PHIRE – Public Health Innovation & Research in Europe
REPORT
National Public Health Research Calls and Programmes in 2010
WP5 Demonstrating national innovation and research
September 2012
EUPHA
European Public Health Association
P.O. Box 1568
3500 BN Utrecht
The Netherlands
This report has been compiled by Work Package 5 partners:
Cláudia Conceição –School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Portugal;
Marvic Sammut – Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care, Malta (MHEC);
Amanda Saliba – Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care, Malta (MHEC);
Zuzana Katreniakova – Slovak Public Health Association (SAVEZ);
Olivier Grimaud – French School of Public Health (EHESP);
Laura Narkauskaitė – Lithuanian Institute of Hygiene (LIH);
And
Floris Barnhoorn – European Public Health Association (EUPHA)
Mark McCarthy – Faculty of Public Health (UKFPH)
This publication arises from the project ‘PHIRE - Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe’,
Agreement Number 2009 12 14, which has received funding from the European Union, in the
framework of the Health Programme.
PHIRE is implemented from 1 September 2010 until 28 February 2013.
The project is coordinated by the European Public Health Association (EUPHA). Associated
partners are School of Public Health (EHESP), France; Faculty of Public Health (FPH), United
Kingdom; Institute of Hygiene (LIH), Lithuania; Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Ministry of Health,
the Elderly and Community Care (MHEC), Malta; Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research
(NIVEL), the Netherlands; Slovak Public Health Association (SAVEZ), Slovakia.
2
Contents
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 5
PHIRE, Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe ........................................................ 5
Work package 5, Demonstrating national innovation and research ........................................ 5
MATERIAL AND METHODS ............................................................................................................ 7
RESULTS ....................................................................................................................................... 13
Thematic areas of public health research (research fields) which were financed through
national programmes and calls in 2010 .................................................................................. 15
Establishing contacts and collaboration with National Public Health Associations................ 19
DISCUSSION ................................................................................................................................. 20
CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................... 22
Appendix 1 - Distribution of the countries by partners .............................................................. 53
Appendix 2 - 1st phase WP5 letter sent by email to National Public Health Associations’contacts
or other national contacts........................................................................................................... 54
Appendix 3 - Form ....................................................................................................................... 56
Appendix 4 - Email and letter from EUPHA office and president about PHIRE 1st phase WP5 .. 61
Appendix 5 - Letter from EUPHA president to National Public Health Associations .................. 62
Appendix 6 - PHIRE summary sent to National Public Health Associations ................................ 64
Appendix 7 – Second email from EUPHA office and president to National Public Health
Associations................................................................................................................................. 65
Appendix 8 – Second letter from EUPHA president to National Public Health Associations ..... 66
Appendix 9 - Form with answers................................................................................................. 67
Appendix 11 - PHIRE Supplemental Information – Ireland ......................................................... 71
3
List of Boxes
Box 1 - Summary of activities carried by PHIRE management committee and WP5 coordination
to design and conduct the 1st phase WP5.
Box 2 – Definition of Public Health Research sent as reference.
List of tables
Table 1 - WP5 first phase, summary of contacts between regional coordinators and National
Public Health Associations and Country informants and type of organization from final
respondent.
Table 2 - Countries with or without calls or programmes on public health research opened in
2010.
Table 3 - Number of calls included by country.
Table 4 - Number of calls or programmes by areas of research.
Table 5 - Number of calls or programmes by main areas of research financed in 2010, total and
without France and the United Kingdom.
Table 6 - Open calls or programmes in public health research opened in 2010, by country, code
of call, commissioning agency and objectives
Table 7 - Calls or programmes in methods in public health research opened in 2010, by
country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Table 8 - Calls or programmes on cancer (Public health research / Disease control / Noncommunicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning
agency and objectives.
Table 9 - Calls or programmes on mental health (Public health research / Disease control /
Non-communicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning
agency and objectives.
Table 10 - Calls or programmes on non-specified and other non-communicable chronic
diseases (Public health research / Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases)
opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives
Table 11 - Calls or programmes on other or non-specified diseases (Public health research /
Disease control) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and
objectives.
Table 12 - Calls or programmes on communicable Disease (Public health research / Disease
control) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Table 13 - Calls or programmes on environmental and occupational health (Public health
research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency
and objectives (to be continued).
Table 14 - Calls or programmes on Health promotion, in general (Public health research /
Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and
objectives (to be continued).
Table 15 - Calls or programmes on health services, statistics, information, screening,
organization (Public health research / Health services) opened in 2010, by country, code of call,
commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Table 16 - Calls or programmes on other health services (Public health research / Health
services) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Table 17 - Call or program on youth (Public health research / Target groups) opened in 2010,
by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Table 18 - Call or program on ageing (Public health research / Target groups) opened in 2010,
by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Table 19 – Additional information provided by countries, summary.
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries.
4
INTRODUCTION
PHIRE, Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe
PHIRE (Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe) is a collaborative action between
EUPHA members and its general objective is to contribute to the improvement of public health
knowledge and practice across the European Union by assessing the impact and uptake of the
first Public Health Programme (PHP) and structuring information on public health research.
PHIRE seeks to explore uptake of knowledge from public health actions funded under the first
PHP at national level across Europe; develop a resource base bringing together national public
health research at European level; assess the impact of the public health programme and
propose recommendations for improved effectiveness of current and future health
programmes.
During 2011, PHIRE activities were mainly developed by two work packages 4 and 5. The
specific objectives for WP4 were to identify and characterize eight ‘tracer projects’ developed
within the first Public Health Programme (PHP). The projects were selected in relation to their
applicability across European countries and for their innovative character. The aim was to
assess dissemination and uptake of the results across the 30 European Economic Area (EEA)
countries to determine national and regional impact on public health actions. The work was
undertaken in close cooperation with the EUPHA Section leads1. An independent report will be
produced.
Work package 5, Demonstrating national innovation and research
The Work package 5 was designed, through collaboration of EUPHA's member national
associations, to present national and comparative data on public health research and
innovation across Europe.
1
Seven EUPHA Sections decided to take part in PHIRE: Public health epidemiology, Food and nutrition,
Urban public health, Public mental health, Environment related diseases, Injury prevention & safety
promotion, and Chronic diseases.
5
It was led by a Work Package Coordinator together with four PHIRE partners. Each of these
four PHIRE partners worked with 7-8 national associations in geographical sectors of Europe
(Appendix 1).
Two sets of data were gained from National Public Health Associations:
i) In the first year, information describing national public health research calls and
programmes was collected;
ii) In the second year, national summary reports were compiled based on public health
innovation and research drawn from the investigations by the 7 EUPHA section
informants (obtained during 2011, with WP4).
This report concerns the first year of the project (2011). The specific objectives of this 1st
phase of WP5 were:

