sweet Vernal-grass
Rat-tail Grass
Paspalum
Brown-top Bent
Cocksfoot
Cleavers
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 48: Heathy Woodland
Description:
Spans a variety of geologies but is generally associated with nutrient-poor soils including deep uniform sands (aeolian or
outwash) and Tertiary sand/clay which has been altered to form quartzite gravel. Eucalypt-dominated low woodland to 10 m
tall lacking a secondary tree layer and generally supporting a diverse array of narrow or ericoid-leaved shrubs except where
frequent fire has reduced this to a dense cover of bracken. Geophytes and annuals can be quite common but the ground cover
is normally fairly sparse.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
Banksia serrata
50 cm
40 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus willisii
Eucalyptus obliqua
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. pryoriana
Banksia serrata
Jimmy’s Shining Peppermint
Messmate Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Rough-barked Manna Gum
Saw Banksia
#Spp
5
5
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
na
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epacris impressa
Leptospermum myrsinoides
Leptospermum continentale
Monotoca scoparia
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Leucopogon virgatus
Dillwynia glaberrima
Gahnia sieberiana
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Hypolaena fastigiata
Cassytha glabella
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
30%
20%
5%
5%
5%
1%
5%
5%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
Common Name
Common Heath
Heath Tea-tree
Prickly Tea-tree
Prickly Broom-heath
Broom Spurge
Common Beard-heath
Smooth Parrot-pea
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Small Grass-tree
Tassel Rope-rush
Slender Dodder-laurel
EVC 48: Heathy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 20 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 53: Swamp Scrub
Description:
Closed scrub to 8 m tall at low elevations on alluvial deposits along streams or on poorly drained sites with higher nutrient
availability. The EVC is dominated by Swamp Paperbark Melaleuca ericifolia (or sometimes Woolly Tea-tree Leptospermum
lanigerum) which often forms a dense thicket, out-competing other species. Occasional emergent eucalypts may be present.
Where light penetrates to ground level, a moss/lichen/liverwort or herbaceous ground cover is often present. Dry variants have
a grassy/herbaceous ground layer.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
Common Name
Leptospermum lanigerum
Melaleuca ericifolia
Woolly Tea-tree
Swamp Paperbark
#Spp
%Cover LF code
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
2
2
1
1
na
10%
1%
5%
15%
5%
10%
10%
5%
15%
5%
1%
20%
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Coprosma quadrifida
Leptospermum continentale
Lycopus australis
Lythrum salicaria
Persicaria praetermissa
Hydrocotyle pterocarpa
Stellaria angustifolia
Lobelia anceps
Crassula helmsii
Juncus procerus
Poa labillardierei
Gahnia radula
Phragmites australis
Baumea rubiginosa s.l.
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Juncus gregiflorus
Eleocharis acuta
Blechnum cartilagineum
Calystegia sepium
Prickly Currant-bush
Prickly Tea-tree
Australian Gipsywort
Purple Loosestrife
Spotted Knotweed
Wing Pennywort
Swamp Starwort
Angled Lobelia
Swamp Crassula
Tall Rush
Common Tussock-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Common Reed
Soft Twig-rush
Water Ribbons
Green Rush
Common Spike-sedge
Gristle Fern
Large Bindweed
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
EVC 53: Swamp Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
LNG
Hypochoeris radicata
Holcus lanatus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
Yorkshire Fog
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 55: Plains Grassy Woodland
Description:
An open, eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall occurring on a number of geologies and soil types. Occupies poorly drained, fertile
soils on flat or gently undulating plains at low elevations. The understorey consists of a few sparse shrubs over a species-rich
grassy and herbaceous ground layer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus tereticornis ssp. mediana
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Gippsland Red-gum
River Red-gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
2
1
1
1
10
3
2
1
9
2
na
5%
5%
10%
1%
1%
5%
20%
5%
5%
10%
35%
10%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Allocasuarina littoralis
Acacia mearnsii
Acacia melanoxylon
Kunzea ericoides
Pimelea humilis
Bossiaea prostrata
Hypericum gramineum
Oxalis perennans
Dichondra repens
Poranthera microphylla
Austrostipa rudis
Gahnia radula
Themeda triandra
Carex breviculmis
Lomandra filiformis
Schoenus apogon
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Black Sheoak
Black Wattle
Blackwood
Burgan
Common Rice-flower
Creeping Bossiaea
Small St John's Wort
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Small Poranthera
Veined Spear-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Kangaroo Grass
Common Grass-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Common Bog-sedge
Weeping Grass
EVC 55: Plains Grassy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Romulea rosea
Briza maxima
Briza minor
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Onion Grass
Large Quaking-grass
Lesser Quaking-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 56: Floodplain Riparian Woodland
Description:
An open eucalypt woodland to 20 m tall over a medium to tall shrub layer with a ground layer consisting of amphibious and
aquatic herbs and sedges. Occurs along the banks and floodplains of the larger meandering rivers and major creeks, often in
conjunction with one or more floodplain wetland communities. Elevation and rainfall are relatively low and soils are fertile
alluviums subject to periodic flooding and inundation.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
80 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus tereticornis ssp. mediana
Eucalyptus ovata
River Red-gum
Gippsland Red Gum
Swamp Gum
#Spp
2
5
7
5
2
2
1
5
2
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia implexa
Acacia melanoxylon
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Hymenanthera dentata s.l.
Urtica incisa
Persicaria subsessilis
Senecio quadridentatus
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hydrocotyle hirta
Stellaria pungens
Veronica plebeia
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dichondra repens
Carex appressa
Poa labillardierei
Phragmites australis
Juncus amabilis
Cyperus spp.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Eleocharis acuta
Calystegia sepium
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
15%
10%
5%
10%
10%
10%
10%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Lightwood
Blackwood
Tree Everlasting
Sweet Bursaria
Tree Violet
Scrub Nettle
Hairy Knotweed
Cottony Fireweed
Bidgee-widgee
Hairy Pennywort
Prickly Starwort
Trailing Speedwell
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Tall Sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Common Reed
Hollow Rush
Flat-sedge
Weeping Grass
Common Spike-sedge
Large Bindweed
EVC 56: Floodplain Riparian Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
SC
Typical Weed Species
Crataegus monogyna
Fraxinus spp.
Solanum pseudocapsicum
Prunus cerasifera
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Rumex conglomeratus
Sonchus oleraceus
Plantago lanceolata
Rumex crispus
Rorippa palustris
Helminthotheca echioides
Verbena bonariensis s.l.
Aster subulatus
Ranunculus repens
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Taraxacum officinale spp. agg.
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium repens var. repens
Modiola caroliniana
Holcus lanatus
Bromus catharticus
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Cyperus eragrostis
Paspalum dilatatum
Lolium perenne
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Paspalum distichum
Galium aparine
Tradescantia fluminensis
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Hawthorn
Ash
Madeira Winter-cherry
Cherry Plum
Blackberry
Clustered Dock
Common Sow-thistle
Ribwort
Curled Dock
Marsh Yellow-cress
Ox-tongue
Purple-top Verbena
Aster-weed
Creeping Buttercup
Hairy Hawkbit
Garden Dandelion
Cat's Ear
White Clover
Red-flower Mallow
Yorkshire Fog
Prairie Grass
Panic Veldt-grass
Drain Flat-sedge
Paspalum
Perennial Rye-grass
Brown-top Bent
Water Couch
Cleavers
Wandering Jew
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
high
low
low
low
low
high
low
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
low
high
high
high
low
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 59: Riparian Thicket
Description:
Dense thickets of Woolly Tea-tree Leptospermum lanigerum and/or Scented Paperbark Melaleuca squarrosa to 6 m tall with
occasional emergent eucalypts that occur on broad beds of small streams or on regular flooded terraces of large streams and
rivers. Ground layer is dominated by a number of ferns, tree-ferns and sedges.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Leptospermum lanigerum
Melaleuca squarrosa
Woolly Tea-tree
Scented Paperbark
#Spp
8
3
1
2
5
1
3
2
2
3
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epacris impressa
Cassinia aculeata
Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius
Kunzea ericoides
Dampiera stricta
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Acacia brownii
Acrotriche prostrata
Senecio minimus
Epilobium pallidiflorum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Cyperus lucidus
Carex appressa
Tetrarrhena juncea
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Lepidosperma filiforme
Poa tenera
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Baumea tetragona
Gleichenia dicarpa
Pteridium esculentum
Blechnum minus
Cyathea australis
Billardiera scandens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
30%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
5%
5%
15%
10%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
Common Name
Common Heath
Common Cassinia
Rosemary Everlasting
Burgan
Blue Dampiera
Broom Spurge
Heath Wattle
Trailing Ground-berry
Shrubby Fireweed
Showy Willow-herb
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Leafy Flat-sedge
Tall Sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Common Rapier-sedge
Slender Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Square Twig-sedge
Pouched Coral-fern
Austral Bracken
Soft Water-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Common Apple-berry
EVC 59: Riparian Thicket - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
Salix cinerea
Pinus radiata
Prunus cerasifera
Cotoneaster pannosus
Erica lusitanica
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Lotus suaveolens
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Callitriche stagnalis
Holcus lanatus
Common Name
Grey Sallow
Radiata Pine
Cherry Plum
Velvet Cotoneaster
Spanish Heath
Blackberry
Black Nightshade
Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Common Starwort
Yorkshire Fog
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 61: Box Ironbark Forest
Description:
Occurs on gently undulating rises, low hills and peneplains on infertile, often stony soils derived from a range of geologies. The
open overstorey to 20 m tall consists of a variety of eucalypts, often including one of the Ironbark species. The mid storey often
forms a dense to open small tree or shrub layer over an open ground layer ranging from a sparse to well-developed suite of
herbs and grasses.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Common Name
Eucalyptus polyanthemos
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus globoidea
Eucalyptus tricarpa
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Red Box
Red Stringybark
White Stringybark
Red Ironbark
#Spp
4
3
2
2
10
2
1
5
1
na
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia pycnantha
Acacia genistifolia
Pultenaea gunnii
Kunzea ericoides
Dillwynia phylicoides
Leucopogon virgatus
Dillwynia cinerascens s.l.
Acrotriche serrulata
Senecio tenuiflorus
Wahlenbergia stricta
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Glossodia major
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Poranthera microphylla
Opercularia varia
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Gahnia radula
Joycea pallida
Lomandra filiformis ssp. filiformis
Lomandra nana
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Thysanotus patersonii
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
20%
10%
1%
5%
15%
1%
1%
10%
1%
10%
20%
LF code
IT
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
GF
BL
S/C
80%
Common Name
Golden Wattle
Spreading Wattle
Golden Bush-pea
Burgan
Small-leaf Parrot-pea
Common Beard-heath
Grey Parrot-pea
Honey-pots
Slender Fireweed
Tall Bluebell
Common Raspwort
Wax-lip Orchid
Tall Sundew
Small Poranthera
Variable Stinkweed
Stinking Pennywort
Thatch Saw-sedge
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Dwarf Mat-rush
Black-anther Flax-lily
Twining Fringe-lily
EVC 61: Box Ironbark Forest – Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Briza maxima
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Large Quaking-grass
Invasive
high
high
Impact
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 68: Creekline Grassy Woodland
Description:
Eucalypt-dominated woodland to 15 m tall with occasional scattered shrub layer over a mostly grassy/sedgy to herbaceous
ground-layer. Occurs on low-gradient ephemeral to intermittent drainage lines, typically on fertile colluvial/alluvial soils, on a
wide range of suitably fertile geological substrates. These minor drainage lines can include a range of graminoid and
herbaceous species tolerant of waterlogged soils, and are presumed to have sometimes resembled a linear wetland or system
of interconnected small ponds.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
SS
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus ovata
River Red Gum
Swamp Gum
#Spp
2
2
2
2
8
1
3
12
3
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Acacia pycnantha
Pimelea humilis
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Acaena echinata
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Carex appressa
Poa labillardierei
Elymus scaber var. scaber
Lachnagrostis filiformis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
5%
1%
5%
15%
1%
15%
20%
15%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Black Wattle
Tree Everlasting
Golden Wattle
Common Rice-flower
Common Raspwort
Sheep's Burr
Stinking Pennywort
Tall Sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Common Wheat-grass
Common Blown-grass
Weeping Grass
EVC 68: Creekline Grassy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40% cover
Logs:
20m/0.1 ha
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
LTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Phalaris aquatica
Briza maxima
Romulea rosea
Vulpia bromoides
Briza minor
Aira elegantissima
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Onion Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Lesser Quaking-grass
Delicate Hair-grass
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 82: Riverine Escarpment Scrub
Description:
Shrubland to 10 m tall with occasional emergent eucalypts. Occurs on shallow colluvial soils along rocky cliffs and slopes
associated with rivers and creeks and may extend onto alluvial terraces. Characterised by a dense medium to tall shrub layer
over a ground layer which can range from low to high diversity and consist of a variety of graminoids, grasses and herbs. Ferns
can often be a major component of the ground stratum.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
25%
Common Name
Acacia dealbata
Pomaderris aspera
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Silver Wattle
Hazel Pomaderris
#Spp
10
4
13
6
2
6
2
7
4
na
%Cover
5%
20%
5%
20%
10%
5%
10%
10%
20%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 82: Riverine Escarpment Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Olearia lirata
Coprosma quadrifida
Pimelea axiflora
Prostanthera lasianthos
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Acrotriche serrulata
Ajuga australis
Xerochrysum bracteatum
Senecio tenuiflorus
Euchiton collinus s.l.
