Most companies look out for the bottom line. We do, too. In fact, we have a triple bottom line: people, profit, planet. You can't have one without the other two. So when we look after our own, we mean everybody: our employees, our customers, our families, ourselves. And yes, our environment, too. Our ingredients-right down to the packaging-are simple, natural, and responsible. We practice what we preach-and we hope to set the example for others to follow. It's called The Greater Good. And it's how we're going to help change the world. As a global brand and leading manufacturer of natural personal care products, Burt's Bees sources materials and ingredients from around the world. Inspired by nature—our most vital supply chain partner—we respect the communities, individuals, and environment from which we source our ingredients. We call this Responsible Sourcing, and it's a key part of our sustainability strategy. As part of this journey, we're in the process of conducting site visits for key product ingredients to thoroughly evaluate the social and environmental impact of our sourcing. Since we use hundreds of natural ingredients in our products, vetting each one is no small task. But we're on our way. Since our founding and as our business has grown, we've maintained a number of checks and balances to which suppliers must conform in order to do business with us. We are continually working to strengthen and redefine our strategic supplier relationships and engage partners in ongoing dialogue. We utilize supplier self-assessments, third-party certifications, site visits, audits, and a Supplier Code of Conduct. We are also active members of AIM-Progress. Supplier Code of Conduct Principles: Protect the human rights of all workers and treat them with dignity. Create safe working conditions and a healthy work environment for all workers. Safeguard the environment and reduce the environmental impact of operations. Establish high standards of ethical conduct and comply with fair business practices and applicable laws. Ingredients Glossary A ACACIA GUM Commonly known as Arabic Gum, this natural gum substance is taken from two sub-Saharan species of the Acacia tree: Acacia Senegal and Acacia seyal. It is used primarily as a stabilizer and natural thickener in foods. ALMOND MEAL Moistened with sweet almond oil, almond meal helps replenish skin oils lost during the cleansing process, while producing a gentle massaging effect during exfoliation. ALOE BARBADENSIS or ALOE VERA GEL The pulpy, expressed juice of the aloe vera plant, this substance is famous for its moisturizing and soothing properties, as well as for its ability to aid in healing. Excellent for hydrating, softening and soothing it is believed to have healing properties, especially for sunburned skin, provided the extract has not been altered during processing. ALPHA BISABOLOL Bisabolol. Alpha bisabolol is a naturally occurring liquid that is the main component of German chamomile. It has been used for hundreds of years in Europe in medicinal applications to help accelerate the healing process of the skin. It has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, and anti-bacterial properties and is used in skin, hair and oral care preparations because it is also non-toxic and non-irritating. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE The hydroxide salt form of aluminum, this substance used as an emulsion stabilizer. AMYRIS OIL Amyris balsamifera. Also known as West Indian sandal wood oil, this oil is pleasantly woody with a balsamic touch and is used as a fixative in perfumes. Historically Amyris oil was used for wound cleaning and for recovery from influenza and childbirth. With its antiseptic properties, Amyris is typically used to prevent or reduce infection and is thought to reduce swelling and increase circulation. ANISE OIL Pimpinella anisium or illicium verum. Well known for its sweet aroma and taste, this oil has a rich licorice scent. It has antiseptic properties, is slightly astringent and is thought to help induce perspiration. APRICOT KERNEL OIL Prunus Armeniaca. An extremely desirable moisturizer rich in vitamins A and E, apricot kernel oil is extracted from the inedible kernels found in the apricot pit. The oil helps skin retain elasticity and suppleness without feeling greasy. It is especially effective when used on dry or mature skin. ARABIC GUM Commonly known as Acacia gum, this natural gum substance that is taken from two sub-Saharan species of the Acacia tree Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. It is used primarily as a stabilizer and natural thickener in foods. ASCORBIC ACID (vitamin C) The scientific name for vitamin C, this nutrient is typically found in fresh fruits and vegetables. It can stimulate skin protein production when applied to the skin. AVOCADO OIL Persea gratissima. This precious, natural oil is derived from the flesh of the avocado fruit, a tropical plant from Central America and California. It is rich in vitamins A, C and E, as well as protein and amino acids. One of the few vegetable oils containing protein, avocado oil penetrates the skin deeply without leaving an oily film on the skin. It promotes the regeneration of scarred skin and softens and conditions dry, flaky skin and scalp. back to top B BASIL OIL Ocimum basilicum. Steam distilled from the leaves of the herb, this light yellow green essential oil has a clear, herbaceous and light refreshing scent with a faint balsamic woody backnote and a lasting, slightly licorice, sweetness. It is used in aromatherapy for stimulation — especially for the respiratory system — and it has traditionally been used to treat bronchitis, colds and sinusitis, as well as to treat muscle aches and rheumatism. BEE POLLEN EXTRACT Rich in plant hormones, proteins, amino acids, enzymes, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, this substance provides protection for the skin by increasing its blood supply to stimulate cell growth, preventing dehydration and soothing wrinkles. BEESWAX A natural wax made by bees in the cell walls of honeycombs, this substance is a natural emulsifier used in cosmetics. It adds a wonderful natural smell and color to products and helps to seal and protect the skin when used in moisturizing formulas. BENTONITE This natural clay is an effective skin clarifier used in facial masks. It takes its name from Fort Benton where bentonite deposits are found. BERGAMOT OIL Citrus bergamia. Bergamot oil has an uplifting citrus, yet fruity aroma that is both refreshing and relaxing with a warm spicy undertone that is similar to neroli and lavender oil. Bergamot oil is known for its antiseptic qualities and is used to control the oil in the skin and for the treatment of acne. The oil is produced by cold expression of the peel of the nearly ripe fruit of the citrus bergamia tree, which belongs to the same family as the orange tree and is native to Southeast Asia, southern Italy, Morocco and the Ivory Coast. BETA-CAROTENE This substance is found primarily in carrots and is used to give personal care products a yellow to orange-red color. The body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A. BETAINE