To describe thematic areas of public health research (research fields) which are
currently being financed through national programmes and calls;

Establish contacts and collaboration with National Public Health Associations.
6
MATERIAL AND METHODS
To fulfil the objectives, a set of activities and tools were developed. Box 1 lists the main
meetings during which the study was designed and implementation was followed up.
Box 1 - Summary of activities carried by PHIRE management committee and WP5
coordination to design and conduct the 1st phase WP5
 Management committee meeting, Utrecht 30 September and 1st October 2010

Work Package 5 Coordination Meeting on the 11th Nov 2010 in Amsterdam, during
EUPHA annual conference

Telephone conference 31st January 2011, from Paris with summary of main resolutions)

Work Package 5 Coordination Meeting on the 3rd May 2011 in Brussels

Participation on the meeting of WP 4 section leads (Cláudia Conceição, Denmark, 4th June
2011)

Management Committee Meeting, Utrecht 22 September and 23 September 2011
The main instrument developed to collect information on public health research programmes
and calls was a form. The form drew on lessons learned with the preparation of country
profiles in STEPS’ (Strengthening Engagement in public health research, www.steps-ph.eu).
According to limitations of time and the knowledge of the variability on the amount of calls on
public health research, it was decided that the survey would be limited to programmes and
calls on public health research opened during 2010.
A first version of the form was piloted during December in each of the countries of the regional
coordinators (France, Lithuania, Malta and Slovakia). The final version was ready after the
telephone conference in January 2011.
The form was to be completed for each call or programme on public health research identified
in the country. The definition of public health research, to be used as reference by the National
Public Health Association is shown in Box 2 and Appendix 2.
7
Box 2 – Definition of public health research sent as reference
Definition of public health research used on SPHERE*
Public-health research operates at a complex level between scientists, individuals and society.
And the issues that public-health research addresses – how to improve the health of the
population, and how to ensure the effective and efficient organisation of health care – are of
direct concern to governments themselves. For SPHERE, the following definition of public
health research, which gave a broad meaning, was used:
"Public-health research refers to the organized quest for new knowledge to protect, promote
and improve people's health. It:
• is undertaken at population or health services level, in contrast to laboratory
(cellular) or clinical (individual)
health research;
• differs from public-health practice (which also uses scientific methods), as it is
designed to obtain generalizable knowledge rather than to address specific
programmes for service delivery;
• is usually goal-oriented, addressing questions of policy relevance, and may be
published in either academic journals or reports; and
• uses a range of observational methods, including surveys, registers, data sets, case
studies and statistical modelling, and draws on disciplines including epidemiology,
sociology, psychology and economics, and interdisciplinary fields of environmental
health, health promotion, disease prevention, health-care management, healthservices research and health-systems research."
(BMC Public Health 2009, 9:203 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-203)
* SPHERE, Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe, http://www.ucl.ac.uk/publichealth/sphere
The form (Appendix 3) covered four main areas:
A - Identification of the funding thematic program or call for research projects;
B - Description of the program/call;
C - Funding and duration of the program/call;
D - Eligibility criteria and other conditions to obtain funding.
8
The strategy to launch the first phase WP5 was as follow:

A first email was sent to EUPHA Governing Council members from EUPHA office on the
first February 2011 (Appendix 4). This email asked each National Public Health
Association to designate a responsible person to collaborate with PHIRE. It included:
o
a letter from EUPHA President regarding PHIRE (PHIRE had already been
presented at the annual Governing Council meeting in November 2010). The
EUPHA President also introduced the Regional coordinators who would send
the forms and asked for collaboration from the National Public Health
Associations (Appendix 5);
o

a summary on PHIRE (Appendix 6)
Emails and phone calls from regional coordinators followed until November 2011
(Table 1 )

Second email to EUPHA members from EUPHA office on the 14 April 2011 (Appendix 7)
with the following attachments:
o
Second letter from EUPHA President acknowledging contributions received
and again reminding National Public Health Associations about PHIRE
(Appendix 8);
o
Summary on PHIRE (Appendix 6)
The strategies to obtain collaboration from National Public Health Associations were further
discussed in May (Box 1). The general strategy followed by regional coordinators included the
following steps:

Address initial email to National Public Health Associations’contact given by EUPHA
office;

Offer to contact by telephone (ask for a time, date and number to establish the
contact);

Ask the National Public Health Associations first contact to suggest another person to
be contacted if the first contact was unable to provide information (to use even if the
contact does not belong to the National Public Health Associations);