Veronica calycina
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hypericum gramineum
Dichondra repens
Oxalis exilis
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Desmodium gunnii
Carex appressa
Austrostipa rudis ssp. nervosa
Lomandra longifolia ssp. exilis
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Carex breviculmis
Isolepis inundata
Schoenus maschalinus
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Echinopogon ovatus
Poa tenera
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Polystichum proliferum
Pellaea falcata s.l.
Dicksonia antarctica
Cyathea australis
Clematis glycinoides var. glycinoides
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
TRF
SC
Common Name
Snowy Daisy-bush
Prickly Currant-bush
Bootlace Bush
Victorian Christmas-bush
Grey Guinea-flower
Honey-pots
Austral Bugle
Golden Everlasting
Slender Fireweed
Clustered/Creeping Cudweed
Hairy Speedwell
Bidgee-widgee
Small St John's Wort
Kidney-weed
Shady Wood-sorrel
Stinking Pennywort
Southern Tick-trefoil
Tall Sedge
Veined Spear-grass
Cluster-headed Mat-rush
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Common Grass-sedge
Swamp Club-sedge
Leafy Bog-sedge
Weeping Grass
Common Hedgehog-grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Mother Shield-fern
Sickle Fern
Soft Tree-fern
Rough Tree-fern
Forest Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Rubus polyanthemus
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Prunella vulgaris
Gamochaeta purpurea s.l.
Common Name
Blackberry
Blackberry
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
Self-heal
Purple Cudweed
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 83: Swampy Riparian Woodland
Description:
Woodland to 15 m tall generally occupying low energy streams of the foothills and plains. The lower strata are variously locally
dominated by a range of large and medium shrub species on the stream levees in combination with large tussock grasses and
sedges in the ground layer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Swamp Gum
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
4
5
1
1
3
7
3
3
1
5
2
2
2
na
5%
30%
20%
1%
1%
5%
10%
5%
15%
5%
10%
10%
10%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Melaleuca ericifolia
Leptospermum lanigerum
Leptospermum continentale
Coprosma quadrifida
Bursaria spinosa
Senecio minimus
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Hydrocotyle hirta
Dichondra repens
Carex appressa
Cyperus lucidus
Lepidosperma elatius
Juncus procerus
Phragmites australis
Themeda triandra
Lomandra filiformis
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Blackwood
Swamp Paperbark
Woolly Tea-tree
Prickly Tea-tree
Prickly Currant-bush
Sweet Bursaria
Shrubby Fireweed
Common Raspwort
Bidgee-widgee
Hairy Pennywort
Kidney-weed
Tall Sedge
Leafy Flat-sedge
Tall Sword-sedge
Tall Rush
Common Reed
Kangaroo Grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
EVC 83: Swampy Riparian Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Briza maxima
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Spear Thistle
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Large Quaking-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 125: Plains Grassy Wetland
Description:
This EVC is usually treeless, but in some instances can include sparse River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis or Swamp Gum
Eucalyptus ovata. A sparse shrub component may also be present. The characteristic ground cover is dominated by grasses
and small sedges and herbs. The vegetation is typically species-rich on the outer verges but is usually species-poor in the
wetter central areas.
Life forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
#Spp
3
10
2
2
2
10
4
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
v Craspedia paludicola
Villarsia reniformis
Myriophyllum crispatum
Lythrum hyssopifolia
Centella cordifolia
Neopaxia australasica
Myriophyllum integrifolium
Amphibromus nervosus
Baumea arthrophylla
Schoenus tesquorum
Triglochin alcockiae
Notodanthonia semiannularis
Austrodanthonia duttoniana
Eleocharis acuta
Hemarthria uncinata var. uncinata
k Eleocharis macbarronii
Triglochin striatum
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
10%
20%
10%
5%
10%
20%
10%
10%
LF code
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
95%
Common Name
Swamp Billy-buttons
Running Marsh-flower
Upright Water-milfoil
Small Loosestrife
Centella
White Purslane
Tiny Water-milfoil
Common Swamp Wallaby-grass
Fine Twig-sedge
Soft Bog-sedge
Southern Water-ribbons
Wetland Wallaby-grass
Brown-back Wallaby-grass
Common Spike-sedge
Mat Grass
Grey Spike-sedge
Streaked Arrowgrass
EVC 125: Plains Grassy Wetland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha.(where trees are overhanging the wetland)
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
TTG
SNG
Typical Weed Species
Rumex conglomeratus
Plantago lanceolata
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Lotus corniculatus
Mentha pulegium
Centaurium erythraea
Plantago coronopus
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Trifolium repens var. repens
Watsonia meriana var. bulbillifera
Holcus lanatus
Paspalum dilatatum
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Gladiolus undulatus
Juncus articulatus
Lolium perenne
Briza minor
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Paspalum distichum
Cyperus tenellus
Sisyrinchium iridifolium
Common Name
Clustered Dock
Ribwort
Hairy Hawkbit
Bird's-foot Trefoil
Pennyroyal
Common Centaury
Buck's-horn Plantain
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
White Clover
Bulbil Watsonia
Yorkshire Fog
Paspalum
Sweet Vernal-grass
Wild Gladiolus
Jointed Rush
Perennial Rye-grass
Lesser Quaking-grass
Brown-top Bent
Water Couch
Tiny Flat-sedge
Blue Pigroot
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
high
high
low
high
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
high
low
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2005
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2005
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 127: Valley Heathy Forest
Description:
A low, open forest to 15 m tall with a sedgy/grassy understorey with a component of small ericoid shrubs and grass-trees. Soil
and moisture factors are critical in delimiting the vegetation.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus melliodora
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l.
Eucalyptus cephalocarpa s.l.
Eucalyptus obliqua
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Yellow Box
Bundy
Silverleaf Stringybark
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
2
7
5
2
6
3
2
2
7
1
1
3
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
20%
15%
1%
1%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 127: Valley Heathy Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Epacris impressa
Cassinia aculeata
Daviesia leptophylla
Cassinia arcuata
Platylobium obtusangulum
Dillwynia cinerascens s.l.
Hovea heterophylla
Pimelea humilis
Acrotriche serrulata
Bossiaea prostrata
Leptorhynchos tenuifolius
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Helichrysum scorpioides
Opercularia varia
Drosera whittakeri ssp. aberrans
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Gahnia radula
Joycea pallida
Lomandra filiformis
Themeda triandra
Poa morrisii
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Lindsaea linearis
Billardiera scandens
Hardenbergia violacea
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Cherry Ballart
Common Heath
Common Cassinia
Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
Drooping Cassinia
Common Flat-pea
Grey Parrot-pea
Common Hovea
Common Rice-flower
Honey-pots
Creeping Bossiaea
Wiry Buttons
Common Raspwort
Button Everlasting
Variable Stinkweed
Scented Sundew
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Small Grass-tree
Reed Bent-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Kangaroo Grass
Soft Tussock-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Weeping Grass
Screw Fern
Common Apple-berry
Purple Coral-pea
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
T
MS
LH
MH
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Pinus radiata
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Briza maxima
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Radiata Pine
Blackberry
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Large Quaking-grass
Sweet Vernal-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 128: Grassy Forest
Description:
Low growing forest to 20 m tall with an understorey of small and medium shrubs and a rich diversity of herbs. Large shrubs
and understorey trees may also be conspicuous. Often grows in areas transitional between drier box stringybark forests and
taller, herb-rich forests typical of more favourable environments.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus goniocalyx s.l.
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Bundy
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
4
2
2
1
5
3
2
1
3
1
3
na
5%
10%
10%
1%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
1%
45%
1%
5%
10%
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 128: Grassy Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Cassinia aculeata
Acacia stricta
Pimelea humilis
Hovea heterophylla
Bossiaea prostrata
Platylobium formosum
Acrotriche prostrata
Hypericum gramineum
Acaena agnipila
Ranunculus lappaceus
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Opercularia varia
Dichondra repens
Goodenia lanata
Tetrarrhena juncea
Joycea pallida
Themeda triandra
Poa morrisii
Lomandra filiformis
Adiantum aethiopicum
Glycine clandestina
Comesperma volubile
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Blackwood
Sweet Bursaria
Common Cassinia
Hop Wattle
Common Rice-flower
Common Hovea
Creeping Bossiaea
Handsome Flat-pea
Trailing Ground-berry
Small St John's Wort
Hairy Sheep's Burr
Australian Buttercup
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Variable Stinkweed
Kidney-weed
Trailing Goodenia
Forest Wire-grass
Silvertop Wallaby-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Soft Tussock-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Common Maidenhair
Twining Glycine
Love Creeper
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Plantago lanceolata
Hypochoeris radicata
Briza maxima
Common Name
Blackberry
Ribwort
Cat's Ear
Large Quaking-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 132_61: LaTrobe Valley Plains Grassland
Description:
Treeless vegetation dominated by largely grass and herb life forms. Shrubs and trees may be also occasionally present.
Life Forms:
Life form
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
#Spp
1
2
12
3
1
10
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Calocephalus citreus
Eryngium ovinum
Acaena echinata
Drosera peltata ssp. peltata
Leptorhynchos squamatus
Solenogyne dominii
Themeda triandra
Schoenus apogon
Austrodanthonia setacea
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Convolvulus erubescens spp. agg.
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire or Grazing. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
1%
5%
30%
5%
1%
40%
5%
10%
95%
LF code
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Lemon Beauty-heads
Blue Devil
Sheep's Burr
Pale Sundew
Scaly Buttons
Smooth Solenogyne
Kangaroo Grass
Common Bog-sedge
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Weeping Grass
Pink Bindweed
EVC 132_61: LaTrobe Valley Plains Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Galenia pubescens var. pubescens
Rumex conglomeratus
Plantago lanceolata
Senecio jacobaea
Rapistrum rugosum
Lepidium africanum
Urtica dioica
Cirsium vulgare
Plantago coronopus
Hypochoeris radicata
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Trifolium repens var. repens
Holcus lanatus
Paspalum dilatatum
Sporobolus africanus
Bromus catharticus
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Romulea rosea
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Vulpia bromoides
Lolium rigidum
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Ehrharta longiflora
Dactylis glomerata
Common Name
Galenia
Clustered Dock
Ribwort
Ragwort
Giant Mustard
Common Peppercress
Giant Nettle
Spear Thistle
Buck's-horn Plantain
Cat's Ear
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
White Clover
Yorkshire Fog
Paspalum
Rat-tail Grass
Prairie Grass
Soft Brome
Onion Grass
Brown-top Bent
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Wimmera Rye-grass
Panic Veldt-grass
Annual Veldt-grass
Cocksfoot
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
high
high
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 132_62: South Gippsland Plains Grassland
Description:
Treeless or with occasional scattered trees above a largely grassy understorey on grey silty-loamy soils, often seasonally waterlogged. Shrubs may be also occasionally present.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
#Spp
5
12
6
3
5
2
na
%Cover LF code
5%
5%
5%
10%
50%
10%
10%
95%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Tricoryne elatior
Leptorhyncos tenuifolius
Calocephalus lacteus
Haloragis heterophylla
Oxalis exilis
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Dichondra repens
Poa labillardierei
Lomandra longifolia
Themeda triandra
Lachnagrostis filiformis
Schoenus apogon
Austrodanthonia laevis
Hemarthria uncinata var. uncinata
Distichlis distichopylla
Clematis microphylla
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire or Grazing.