A natural supplement derived from sugar beets, this substance is used in skin care products as a moisturizer and stabilizer due to its unique water binding and cell membrane protective properties. Because of its apparent ability to improve skin feel and increase the spreading property of formulations, betaine is ideal for a wide range of cosmetic applications. BILBERRY EXTRACT Extracted from the leaves and fruit of the bilberry shrub, this extract is an astringent, cooling herb that tones the skin. It is also a natural Alpha Hydroxy Acid. BITTER ORANGE Citrus aurantium. The aroma of this essential oil is sweet like an orange, but with grapefruit-like undertones. In skin care preparations, orange oil reduces puffiness and discourages dry wrinkled skin. Both the oil and the peel are used to clear blemishes and increase perspiration, thus assisting the release of toxins from dull or blemished skin. The peel is used as a natural exfoliator. BLACK CURRANT OIL This essential oil promotes healthy skin and hair. It supplies omega-3 Alpha Lipoic Acid and omega-3 Stearidonic Acid, plus omega-6 Gamma Linolenic Acid. Keeps hair healthy and moisturized. BLADDERWRACK Derived from thallus of Fucus vesiculosus, bladderwrack is a seaweed. This extract is recommended for toning the skin and stimulating cell activity. Great in baths, bladderwrack provides various minerals and salts that cleanse and refresh the skin. BORAGE SEED OIL This plant-derived triglyceride oil is high in Gamma Linoleic Acid and is an exhilarating tonic that stimulates and conditions the skin. This essential fatty acid is vital to the health of skin. BORONIA OIL Extremely expensive oil from the native Australian evergreen shrub that bears its name, this oil's fresh fruity-spicy scent and rich tenacious undertone is prized for high-end fragrance blends. BURDOCK ROOT EXTRACT Burdock, a member of the thistle family, has been used for centuries to improve dry, scaly skin disorders, specifically dandruff and itchy scalp. Rich in essential fatty acids necessary for a healthy scalp, burdock root extract improves the luster, body and strength of the hair shaft. BUTTERMILK This specialty milk is richer in fats and emollients than whole milk. For centuries, milk has been used as a natural, soothing skin cleanser and skin softener. BRAZIL NUT OIL A wonderful hair conditioner, bringing shine, silkiness and softness to hair, this oil renews dry, lifeless hair and split ends. It also provides antioxidant benefits with its high selenium content and helps prevent dryness and leaves scalp soft, smooth and hydrated. back to top C CALENDULA FLOWER Calendula officinalis of the Marigold plant. Calendula is classified as an anti-inflammatory and is often used to treat itching, flaking, weeping skin conditions. It is a wonderful, emollient oil that has a soothing effect on the skin and is an effective ally in treating water retention, cellulite, and special needs of mature skin. CALCIUM CARBONATE Natural chalk is an absorbent for facial oils and helps smooth out the complexion. It is also a natural abrasive in toothpaste, helping to keep teeth bright and breath fresh. CAMPHOR This cooling, highly stimulating herb is used to treat oily skin and acne. CANDELILLA WAX Eupohorbia certifera. This natural wax from the Candelilla plant, grown in Mexico, is obtained by boiling the plant. It gives personal care formulas body and sheen. Used in cosmetics as a thickener. CARAMEL Natural colorant. CARMINE We are aware that for some people who adhere to strict vegan or vegetarian lifestyles, it is hard to understand why we would choose to use this ingredient in our products. Carmine, as you may already know, is an extract taken from the shells of the cochineal beetle. It is a common ingredient used in the cosmetic and food industry. We choose to use this ingredient because it is natural and it provides a unique red/blue pigment in our formulas, without compromising our product quality and aesthetic standards. We believe it is a better alternative to compounds such as D&C Red #7, D&C Red #6, which are 100% synthetic, or FD&C No. 40, which is derived from coal tar (a non renewable fossil fuel). While there are other natural pigments, we do not feel they provide a desirable color and feel and we will continue to investigate raw natural materials that could replicate the properties of carmine in our color products. CARNAUBA WAX Derived from the leaf of a Brazilian palm known as "the tree of life," this edible wax is often used in making candies. It has the highest melting point of any natural wax found on earth. CARRAGEENAN Chondrus crispus. Derived from a red seaweed and also known as Irish Moss, this substance is used in foods as a thickener and in cosmetics for its excellent emollient qualities. CARROT SEED OIL Daucus carota sativa. This thin, yellow oil distilled from ground seeds is rich in Beta-Carotene and is valued for its soothing, relaxing properties. It is believed to stimulate cell renewal as well as the sweat and sebaceous glands. It is beneficial to mature or dry skin, helping to deter or reduce wrinkles. It also protects skin exposed to weather extremes. The oil has a heavy, woodsy, earthy, fruity scent. CASTOR OIL This oil extracted from the castor bean is a moisturizer and natural pigment dispersant. CEDAR LEAF OIL Cedarwood atlas. Antiseptic and astringent, this oil balances and regulates oil production. It is often used for its aromatic scent. CENTRIMONIUM BROMIDE This chemical salt compound enhances hair's manageability by reconditioning hair and promoting shine. CETEARYL ALCOHOL This emulsifying wax is produced by combining a mixture of fatty alcohols derived from vegetable sources. CHAMOMILE Anthemis nobilis. There are two chamomiles: Roman and German. Both produce the light blue oil, azulene, which has been used since ancient times for its invigorating qualities. Rejuvenating and relaxing, European facialists rave about this fragrant annual herb. Massage oil with chamomile is good for dry skin, dermatitis, acne, burns and inflammation. Bathing with chamomile is soothing, helps menstrual problems, aches and pains related to exercise, anxiety, stress and irritability. Chamomile has very low toxicity, so it often used in children's personal care products. CHLOROPHYLL This green pigment dominates the plant kingdom. It is used as a natural colorant and deodorizer in personal care products. CHOLESTEROL This substance is a moisturizer and emollient. CHROMIUM OXIDE GREEN This natural green colored pigment used in a wide variety of products, especially food and personal care formulas because of its safety as compared to synthetic colorants. CILANTRO OIL This oil is commonly used as a scent. As an aromatherapy agent, it is relaxing, stabilizing, gently clarifying. CINNAMON OIL Cinnamomum cassia. This natural essential oil of the Cinnamon tree is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, bark and twigs and is used in skin care preparations for its spicy, awakening fragrance. CITRIC ACID This natural Alpha Hydroxy Acid is found in citrus fruits and is a gentle exfoliator for skin. CITRONELLA