Offer assistance in organizing the information and fulfilling the forms

If no answer, use other contacts of the same National Public Health Associations (to be
asked for from EUPHA office);

If still no answer, use contacts outside National Public Health Associations.
9
Contacts made and final respondents are presented on Table 1. A total of more than 242
emails were sent and 60 phone calls were made. The results were received until the end of
November 2011.
Table 1 - WP5 first phase, summary of contacts between regional coordinators and National
Public Health Associations and Country informants and type of organization from final
respondent
E - mails
Sent
Received
2
1
5
11
10
10
5
10
6
5
3
28 Apr 11
22 Jun 11
29 Apr 11
Organization
of
final
respondent
/key
informants
NPHA
NPHA
University
9 Feb 11
4
11
5
-
-
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y (3)
N
Y(2)
Y
N
Y
Y
Y
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
10 Feb 11
10 Feb 11
11 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
2 Apr 11
23 Feb 11
11 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
20 May 11
11 Feb 11
2 Apr 11
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
11 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
11 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
10 Feb 11
4
4
4
1
3
6
1
3
1
1
4
7
3
5
1
6
13
6
1
14
6
6
6
2
6
7
4
10
1
9
8
14
11
6
1
10
23
8
12
1
2
1
1
5
1
3
1
4
3
2
1
4
6
7
2
3
1
2
10
6
4
8 Sep 11
7 Jun 11
18 May 11
9 Sep 11
22 Apr 11
1 Nov 11
14 Mar 11
26 May 11
19 Jul 11
15 Apr 11
19 Jan 11
Nov 11
17 Aug. 11
6 Oct 11
15 Jul 11
26 Jul 11
5 Apr 11
30 Oct 11
27 Jul 11
10 May 11
19 Sep 11
WP5
NPHA
NPHA + WP5
NPHA + WP5
MoH
NPHA + WP5
MoH + HRA
NPHA
NPHA
WP5
NPHA
HRA
NPHA + WP5
NPHA + WP5
NPHA
NPHA
NPHA
NPHA
HRA
NPHA
NPHA + WP5
Y(2)
2 Apr 11
-
5
4
19 Aug 11
NPHA
60
242
103
Country
NPHA
Date
of
first
contact
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech
Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United
Kingdom
TOTAL
Y
Y
Y(2)
N
9 Feb 11
10 Feb 11
9 Feb 11
11 Feb 11
Y
Number
of phone
calls
Date
of
reception
of answers
Notes: NPHA – National Public Health Association; Y – yes; N – no; (number of NPHA when
more than one); MoH - Ministry of Health; WP5 – work package 5; HRA - Health research agency
10
Definition of calls and programmes to include
The WP partners sent a definition of Public Health Research (Box 2 and Appendix 2) to National
Public Health Associations or country key informants (Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, and
Luxembourg). The submitted material was sometimes discussed with respondents and also
moderated by the work package or project coordinators. A further revision for internal
consistency was performed during the preparation of this report, and at this stage the
decisions were taken by consensus or majority of authors.
Classification of themes
To organise thematic areas financed through competitive financing (programmes and calls)
some classifications were explored2 but none matched the needs of this project.
A new typology was therefore developed by the WP partners. An initial proposal was applied
to the existing reported calls and programmes. It was revised twice, and a final classification
was agreed.
Some general rules guided the process of thematic organization of the calls /programmes:

the main objective was not to create a taxonomy on public health research but to
classify the calls collected;

all the items included on the classification created had, at least, one call. This means
that even if a category would be logical, if no call existed, it wouldn’t be included;
2
UK Clinical Research Collaboration. Health Research Classification System. January 2009
http://www.hrcsonline.net/sites/default/files/HRCS_Document.pdf, last accessed April 2012;
RICHE (Research into Child Health in Europe) Taxonomies of Child Health Research. Draft Discussion
Document – Version 1 - 6 April 2010. Available at: http://www.childhealthresearch.eu/aboutus/inventory-of-research/taxonomy-discussion-paper/view, last assessed in September 2011;
Bauer G, Davies JK, Pelikan J on behalf of the Euhpid Theory Working Group and The Euhpid Consortium.
The EUHPID Health Development Model for the classification of public health indicators. Health Promot.
Int. (2006) 21 (2): 153-159. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dak002;
Jorm L., Gruszin S., Churches T. A multidimensional classification of public health activity in Australia.
http://www.anzhealthpolicy.com/content/pdf/1743-8462-6-9.pdf;
Public Health Classifications Project. http://www.nphp.gov.au/workprog/phi/index.htm;
Public Health Classifications Project - Phase One: Final Report . Report to the National Public Health
Partnership. December 2005.
http://www.publichealth.gov.au/pdf/reports_papers/technical%20papers/ph_classifications_report_ph
ase01.pdf;
Public Health Classifications Project – Determinants of Health. Phase Two: Final Report. NSW
Department of Health. December 2010.
http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2010/pdf/public_health_classifications_project.pdf;
McCarthy M, Harvey G, Conceição C, La Torre G, Gulis G. Comparing public health research priorities in
Europe.Health Research Policy and Systems 2009, 7:17.
11