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Yellow Rush-lily
Wiry Buttons
Milky Beauty-heads
Varied Raspwort
Shady Wood-sorrel
Bidgee-widgee
Kidney-weed
Common Tussock-grass
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Kangaroo Grass
Common Blown-Grass
Common Bog-sedge
Smooth Wallaby-grass
Mat Grass
Australian Salt-grass
Small-leaved Clematis
EVC 132_62: South Gippsland Plains Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Common Name
Galenia pubescens var. pubescens
Galenia
Rumex conglomeratus
Clustered Dock
Plantago lanceolata
Ribwort
Senecio jacobaea
Ragwort
Lepidium africanum
Common Peppercress
Urtica dioica
Giant Nettle
Cirsium vulgare
Spear Thistle
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Slender Centaury
Plantago coronopus
Buck's-horn Plantain
Hypochoeris radicata
Cat's Ear
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides Hairy Hawkbit
Trifolium repens var. repens
White Clover
Holcus lanatus
Yorkshire Fog
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Sweet Vernal-grass
Paspalum dilatatum
Paspalum
Sporobolus africanus
Rat-tail Grass
Bromus catharticus
Prairie Grass
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Soft Brome
Romulea rosea
Onion Grass
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Brown-top Bent
Vulpia bromoides
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Lolium rigidum
Wimmera Rye-grass
Lolium perenne
Perennial Rye-grass
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Panic Veldt-grass
Ehrharta longiflora
Annual Veldt-grass
Briza minor
Lesser Quaking-grass
Dactylis glomerata
Cocksfoot
Invasive Impact
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment August 2005
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2005
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 133: Limestone Pomaderris Shrubland
Description:
Open woodland to 10 m tall or shrubland with scattered emergent eucalypts to 5 m tall occurring on steep, north facing aspects
associated with limestone cliffs with an understorey dominated by medium shrubs. It is found at altitudes of 750 m above sea
level and receives a moderate rainfall of approximately over 700 mm per annum.
+
woodland only components (ignore when assessing shrubland areas and standardise final score as appropriate)
Large trees+:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
Tree Canopy Cover+:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Immature Canopy Tree+
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub+
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
10 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus viminalis
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Manna Gum
#Spp
2
9
2
5
10
3
2
7
3
na
na
%Cover
5%
10%
45%
1%
5%
15%
5%
1%
30%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
SC
BL
S/C
EVC 133: Limestone Pomaderris Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
PS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
V v Acacia caerulescens
K v Ozothamnus adnatus
Bursaria spinosa ssp. lasiophylla
R r Pomaderris oraria ssp. calcicola
R r Pomaderris oraria
r Pimelea flava ssp. dichotoma
Pimelea glauca
Astroloma humifusum
Wahlenbergia gracilis s.l.
Senecio quadridentatus
r Arthropodium sp. 1 (robust glaucous)
Oxalis perennans
Daucus glochidiatus
Galium migrans
Dichondra repens
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Cymbonotus preissianus
Lomandra longifolia
Austrostipa nodosa
Austrostipa blackii
Themeda triandra
Carex breviculmis
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Poa labillardierei
Pleurosorus rutifolius s.l.
k Clematis microphylla var. leptophylla
Clematis microphylla
Convolvulus erubescens spp. agg.
Common Name
Limestone Blue Wattle
Winged Everlasting
Hairy Bursaria
Limestone Pomaderris
Bassian Pomaderris
Diosma Rice-flower
Smooth Rice-flower
Cranberry Heath
Sprawling Bluebell
Cotton Fireweed
Tall Vanilla-lily
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Australian Carrot
Wandering Bedstraw
Kidney-weed
Stinking Pennywort
Austral Bear's-ear
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Knotty Spear-grass
Crested Spear-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Common Grass-sedge
Black-anther Flax-lily
Common Tussock-grass
Blanket Fern
Skeleton Vine
Small-leaved Clematis
Pink Bindweed
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs+:
5 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Rosa rubiginosa
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Centaurium erythraea
Anagallis arvensis
Taraxacum officinale spp. agg.
Galium murale
Cardamine hirsuta s.l.
Hypochoeris radicata
Petrorhagia velutina
Veronica persica
Stellaria media
Catapodium rigidum
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Sweet Briar
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Slender Centaury
Common Centaury
Pimpernel
Garden Dandelion
Small Goosegrass
Common Bitter-cress
Cat's Ear
Velvety Pink
Persian Speedwell
Chickweed
Fern Grass
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 134: Sand Forest
Description:
Eucalypt forest to 20 m tall occurring on deep, low fertility sand deposits subject to high fire frequency. The understorey is
visually dominated by Austral Bracken and the overall diversity is low.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
PS
MH
MH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus globoidea
Eucalyptus consideniana
Eucalyptus obliqua
30%
White Stringybark
Yertchuk
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
3
1
2
2
1
7
2
1
na
5%
5%
5%
5%
5%
5%
1%
15%
1%
50%
10 %
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
MH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Banksia serrata
Leptospermum continentale
Brachyloma daphnoides
Acacia paradoxa
Astroloma conostephioides
Bossiaea prostrata
Astroloma humifusum
Goodenia geniculata
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Xanthorrhoea australis
Lomandra filiformis
Austrodanthonia geniculata
Lomandra nana
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
15m/0.1 ha
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Black Wattle
Saw Banksia
Prickly Tea-tree
Daphne Heath
Hedge Wattle
Flame Heath
Creeping Bossiaea
Cranberry Heath
Bent Goodenia
Common Raspwort
Austral Grass-tree
Wattle Mat-rush
Kneed Wallaby-grass
Dwarf Mat-rush
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
EVC 134: Sand Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
LNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Hypochoeris glabra
Holcus lanatus
Vulpia bromoides
Briza minor
Briza maxima
Aira elegantissima
Holcus setosus
Aira praecox
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Smooth Cat's-ear
Yorkshire Fog
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Lesser Quaking-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Delicate Hair-grass
Annual Fog
Early Hair-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 135: Gallery Rainforest
Description:
Closed forest to 20 m tall occurring along the fringes of substantial streams that periodically flood. The understorey comprises
of a number of willowy shrubs that can withstand flooding while mature woody vines are generally absent.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Various spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
50%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Epiphyte
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Tristaniopsis laurina
Acacia melanoxylon
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Kanooka
Blackwood
#Spp
4
12
2
1
1
6
2
4
1
4
2
6
1
2
8
na
%Cover
5%
20%
30%
5%
1%
1%
10%
1%
15%
1%
5%
5%
20%
1%
5%
10%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
EP
SC
BL
EVC 135: Gallery Rainforest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Elaeocarpus reticulatus
Rapanea howittiana
Notelaea venosa
Coprosma quadrifida
Lomatia myricoides
Leucopogon lanceolatus var. lanceolatus
Platylobium formosum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Geranium potentilloides
Gratiola peruviana
Opercularia aspera
Dichondra repens
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia sieberiana
Gahnia clarkei
Tetrarrhena juncea
Dianella tasmanica
Dianella caerulea var. caerulea
Isolepis inundata
Poa sieberiana
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Oplismenus hirtellus
Blechnum nudum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Calochlaena dubia
Blechnum cartilagineum
Cyathea australis
Hymenophyllum cupressiforme
Eustrephus latifolius
Smilax australis
Tylophora barbata
Clematis aristata
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
PS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
GF
TRF
EP
SC
SC
SC
SC
Common Name
Blue Oliveberry
Mutton-wood
Large Mock-olive
Prickly Currant-bush
River Lomatia
Lance Beard-heath
Handsome Flat-pea
Ivy-leaf Violet
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Austral Brooklime
Coarse Stinkweed
Kidney-weed
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Tall Saw-sedge
Forest Wire-grass
Tasman Flax-lily
Paroo Lily
Swamp Club-sedge
Grey Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Australian Basket-grass
Fishbone Water-fern
Common Maidenhair
Common Ground-fern
Gristle Fern
Rough Tree-fern
Common Filmy Fern
Wombat Berry
Austral Sarsaparilla
Bearded Tylophora
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Conyza spp.
Prunella vulgaris
Hypochoeris radicata
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Fleabane
Self-heal
Cat's Ear
high
high
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 136: Sedge Wetland
Description:
Occupies seasonal wetlands and consists of generally treeless vegetation dominated by sedges. May contain a fringe of shrubs
and isolated shrubs may also be present throughout. Usually of low diversity in central areas, but richer on verges and in some
more ephemeral forms of the EVC. Frequently on soils of high organic content, in depressions within sandy terrain.
Life form:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
#Spp
1
1
4
1
2
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Allocasuarina misera/paradoxa
Villarsia reniformis
Utricularia australis
Goodenia humilis
Centella cordifolia
Baumea articulata
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Baumea rubiginosa s.l.
Lepidosperma concavum
Lepyrodia muelleri
Isolepis fluitans
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
10%
15%
30%
1%
10%
10%
85%
LF code
MS
LH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Slender/Green Sheoak
Running Marsh-flower
Yellow Bladderwort
Swamp Goodenia
Centella
Jointed Twig-sedge
Pithy Sword-sedge
Soft Twig-rush
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Common Scale-rush
Floating Club-sedge
EVC 136: Sedge Wetland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 140: Mangrove Shrubland
Description:
Shrubland to 2m tall. Confined to protected low energy coastal environments where there is sufficient shelter from strong wave
action and currents to allow the accumulation of fine sediments, generally on mud flats within the tidal zone.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
#Spp
1
1
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Avicennia marina ssp. australasica
Zostera muelleri
MS
MNG
Recruitment:
Continuous
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
40%
5%
LF code
MS
MNG
25%
Common Name
White Mangrove
Dwarf Grass-wrack
EVC 140: Mangrove Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 141: Sandy Flood Scrub
Description:
Structurally dominated by medium to large shrubs to 8 m tall with occasional eucalypt emergents. The understorey may contain
a range of shrubs, grasses/sedges and herbs/ferns depending on location and period of inundation. Occupies alluvial terraces
with coarse to fine sandy soils of permanent streams and rivers.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Leptospermum continentale
Kunzea ericoides
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia mearnsii
40%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Prickly Tea-tree
Burgan
Hazel Pomaderris
Black Wattle
#Spp
3
1
2
1
3
1
1
2
1
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Monotoca scoparia
Banksia marginata
Callistemon citrinus
Hibbertia fasciculata var. prostrata
Phyllanthus hirtellus
Lomandra longifolia
Poa labillardierei
Carex appressa
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Caustis flexuosa
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Centrolepis strigosa ssp. strigosa
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
MS
MS
MS
SS
MH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MNG
MNG
TTG
GF
GF
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha. (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
15%
1%
5%
1%
15%
10%
1%
5%
5%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
75%
Common Name
Prickly Broom-heath
Silver Banksia
Crimson Bottlebrush
Bundled Guinea-flower
Thyme Spurge
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Common Tussock-grass
Tall Sedge
Pithy Sword-sedge
Curly Wig
Weeping Grass
Hairy Centrolepis
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
EVC 141: Sandy Flood Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 151: Plains Grassy Forest
Description:
Open forest to 20 m tall often above a heathy shrub layer and a diverse grassy, sedgy and herbaceous ground layer. Occurs on
lowland plains and old river terraces made up of gravelly sandy clays.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus muelleriana
Eucalyptus bridgesiana s.l.
Eucalyptus polyanthemos
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Yellow Stringybark
But But
Red Box
Red Stringybark
#Spp
3
6
3
2
3
6
2
2
1
4
2
2
na
%Cover
5%
15%
20%
5%
5%
5%
10%
5%
10%
5%
15%
1%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
EVC 151: Plains Grassy Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Allocasuarina littoralis
Acacia mearnsii
Acacia implexa
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Leptospermum continentale
Banksia marginata
Kunzea ericoides
Melaleuca parvistaminea
Pimelea humilis
Hibbertia riparia
Platylobium obtusangulum
Phyllanthus hirtellus
Acrotriche serrulata
Bossiaea prostrata
Astroloma humifusum
Tricoryne elatior
Wahlenbergia gracilis s.l.
Poranthera microphylla
Hypericum gramineum
Hydrocotyle hirta
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Dichondra repens
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Opercularia varia
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia radula
Themeda triandra
Poa australis spp. agg.