OIL Cymbopogon schoenanthus. Derived from Citronella grass, this fragrant oil is used in insect repellents. It is also used as a raw material in the manufacturing of other oils and is used extensively in soap making. CLARY SAGE Historically valued by the Egyptians and Greeks for its reputed ability to relax the nerves and improve memory, this essential oil is most often used as a fixative in perfume blends, adding a lavender-like note. Commonly referred to as clear eye, the sticky solution derived from clary seeds has long been used to rid the eyes of foreign matter and to soothe as a natural demulcent. CLOVE OIL and POWDER Eugenia caryophyllus. Both substances are extracted from the buds of an aromatic tropical evergreen and have warming, antiseptic, disinfectant and a pain relief properties. Both lend a sweet, spicy note to skin care formulations. COCOA BUTTER Triglycerides of fatty acids made from the beans of the cacao tree (Theobroma Cacao). Cocoa butter is a superb emollient that softens and protects chapped skin, relieves irritation and diminishes signs of wrinkling and stretch marks. It is also helpful as a binder or thickener in natural cosmetic formulas where chemical thickeners are not used. It has a sweet chocolate smell. COCO BETAINE This coconut oil moisturizer enriches lather in shampoos and inhibits static build-up. COCO GLUCOSIDE AND GLYCERYL OLEATE This natural surfactant soap blend is made from coconut oil and sunflower oil. It is an extremely mild and effective cleanser that rinses quickly, it is biodegradable and offers a natural alternative to harsh chemicals. COCONUT OIL Cocos nucifera. The flesh of the coconut is rich in emollient fat and, when pressed, yields a white, sweetly-scented, super-moisturizing oil, which is a solid at room temperature but easily melts on the skin. The consistency of coconut oil helps to bind and emulsify natural formulations where no chemical emulsifiers are desirable. Usually blended with other fats, the oil is the volatile, fragrant oil popularly used in suntan products. It protects skin from the elements by forming a thin film, which is not absorbed. Coconut oil is useful as an after sun skin oil and is also revitalizing to dry, damaged hair. Surfactants derived from coconut oil have good cleansing properties and are known for their mildness. COMFREY Comfrey contains allantoin, a cell proliferant, which stimulates new cell growth and increases cell production to support more rapid healing. Comfrey aids in soothing inflammation, burns, wounds, swelling and bites. COPAIBA BALSAM OIL Harvested from the copaiba tree by making incisions in the tree trunk, the oleoresin (a clear yellow resin) is really more of an oil than a true balsam. It is most commonly used as a fragrance perfumes, soaps and lotions. CORIANDER OIL Corriandrum setivum. This sweet, spicy, warm and slightly fruity essential oil is expressed from the mature seed of the coriander plant. It was used for centuries by the Egyptians as an aphrodisiac. The Greeks and Romans used the seeds to flavor wine. And in India, it is highly valued for culinary uses. As an aromatherapy agent, it is analgesic, carminative, anti-spasmodic and stimulating. CORN STARCH Zea mays. Derived from the corn plant, this highly absorbent substance absorbs both moisture and oils. It produces a soft, soothing feeling in face masks , and is added to creams and lotions to help them spread on the skin more easily. CORNFLOWER The cornflower was commonly used through the 1920's as both a medicinal and culinary herb. The blue flowers have astringent properties that help reduce inflammation. CORNMEAL Milled from corn and corn cobs, these natural abrasives are effective, yet safe, for your skin. CRANBERRY EXTRACT Emerging evidence suggests cranberry extract may help to inhibit certain plaque-causing bacteria from adhering to teeth. CUCUMBER EXTRACT The juice extracted from the vegetable is mildly astringent, yet soothing and can help reduce puffiness of the skin. Cucumber also has a slight bleaching action, which aids in removing dead skin cells. CUPUACU BUTTER Theobroma grandiflorum. This butter is extracted from the seeds of the cupuacu tree, a rain forest species related to the cocoa tree. The butter is creamy and emollient and contains phytosterols that act at the cellular level, regulating the balance and activity of the lipids of the outermost layer of the epidermis. With its high capacity for water absorption, it offers a pleasant touch and softness, rebalancing moisture and improving elasticity while restoring skin integrity. back to top D DAVANA OIL This oil is commonly used as a scent. As an aromatherapy agent, it is normalizing, relaxing, stabilizing. DEAD SEA SALTS Obtained from the Dead Sea in Israel, this substance is composed of salts of Potassium, Chlorine, Sodium, Calcium and Magnesium, as well as Sulfur and Bromine compounds. These salts are famous for their reviving, toning and purifying qualities. DECYL & LAURYL GLUCOSIDES This natural sugar soap blend made from cornstarch and coconut oil is an extremely mild and effective cleanser that rinses quickly, it is biodegradable and offers a natural alternative to harsh chemicals such as Sodium Lauryl Sulfate. DECYL POLYGLUCOSE A combination of cornstarch and coconut oil, this gentle, naturally-derived cleanser foams away dirt and oil. It is mild to skin and eyes and biodegradable. back to top E ECHINACEA EXTRACT This extract gently conditions dehydrated skin. ELDER FLOWER Sambucus nigra. The extract of the honey-scented flowers of the elder tree is a healing and gentle astringent for all skin, especially mature or sallow skin. It is reputed to soften skin and smooth wrinkles, fade freckles and soothe sunburn. ESSENTIAL OILS These volatile, rapidly evaporating oils are obtained from the leaves, stem, flower, seed or root of a plant, and usually carry the odor characteristic of the plant. Essential oils are used in cosmetics, aromatherapy, medicine, perfumery and flavoring. They add fragrance to natural skin care products, as well as contribute to their healthful and beautifying qualities through their various abilities to tone, balance, relax, cleanse and invigorate. Although all essential oils are 'fragrant', not all 'fragrances' are essential oils. True essential oils are plant-derived. EUCALYPTUS OIL Eucalyptus globules. Eucalyptus oil is derived from the leaves of the Eucalyptus tree native to China and Australia. It is known for its stimulating and antiseptic properties and is valued for its penetrating, camphor-like fragrance, similar to Vicks Vapor Rub, that opens up sinuses, fights colds, and is an expectorant and cough-suppressant. It also has been used to relieve joint pain, muscular aches and the swelling of arthritis. EVENING PRIMROSE OIL The essential oil of the yellow evening primrose flower is exceptionally high in essential fatty acids, which condition and restore moisture to the skin. EYEBRIGHT LEAF EXTRACT Euphrasia officinalis. This plant has been used for centuries as a topical application for eye irritations. It has a toning effect on the surface of the eye and has excellent astringent and