as a call might include many aspects, a main “entry point” of that research should be
chosen and then classified accordingly. This means that a call/program is included in
only one category.
The classification process took place by email, where reasons for disagreement on others
‘classifications was offered and positions changed. During the Management committee that
took place in June 2012 and during revision of earlier versions of this report, further revisions
of the classification were made.
12
RESULTS
Of the 30 countries included, we obtained answers from 25, and of these 16 had at least one
calls or program on public health research announced in 2010 whilst nine did not find
information on calls or programmes opened in the same period (Table 2).
Table 2 - Countries with or without calls or programmes on public health research opened in
2010.
No calls on public health research
Calls on public health research
announced in 2010
announced in 2010
Bulgaria
Belgium
Cyprus
Denmark
Greece
Finland
Latvia
France
Malta
Germany
Poland
Iceland
Portugal
Ireland
Slovakia
Italy
Slovenia
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Note: No answers received from: Austria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary and Luxembourg.
The number of calls or programmes on public health research opened in 2010 and financed by
the main national commissioners is shown in Table 3. While the median value is two calls or
programmes per country, France and United Kingdom described 41 calls, more than 50% of
the total.
13
Table 3 - Number of calls included by country
Country
Belgium
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Total
Number of
forms/calls
3
5
2
27
5
1
1
1
2
6
3
1
1
2
1
14
75
We have previously worked with country respondents, using phone calls and emails to build
knowledge on public health research systems3, and recognise that the final information
obtained may not be complete. Only France had an organized database to record calls or
programmes on public health research across a full range of commissioning organisations. The
data are collected by IReSP (French Institute for Public Health Research) within the national
medical research institute (INSERM) and distributed with the collaboration of the French
Society of Public Health.
Aspects of bias that may be present in these results are:
1. Reporting. The extent of informants’ knowledge of, and engagement in, systems of public
health research differ in European countries to an unknown degree.
2. Country systems. Larger countries tend to organise research calls separately, while smaller
countries may make a single overall call for research. For a smaller country, the opportunity (in
principle) for public health research may exist within a broader call.
3
STEPS report: Public Health Research –Europe’s Future, available at http://www.steps-ph.eu/wpcontent/uploads/STEPS_Report.pdf; Country ‘profiles: http://www.steps-ph.eu/country-researchprofiles/; Conceição C, McCarthy M. Public health research systems in the European Union. Health
Research Policy and Systems 2011, 9:38.
14
3. In some countries, research is supported through the traditional method of institutional
grants (negotiated directly between institution and government department), rather than
through the competitive calls and programmes recorded by this WP.
4. Only one year was chosen, and in some countries calls for research are not made every year.
Moreover, 2010 was a particularly difficult budget year.
Thematic areas of public health research (research fields) which were
financed through national programmes and calls in 2010
Tables 4 and 5 summarise the number of calls/ programmes in each thematic area in total and
without France and United Kingdom. Tables 6-18 (page xx) information obtained on
commissioning agency and objectives of calls and programmes.
Table 4 - Number of calls or programmes by areas of research.
Open calls / All public health
Thematic areas of public health research
Disease control
Health promotion
Health services
Methods
Target groups
Noncommunicable
chronic diseases
Cancer
Mental health
Non-specified and other
non-communicable
chronic diseases
Other or non-specified diseases
Communicable Disease
Environmental, occupational
Health promotion (general)
Health services, statistics, information,
screening, organization
Other
Epidemiology, social sciences, other
Youth
Ageing
Number of
calls/programmes
11
Number of
calls/programmes
7
3
8
3
4
11
8
12
2
4
1
1
15
Table 5 - Number of calls or programmes by main areas of research financed in 2010, total
and without France and the United Kingdom.
Total
Open calls / All public health
Thematic areas of public health
research
Disease control
Health promotion
Health services
Methods
(Epidemiology, social
sciences, other)
Target groups (Youth,
Ageing)
Total
Number of
calls/programmes
11
% of calls/
programmes
15
64
Without France and United
Kingdom
Number of
% of calls/
calls/programmes programmes
6
18
28
85
82
25
19
14
33
25
19
10
9
7
29
26
21
4
5
2
6
2
3
0
0
75
100
34
100
Many countries have open calls on “health” research (Table 19). However we were looking for
specific programmes for Public Health Research areas. Some countries do also have open calls
on public health research (details on these calls on Tables 6-18). The countries where we could
find these generic calls on public health research in 2010 were: France, Ireland, Lithuania,
Norway, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom.
The area with the most calls or programmes was “Disease control” (total of 25 calls with 18 on
non-communicable chronic diseases) concerned with specific diseases, their prevention and
health services control of the problem. The second most frequent area was “Health
promotion” with research on generic determinants of health, especially environment and
social. The third area with more calls was “health services”, including information systems,
organization of services and effectiveness of interventions. A small group of calls was on
development of methodologies of research (Belgium, France, Netherlands and United
Kingdom). Finally two calls were classified on an approach by target age group: research on
ageing and on youth.
Appendix 9 provides complementary information provided in forms. In general, calls did not
have target groups in terms of age group or sex. Also calls or programmes were not specifically
directed to disciplines as epidemiology, economics or biostatistics.
The total amount available for each program or call was from a minimum of € 135.000 (one of
the calls from Belgium) to a maximum of € 101 million (Italy). The maximum funding available
16
for each project was from € 3.000 (Iceland) to € 21 million (one of the calls from Sweden).
However this could be assigned to projects from 10 months (one of one project from France 5)
until 10 years duration (one programme from France). However, in many call or programmes,
this funding was available for broad research areas and the proportion of funding for public
health research was not known (see content of call or programmes, Tables 6-18).
When reported for (32 calls/programmes), the nationality of the research team had to be
national in 19 and could involve foreigners in 13. When further explanation was provided, the
involvement of foreigners meant that: i) foreigners could be from EU countries with no further
explanation (three calls, Denmark); ii) foreigners could be involved if initiative, coordination or
collaboration was from a national team (three calls, France); iii) foreigners are allowed if no
national expertise is available (two calls, United Kingdom); iv) international teams are allowed
but only the national part will be financed by the call/ program (one call, Ireland); v) foreigners
are allowed if working in the country (one call, United Kingdom).
In general the potential beneficiaries of the competitive grant were public institutions. In all
cases where private institutions could apply (36) also public ones also could (50).
Tables 6-18 provides information obtained on calls or programmes on public health research
opened in 2010, organized by theme of research, country, code of call, commissioning agency
and objectives.
Although some countries did not open specific calls or programmes on public health research
some valuable information and comments were provided. Some further information was
provided on:

calls or programmes on public health research but without the time range established
for this research (2010) or without information available on dates where calls were
opened;

other mechanism for support of public health research in the country;

calls or programmes that were not earmarked for public health research, nor included
in the objectives aspects of public health research, but where PH projects could be
eligible. In this group it is frequent to find broader calls on “health” or “medical
sciences”.
This information is summarized on Table 20 and more detailed information is provided on
Appendix 10 and 11. In this table and appendix it is also included information on programmes
17
and calls provided by respondents but not considered (either by researchers or researchers
and respondents) as calls or programmes in public health research.
Table 19 – Additional information provided by countries, summary.
Country / code of call or
programme
(details in Table20)
Type of additional information
Calls or programmes on public
health research
Opened before or after 2010;
With no available information
on date to apply for
Funding research centres
Information on public health
research support but through
other mechanisms than calls or
programmes
Funding Scholarship
programmes (e.g. PhD Scholars
in health services research);
Awards
Support to infrastructure
development
Calls on broader area as
“health”
Calls or programmes not
considered on public health
research themes
Other
Cyprus
Germany b)
Poland
Greece a)
Ireland
Ireland
Malta
Portugal
Ireland
Romania b)
Germany a)
Italy a)
Italy b)
Latvia
Portugal.
Romania a)
Slovakia b)
Slovenia
Italy c)
Greece b)
Greece c)
Norway
Romania c)
Romania d)
Slovakia a)
Slovakia c)
18
Establishing contacts and collaboration with National Public Health
Associations
Getting involvement of the National Public Health Associations (NPHA) was a major objective
for the project, along with obtaining the required information. In general, no National Public
Health Association designated a responsible person for the project. Information was gained,
however, from individuals within and outside National Public Health Associations (where there
was not a NPHA) that collaborated with valuable contributions, thoughts and opinions.
The strategies used to overcome the objections and difficulties have already been presented
on the Methods section.
National Public Health Associations members of EUPHA regretted the lack of clear information
on financial support for the research, because most of the countries do not have the
information on public health research commissioners and programmes/calls well organized.
19
DISCUSSION
From the 30 countries inquired we obtained information from 25 countries. Of these 16
reported at least one call or programme on public health research announced in 2010, while
nine found no call or programmes opened. The number of calls or programmes analysed was
75. There was a median of 2 calls per country while France and United Kingdom held more
than 50% of total.
This first phase of PHIRE, WP5 aimed to describe thematic areas of public health research
(research fields) which are currently being financed through national programmes and calls.
Some public health research continues to be funded directly, through negotiation between
commissioners (generally ministries) and providers (institutes and universities). However,
research is increasingly funded in response to competitive calls. In general the potential
beneficiaries of these competitive grants are public institutions. In all cases where private
institutions could apply also public ones also could. In general, only national researchers
working in the country are eligible to apply to these calls or programmes. However, there are
examples of eligibility of foreign researchers especially if initiative is from a national team and
if no national expertise is available.
Methodology issues
In the first year of PHIRE, information had been drawn together on national health and public
health research systems, based upon financial flows from research commissioners to research
performers. No country, except for France, had well-organized information on competitive
public health research calls and programmes. Almost all the countries claimed that to obtain
the information on calls opened in 2010 was not possible without a specific and significant
allocation of time to that task.
Comparisons by country
The two countries with large numbers of call or programmes identified were France and UK. In
France, a national system for collecting research calls and programmes – and projects – has
been operating within the national research council INSERM for 7 years (through the groundbreaking initiative of Professor Alfred Spira). This database draws on 28 funding organisations,
including national, regional and local, and across public, charity and commercial funders. The
UK information derives from the national research councils, ministry of health and diseasebased charities, and shows segmentation to give specific support to public health themes. The
Netherlands and Denmark also had differentiated research programmes.
20
One of the reasons for the strength of health research in these countries is that they draw
some funds from their health system. This is not the case in most other European countries.
Germany’s programmes for disease / topic groupings are funded directly by the Ministry of
Science and Education (more generic national programmes for ‘Prevention’ and ‘Patient
Research’ were closed in 2010). Spain reported only for a single national programme, funded
from the Ministry of Science through the National School of Health Carlos III (although regional
funding was not reported). No call or programme was reported for Poland, where the national
scientific institutes are still directly funded, rather than by open calls and programmes. There
were open calls for general research in 2010 for Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, but these
were not directed towards public health topics. In Cyprus and Ireland calls had been made in
the previous year, while in Latvia, Malta and Portugal expected calls were not announced in
2010.
Comparisons by theme
Programmes and calls may be i) thematic, focused on a defined subject area; ii) open to any
subject in the area of public health; or iii) general, such as to reinforce research capacity
(scholarships, seminars, training, grants for visiting researchers) 4. The classification of research
calls and programmes into themes had, as its main difficulty, the decision on how to allocate a
call within a single theme – public health research often (and appropriately) stretches across
scientific and medical fields. The choices were influenced by authors, by the information
provided in the forms (original information was limited when transcribed) and by the structure
of the classification scheme itself.
The groupings of public health calls and programmes made for this analysis were quite broad,
reflecting the need to accommodate to different traditions in different countries, and also the
broad categories typically seen grouping research papers in relevant journals (eg European