Lomandra filiformis
Lepidosperma laterale
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Entolasia marginata
Pteridium esculentum
T
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
Common Name
Black Sheoak
Black Wattle
Lightwood
Cherry Ballart
Prickly Tea-tree
Silver Banksia
Burgan
Rough-barked Honey-myrtle
Common Rice-flower
Erect Guinea-flower
Common Flat-pea
Thyme Spurge
Honey-pots
Creeping Bossiaea
Cranberry Heath
Yellow Rush-lily
Sprawling Bluebell
Small Poranthera
Small St John's Wort
Hairy Pennywort
Common Raspwort
Kidney-weed
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Variable Stinkweed
Small Grass-tree
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Kangaroo Grass
Tussock Grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Variable Sword-sedge
Weeping Grass
Bordered Panic
Austral Bracken
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Hypochoeris radicata
Centaurium erythraea
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Slender Centaury
Cat's Ear
Common Centaury
high
high
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 155: Bird Colony Succulent Herbland
Description:
Closed herbland formed on nutrient-enriched sandy substrates associated with shearwater and penguin breeding colonies. A
species-poor EVC dominated by species able to cope with both the nutrient enrichment and the severe disturbance caused by
the large numbers of burrowing birds.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
#Spp
1
2
5
1
1
3
2
1
%Cover
10%
5%
10%
10%
5%
30%
5%
5%
MS
LH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
75%
Character Species
Common Name
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Plantago varia
Asperula conferta
Poa poiformis
Tetragonia implexicoma
Clematis microphylla
MS
MH
MH
MTG
SC
SC
LF code
Seaberry Saltbush
Variable Plantain
Common Woodruff
Coast Tussock-grass
Bower Spinach
Small-leaved Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous.
Organic Litter:
NA
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Lycium ferocissimum
Sonchus oleraceus
Senecio elegans
Hypochoeris radicata
Cakile maritima ssp. maritima
Ammophila arenaria
Holcus lanatus
Ehrharta longiflora
Bromus diandrus
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Lagurus ovatus
Vulpia fasciculata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
African Box-thorn
Common Sow-thistle
Purple Groundsel
Cat's Ear
Sea Rocket
Marram Grass
Yorkshire Fog
Annual Veldt-grass
Great Brome
Panic Veldt-grass
Hare's-tail Grass
Dune Fescue
Invasive Impact
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
high
high
low
low
high
low
low
EVC 155: Bird Colony Succulent Herbland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 160: Coastal Dune Scrub
Description:
Closed scrub to 5 m tall with occasional emergents occurring on secondary dunes along ocean and bay beaches and lake
shores. Occupies siliceous and calcareous sands that are subject to high levels of saltspray and continuous disturbance from
onshore winds.
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
SC
#Spp
6
1
3
1
2
6
1
3
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia longifolia s.l.
Leptospermum laevigatum
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Leucopogon parviflorus
Carpobrotus rossii
Austrostipa mollis
Austrostipa flavescens
Austrodanthonia geniculata
Lepidosperma concavum
Tetragonia implexicoma
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
50%
1%
10%
1%
5%
15%
1%
5%
10%
LF code
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Coast Wattle
Coast Tea-tree
Seaberry Saltbush
Coast Beard-heath
Karkalla
Supple Spear-grass
Coast Spear-grass
Kneed Wallaby-grass
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Bower Spinach
EVC 160: Coastal Dune Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
SC
SC
Typical Weed Species
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Coprosma repens
Lycium ferocissimum
Cotoneaster pannosus
Sonchus oleraceus
Salpichroa origanifolia
Hypochoeris radicata
Hypochoeris glabra
Medicago polymorpha
Crassula multicava ssp. multicava
Carpobrotus edulis
Pennisetum clandestinum
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Ehrharta longiflora
Bromus diandrus
Romulea rosea
Sporobolus africanus
Vulpia bromoides
Hainardia cylindrica
Bromus catharticus
Lagurus ovatus
Aira caryophyllea
Tradescantia fluminensis
Delairea odorata
Asparagus asparagoides
Common Name
Boneseed
Mirror Bush
African Box-thorn
Velvet Cotoneaster
Common Sow-thistle
Pampas Lily-of-the-Valley
Cat's Ear
Smooth Cat's-ear
Burr Medic
Shade Crassula
Hottentot Fig
Kikuyu
Panic Veldt-grass
Annual Veldt-grass
Great Brome
Onion Grass
Rat-tail Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Common Barb-grass
Prairie Grass
Hare's-tail Grass
Silvery Hair-grass
Wandering Jew
Cape Ivy
Bridal Creeper
Invasive
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
high
low
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 161: Coastal Headland Scrub
Description:
Scrub or low shrubland to 2 m tall on steep, rocky coastal headlands often associated with cliffs exposed to the stresses of
extreme salt-laden winds and salt spray from the south west. Occurs on shallow sands along rocky sections of the coast.
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
#Spp
7
2
2
4
2
1
4
2
2
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
SC
%Cover
50%
5%
1%
5%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
70%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum laevigatum
Acacia longifolia ssp. sophorae
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Leucopogon parviflorus
Leucophyta brownii
Dichondra repens
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Dianella brevicaulis
Lachnagrostis billardierei s.l.
Poa poiformis
Austrodanthonia caespitosa
Ficinia nodosa
Clematis microphylla
Tetragonia implexicoma
Common Name
Coast Tea-tree
Coast Wattle
Seaberry Saltbush
Coast Beard-heath
Cushion Bush
Kidney-weed
Rounded Noon-flower
Small-flower Flax-lily
Coast Blown-grass
Coast Tussock-grass
Common Wallaby-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Small-leaved Clematis
Bower Spinach
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Polygala myrtifolia var. myrtifolia
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Boneseed
Myrtle-leaf Milkwort
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Panic Veldt-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
high
EVC 161: Coastal Headland Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 163: Coastal Tussock Grassland
Description:
A tussock grassland that may contain emergent shrubs. Occurs on exposed coastal cliffs and bluffs. Soils are saline and the
strong salt-laden winds preclude tree growth.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
#Spp
3
1
1
2
5
3
3
4
2
na
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leucopogon parviflorus
Correa alba
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Samolus repens
Asperula conferta
Daucus glochidiatus
Selliera radicans
Gahnia trifida
Austrostipa stipoides
Dichelachne crinita
Poa poiformis
Schoenus apogon
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Lepidosperma gladiatum
Baumea juncea
%Cover
20%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
25%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
S/C
Common Name
Coast Beard-heath
White Correa
Ivy-leaf Violet
Creeping Brookweed
Common Woodruff
Austral Carrot
Shiny Swamp-mat
Coast Saw-sedge
Prickly Spear-grass
Long-hair Plume-grass
Coast Tussock-grass
Common Bog-sedge
Black-anther Flax-lily
Coast Sword-sedge
Bare Twig-sedge
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Plantago coronopus
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
Buck's-horn Plantain
Hairy Hawkbit
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
EVC 163: Coastal Tussock Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 164: Creekline Herb-rich Woodland
Description:
Woodland or open forest to 15 m tall occurring on creek terraces and along shallow drainage lines with ephemeral flows. Soils
are mostly alluvial deposits of seasonally wet sands and silts. Characterised by a sparse shrub layer above a grassy/sedgy
understorey, often rich in herbs within the inter-tussock spaces.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus viminalis
Eucalyptus ovata
20%
Manna Gum
Swamp Gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
5
2
5
1
3
1
2
2
2
na
5%
10%
15%
1%
5%
1%
15%
5%
5%
10%
20%
20%
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Leptospermum continentale
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Cassinia aculeata
Senecio minimus
Senecio linearifolius
Lobelia anceps
Senecio sp. aff. tenuiflorus
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia
Lepidosperma laterale var. majus
Poa labillardierei
Gahnia radula
Poa clelandii
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Poa tenera
Imperata cylindrica
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Glycine clandestina
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Blackwood
Prickly Tea-tree
Tree Everlasting
Common Cassinia
Shrubby Fireweed
Fireweed Groundsel
Angled Lobelia
Beaked Fireweed
Shady Wood-sorrel
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Variable Sword-sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Thatch Saw-sedge
Noah's Ark
Weeping Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Blady Grass
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Twining Glycine
EVC 164: Creekline Herb-rich Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Plantago lanceolata
Crepis capillaris
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Oxalis pes-caprae
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Trifolium dubium
Centaurium erythraea
Trifolium repens var. repens
Watsonia meriana var. bulbillifera
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Romulea rosea
Gladiolus undulatus
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Poa annua
Paspalum dilatatum
Ehrharta longiflora
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Briza maxima
Dactylis glomerata
Aira caryophyllea
Vicia sativa
Common Name
Boneseed
Blackberry
Ribwort
Smooth Hawksbeard
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Soursob
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Suckling Clover
Common Centaury
White Clover
Bulbil Watsonia
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Onion Grass
Wild Gladiolus
Brown-top Bent
Annual Meadow-grass
Paspalum
Annual Veldt-grass
Panic Veldt-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Cocksfoot
Silvery Hair-grass
Common Vetch
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
low
high
low
high
low
high
low
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 169: Dry Valley Forest
Description:
Open eucalypt forest to 20 m tall occurring along minor gullies, ephemeral streams and river flats. The understorey consists of
a range of shrubs and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus globoidea
Eucalyptus muelleriana
Eucalyptus polyanthemos
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Eucalyptus radiata
Eucalyptus bridgesiana
White Stringybark
Yellow Stingybark
Red Box
Red Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
But But
#Spp
2
4
9
4
1
1
2
3
3
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Pomaderris aspera
Kunzea ericoides
Cassinia longifolia
Hymenanthera dentata
Coprosma quadrifida
Rubus parvifolius
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Viola hederacea
Veronica plebeia
Opercularia hispida
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dichondra repens
Lepidosperma laterale
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Luzula campestris spp. agg.
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Asplenium flabellifolium
Clematis aristata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
30%
20%
10%
5%
5%
10%
10%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Black Wattle
Cherry Ballart
Hazel Pomaderris
Burgan
Shiny Cassinia
Tree Violet
Prickly Currant-bush
Small-leaf Bramble
Stinking Pennywort
Bidgee-widgee
Ivy-leaf Violet
Trailing Speedwell
Hairy Stinkweed
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Variable Sword-sedge
Weeping Grass
Field Woodrush
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Necklace Fern
Mountain Clematis
EVC 169: Dry Valley Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Cirsium vulgare
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Hypochoeris radicata
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Spear Thistle
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cat's Ear
Four-leaved Allseed
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 175: Grassy Woodland
Description:
A variable open eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall or occasionally Sheoak woodland to 10 m tall over a diverse ground layer of
grasses and herbs. The shrub component is usually sparse. It occurs on sites with moderate fertility on gentle slopes or
undulating hills on a range of geologies.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
Allocasuarina spp.
DBH(cm)
70 cm
40 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
15%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
15 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Allocasuarina verticillata
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Drooping Sheoak
#Spp
2
6
2
2
2
8
3
2
1
6
2
1
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
15%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
10%
10%
20%
10%
5%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 175: Grassy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
PS
PS
PS
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Allocasuarina littoralis
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Leptospermum continentale
Epacris impressa
Cassinia aculeata
Acacia paradoxa
Pimelea humilis
Hibbertia riparia
Bossiaea prostrata
Astroloma humifusum
Acrotriche serrulata
Pterostylis longifolia s.l.
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera peltata ssp. auriculata
Dichondra repens
Opercularia varia
Drosera whittakeri ssp. aberrans
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia radula
Lomandra filiformis
Themeda triandra
Poa sieberiana
Lepidosperma laterale
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Comesperma volubile
Billardiera scandens
Common Name
Black Wattle
Black Sheoak
Cherry Ballart
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Heath
Common Cassinia
Hedge Wattle
Common Rice-flower
Erect Guinea-flower
Creeping Bossiaea
Cranberry Heath
Honey-pots
Tall Greenhood
Common Raspwort
Tall Sundew
Kidney-weed
Variable Stinkweed
Scented Sundew
Reed Bent-grass
Small Grass-tree
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Wattle Mat-rush
Kangaroo Grass
Grey Tussock-grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Love Creeper
Common Apple-berry
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
T
T
MS
MH
MTG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Pinus radiata
Pittosporum undulatum
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Hypochoeris radicata
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Briza maxima
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Radiata Pine
Sweet Pittosporum
Boneseed
Cat's Ear
Sweet Vernal-grass
Large Quaking-grass
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 191: Riparian Scrub
Description:
A dense shrubland to 6 m tall with occasional eucalypt emergents growing on waterlogged substrates often with a peaty
surface horizon. Emergent eucalypts may be occasionally present. The understorey is often species-poor and consists typically
of sedges tolerant of seasonal waterlogging. Occurs along creeks and minor stream tributaries of the lowland plains.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Melaleuca squarrosa
Leptospermnum continentale
60%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Scented Paperbark
Prickly Tea-tree
#Spp
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Coprosma quadrifida
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Acacia verticillata
Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius
Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Selaginella uliginosa
Gahnia sieberiana
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Baumea tetragona
Schoenus brevifolius
Empodisma minus
Pteridium esculentum
Gleichenia microphylla
Billardiera scandens
Cassytha glabella
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
SC
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
10%
1%
1%
1%
10%
5%
1%
15%
5%
15%
20%
80%
LF code
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Prickly Currant-bush
Tree Everlasting
Prickly Moses
Rosemary Everlastiong
Broom Spurge
Common Raspwort
Swamp Selaginella
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Pithy Sword-sedge
Square Twig-rush
Zig-zag Bog-sedge
Spreading Rope-rush
Austral Bracken
Scrambling Coral-fern
Common Apple-berry
Slender Dodder-laurel
EVC 191: Riparian Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 309: Calcareous Swale Grassland
Description:
A low coastal grassland that develops on the swales of calcareous sand dunes of Quaternary origin. The only known location of
this grassland, at Wilsons Promontory, was disturbed in the past and is now invaded by Coast Tea-tree, Silky Guinea-flower and
Drooping Sheoak.