anti-inflammatory properties to aid problems due to allergic reactions, airborne pollution and conjunctivitis. Eyebright is known to give brilliance and sparkle to the eyes. back to top F FENNEL SEED EXTRACT This extract is used in facial steams and baths for deep cleansing. The seeds can be used to reduce inflammation, or chewed to sweeten breath. FIR OIL This thin, clear oil is derived through steam distillation of the needles of the pine tree. Pine is a familiar scent to most of us, reminding us of cool, green forests. Because of its strong antiseptic and deodorizing qualities, it is often used in household cleaning products and in men's toiletries. It is also quite useful in the sauna and bath to eases stress and mental exhaustion. ' FRAGRANCE The particular aromatic blend of essential oils added to fragranced products, making it more appealing to consumers. FRENCH CLAY Natural clay. Finely textured, pink, green and white clays are all members of Kaolin family. Their excellent absorbent, tightening and toning properties make them valuable for face masks. back to top G GERANIUM OIL This oil with a fresh, sweet floral fragrance is obtained through steam distillation of Pelargonium odorantissimum. This plant, which is indigenous to Algeria, Madagascar and Guinea. is one of 700 species of the Geranium family. The oil is highly therapeutic, antiseptic and astringent and can help users relax and cope with pain. It also brings a radiant glow to skin. GINGER ROOT Cultivated by Asian cultures for nearly 5000 years, this warm and spicy aromatic derived from the rhizome of the ginger plant has traditionally been used to stimulate digestion, increase circulation and relieve muscle and joint pain. It is also useful as an antiseptic and to treat colds and prevent motion sickness and jet lag. Applied topically, it acts as a rubefacient, reddening the skin by stimulating blood flow to accelerate healing and relieve muscle soreness, while its relaxant properties can help minimize the appearance of lines and wrinkles. GLUCOSE & GLUCOSE OXIDASE & LACTOPEROXIDASE When combined with glucose (sugar), glucose oxidase and lactoperoxidase (natural enzymes), act as preservatives by consuming oxygen. This method is used to make natural cosmetics inhospitable to micro-organisms. GLYCERIN A natural humectant and emollient, this clear, sweet, syrupy liquid is derived from vegetable oil and is usually a by-product of soap making that draws moisture to the skin. It is non-irritating and soothing, and can be used on even the most sensitive skin. GOLDENSEAL EXTRACT Goldenseal is a root that is native to North America and has been used for centuries in herbal medicine. It contains Calcium, Iron, Managese, vitamins A, C, E, B-complex and other nutrients and minerals. Considered to be a broad-spectrum herb, Golden Seal's numerous uses are attributed to its antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. GREEN TEA EXTRACT Beneficial effects of green tea have been well known for over 800 years when it was first brought from China to Japan. ""It contains ingredients that nourish skin, including vitamins E, C and B. Antibacterial and a natural antioxidant, green tea extract is also a natural astringent that is effective in treating troubled skin and breakouts. GRAPE EXTRACT Vitis vinifera. Expressed from red and white grapes from France, grape extract is high in polyphenols. It is known for its anti-oxidant behavior. In skin care formulas, grape extract protects skin lipids against peroxidation, reduces skin irritation and scavenges free radicals. When used in hair care formulas, grape extract protects hair proteins against oxidative stress and reduces hair styling damage. GRAPE SEED OIL Vitis vinifera. Expressed from grape seeds, this rich, soothing, carrier oil imparts shine in hair care formulas and is widely used in hypoallergenic moisturizers because it does not cause allergic reactions. GRAPEFRUIT OIL Uplifting, cleansing and clearing, this oil is stimulating to the lymphatic system and toning to the skin. back to top H HAWAIIAN GINGER EXTRACT Rich in antioxidants, this extract increases circulation to soothe and soften the skin, while acting as an effective moisturizer. HAZELNUT OIL This oil derived from the hazelnut is slightly astringent and toning, and is good for all skin types. HEMP SEED OIL Cold expressed from sterile seeds of the Cannabis plant, this light yellow to dark green oil is unusually high in polyunsaturated fatty acids. With the ideal ratio (3:1) of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids, hemp seed oil most closely mirrors the skin's lipid profile, making it an excellent emollient and allowing for quick absorption. HONEY This sweet, fragrant, syrupy substance produced by bees soothes and adds softness to the skin, and is an excellent natural moisturizer. HONEY POWDER Besides being a strong humectant, honey has a very high content of minerals, amino acids and vitamins, which aid in keeping skin healthy. Honey contains numerous phenolic and non-phenolic antioxidants, which guard against free radical damage and encourage healthy cell turnover in the skin. HOPS EXTRACT This extract is an antioxidant that calms and sedates the skin. HORSETAIL EXTRACT This extract provides natural silica to the skin and reminaralizes it. The flavonoids and saponins it contains have cell rejuvenation and regenerating properties. The extract has a stabilizing effect on connective tissue, thereby increasing firmness and elasticity of the skin. HYBRID SUNFLOWER OIL Sunflowers were cultivated by the American Indians over 3,000 years ago. Their pressed oil contains vitamin E and other substances that are beneficial to the skin. HYSSOP OIL Derived from the flowers and leaves of this evergreen shrub, hyssop oil acts as a natural decongestant, expectorant and stimulant, as well as providing a warm spicy note to many fragrance blends back to top I IRON OXIDE A natural mineral pigment. back to top J JAPAN WAX A vegetable wax harvested from the protective coating on the berry kernels of several varieties of the Haze tree, this wax contributes rigidity to the structure of cosmetic pencils. JASMINE OIL Jasmium officinate. Used in skin and hair care products, this oil helps to soothe and moisturize. Jasmine is believed to be soothing, anti-depressant, antiseptic, emotionally balancing and an aphrodisiac. It has a rich, calming, sensual floral fragrance. JEWELWEED EXTRACT The juice of the jewelweed plant has been used for centuries to relieve the irritation and itch of poison ivy, oak and sumac. JOJOBA OIL A natural liquid wax extracted from the Jojoba plant this oil is excellent for the skin and hair. It is superior to other skin and hair oils. This mild oil is a natural moisturizer that absorbs quickly into the skin. JUNIPER OIL This thin, clear liquid is derived from the berries of the Juniper bush and has a fragrance that is slightly reminiscent of pine needles. The oil has antiseptic, detoxifying, toning and astringent properties and is often chosen for oily or sluggish skin and is a good cleansing agent. It also draws out fluids and is useful in cellulite formulations. back to top K