Journal of Public Health) and at conferences (eg European Public Health Conference annually).
Clinical research classically divides by diseases, while public health research is concerned with
prevention and organisation of services more generally. Nevertheless, much public health
research can be – and still needs to be – undertaken within ‘disease-specific’ fields. Cancer
featured more prominently than heart disease, perhaps surprisingly as these both have strong
public health aspects, as well as other ‘chronic diseases’. It was welcome to include ‘rare
4
Conceição C, McCarthy M. Public health research systems in the European Union. Health Research
Policy and Systems 2011, 9:38.
21
diseases’, stimulated in 2010 by the European coordinating project ERA-RARE, for which there
are very significant public health research aspects. Environmental and occupation health were
perhaps under-represented (WHO has coordinated a separate inventory of this field at ERAEnvHealth). The grouping of health services, statistics, screening and organisation was
pragmatic, reflecting the interface of this field with ‘clinical’ research across health system
lines. Finally, the categories for age-related research, although cutting across typical research
methods and fields, are potentially relevant for wider public interest in the research agenda.
CONCLUSION
This is the first description that has been made of public health research calls or programmes
across Europe. Restricted, for practical reasons, to one year (2010), and using information
from 25 of 30 European countries, it has classified 75 calls and projects. While the broad
topics in countries were similar, there was less coherence shown in comparison between the
national programmes, and it was impossible to assess the funding for public health research
compared with other medical research.
Public health actions achieve as much in improving health and lengthening life as bio-medical
advances, yet public health research receives far less support than biomedical research. To
maintain and develop the evidence base for public health, more investment is needed for
public health research. Yet also, to maximise the benefit of this investment, European
countries – their ministries of science, ministries of health, health services, industry and civil
society – must work much more closely together.
Shared information is at the heart of cooperation. We present this report towards the success
of combined research calls, programmes and projects in public health research for Europe.
22
Table 6 - Open calls or programmes in public health research opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives
Open calls / All public health
Country / code
France
Commissioning agency
Institut de recherche en santé
publique (IReSP) / French
Institute for Public Health
Research
Name of the program/call
Overall objective of the program/call
2010 call
projects
Public health research (mental health, prevention, new paradigms in health,
general issues of IReSP: health services research, public policies and their
impact on health, health determinants)
for
research
Ireland
Health Research Board
Health Research Awards
(population health sciences
research and health services
research)
Lithuania
Research Council of Lithuania
Social
Challenges
National Security
Norway
Norwegian Research Council
Programme
for
Public
Health (FOLKEHELSE)
Spain
Ministry of Science and
Innovation/
Institute
of
Health Carlos III
to
National Plan on Research,
Development
and
Innovation
2008-2011:
Strategic Agenda on Health
2010
Public
Health,
Enviromental, Ocupational,
Health Service
Research
Subprogramme
To fund individual researchers and research teams, who will conduct
internationally competitive and innovative research, through population
health sciences research and health services research that will create new
knowledge and evidence of benefit to health.
To reveal the nature, content, extent and trends of the social phenomena of
the threats to national security, and to develop strategic solutions and
recommendations to overcome these threats.
Goals and measures for their implementation: birth studies (determinants and
consequences, fertility behaviour and factors, family and household
transformation factors), mortality and public health research (impacts and
potential consequences).
To generate new knowledge about the factors that affect public health, the
causes of social inequalities in health, and the measures that can reduce these
inequalities and improve public health.
Generating knowledge for the health and welfare of citizens and for the
development of the preventive, diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative techniques.
Reinforcing and increasing the competitiveness and ability in R&D&I of
Spanish National Health System and companies in this sector.
The Subprogramme aims at producing evidence for policy making decisions as
well as knowledge to clinical practice.
23
Table 6 - Open calls or programmes in public health research opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives
(continuation).
Country / code
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Overall objective of the program/call
The Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research funds research on
living conditions, environment and social conditions, lifestyles, and the
(FAS) Swedish council for
healthcare system for public health, as well on the efficiency of the healthcare
Sweden
working life and social
Public Health
system. Causes, prevalence and prevention of illness in the population are
research.
also studied, as is the distribution of illness by class, gender, ethnicity, age and
education.
Epidemiology, Public Health Supports research on how disease occurs and how our genetics interacts with
Sweden
Swedish Research Council
and Caring sciences
the environment, childhood circumstances and other living conditions
This is the main decision board within the MRC covering population health
sciences.
Calls are open for any research proposal, but the current thematic priorities
include Nutrition … obesity; Ageing and lifelong health; Maternal health and
Population and Systems
United Kingdom
Medical Research Council
the early origins of health and disease; Medical sociology; lifestyle, socioMedicine Board
economic and behavioural impacts on general health and health inequalities.
Alongside the full range of ‘clinical’ (disease-based) research, Population
Health Sciences - include population-based studies into aetiology of disease,
traditional epidemiology and social and behavioural medicine.
Applied health research including health services research; public health
research; behavioural research; economic evaluations; and modelling.
NIHR - National Institute for Programme
grants
for It is a national “response mode” programme that aims to provide evidence to
United Kingdom
health Research
applied research
improve health outcomes in England through promotion of health, prevention
of ill health, and optimal disease management (including safety and quality),
with particular emphasis on conditions causing significant disease burden.