Lifeforms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
SC
#Spp
3
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum laevigatum
Leucopogon parviflorus
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Allocasuarina verticillata
Hibbertia sericea s.l.
Acrotriche prostrata
Senecio pinnatifolius
Lagenophora stipitata
Geranium potentilloides
Dichondra repens
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia
Austrostipa flavescens
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Carex breviculmis
Austrodanthonia setacea
Themeda triandra
Dichelachne crinita
Ficinia nodosa
Baumea juncea
Clematis microphylla
Comesperma volubile
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
30%
1%
1%
1%
5%
5%
5%
10%
20%
5%
20%
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Coast Tea-tree
Coast Beard-heath
Sweet Bursaria
Drooping Sheoak
Silky Guinea-flower
Trailing Ground-berry
Variable Groundsel
Common Bottle-daisy
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Kidney-weed
Shady Wood-sorrel
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Coast Spear-grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Common Grass-sedge
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Kangaroo Grass
Long-hair Plume-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Bare Twig-sedge
Small-leaved Clematis
Love Creeper
EVC 309: Calcareous Swale Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10%
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MNG
Und
Centaurium erythraea
Anagallis arvensis
Arenaria serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia
Catapodium rigidum
Aira caryophyllea
Hypochoeris spp.
Common Name
Common Centaury
Pimpernel
Thyme-leaved Sandwort
Fern Grass
Silvery Hair-grass
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 311: Berm Grassy Shrubland
Description:
Low shrubland to 1.5 m tall occurring in sheltered coastal areas where sand deposits have formed as a result of low energy
wave action. Contains a number of halophytic species over a ground layer of grasses and herbs.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
#Spp
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Atriplex cinerea
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Frankenia pauciflora var. gunnii
Senecio pinnatifolius
Senecio glomeratus
Sarcocornia quinqueflora ssp. quinqueflora
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum
Actites megalocarpa
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Dichondra repens
Dichelachne crinita
Poa poiformis
Austrofestuca littoralis
Distichlis distichophylla
Ficinia nodosa
20%
5%
5%
10%
5%
1%
25%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
70%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
%Cover
Common Name
Coast Saltbush
Seaberry Saltbush
Southern Sea-heath
Variable Groundsel
Annual Fireweed
Beaded Glasswort
Jersey Cudweed
Coast Sow-thistle
Rounded Noon-flower
Kidneyweed
Long-hair Plume Grass
Coast Tussock-grass
Coast Fescue
Australian Salt-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MNG
MNG
Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera
Sonchus oleraceus
Conyza albida
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Vulpia myuros
Lagurus ovatus
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Boneseed
Common Sow-thistle
Tall Fleabane
Four-leaved Allseed
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
Rat's-tail Fescue
Hare's-tail Grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
EVC 311: Berm Grassy Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 316: Shrubby Damp Forest
Description:
Grows in gullies and on protected slopes on relatively skeletal but fertile sedimentary soils. Occurs at elevations of around
500 m above sea level and receives a low to moderate annual rainfall of approximately 750 mm. The overstorey includes a
variety of Eucalypt species to 30 m tall. Silver Wattle is a common understorey tree. The dense mid stratum is comprised of
medium to large shrubs characteristic of both drier and damper environments. The ground layer has a sparse cover of grasses
and herbs, and commonly includes Austral Bracken.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
90 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
40%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Tree Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus obliqua
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
4
8
2
1
4
8
2
2
1
3
1
2
1
2
na
%Cover
5%
20%
20%
10%
1%
5%
15%
5%
5%
1%
10%
5%
15%
1%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
TRF
SC
BL
EVC 316: Shrubby Damp Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Pomaderris aspera
Acacia dealbata
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Cassinia longifolia
Pimelea axiflora
Coprosma quadrifida
Olearia lirata
Olearia megalophylla
Senecio linearifolius
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Lagenophora stipitata
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia sieberiana
Dianella tasmanica
Poa australis spp. agg.
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Austrodanthonia pilosa
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Pteridium esculentum
Polystichum proliferum
Blechnum wattsii
Clematis aristata
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Hazel Pomaderris
Silver Wattle
Cherry Ballart
Shiny Cassinia
Bootlace Bush
Prickly Currant-bush
Snowy Daisy-bush
Large-leaf Daisy-bush
Fireweed Groundsel
Ivy-leaf Violet
Common Raspwort
Common Bottle-daisy
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Tasman Flax-lily
Tussock Grass
Black-anther Flax-lily
Velvet Wallaby-grass
Weeping Grass
Austral Bracken
Mother Shield-fern
Hard Water-fern
Mountain Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
50 % cover
Logs:
30 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
high
high
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 641: Riparian Woodland
Description:
Occurs beside permanent streams, typically on narrow alluvial deposits. Woodland to 20 m tall generally dominated by
Eucalyptus camaldulensis over a tussock grass-dominated understorey. Tall shrubs may be present and amphibious herbs may
occur in occasional ponds and beside creeks. While flooding may be common, sites are rarely inundated for lengthy periods.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. viminalis
Eucalyptus tereticornis
River Red-gum
Manna Gum
Gippsland Red Gum
#Spp
2
4
1
4
5
1
3
1
4
2
1
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Melaleuca ericifolia
Bursaria spinosa ssp. spinosa
Hymenanthera dentata
Callistemon sieberi
Gynatrix pulchella
Rubus parvifolius
Wahlenbergia gracilis s.s.
Senecio minimus
Myriophyllum crispatum
Rumex brownii
Oxalis perennans
Mentha australis
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Dichondra repens
Poa labillardierei
Carex appressa
Phragmites australis
Lachnagrostis filiformis var. filiformis
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Eleocharis acuta
Calystegia sepium
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
15%
10%
5%
15%
5%
20%
5%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Black Wattle
Swamp Paperbark
Sweet Bursaria
Tree Violet
River Bottlebrush
Hemp Bush
Small-leaf Bramble
Sprawling Bluebell
Shrubby Groundsel
Upright Water-milfoil
Slender Dock
Grassland Wood-sorrel
River Mint
Bidgee-widgee
Kidneyweed
Common Tussock-grass
Tall Sedge
Common Reed
Common Blown-grass
Water-ribbons
Common Spike-sedge
Large Bindweed
EVC 641: Riparian Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
30% cover
Logs:
20m / 0.1 ha
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Rosa rubiginosa
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Plantago lanceolata
Helminthotheca echioides
Rumex crispus
Aster subulatus
Rorippa palustris
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Hypochoeris radicata
Phalaris aquatica
Holcus lanatus
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Paspalum distichum
Galium aparine
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Sweet Briar
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Ribwort
Ox-tongue
Curled Dock
Aster-weed
Marsh Yellow-cress
Hairy Hawkbit
Cat's Ear
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Yorkshire Fog
Soft Brome
Sweet Vernal-grass
Water Couch
Cleavers
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
low
low
high
high
low
high
high
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 651: Plains Swampy Woodland
Description:
Eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall with ground layer dominated by tussock grasses, sedges and herbs. Shrubs are often scattered
throughout. Occurs on poorly drained, seasonally waterlogged heavy soils.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Swamp Gum
#Spp
1
3
3
8
4
3
1
7
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Leptospermum continentale
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Allocasuarina paludosa
Senecio tenuiflorus
Villarsia reniformis
Asperula conferta
Centella cordifolia
Lobelia anceps
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Eryngium vesiculosum
Oxalis exilis
Hypericum japonicum
Gahnia trifida
Carex appressa
Poa labillardierei var. labillardierei
Poa clelandii
Lomandra filiformis
Themeda triandra
Poa tenera
Hemarthria uncinata var. uncinata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
5%
15%
5%
20%
5%
30%
1%
10%
5%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
BL
Common Name
Blackwood
Prickly Tea-tree
Tree Everlasting
Scrub Sheoak
Slender Fireweed
Running Marsh-flower
Common Woodruff
Centella
Angled Lobelia
Bidgee-widgee
Prickfoot
Shady Wood-sorrel
Matted St John's Wort
Coast Saw-sedge
Tall Sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Noah's Ark
Wattle Mat-rush
Kangaroo Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Mat Grass
EVC 651: Plains Swampy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
TTG
Plantago lanceolata
Sonchus oleraceus
Sonchus asper s.l.
Cirsium vulgare
Trifolium dubium
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Festuca arundinacea
Holcus lanatus
Briza minor
Romulea rosea
Vulpia bromoides
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Holcus setosus
Juncus capitatus
Cyperus tenellus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Ribwort
Common Sow-thistle
Rough Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Suckling Clover
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Hairy Hawkbit
Tall Fescue
Yorkshire Fog
Lesser Quaking-grass
Onion Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Sweet Vernal-grass
Annual Fog
Capitate Rush
Tiny Flat-sedge
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment May 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 653: Aquatic Herbland
Description:
Herbland of permanent to semi-permanent wetlands, dominated by sedges (especially on shallower verges) and/or aquatic
herbs. Occurs on fertile paludal soils, typically heavy clays beneath organic accumulations.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
#Spp
2
3
3
2
2
1
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LNG
LNG
MTG
MNG
%Cover
10%
20%
15%
20%
10%
5%
LF code
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
80%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Persicaria decipiens
Myriophyllum verrucosum
Potamogeton pectinatus
Lemna disperma
Azolla filiculoides
Mimulus repens
Wolffia australiana
Typha orientalis
Phragmites australis
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Bolboschoenus caldwellii
Common Name
Slender Knotweed
Red Water-milfoil
Fennel Pondweed
Common Duckweed
Pacific Azolla
Creeping Monkey-flower
Tiny Duckweed
Broad-leaf Cumbungi
Common Reed
Water Ribbons
Salt Club-sedge
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Aster subulatus
Cotula coronopifolia
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Aster-weed
Water Buttons
high
high
low
high
EVC 653: Aquatic Herbland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 656: Brackish Wetland
Description:
Sedgeland or herbland, occasionally grassland, dominated by salt-tolerant species, but samphires, if present usually with low
cover. Typically occurs on heavy, at least seasonally shallowly inundated to waterlogged soils, on a range of geologies.
Common in estuaries, along the shorelines of saline/brackish lakes and along poorly defined drainage lines near the coast.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
#Spp
1
4
2
1
1
2
3
1
5%
20%
5%
15%
10%
5%
15%
5%
80%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Epilobium billardierianum
Myriophyllum verrucosum
Myriophyllum muelleri
Lilaeopsis polyantha
Samolus repens
Mimulus repens
Selliera radicans
Juncus kraussii ssp. australiensis
Phragmites australis
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Poa poiformis
Bolboschoenus caldwellii
Ruppia polycarpa
Ruppia megacarpa
Triglochin striatum
Calystegia sepium
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
MNG
SC
%Cover
LF code
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Variable Willow-herb
Red Water-milfoil
Hooded Water-milfoil
Australian Lilaeopsis
Creeping Brookweed
Creeping Monkey-flower
Shiny Swamp-mat
Sea Rush
Common Reed
Water Ribbons
Coast Tussock-grass
Salt Club-sedge
Many-fruit Tassel
Large-fruit Tassel
Streaked Arrowgrass
Large Bindweed
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
MH
SH
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
TTG
Cicendia filiformis
Anagallis arvensis
Anagallis minima
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Polypogon maritimus var. subspathaceus
Romulea rosea
Briza minor
Aira cupaniana
Cyperus tenellus
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Slender Cicendia
Pimpernel
Chaffweed
Soft Brome
Coast Beard-grass
Onion Grass
Lesser Quaking-grass
Quicksilver Grass
Tiny Flat-sedge
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
EVC 656: Brackish Wetland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 674: Sandy Stream Woodland
Description:
Reed, sedge or shrub-dominated woodland to 15 m tall with a large range of amphibious herbs. Occupies the beds of seasonal
creeks where large amounts of course sand have been deposited by past flows, often resulting in a distinctive ‘U’ shape to the
drainage line. Sites periodically inundated through the wetter months and soils moist throughout the year. Restricted to
moderately high rainfall areas (>600 mm) where coarse parent material available upstream.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
80 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
10%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Tree Fern
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
TF
GF
GF
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Swamp Gum
#Spp
2
5
6
3
2
2
10
3
1
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia dealbata
Prostanthera lasianthos
Leptospermum continentale
Melaleuca squarrosa
Leptospermum continentale
Rubus parvifolius
Persicaria decipiens
Oxalis perennans
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Lobelia pratioides
Crassula helmsii
Poa labillardierei
Juncus procerus
Carex appressa
Gahnia sieberiana
Phragmites australis
Typha domingensis
Poa tenera
Austrodanthonia caespitosa
Juncus pauciflorus
Juncus caespiticius
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Eleocharis acuta
Ficinia nodosa
Dicksonia antarctica
Blechnum nudum
Hypolepis spp.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
15%
15%
10%
5%
10%
20%
30%
5%
1%
5%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
TF
GF
BL
Common Name
Blackwood
Silver Wattle
Victorian Christmas-bush
Prickly Tea-tree
Scented Paperbark
Prickly Tea-tree
Small-leaf Bramble
Slender Knotweed
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Bidgee-widgee
Poison Lobelia
Swamp Crassula
Common Tussock-garss
Tall Rush
Tall Sedge
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Common Reed
Cumbungi
Slender Tussock-grass
Common Wallaby-grass
Loose-flower Rush
Grassy Rush
Weeping Grass
Common Spike-sedge
Knobby Club-sedge
Soft Tree-fern
Fishbone Water-fern
Ground Fern
EVC 674: Sandy Stream Woodland – Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Salix fragilis
Lycium ferocissimum
Genista monspessulana
Rosa fruticosus spp. agg
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Plantago lanceolata
Sonchus oleraceus
Verbena bonariensis s.l.