KAOLIN Natural clay. Finely textured, pink, green and white clays are all members of Kaolin family. Their excellent absorbent, tightening and toning properties make them valuable for face masks. KELP Lamanaria digitata. This seewead is high in silicon and is believed to keep skin from wrinkling and sagging. back to top L LADY'S MANTLE LEAF EXTRACT Once believed to have magical properties, 'this extract is popular for its therapeutic actions and is healing and soothing to the skin. LANOLIN Obtained from the wax found on sheep wool after it is sheared, this substance is then refined and purified to cosmetic specifications. ''Rich in cholesterol, lanolin is well suited for the treatment of brittle hair and fingernails and dry and raw elbows, knees and feet. It is an excellent emollient, skin lubricant and protectant especially helpful in winter when extremes of temperature and wind can damage skin. Lanolin is also useful in natural cosmetic formulations as it adds thickness and 'body' to creams and salves without the use of chemical thickeners. LAVANDIN OIL A hybrid of true lavender and spike lavender, this oil embodies actions similar to those of true lavender, but is more penetrating and rubefacient with a sharper scent. It is good for circulatory or muscular conditions. LAVENDER OIL Lavendula dentata. This fragrant oil is the result of steam distillation of the pale purple flowers of certain species of lavender plants that are found mostly in France. Its fresh, clean scent has made it a worldwide, body pampering favorite. French lavender is an excellent all-purpose skin care oil thought to have antiseptic, antibacterial and antiviral properties, as well as cytophylactic properties that promote healing and help prevent scarring. LECITHIN A natural emulsifier found in soybeans that has excellent emollient benefits and is a source of choline and vitamin B. LEMON BIOFLAVONOIDS Derived from the rind of the lemon, these bioflavonoids contain antioxidants to protect skin from free radical damage caused by environmental factors such as exposure to sun and pollution. LEMON FRUIT WATER All natural lemon extract contains at least eleven water-soluble bioactives, including trace elements and mineral salts. The water helps remineralize and condition scalp and hair. LEMON OIL Obtained from the fresh peel of the fruit of the Citrus Lemon tree, this oil is known for its astringent and antiirritant qualities. Lemon oil imparts shine to the hair when added to hair products, and is also valued for its characteristic sweet, fruity refreshingly clean, lemony fragrance. It balances overactive sebaceous glands that lead to oily, blemished skin, clears and enlivens the complexion and is effective in treating brittle fingernails and in general hand care. LEMON PEEL EXTRACT Our yellow corn alcoholic extract contains the essential oils of the lemon, which are stimulatory to the skin's circulation. LEMON VERBENA LEAF Aloysia triphylls. These leaves have a clean, sharp, lemony fragrance and are antiseptic and stimulating. As an infusion, the leaves can be used to reduce puffiness around eyes. LEMONGRASS OIL Cymbopogon flexuosus. This volatile oil is distilled from the leaves of lemongrass. Native to India, lemongrass is a fast-growing perennial that is grown primarily in the West Indies, Africa and tropical Asia. Lemongrass is known for its antiseptic properties and is used in aromatherapy as a mood elevator. The yellowish or reddish-brown liquid has a strong lemony, herbal odor of verbena. LETTUCE EXTRACT Our yellow corn alcoholic extract contains chlorophyll and other essential oils. LIME OIL Astringent, antiseptic and non-irritating, this oil is useful in the treatment of acne. LINDEN EXTRACT Linden trees grow in the temperate climates of Europe, Asia and North America. Commonly known as lime, the flower of the plant is the part that is most frequently used in medical preparations. Linden extract is antioxidant rich and helps to soothe irritated skin and reduce inflammation. LITSEA CUBEBA OIL A variety of tropical verbena, this pale yellow essential oil provides antiseptic, disinfectant, insecticidal and stimulating properties as well as an intense lemony fresh scent. back to top M MACADAMIA NUT OIL This rich, fatty oil obtained from the Macadamia nut is a nourishing yet gentle oil that is very effective for moisturizing dry skin. MAGNESIUM SULFATE Epsom salts. This small, white crystal resembling salt is used in soaks and baths to 'draw' toxic substances from the body through the skin. It provides effective relief for sore, tired muscles. MANDARIN PETITGRAIN OIL Petitgrain bigarde. The bitter orange tree that provides the petitgrain essential oil is also the source of bitter orange and neroli oils. Petitgrain is used as a deodorizing agent and is believed to have uplifting aromatherapy properties, as well as the ability to balance the oil in skin . MANGO BUTTER A natural fat obtained from the mango fruit, this butter softens the skin and helps provide non-greasy protection from moisture loss. MARSHMALLOW EXTRACT and LEAF Althaea officinalis. Emollient, softening and soothing, this substance is a good treatment for inflamed, puffy skin. MARULA OIL Rich in antioxidants and oleic acid, this nut oil has been treasured for centuries in Africa as an invaluable skin care treatment. In hair products, the oil absorbs quickly, hydrating hair. Its high content of palmitic acid creates a protective coating to help hair retain moisture, increasing its smoothness, manageability and shine. MENTHOL This natural crystal imparts cooling and antimicrobial properties to preparations. MICA A natural, pearlescent mineral pigment. MORINGA SEED EXTRACT This extract is known as ben oil for its high concentration of behenic acid, this clear, odorless oil comes from seeds of the Moringa tree, which is known as the "Miracle Tree" because of the nutritional value of all its parts (leaves, flowers, fruits, wood, seeds). Due to its high content of proteins, amino acids and vitamins, Moringa seed extract moisturizes and conditions hair, preserves hair cleanliness by inhibiting adhesion of pollution particles and shields against UV damage. MYRRH Commiphora myrrha. Obtained from various trees, especially from East Africa and Arabia, this substance is valued for its fragrant, soothing preserving and antiseptic properties. It was used by the ancients as an ingredient of incense and perfumes and as a remedy for localized skin problems. It can work to heal skin rashes and irritations, and has a revitalizing effect on aging and wrinkled skin. back to top N NEROLI OIL Citrus aurantium. Neroli essential oil is extracted from the flowers of both the sweet and bitter orange trees. Typically, however, it is from the bitter orange tree. The oil is thought to increase circulation and stimulate new cell growth. It can help prevent scarring and stretch marks, as well as calm, soothe and normalize the skin. It has a pleasant and relaxing citrus aroma. NETTLE LEAF EXTRACT Urtica dioica. Obtained from the stinging weed, this extract is rich in minerals and plant hormone and is known for its tonic, astringent and revitalizing