Evaluate public health interventions: new knowledge on the benefits, costs,
NIHR - National Institute for
United Kingdom
Public Health Research
acceptability and wider impacts of non-NHS interventions intended to
health Research
improve the health of the public and reduce inequalities in health.
Use of national electronic records system. Most of the research studies within
NIHR - National Institute for Research
capability
United Kingdom
the pilot are non-interventional (interventional studies are known as clinical
health Research
programme
trials). 10 pilot studies were commissioned in 2010.
24
Table 7 - Calls or programmes in methods in public health research opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Methods / Epidemiology, social sciences, other
Country / code
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Belgium
French Community – Health
Directorate
Socio-Medical Information –
Customer support and
logistics
France
Agence Nationale de la
Recherche (ANR) / National
Research Agency
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Investments for the Future:
Cohorts - Public loan
Program Prevention &
Methodology
Medical Research Council and
United Kingdom
NIHR - National Institute for
health Research
Methodologies
Programme
Research
Overall objective of the program/call
To make a technical and scientific support to the achievement of the
obligations of the French Community as regards statistics relating to death
causes
To develop the medical data and to support their use in the preparation and
the implementation of the five-year program of promotion of health, the
operational community programme of promotion of health and the
declaration of Community policy
To develop, over time, a small number of cohorts for health research :
• ongoing cohorts, to ensure their durability and widen their investigation
scope
• new cohorts aimed at covering public health fields that have not been
deeply studied yet
Research program on the development of (research) methods or –
instruments on (cost)effectiveness, implementation and issues in public
administration in public health. Projects should develop instruments to be
used in research in public health.
Priorities, instruments that can be used: 1. To prove (cost-) effectiveness in
public health, especially in health promotion; 2. To prove societal benefits of
prevention; 3. Implementation research; 4. Research on instruments to
support analyses on the evidence of public health.
Methods development and methodological outputs that are applicable
beyond a specific case-study.
The programme includes research on: methods for the design and analysis of
primary descriptive and evaluative studies; and secondary reviews and
evidence synthesis of descriptive and evaluative studies; methodologies in the
applied disciplines underpinning research in the health science, for example;
the assessment and validation of patient-reported measures of health, health
outcomes and satisfaction; methods development research to support the use
and evaluation of complex interventions in health research.
25
Table 8 - Calls or programmes on cancer (Public health research / Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by
country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases / Cancer
Country / code
France
France
Commissioning agency
Research on interventions to
reduce cancer related health
inequalities
Ligue nationale contre le
cancer / League against
cancer
Name of the program/call
Institut National du Cancer
(INCA) / National Cancer
Institute
Call
for
proposals
Adolescents and Cancer
France
Ligue nationale contre le
cancer / League against
cancer
Research in human and
social sciences
France
Ligue nationale contre le
cancer / League against
cancer
Cancer
Research
France
National
(INCA)
Cancer
Institute
Epidemiology
Call for projects in public
health – Cancer prevention
and
screening
policies
supporting early diagnosis
and prevention of cancers
Overall objective of the program/call
To take into account health inequalities to ensure more equity and efficiency
in all measures related to the response to cancer
Research projects for improving knowledge of cancer among adolescents and
young adults aged 12 to 25 (currently being treated or having been treated)
and strengthening the quality of therapeutic, psychological and social care.
Determination of anthropological, socio economic, socio cultural and
geographic factors that condition the conditions of living of people affected by
cancer.
Stresses multidisciplinary approaches and international comparisons.
Research projects on cancer epidemiology
To support research and actions in public health focused on:
• promotion or evaluation of actions aiming at making cancer risks prevention
better for general population or specific publics
• Design, experimental implementation and evaluation of cancer early
detection actions for general populations or specific audiences
To promote implementation of balanced, reproducible, pooled, innovative
actions and/or studies for the prevention, screening and early detection of
cancers
26
Table 8 - Calls or programmes on cancer (Public health research / Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by
country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (continuation)
Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases / Cancer
Country / code
Commissioning agency
Cancer
(INCA)
France
United Kingdom
National
Institute
Cancer Research UK
Name of the program/call
Call for free research
projects in human and
social
sciences,
epidemiology and public
health about cancer (within
the Cancer National Plan
2009-2013)
NAEDI (National Awareness
and
Early
Diagnosis
Initiative) Research Call
Overall objective of the program/call
• To allow the emergence of original and scientifically excellent projects in
different fields of social and human sciences, epidemiology and public health
applied to cancers
• To increase and strengthen multidisciplinary scientific research grouping
together teams, fields and technological means around an issue or a specific
objective
Research on early detection of cancer with focus on: Targeting higher risk
populations; Research focusing on public awareness and reasons for late
presentation; Research focusing on health services; Methodology for, and
evaluation of, early detection and awareness research
Table 9 - Calls or programmes on mental health (Public health research / Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010,
by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Disease control / Non-communicable chronic diseases / Mental health
Country
Commissioning agency
France
Foundation Plan Alzheimer
Germany
Federal Ministry of education
and research (BMBF)
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Name of the program/call
Call for proposals 2010:
Social supports
Research on behavioural
disorders associated with
violence,
neglect,
mistreatment and abuse in
childhood and adolescence
Program
Prevention
4
Prevention of psychological
disorders
(anxiety,
depression) and to promote
mental health
Overall objective of the program/call
To develop research projects dealing with new services or structures created
within the Alzheimer Plan