Rumex crispus
Rumex conglomeratus
Conium maculatum
Helminthotheca echioides
Aster subulatus
Sonchus asper s.l.
Solanum nigrum sensu Willis (1972)
Hypochoeris radicata
Foeniculum vulgare
Modiola caroliniana
Phalaris aquatica
Piptatherum miliaceum
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Paspalum dilatatum
Bromus catharticus
Romulea rosea
Bromus diandrus
Briza maxima
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Dactylis glomerata
Paspalum distichum
Tradescantia fluminensis
Common Name
Crack Willow
African Box-thorn
Montpellier Broom
Blackberry
Blackberry
Ribwort
Common Sow-thistle
Purple-top Verbena
Curled Dock
Clustered Dock
Hemlock
Ox-tongue
Aster-weed
Rough Sow-thistle
Black Nightshade
Cat's Ear
Fennel
Red-flower Mallow
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Rice Millet
Panic Veldt-grass
Paspalum
Prairie Grass
Onion Grass
Great Brome
Large Quaking-grass
Brown-top Bent
Cocksfoot
Water Couch
Wandering Jew
Invasive
high
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
low
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 707: Sedgy Swamp Woodland
Description:
Eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall with sedgy ground layer and a range of herbs tolerant of seasonal waterlogging. Occurs on
poorly drained, seasonally wet flats on sandy soils over heavier subsoils.
Large trees:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
80 cm
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MTG
LNG
LNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
10%
Swamp Gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
3
6
5
1
4
2
2
na
5%
5%
5%
10%
5%
10%
5%
40%
1%
5%
IT
MS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
LNG
MNG
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Leptospermum continentale
Villarsia reniformis
Epilobium billardierianum
Centella cordifolia
Goodenia humilis
Gratiola pubescens
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Baumea rubiginosa s.l.
Prickly Tea-tree
Running Marsh-flower
Variable Willow-herb
Centella
Swamp Goodenia
Glandular Brooklime
Water Ribbons
Pithy Sword-sedge
Soft Twig-rush
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
EVC 651: Sedgy Swamp Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
TTG
Plantago lanceolata
Sonchus oleraceus
Sonchus asper s.l.
Cirsium vulgare
Trifolium dubium
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Festuca arundinacea
Holcus lanatus
Briza minor
Romulea rosea
Vulpia bromoides
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Holcus setosus
Juncus capitatus
Cyperus tenellus
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Ribwort
Common Sow-thistle
Rough Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Suckling Clover
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Hairy Hawkbit
Tall Fescue
Yorkshire Fog
Lesser Quaking-grass
Onion Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Sweet Vernal-grass
Annual Fog
Capitate Rush
Tiny Flat-sedge
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment July 2008
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 710: Damp Heathland
Description:
Developed on sites of intermittent waterlogging, typically wet in winter and dry in summer, with low nutrient availability.
Closed tall heathland, or scrub if long unburnt. There is a dense ground layer of rushes and sedges, and sometimes emergent
eucalypts.
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
PS
MH
MH
MH
LTG
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
SC
SC
#Spp
5
5
1
4
3
2
1
4
2
3
na
%Cover
50%
10%
1%
10%
10%
5%
1%
5%
10%
5%
20%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Allocasuarina paludosa
Banksia marginata
Hibbertia sericea s.l.
Platylobium obtusangulum
Pimelea humilis
Dillwynia glaberrima
Acrotriche serrulata
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Selaginella uliginosa
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Deyeuxia quadriseta
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Lepidosperma longitudinale
Patersonia fragilis
Lepidosperma concavum
Burchardia umbellata
Hypolaena fastigiata
Baumea juncea
Cassytha pubescens s.s.
Cassytha glabella
Billardiera scandens
LF code
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Scrub Sheoak
Silver Banksia
Silky Guinea-flower
Common Flat-pea
Common Rice-flower
Smooth Parrot-pea
Honey-pots
Common Raspwort
Swamp Selaginella
Ivy-leaf Violet
Reed Bent-grass
Small Grass-tree
Pithy Sword-sedge
Short Purple-flag
Sandhill Sword-sedge
Milkmaids
Tassel Rope-rush
Bare Twig-sedge
Downy Dodder-laurel
Slender Dodder-laurel
Common Apple-berry
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20% cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
Typical Weed Species
Hypochoeris radicata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Cat's Ear
Invasive
high
Impact
low
EVC 710: Damp Heathland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 793: Damp Heathy Woodland
Description:
Woodland to 10 m tall with tall dense heathy understorey which becomes tall scrub if long unburnt in high rainfall areas. The
ground layer consists of grasses, herbs, small shrubs and tough-leaved monocots. Developed on sandy soils of moderate to
low fertility, typically wet in winter due to impeding layer in soil and dry in summer.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
60 cm
#/ha
10 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Eucalyptus cephalocarpa s.l.
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus ovata
15%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
Mealy Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Swamp Gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
5
4
2
3
3
2
3
1
1
na
na
5%
30%
5%
1%
5%
20%
5%
10%
5%
5%
20%
10%
IT
MS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
GF
BL
S/C
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Leptospermum continentale
Epacris impressa
Banksia marginata
Kunzea ericoides
Hibbertia riparia
Hovea heterophylla
Acrotriche serrulata
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Drosera whittakeri ssp. aberrans
Xanthorrhoea minor ssp. lutea
Themeda triandra
Lepidosperma filiforme
Pteridium esculentum
Cassytha glabella
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
PS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
GF
SC
Common Name
Prickly Tea-tree
Common Heath
Silver Banksia
Burgan
Erect Guinea-flower
Common Hovea
Honey-pots
Common Raspwort
Scented Sundew
Small Grass-tree
Kangaroo Grass
Common Rapier-sedge
Austral Bracken
Slender Dodder-laurel
Recruitment:
Episodic/Fire. Desirable period between disturbances is 30 years.
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MH
Hypochoeris radicata
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cat's Ear
high
low
EVC 793: Damp Heathy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 821: Tall Marsh
Description:
Occurs on Quaternary sedimentary geology of mainly estuarine sands, soils are peaty, silty clays, and average annual rainfall is
approximately 600 mm. It requires shallow water (to 1 m deep) and low current-scour, and can only tolerate very low levels of
salinity. Closed to open grassland/sedgeland to 2-3 m tall, dominated by Common Reed and Cumbungi. Small aquatic and
semi-aquatic species occur amongst the reeds.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
3
2
6
1
2
1
10%
5%
10%
5%
40%
1%
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MNG
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
LNG
LNG
MNG
MNG
70%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Myriophyllum verrucosum
Myriophyllum salsugineum
Villarsia reniformis
Rumex bidens
Lilaeopsis polyantha
Lepilaena bilocularis
Lemna disperma
Azolla filiculoides
Wolffia australiana
Mimulus repens
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Juncus ingens
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Phragmites australis
Typha domingensis
Typha orientalis
Lepilaena cylindrocarpa
Eleocharis acuta
Red Water-milfoil
Lake Water-milfoil
Running Marsh-flower
Mud Dock
Australian Lilaeopsis
Small-fruit Water-mat
Common Duckweed
Pacific Azolla
Tiny Duckweed
Creeping Monkey-flower
Water Ribbons
Giant Rush
River Club-sedge
Common Reed
Cumbungi
Broad-leaf Cumbungi
Long-fruit Water-mat
Common Spike-sedge
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood: desirable period of disturbance is every five years
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MNG
Typical Weed Species
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Cotula coronopifolia
Paspalum distichum
Water Buttons
Water Couch
high
high
high
high
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
EVC 821: Tall Marsh - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 858: Coastal Alkaline Scrub (syn. Calcarenite Dune Woodland)
Description:
Near-coastal, deep calcareous (alkaline) and largely stable sand dunes and swales commonly dominated by Moonah Melaleuca
lanceolata ssp. lanceolata. It occurs at low elevations of 20-60 m above sea level, average annual rainfall is approximately 550950 mm, and it occurs on a variety of geologies and soil types. Low woodland or tall shrubland to 8 m tall, typically with a
medium shrub layer, small shrub layer and sedges, grasses and herbs in the ground layer.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
SC
Common Name
Melaleuca lanceolata ssp. lanceolata
Allocasuarina verticillata
Leptospermum laevigatum
Bursaria spinosa ssp. macrophylla
Moonah
Drooping Sheoak
Coast Tea-tree
Sweet Bursaria
#Spp
4
2
1
5
2
1
4
2
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia longifolia ssp. sophorae
Leucopogon parviflorus
Acacia retinodes var. uncifolia
Pomaderris paniculosa
Hibbertia sericea s.l.
Pimelea serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia
Lagenophora stipitata
Geranium potentilloides
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Dichondra repens
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia
Dianella revoluta s.l.
Carex breviculmis
Lachnagrostis billardierei s.l.
Austrodanthonia setacea
Ficinia nodosa
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Clematis microphylla
Comesperma volubile
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
30%
5%
1%
10%
5%
5%
10%
5%
1%
20%
80%
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
BL
Common Name
Coast Wattle
Coast Beard-heath
Coast Wirilda
Coast Pomaderris
Silky Guinea-flower
Thyme-leaf Rice-flower
Common Bottle-daisy
Cinquefoil Cranesbill
Bidgee-widgee
Kidney-weed
Shady Wood-sorrel
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Black-anther Flax-lily
Common Grass-sedge
Coast Blaown-grass
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Weeping Grass
Small-leaved Clematis
Love Creeper
EVC 858: Coastal Alkaline Scrub (syn. Calcarenite Dune Woodland) Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha. (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
MH
MH
MTG
MTG
MNG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Centaurium erythraea
Anagallis arvensis
Hypochoeris spp.
Ehrharta erecta
Catapodium rigidum
Aira caryophyllea
Myrsiphyllum asparagoides
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Common Centaury
Pimpernel
Cat's Ear
Panic Veldt-grass
Fern Grass
Silvery Hair-grass
Smilax Asparagus
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 863: Floodplain Reedbed
Description:
A closed to open grassland to 2–3 m tall, dominated by Common Reed. Small aquatic and semi-aquatic species occur amongst
the reeds. It occurs on swamps on river plains, especially the lower reaches of the floodplain. Soils are Quaternary stream
alluvium with floodplain and low level terrace deposits consisting of silt, clay and peat. Swamp Paperbark frequently fringes the
margins of these reed beds.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
#Spp
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MH
LH
LH
SH
LNG
MTG
SC
%Cover
5%
10%
5%
5%
5%
30%
1%
LF code
MS
LH
MH
SH
MTG
LNG
SC
60%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Solanum aviculare
Myriophyllum crispatum
Lycopus australis
Urtica incisa
Mimulus repens
Phragmites australis
Triglochin procerum s.l.