properties. The extract stimulates hair growth and adds shine and softness to hair. NONFAT MILK POWDER Defatted cow's milk. Milk has been used for centuries as a natural, soothing skin cleanser and softener. NUTMEG Myristica fragrans. Extracts and oils from the fruit of this evergreen tree are used in perfumery, especially in combination with such other scents such as sandalwood, lavender, patchouli and vetiver, and in spicy aftershave lotions and other types of men's cosmetics. Used as a massage oil to stimulate circulation and to relieve rheumatic pains and achy joints, nutmeg may also be used externally as a gentle stimulant. back to top O OAT OIL Oat oil relieves skin irritations, itching and redness caused by allergies, wind exposure, chafing and other irritants. It has excellent emollient properties, is good for individuals with sensitive skin, and is recommended for use in both infant and geriatric skin care. Oat oil exhibits excellent emolliency and penetrating abilities, provides natural antioxidant activity and improves the elasticity of the skin. OAT PROTEIN Avena sativa. This very special, natural emulsifier blends vegetable oils and vegetable glycerine together. OLIVE OIL Obtained from pressing ripe olives of Olea Europaea, olive oil is greenish-yellow in color and has a strong, somewhat spicy odor. A carrier oil best used with the stronger smelling essential oils such as rosemary or tea tree to mask its inherent odor, it has been used by Mediterranean people for centuries both as a food and as a treatment for damaged, dry hair. This oil soothes, heals and lubricates the skin and is used in many face creams as an emollient with superior penetrating power. ORANGE WAX Derived from orange rinds, this wax is a multifunctional ingredient that possesses antimicrobial, emulsifying, stabilizing and emollient properties. back to top P PANTHENOL Provitamin B5. A biologically active substance that metabolizes vitamin B5, Panthenol is known for its revitalizing and conditioning properties when used on hair and skin. It has humectant-like properties that promote moisture absorption. PATCHOULI OIL Pogostemon cablin. This oil is stimulating when used in small quantities, sedating when used in larger doses. It is antiseptic and is said to have aphrodisiac qualities. The oil is best used for bath or massage, and its scent makes a pleasant cologne. PARSLEY LEAF EXTRACT Petroselinum sativum. Parsley is a source of remarkable nutrition. Rich in vitamin C, provitamin V and chlorophyll, parsley is thought to have antimicrobial, antiseptic and astringent properties that soothe the skin. Parsley essential oil has a sweet, warm spicy scent. PEACH STONE This natural mechanical exfoliant is made from the pit of the peach fruit. PEPPERMINT OIL Mentha piperita. This refreshing, reviving, fragrant oil or extract is derived from the Mediterranean peppermint plant. Peppermint herb is valued for its cooling, pain relieving and antiseptic effect in bath and facial treatments. When prepared in a carrier lotion, it is useful for minor skin irritation and inflammation. Peppermint oil contains menthol, known for its ability to open breathing passages and settle upset stomachs. Peppermint oil is used extensively to flavor candy, chewing gum and toothpaste and, in cosmetics, is used to cleanse and tone. It purifies sluggish skin and pores and is suitable for use on oily skin, acne and blackheads. PEPPERMINT LEAF EXTRACT Mentha piperita. Peppermint leaf has been used for thousands of years as a cleansing and refreshing herb. Derived from the Latin word "mente", meaning "thought", mints are believed to stimulate the brain and are a natural additive for shampoos and other products used during morning skin and hair care regimens. PETITGRAIN OIL Produced from the leaves and twigs of Bitter Orange trees, its name stems from the fact that at one time, the oil was extracted from small under ripe oranges about the size of cherries (little grains). Antiseptic, deodorizing and stimulating with a fresh-floral citrus scent, petitgrain helps balance sebum production, improving acne and reducing oily skin and hair. PHENOXYETHANOL Rose ether. This is a safe anti-bacterial preservative, which protects formulas from microbiological activity. PIMENTO LEAF OIL Pimenta dioica. Commonly known as Allspice, this warm balsamic-spicy fragrant oil offers anesthetic and carminative properties and is often added to massage oils to relieve muscle cramping and spasm. PINE TAR Produced by distillation and applied externally, pine tar is used extensively in the treatment of skin afflictions because it is soothing and antiseptic. PLANTAIN LEAF EXTRACT Extract from the broad-leafed plantain, this slightly astringent extract is actually very healing, cooling and soothing to the skin. POLYSORBATE 60 An emulsifying compound produced by the reaction of stearic acid and sorbitol, a naturally occurring sweetener, this substance originally was derived from the mountain sorberry and is found primarily in fruits and berries. POMEGRANATE EXTRACT Pomegranate fruit extract, from the tree Punica granatum, contains several polyphenols and anthocyanidins (pigment that gives certain fruits their dark red colors), which are highly antioxidant, protecting hair and skin from environmental stress. POPPY SEEDS The seeds of the poppy plant are alkaloid-free and safe for all culinary purposes. They are used in Ayurvedic medicine for digestive problems. Used topically, the seeds provide gentle skin exfoliation. back to top Q QUILLAJA Derived from the Chilean endemic tree Quillaja saponaria, this substance is used as a natural soap, cleanser and foaming agent and contains antioxidants and proteins. back to top R RASPBERRY & STRAWBERRY EXTRACT This berry complex is full of antioxidants that shield hair from harmful environmental elements such as sun and pollution. RETINYL PALMITATE (Vitamin A) A stable form of vitamin A that acts as a skin normalizer, this nutrient helps remind the cells of what they "did" when they were young. It nourishes the skin when applied topically. RICE FLOUR This highly absorbent product derived from ground rice absorbs both moisture and oils. RICE BRAN WAX This highly absorbent product derived from ground rice absorbs both moisture and oils. RICEGRASS EXTRACT This extract has one of the highest rates of metabolism and is subject to high doses of UV. It produces higher than normal levels of antioxidants and photoprotectants. ROSEBUDS Obtained from the dried plants of Rosa centifolia, this natural ingredient has same sweet fragrance as rose oil, but to a much lesser degree. ROSEHIPS SEED OIL Rosa canina. The rosehips or "false fruit" that remains after the red rose has died are extremely rich in vitamins A, C, B, B2, E, K and P, as well as iron and copper compounds. The emollient and astringent properties of this oil moisturize and hydrate the skin. It is thought that rosehips oil helps to protect the skin from capillary damage by helping to strengthen, firm and tone the skin. ROSE OIL This oil has soothing, gentle cleansing properties that have a softening and refining effect on skin. It is antiseptic and mildly astringent