Calystegia sepium
Common Name
Kangaroo Apple
Upright Water-milfoil
Australian Gipsywort
Scrub Nettle
Creeping Monkey-flower
Common Reed
Water Ribbons
Large Bindweed
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
Typical Weed Species
Aster subulatus
Cotula coronopifolia
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Aster-weed
Water Buttons
Invasive
high
high
Impact
low
high
EVC 863: Floodplain Reedbed - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment December 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 875: Blocked Coastal Stream Swamp
Description:
Margins of coastal streams that are consistently flooded for long periods where the entrances become plugged by sand during
low flow periods. The blockage is breached during floods, briefly exposing the wetlands before the mouth silts up and the
dammed river overflows, flooding the habitat of this EVC. Soils are peats derived from Quaternary swamp and lagoonal
deposits. Elevation is near sea level and average annual rainfall is 900 mm.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
#Spp
3
1
1
1
3
1
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Speices typical of at least part of EVC range
Euphrasia collina
Typha domingensis
Epilobium billardierianum
Utricularia dichotoma s.l.
Drosera binata
Cardamine gunnii s.l.
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
r Cladium procerum
Lepidosperma filiforme
r Lachnagrostis rudis
Isolepis platycarpa
Juncus caespiticius
Triglochin striatum
Schoenus nitens
Baumea juncea
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
Recruitment:
Episodic/Flood. Desirable period between disturbances is 5 years.
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
25%
5%
1%
55%
5%
1%
LF code
LH
MH
SH
LNG
MTG
MNG
90%
Common Name
Purple Eyebright
Narrow-leaf Cumbungi
Variable Willow-herb
Fairies' Aprons
Forked Sundew
Common Bitter-cress
Shining Pennywort
Leafy Twig-sedge
Common Rapier-sedge
Ruddy Blown-grass
Broad-fruit Club-sedge
Grassy Rush
Streaked Arrowgrass
Shiny Bog-sedge
Bare Twig-sedge
EVC 875: Blocked Coastal Stream Swamp - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment September 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 876: Spray-zone Coastal Shrubland
Description:
A wind-pruned salt-affected open shrubland usually less than 1 m tall (with occasional emergent taller shrubs) that occurs on
the most exposed coastal areas subject to salt-spray and run-off at the crest of sea cliffs. This EVC usually occurs in
association with taller Coastal Headland Scrub (EVC 161).
Life forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Soil Crust
#Spp
2
4
2
4
2
4
1
1
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
SS
SS
SS
SS
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Olearia axillaris
Alyxia buxifolia
Leucophyta brownii
Ozothamnus turbinatus
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Correa alba
Sarcocornia quinqueflora
Samolus repens
Senecio piannatifolius
Actites megalocarpa
Dichondra repens
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Carpobrotus rossii
Calandrinia calyptrata
Austrostipa stipoides
Dichelachne crinita
Ficinia nodosa
Lachnagrostis billardierei s.l.
Poa poiformis
Lepidosperma gladiatum
Dianella brevicaulis
Tetragonia implexicoma
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
30%
5%
5%
5%
10%
1%
5%
10%
LF code
MS
SS
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
SC
S/C
60%
Common Name
Coast Daisy-Bush
Sea Box
Cushion Bush
Coast Everlasting
Seaberry Saltbush
White Correa
Beaded Glasswort
Creeping Brookweed
Toothed Groundsel
Coast Sow-thistle
Kidney-weed
Rounded Noon-flower
Karkalla
Pink Purslane
Prickly Spear-grass
Long-hair Plume-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Coast Blown-grass
Coast Tussock-grass
Coast Sword-sedge
Small-flower Flax-lily
Bower Spinach
EVC 876: Spray-zone Coastal Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
LNG
MH
MH
MS
MS
MS
MS
MTG
SC
Typical Weed Species
Sonchus oleraceus
Pennisetum clandestinum
Hypochoeris radicata
Oxalis pes-caprae
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Polygala myrtifolia var. myrtifolia
Coprosma repens
Lycium ferocissimum
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Delairea odorata
Common Name
Common Sow-thistle
Kikuyu
Cat's Ear
Soursob
Boneseed
Myrtle-leaf Milkwort
Mirror Bush
African Box-thorn
Panic Veldt-grass
Cape Ivy
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
low
high
low
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 877: Lowland Herb-rich Forest
Description:
Primarily occurs in gullies and along lower slopes close to minor drainage lines. Soils are reasonably fertile colluvial loams. Open
eucalypt forest to 20 m tall with a range of medium shrubs conspicuous in the mid-stratum. The ground layer is dominated by
a dense cover of grasses and a high diversity of tussock-forming graminoids and herbs.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
20 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus cypellocarpa
Eucalyptus globoidea
Eucalyptus polyanthemos
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Mountain Grey-gum
White Stringybark
Red Box
#Spp
3
4
1
1
2
13
4
1
5
2
na
%Cover
5%
10%
20%
1%
5%
5%
30%
5%
15%
5%
10%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
EVC 877: Lowland Herb-rich Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
MS
SS
PS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
r Zieria smithii
Kunzea ericoides
Cassinia longifolia
Cassinia aculeata
Melaleuca parvistaminea
Pimelea humilis
Bossiaea prostrata
Stypandra glauca
Senecio tenuiflorus
Hypericum gramineum
Lagenophora stipitata
Pterostylis concinna
Opercularia varia
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Oxalis exilis
Dichondra repens
Gahnia radula
Luzula meridionalis
Lomandra filiformis ssp. coriacea
Poa sieberiana
Dianella caerulea var. caerulea
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Entolasia marginata
Comesperma volubile
Common Name
Black Wattle
Sandfly Zieria
Burgan
Shiny Cassinia
Common Cassinia
Rough-barked Honey-myrtle
Common Rice-flower
Creeping Bossiaea
Nodding Blue-lily
Slender Fireweed
Small St John's Wort
Common Bottle-daisy
Trim Greenhood
Variable Stinkweed
Stinking Pennywort
Shady Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Thatch Saw-sedge
Common Woodrush
Wattle Mat-rush
Grey Tussock-grass
Paroo Lily
Weeping Grass
Bordered Panic
Love Creeper
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
40 % cover
Logs:
20 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Conyza bonariensis
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Hypochoeris radicata
Prunella vulgaris
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Trifolium repens var. repens
Common Name
Blackberry
Flaxleaf Fleabane
Slender Centaury
Cat's Ear
Self-heal
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
White Clover
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 879: Coastal Dune Grassland
Description:
Consists of grasses and halophytes (succulents) that colonise the foredunes of ocean beaches. Soils are siliceous sands that
have a very low humus content.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Prostrate Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Scrambler or Climber
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
SS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
SC
#Spp
1
1
1
2
4
3
3
2
1
5%
5%
1%
5%
5%
10%
10%
25%
1%
60%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Atriplex cinerea
Suaeda australis
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Actites megalocarpa
Senecio pinnatifolius
Carpobrotus rossii
Crassula sieberiana
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Apium annuum
Dianella brevicaulis
Carex pumila
Spinifex sericeus
Ficinia nodosa
Clematis microphylla
%Cover
LF code
MS
SS
PS
LH
MH
SH
MTG
MNG
SC
Common Name
Coast Saltbush
Austral Seablite
Bidgee-widgee
Dune Thistle
Variable Groundsel
Karkalla
Sieber Crassula
Rounded Noon-flower
Annual Celery
Small-flower Flax-lily
Strand Sedge
Hairy Spinifex
Knobby Club-sedge
Small-leaved Clematis
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10 % cover
Weediness:
LF Code
LH
MH
MH
MTG
LTG
Typical Weed Species
Sonchus oleraceus
Hypochoeris radicata
Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. taraxacoides
Thinopyrum junceiforme
Ammophila arenaria
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Common Sow-thistle
Cat's Ear
Hairy Hawkbit
Sea Wheat-grass
Marram Grass
high
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
high
EVC 879: Coastal Dune Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 895: Escarpment Shrubland
Description:
Occurs on rocky escarpments in steep valleys or gorges, associated with limestone or basalt. Sites have moderate to high
fertility, are well-drained but subject to regular summer drought due to shallow soils. . Eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall or noneucalypt shrubland to 8 m tall, sometimes with occasional eucalypts; lichen-covered rock outcrops are common.
+
eucalypt woodland only components (ignore when assessing shrubland areas and standardise site condition score as required)
Large trees+:
Species
Eucalyptus spp.
DBH(cm)
#/ha
70 cm
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree+
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub+
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Soil Crust
LF Code
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
SC
Common Name
Acacia implexa
Allocasuarina verticillata
Acacia mearnsii
Bursaria spinosa
Eucalyptus radiata
15%
Lightwood
Drooping Sheoak
Black Wattle
Sweet Bursaria
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
#Spp
3
3
2
3
4
5
1
1
9
3
1
1
na
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
r Rhagodia parabolica
Hymenanthera dentata s.l.
Enchylaena tomentosa var. tomentosa
Wahlenbergia communis s.l.
Oxalis perennans
Maireana enchylaenoides
Einadia nutans ssp. nutans
Chamaesyce drummondii
Dichondra repens
Austrostipa bigeniculata
Austrodanthonia racemosa var. racemosa
Austrodanthonia setacea
Panicum effusum
Cheilanthes distans
Clematis microphylla
Convolvulus erubescens spp. agg.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
10%
5%
5%
10%
5%
5%
5%
25%
5%
5%
5%
20%
10%
LF code
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
S/C
Common Name
Fragrant Saltbush
Tree Violet
Ruby Saltbush
Tufted Bluebell
Grassland Wood-sorrel
Wingless Bluebush
Nodding Saltbush
Flat Spurge
Kidney-weed
Kneed Spear-grass
Stiped Wallaby-grass
Bristly Wallaby-grass
Hairy Panic
Bristly Cloak-fern
Small-leaved Clematis
Pink Bindweed
EVC 895: Escarpment Shrubland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha+.
5 m/0.1 ha. (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
T
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
SC
Schinus molle
Lycium ferocissimum
Genista monspessulana
Marrubium vulgare
Sonchus oleraceus
Helminthotheca echioides
Lactuca serriola
Sisymbrium officinale
Sonchus asper s.l.
Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus
Echium plantagineum
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Foeniculum vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Trifolium arvense var. arvense
Trifolium subterraneum
Trifolium campestre var. campestre
Trifolium angustifolium var. angustifolium
Lotus suaveolens
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Medicago polymorpha
Trifolium glomeratum
Modiola caroliniana
Aptenia cordifolia
Phalaris aquatica
Holcus lanatus
Avena fatua
Nassella trichotoma
Ehrharta longiflora
Briza maxima
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
Sporobolus africanus
Vulpia bromoides
Romulea rosea
Pentaschistis airoides ssp. airoides
Lolium perenne
Dactylis glomerata
Vulpia myuros
Bromus rubens
Avena barbata
Aira caryophyllea
Vicia sativa ssp. sativa
Common Name
Pepper Tree
African Box-thorn
Montpellier Broom
Horehound
Common Sow-thistle
Ox-tongue
Prickly Lettuce
Hedge Mustard
Rough Sow-thistle
Great Mullein
Paterson's Curse
Slender Centaury
Fennel
Cat's Ear
Hare's-foot Clover
Subterranean Clover
Hop Clover
Narrow-leaf Clover
Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Burr Medic
Cluster Clover
Red-flower Mallow
Heart-leaf Ice-plant
Toowoomba Canary-grass
Yorkshire Fog
Wild Oat
Serrated Tussock
Annual Veldt-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Soft Brome
Rat-tail Grass
Squirrel-tail Fescue
Onion Grass
False Hair-grass
Perennial Rye-grass
Cocksfoot
Rat's-tail Fescue
Red Brome
Bearded Oat
Silvery Hair-grass
Common Vetch
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
low
Impact
high
high
high
high
low
low
low
high
low
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
high
high
high
low
high
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
high
low
low
low
low
low
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment February 2005
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2005
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 902: Gully Woodland
Description:
Woodland or open forest to 20 m tall occurring along moderately steep gullies. Soils are mostly colluvial deposits of sands and
silts. Characterised by a medium dense small tree and shrub layer above a grassy/sedgy understorey, often rich in herbs within
the inter-tussock spaces.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
20%
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
10 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
10 / ha
Common Name
Eucalyptus viminalis
Eucalyptus ovata
Understorey:
Life form
#/ha
Manna Gum
Swamp Gum
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
4
6
1
2
6
2
2
1
8
2
3
4
na
5%
15%
15%
1%
1%
10%
5%
5%
5%
20%
10%
10%
10%
20%
IT
T
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
EVC 902: Gully Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
LF Code
T
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
SS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
GF
GF
GF
SC
SC
SC
SC
EP
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MS
LH
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
MH
LNG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
SC
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia mearnsii
Acacia melanoxylon
Bursaria spinosa
Allocasuarina littoralis
Goodenia ovata
Coprosma quadrifida
Cassinia aculeata
Rubus parvifolius
Senecio glomeratus
Senecio tenuiflorus
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Hypericum gramineum
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Dichondra repens
Oxalis exilis
Lomandra longifolia
Gahnia radula
Poa labillardierei
Austrodanthonia racemosa var. racemosa
Lepidosperma laterale var. laterale
Poa morrisii
Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
Poa tenera
Pteridium esculentum
Adiantum aethiopicum
Doodia australis
Clematis aristata
Pandorea pandorana
Clematis microphylla
Comesperma volubile
Amyema pendula
Typical Weed Species
Chrysanthemoides monilifera
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Plantago lanceolata
Sonchus oleraceus
Cirsium vulgare
Hypochoeris radicata
Oxalis pes-caprae
Cerastium glomeratum s.l.
Anagallis arvensis
Centaurium erythraea
Oxalis incarnata
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Ehrharta erecta
Romulea rosea
Ehrharta longiflora
Ehrharta erecta var. erecta
Briza maxima
Dactylis glomerata
Allium triquetrum
Agrostis capillaris s.l.
Asparagus asparagoides
Common Name
Common Name
Black Wattle
Blackwood
Sweet Bursaria
Black Sheoak
Hop Goodenia
Prickly Currant-bush
Dogwood
Small-leaf Bramble
Annual Fireweed
Slender Fireweed
Bidgee-widgee
Common Raspwort
Small St John’s-wort
Ivy-leaf Violet
Kidneyweed
Shady Wood-sorrel
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Thatch Saw-sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Stpied Wallaby-grass
Variable Sword-sedge
Soft Tussock-grass
Weeping Grass
Slender Tussock-grass
Austral Bracken
Common Maidenhair
Common Rasp-fern
Mountain Clematis
Wonga Vine
Small-leaf Clematis
Love Creeper
Drooping Mistletoe
Boneseed
Blackberry
Ribwort
Common Sow-thistle
Spear Thistle
Cat's Ear
Soursob
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed
Scarlet Pimpernel
Common Centaury
Pale Wood-sorrel
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Panic Veldt Grass
Onion Grass
Annual Veldt-grass
Panic Veldt-grass
Large Quaking-grass
Cocksfoot
Angled Onion
Brown-top Bent
Bridal Creeper
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
high
low
low
high
low
high
low
low
low
high
high
high
high
low
low
high
low
high
high
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 914: Estuarine Flats Grassland
Description:
Closed to open grassland to 1.5 m tall with occasional shrubs occurring on estuarine flats often associated with current or old
beach berms or sand sheets that are occasionally inundated by high tides. Occupies areas on marginally higher ground inland
from Coastal Saltmarsh.
Life Forms:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Small Shrub
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
#Spp
2
1
1
3
4
2
2
3
Atriplex cinerea
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Frankenia pauciflora var. gunnii
Senecio pinnatifolius
Sarcocornia quinqueflora ssp. quinqueflora
Suaeda australis
Samolus repens
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum
Selliera radicans
Hemichroa pentandra
Austrostipa stipoides
Gahnia filum
Poa poiformis
Lachnagrostis billardierei ssp. billardierei
Spinifex sericeus
Distichlis distichophylla
Ficinia nodosa
5%
5%
1%
15%
15%
15%
20%
15%
85%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
MS
MS
SS
LH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
MNG
%Cover
LF code
MS
SS
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
Common Name
Coast Saltbush
Seaberry Saltbush
Southern Sea-heath
Variable Groundsel
Beaded Glasswort
Austral Seablite
Creeping Brookweed
Rounded Noon-flower
Shiny Swamp-mat
Trailing Hemichroa
Prickly Spear-grass
Chaffy Saw-sedge
Coast Tussock-grass
Coast Blown-grass
Hairy Spinifex
Australian Salt-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% Cover
Weediness:
LF Code Typical Weed Species
MS
LH
LH
MH
MH
MH
MNG
MNG
Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera
Sonchus oleraceus
Conyza albida
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
Hypochoeris radicata
Anagallis arvensis
Vulpia myuros
Lagurus ovatus
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Boneseed
Common Sow-thistle
Tall Fleabane
Four-leaved Allseed
Cat's Ear
Pimpernel
Rat's-tail Fescue
Hare's-tail Grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
EVC 914: Estuarine Flats Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 934: Brackish Grassland
Description:
Grassland or sedgeland occurring on silts in low-lying areas within brackish floodplains. Often occurs in association with
Brackish Wetland.
Life Forms:
Life form
Large Herb
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
#Spp
1
3
5
2
4
1
na
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Senecio glomeratus
Sarcocornia quinqueflora
Samolus repens
Sebaea albidiflora
Calocephalus lacteus
Selliera radicans
Utricularia tenella
Gahnia filum
Gahnia trifida
Poa labillardierei
Poa poiformis
Schoenus apogon
Austrodanthonia geniculata
Distichlis distichophylla
LH
MH
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
MTG
MTG
MTG
MNG
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
10% cover
Weediness:
There are no consistent weeds in this EVC.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
1%
5%
5%
20%
20%
10%
10%
LF code
LH
MH
SH
LTG
MTG
MNG
BL
70%
Common Name
Annual Fireweed
Beaded Glasswort
Creeping Brookweed
White Sebaea
Milky Beuaty-heads
Shiny Swamp-mat
Pink Bladderwort
Chaffy Saw-sedge
Coast Saw-sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Blue Tussock-grass
Common Bog-sedge
Kneed Wallaby-grass
Australian Salt-grass
EVC 934: Brackish Grassland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 937: Swampy Woodland
Description:
Open eucalypt woodland to 15 m tall with ground-layer dominated by tussock grasses and/or sedges and often rich in herbs.
Occurs on poorly drained, seasonally waterlogged heavy soils, primarily on swamp deposits but extending to suitable substrates
within some landscapes of sedimentary origin.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
15 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
MS
MH
MH
MH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
Common Name
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus cephalocarpa s.s.
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus obliqua
15%
Swamp Gum
Mealy Stringybark
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Messmate Stringybark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
1
2
5
3
4
2
4
na
5%
5%
20%
10%
10%
30%
10%
10%
20%
IT
T
MS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
BL
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Melaleuca ericifolia
Leptospermum continentale
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Centella cordifolia
Gratiola peruviana
Mazus pumilio
Gahnia sieberiana
Poa labillardierei
Carex appressa
Gahnia radula
Phragmites australis
Schoenus apogon
Lepidosperma laterale
Poa tenera
Juncus holoschoenus
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
Common Name
Swamp Paperbark
Prickly Tea-tree
Bidgee-widgee
Centella
Austral Brooklime
Swamp Mazus
Red-fruit Saw-sedge
Common Tussock-grass
Tall Sedge
Thatch Saw-sedge
Common Reed
Common Bog-sedge
Variable Sword-sedge
Slender Tussock-grass
Joint-leaf Rush
EVC 937: Swampy Woodland - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MH
LNG
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Rubus sp. aff. armeniacus
Hypochoeris radicata
Holcus lanatus
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Blackberry
Cat's Ear
Yorkshire Fog
Sweet Vernal-grass
Invasive
high
high
high
high
Impact
high
low
high
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 938: Shrubby Gully Forest
Description:
An open eucalypt forest to woodland to 20 m tall confined to narrow bands along low gradient gullies on minor streams within
foothills. Often associated with granite soils. The understorey is dominated by shrubs, sedges and ferns and lacks the diversity
of herbs and grasses associated with drainage lines on more fertile soils.
Large trees:
Species
DBH(cm)
Eucalyptus spp.
70 cm
#/ha
20 / ha
Tree Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
30%
Understorey:
Life form
Immature Canopy Tree
Understorey Tree or Large Shrub
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Large Tufted Graminoid
Large Non-tufted Graminoid
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Ground Fern
Scrambler or Climber
Bryophytes/Lichens
LF Code
T
T
T
MS
MS
MS
MS
MH
MH
SH
SH
SH
LTG
LTG
LTG
LTG
LNG
LNG
MTG
MTG
GF
GF
SC
Common Name
Eucalyptus radiata s.l.
Eucalyptus ovata
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. viminalis
Narrow-leaf Peppermint
Swamp Gum
Manna Gum
#Spp
2
5
5
3
3
2
3
1
4
2
na
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Acacia melanoxylon
Melaleuca squarrosa
Melaleuca ericifolia
Leptospermum continentale
Ozothamnus ferrugineus
Coprosma quadrifida
Goodenia ovata
Veronica plebeia
Viola hederacea sensu Willis (1972)
Oxalis corniculata s.l.
Dichondra repens
Desmodium gunnii
Carex appressa
Lomandra longifolia
Poa labillardierei
Cyperus lucidus
Phragmites australis
Gahnia radula
Poa morrisii
Lomandra filiformis
Polystichum proliferum
Calochlaena dubia
Billardiera scandens
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
%Cover
5%
10%
20%
10%
5%
15%
10%
10%
5%
20%
1%
20%
LF code
IT
T
MS
MH
SH
LTG
LNG
MTG
MNG
GF
SC
BL
Common Name
Blackwood
Scented Paperbark
Swamp Paperbark
Prickly Tea-tree
Tree Everlasting
Prickly Currant-bush
Hop Goodenia
Trailing Speedwell
Ivy-leaf Violet
Yellow Wood-sorrel
Kidney-weed
Southern Tick-trefoil
Tall Sedge
Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Common Tussock Grass
Leafy Flat-sedge
Common Reed
Thatch Saw-sedge
Soft Tussock-grass
Wattle Mat-rush
Mother Shield-fern
Common Ground-fern
Common Apple-berry
EVC 938: Shrubby Gully Forest - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
15 m/0.1 ha.
Weediness:
LF Code
MS
MH
MTG
Typical Weed Species
Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.
Hypochoeris radicata
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Blackberry
Cat's Ear
Sweet Vernal-grass
high
high
high
high
low
high
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment April 2004
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2004
This publication is copyright. Reproduction and the making available of this material for personal, in-house or non-commercial purposes is authorised, on condition that:
•
the copyright owner is acknowledged;
•
no official connection is claimed;
•
the material is made available without charge or at cost; and
•
the material is not subject to inaccurate, misleading or derogatory treatment.
Requests for permission to reproduce or communicate this material in any way not permitted by this licence (or by the fair dealing provisions of the Copyright Act 1968) should be
directed to the Nominated Officer, Copyright, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, Victoria, 3002.
For more information contact: Customer Service Centre, 136 186
This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment
Gippsland Plain bioregion
EVC 953: Estuarine Scrub
Description:
Closed scrub to 6 m tall growing on the edge of estuarine waterbodies such as creeks, rivers and lagoons with intermediate
salinity and poor drainage conditions. Dominated by Swamp Paperbark Melaleuca ericifolia with a halophytic (succulent) ground
layer dominated by graminoids and herbs. Often occurs in close association with Estuarine Wetland.
Canopy Cover:
%cover
Character Species
Common Name
Melaleuca ericifolia
50%
Understorey:
Life form
Medium Shrub
Medium Herb
Small or Prostrate Herb
Medium to Small Tufted Graminoid
Medium to Tiny Non-tufted Graminoid
Swamp Paperbark
#Spp
%Cover
LF code
2
3
2
2
2
10%
20%
5%
10%
15%
MS
MH
SH
MTG
MNG
Total understorey projective foliage cover
LF Code
MS
MS
MH
MH
MH
SH
SH
MTG
MTG
MNG
MNG
60%
Species typical of at least part of EVC range
Common Name
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana
Atriplex cinerea
Samolus repens
Chenopodium glaucum
Sarcocornia quinqueflora
Selliera radicans
Apium prostratum ssp. prostratum
Poa poiformis
Poa labillardierei
Ficinia nodosa
Distichlis distichophylla
Seaberry Saltbush
Coast Saltbush
Creeping Brookweed
Glaucous Goosefoot
Beaded Glasswort
Shiny Swamp-mat
Sea Celery
Blue Tussock-grass
Common Tussock-grass
Knobby Club-sedge
Australian Salt-grass
Recruitment:
Continuous
Organic Litter:
20 % cover
Logs:
5 m/0.1 ha. (note: large log class does not apply)
Weediness:
LF Code
MH
LNG
Typical Weed Species
Common Name
Invasive
Impact
Hypochoeris radicata
Holcus lanatus
Cat's Ear
Yorkshire Fog
high
high
low
high
Ecological Vegetation Class bioregion benchmark
EVC 953: Estuarine Scrub - Gippsland Plain bioregion
Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment November 2007
© The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment 2007
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This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate
for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
www.dse.vic.gov.au
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EVC/Bioregion Benchmark for Vegetation Quality Assessment