for dry or chapped skin, helping to restore pH, and is excellent for use on all skin types. ROSE WATER Produced by the distillation of the fresh flowers as well as the distillation of the essential oil of roses, rose water is mildly astringent and soothing to dry skin. ROSEMARY OIL Rosmarinus officinalis. Rosemary is an aromatic shrub with scaly bark and leathery, needle-like leaves yielding a pungent pine-like aroma with a woody, camphor note. Its oil has been used for centuries as a physical and mental stimulant and an astringent healer treating muscle soreness. It stimulates cell renewal and, in beauty products, is used to clear acne and blemishes, improve circulation and can reduce the appearance of broken capillaries and varicose veins. Rosemary has a long history as an ingredient in hair care, as it normalizes excessive oil secretions and improves most scalp problems, notably dandruff, as well as conditioning the scalp and stimulating hair growth. ROYAL JELLY Very nourishing, royal jelly is made of nectar, pollen, flower parts, vitamins, minerals, bee hormones and other natural ingredients. It is a very precious, mysterious substance that honeybees produce and feed to only select young bees, which in turn become mature and fertile queen bees. The queen bee lives 40 times longer than her worker bees. back to top S SAGE Salvia officinalis. A natural antioxidant, the leaves of the small evergreen perennial are used for their tonic, astringent and soothing properties. Sage oils, obtained by steam distillation of the plant's leaves, are used as a fragrant component in lotions. Arabs believe sage prevents dying, while the Chinese used to brew sage leaves instead of tea to obtain a soothing, relaxing beverage. SANDALWOOD OIL Santalum album. This rich, luxurious, fragrant oil is one of the oldest known perfume materials, with at least 4,000 years of uninterrupted use. Sandalwood helps reduce tension and anxiety and is moisturizing to dry skin and hair. It is believed to be an antidepressant, expectorant and aphrodisiac. SD ALCOHOL Distilled from corn, this alcohol is a natural, evaporating cleanser. It is Specially Denatured (SD) according to U.S. Codes of Federal Regulations. Denaturing makes the alcohol undrinkable. SEA SALT This concentrated mineral salt from the sea softens skin and acts as a detoxifying cleanser that draws impurities out of the body through the skin. SESAME SEED OIL The edible seeds of the East Indian sesame plant yield a pale yellow oil, which is an excellent skin softener. It aids in the treatment of psoriasis and eczema, and is excellent for all skin types. SHEA BUTTER This natural fat obtained from the fruit of the karite tree is a valuable, nourishing addition to moisturizers for the reduction of wrinkles and to improve the elasticity of the skin and protect it against environmental aging. Shea butter is known to increase local capillary circulation, which in turn increases tissue re-oxygenation. SILICA The most common constituent of sand, generally fine particles of quartz, silica is used to thicken and stabilize formulas. SLIPPERY ELM BARK Obtained from the inner bark of Ulmus fulv, the North American Elm tree, this substance is used for its soothing and softening properties. It is effective in damp, moist areas such as a baby's bottom to soothe, coat and calm the skin. SODIUM BICARBONATE Baking soda. This natural, alkaline salt crystal is a very effective cleansing agent, yet is mild to the hair and skin. It is also extremely absorbent of odors. SODIUM BORATE Natural borax. This hard, odorless salt powder is combined with beeswax to form stable emulsions in creams and lotions. It is also used as a pH adjuster and a gentle antiseptic. SODIUM CITRATE This Alpha Hydroxy Acid salt naturally adjusts pH. SODIUM CHLORIDE This concentrated mineral salt from the sea softens skin and acts as a detoxifying cleanser that draws impurities out of the body through the skin. SOY AMINO ACID Amino acids are the building block of proteins. This one, derived from soybeans, helps repair and strengthen the hair by coating individual hair shafts, providing strength, conditioning and improving volume. SOY PROTEIN Derived from defatted soy flakes, soy protein offers a rich penetrating blend of protein, B vitamins and essential minerals that nourish and moisturize the skin and hair. SOYBEAN OIL Extracted from soybeans, this oil is high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids and vitamin E. Soybean oil exhibits excellent emolliency, helps with cell renewal and improves skin's appearance and health. SPEARMINT OIL This natural mint flavor imparts taste and antimicrobial properties to oral care products. STEARIC ACID (Vegetable Fat) When a vegetable oil molecule is split in half, glycerin and fatty acids are the result. These fatty acids are reacted with borax (a natural salt) to produce a natural emulsifier. Emulsifiers enable oils to be dispersed throughout a water base to form a cream or lotion that does not separate. STONEROOT EXTRACT This member of the mint family soothes skin and provides anti-itch properties. In combination with ricegrass and wheatgrass, it has proven to protect against UV irradiation of the skin, increase skin hydration, increase skin firmness and reduce skin redness. SUCROSE Sugar. This crystalline disaccharide is obtained from sugar cane, sugar beet and sorghum and forms the greater part of maple sugar. SUCROSE COCOATE A combination of sugar and coconut oil, this nearly natural cleanser gently foams away dirt and oil. A GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe by the U.S. Government) compound, it is one of the safest cleansers available. SUCROSE ESTER This sugar-based emulsifier prepared from natural and renewable resources has high biocompatibility and excellent biodegradability. SUCROSE LAURATE This sugar ester made from a combination of sugar and coconut oil acts as an emulsifier. SUCROSE STEARATE & DISTEARATE This natural sugar emulsifier/moisturizer is used to emulsify and stabilize formulas. The sugar is processed with vegetable oil to strengthen the emulsifying characteristics of the substance. SUGAR CANE EXTRACT The juicy pulp of the sugar cane plant, this substance works as a natural Alpha Hydroxy Acid. SUGAR MAPLE EXTRACT Derived from the Sugar Maple tree, this extract works as a natural Alpha Hydroxy Acid. SUNFLOWER OIL Helianthus annuus. This oil is an excellent nutritious food for the body and skin. Sunflower oil is especially useful for oily skin. The flower's petals are used as an ingredient in herbal hair rinses, especially for blond or lightcolored hair. SWEET ALMOND OIL Prunus amygdalus. Cold pressed from the dried kernels of the almond tree, this medium-weight oil is rich in olein glyceride oleic and linoleic acid, proteins and vitamin D, and is excellent for the skin and nails. It is an outstanding emollient known for its ability to soften and re-condition skin and help balance skin's moisture loss and absorption. It soothes dry skin and irritated areas and is extremely nourishing, particularly when used regularly. SWEET ORANGE OIL Citrus aurantium dulcis. This oil is obtained by expressing the peel of the fruit from the orange tree, which has a sweet pulp with no bitter membrane. About 800 oranges yield one pound of orange oil. Valued for its zesty and refreshing, sweet yet tart aroma, orange oil reduces puffiness and discourages dryness and wrinkles. Both the oil and the peel are used to stimulate circulation, clear blemishes and increase perspiration, thus assisting the release of toxins from dull or blemished skin. The peel is used as a natural exfoliator. back to top T TANGERINE OIL Similar to the oil of the Chinese Mandarin orange, this oil is cold expressed from the outer peel of the tangerine fruit. It has a sweet, orange-like scent and antiseptic, digestive and stimulant properties. Traditionally used for its digestive qualities, today it is more commonly used to relieve stress, nervous tension and insomnia. Topical uses include treatment for acne, oily skin, scar healing and toner. TAPIOCA When included in Kaolin clay formulas, this absorbent yet moisturizing powder helps calm the skin and reduce redness, leaving it soft and hydrated. It also increases cushion in skin care formulas and provides a smoother consistency than cornstarch. TARRAGON OIL This oil is commonly used as a scent. As an aromatherapy agent, it is stabilizing calming and normalizing. TEA TREE OIL Melaleuca alternifolia. The aboriginal people of Australia have long used Tea tree oil as an antiseptic. The oil is best known for its antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. It can help to fight all three categories of infectious organisms (bacteria, fungi and viruses). For skin and hair, Tea tree has been used to combat acne, oily skin, head lice and dandruff. The oil has a fresh, characteristic mint and spice back-notes aroma. THYME OIL This oil is commonly used as a scent. As an aromatherapy agent, red thyme oil is cleansing and purifying, while white thyme oil is stabilizing, energizing and strengthening. TITANIUM DIOXIDE Occurring naturally as the mineral rutile, this substance is used chiefly as a white pigment and as an opacifier. It reflects light, so (when identified as such) can be considered a natural sun block. TOCOPHEROL (D-Alpha) Vitamin E. Found in vegetable oils, including soy, this natural antioxidant, guards against rancidity in oils. It is valued for its soothing, regenerating properties. D-Alpha Tocopherol is natural vitamin E. DL-Alpha Tocopherol is synthetic. TOCOPHERYL ACETATE The ester of Tocopherol and acetic acid (vinegar) form of vitamin E , this stabilized version of Tocopherol helps protect the skin. '' TOMATO EXTRACT and POWDER Purifying to the skin, naturally acidic tomato extract also helps balance the PH of the skin. back to top V VANILLA EXTRACT Orchidaceae. From the tropical epiphytic orchi, this extract is principally used in commercial flavorings and cosmetics. VANILLIN OIL This oil is commonly used as a scent. As an aromatherapy agent, it is calming, consoling and soothing. VEGETABLE GLYCERIN This sweet-tasting, colorless, sticky fluid, usually a by-product of soap-making that draws moisture to the skin. VEGETABLE OIL This oil is used to dilute essential oils, which are very concentrated and cannot be used directly on skin. Extracted from nuts, kernels and seeds, vegetable oils are also used extensively as emollients. VEGETABLE PROTEIN Protein derived from vegetables provides moisturizing benefits for both hair and scalp and helps re-nourish hair follicles to add volume. VEGETABLE SOAP Made from earth alkalies and vegetable oil and used by mankind for thousands of years, natural vegetable soaps are the oldest most trusted cleansers. VINEGAR Pyrus alus. This sour, sharp-tasting liquid containing natural, acetic acid is produced from the fermentation of the juice of various fruits or berries, or from honey, molasses, or even cereal grains as in malt vinegars. Cosmetic vinegars, also called toilet vinegars, have been used as complexion aids for centuries. Vinegar closes pores and preserves or restores the skin's natural acidity (pH balance). It keeps both oily and dry complexions soft and fresh and can combat the ravages of alkaline soaps and make up. back to top W WHEAT GERM OIL Triticum vulgare. Thick, dark, fragrant oil expressed from the wheat germ-the seed of the wheat grain. This oil is very high in vitamins, particularly Vitamin E, carotene and lecithin. Its high Vitamin E content acts as an antioxidant and preservative. Wheat germ oil is added to some cosmetics to keep the product from turning rancid. WHEAT GRASS EXTRACT Extracted from young plants of Lophophyrom elongatum, this juice or powder possesses high levels of chlorophyll, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and enzymes. WHEAT PROTEIN Protein derived from wheat provides moisturizing benefits for both hair and scalp. and helps re-nourish hair follicles to add volume. WHITE FRENCH CLAY Finely textured, light colored, Kaolin clay. Its excellent absorbent, tightening and toning properties make it valuable for face masks. WILD LETTUCE POWDER Succulent wild lettuce is fresh dried and gently ground to a powdered form that is nutritionally rich yet mild to the skin and has soothing, cooling and purifying skin properties. WILLOWBARK EXTRACT This extract contains natural Beta Hydroxy Acids, which work as a natural skin exfoliants to help unplug follicles and pores. WILLOW LEAF EXTRACT This extract contains natural salicylic acid, which acts as a keratolytic agent. As such, it accelerates the sloughing of dead skin cells, helping eliminate scales and flakes on the scalp and removing dandruff. WITCH HAZEL Hamamelis virginiana. Witch hazel is a liquid extraction from the leaves or bark of this plant, which is native to Eastern North America. It containss water and alcohol and can be used externally on inflammations and bruises and as an astringent. back to top X XANTHAN GUM A natural sugar polymer found on the foliage of leafy green plants, this edible, food-grade substance is anatural thickener often used to thicken ice cream and salad dressing, as well as natural cosmetics. back to top Y YARROW EXTRACT Achillea millefolium. This extract is derived from the leaf and flower of the Yarrow, a strongly scented, spicy, wild herb used in astringents and shampoos. Infused with almond and olive oils, Yarrow is valued for its cleansing, toning, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. It is one of the best-known herbal remedies for fevers. Like all sweat inducing remedies, Yarrow encourages blood flow to the skin and this helps to lower blood pressure. It adds sheen and body to hair when used in hair care products. YLANG YLANG OIL Cananga odorata. This oil is used in soap making and as a blender in perfumery. It has an intensely sweet, soft, floral, balsamic and slightly spicy scent. YUCCA SCHIDIGERA EXTRACT This natural foaming extract derived from the Yucca shrub contains saponins that help the body reduce inflammation and soothe the skin. back to top Z ZINC OXIDE This natural mineral works as one of 'nature's most effective skin protectants, providing a natural block or barrier to wetness and moisture, as well as to the sun's rays.