To support research collaborations on behavioural disturbances associated
with violence, neglect, mistreatment and abuse in childhood and youth
Research program on the promotion of mental health
The second call of this program only prioritizes research on: The promotion of
mental resilience; Promotion of accessibility of effective interventions; Priority
has universal and selective prevention.
27
Table 10 - Calls or programmes on non-specified and other non-communicable chronic diseases (Public health research / Disease control / Noncommunicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives
Disease control /Non-communicable chronic diseases / Non-specified and other non-communicable chronic diseases
Country
Commissioning agency
Denmark
Danish Council for Strategic
Research
France
Agence de la biomedecine /
Biomedicine Agency
France
France
Association
vaincre
la
mucovicidose / Association
Fight cystic fibrosis
Fondation coeur et artères /
Heart
and
Arteries
Foundation
Name of the program/call
Strategic
research
in
individuals, disease and
society/
Health
and
Prevention
Network of epidemiology
and
information
in
nephrology (REIN)
Overall objective of the program/call
To contribute to the prevention of chronic diseases and their symptoms and –
through treatment and rehabilitation – to preserve quality of life and
functional ability for people with chronic disease and thereby also to reduce
public healthcare expenditure.
Call for research projects
2011
To finance projects of basic and clinical research about cystic fibrosis
(includes epidemiological studies)
Call for proposals 2010
Germany
Federal Ministry of Education
and Research (BMBF)
Competence
Network
Diabetes mellitus
Germany
Federal Ministry of Education
and Research (BMBF)
Competence
Obesity
Network
Research projects in epidemiology, economics and care management
regarding renal failure
To strengthen the development of research on cardio vascular diseases and
metabolic disorders that encourage their development: diabetes, obesity,
dyslipidaemia, hypertension
Applications are available on the following topics:
- Aetiology and pathogenesis research
- Prevention, diagnosis and treatment including clinical research studies
- Health services research, epidemiological research, health economics
research.
obesity
- Aetiology and pathogenesis research
- Prevention, diagnosis and treatment including clinical research studies
- Health services research, epidemiological research, health economics
research.
28
Table 10 - Calls or programmes on non-specified and other non-communicable chronic diseases (Public health research / Disease control / Noncommunicable chronic diseases) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (continuation).
Disease control /Non-communicable chronic diseases / Non-specified and other non-communicable chronic diseases
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Lithuania
Research Council of Lithuania
(Lithuanian Budged subsidies)
Chronic
diseases
United Kingdom
National Prevention Research
Initiative
(UK-wide,
funded
by
government
departments,
research councils and medical
charities)
non-infectious
Overall objective of the program/call
To clarify the impact of non-infectious diseases in population’s risks and
develop a theoretical framework for a new health strategy for the country.
The program aims to acquire new knowledge necessary to reduce incidence,
prevalence, mortality and disability of the Lithuanian population from
prevalent NCD (cardiovascular disease, malignant neoplasm, diabetes
mellitus, neurodegenerative, allergies and autoimmune diseases, mental and
behavioural disorders); to develop strategic principles for prevention of these
diseases; to create improved diagnostics and prevention methods.
To support research into chronic non-communicable disease prevention.
Research, both inside and outside of the NHS setting, by addressing health
behaviours at the level of the individual, community or population, and with
consideration of environmental factors. Relevant behaviours include physical
activity, diet, alcohol misuse and tobacco use.
29
Table 11 - Calls or programmes on other or non-specified diseases (Public health research / Disease control) opened in 2010, by country, code of
call, commissioning agency and objectives.
Disease control /Other or non-specified diseases
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
France
Agence Nationale de la
Recherche (ANR) / National
Research Agency
E-Rare-2 Call for Proposals
2011
for
"European
Research Projects on Rare
Diseases”
France
Agence de la biomedecine /
Biomedicine Agency
Call for proposals Research
and Transplant 2011
Germany
Federal Ministry of Education
and research (BMBF)
Transnational projects on
rare diseases
Overall objective of the program/call
Rare diseases (not more than five in 10.000 persons) in the European
Community, excluding infectious diseases, cancers and adverse drug events in
treatments of common diseases.
Interventional clinical trials are also excluded. Part of the programme includes
collaborative research using patient databases, epidemiological studies,
natural history of diseases, development of innovative screening systems.
To get better knowledge of organs, tissues and cells transplant. Includes:
1) Human and social sciences, Economics : study in public health or/and
ethics; ... 5) Terminal organ insufficiency: studies in epidemiology, public
health, healthcare demand and offer; ... 7) Prevention of sanitary risks for
sampling and transplant.
ERA-NET "E-Rare" has been established to coordinate the research activities
of the participating European countries in the field of rare diseases.
To gain better knowledge about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of
rare diseases.
30
Table 12 - Calls or programmes on communicable Disease (Public health research / Disease control) opened in 2010, by country, code of call,
commissioning agency and objectives.
Disease control / Communicable Disease
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Belgium
French Community – Health
Directorate
Prevention and prophylaxis
of the infectious diseases in
French Community
France
Association Sidaction
Call for scientific and
medical
research
programmes
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Q Fever
Romania
Center for Policies and Health
services
Operational research in TB
field – Round 2
Overall objective of the program/call
To improve the monitoring of infectious diseases being of interest in public
health, including the diseases targeted by vaccination and to detect the
emergent phenomena.
To optimize the obligatory system of declarations of the infectious diseases
and to reinforce its use.
Medical and public health research on AIDS. Basic, applied and clinical
research on HIV/AIDS (virology, immunology, preventive vaccines,
treatments). Human and social sciences, epidemiology and public health
research on HIV/AIDS.
Co-infections and HIV/AIDS associated pathologies, if relevant for HIV/AIDS
research and care.
To contribute to the reduction of the number of people suffering from C.
burnetii. Research areas
1: Development and evaluation of interventions directed toward prevention
or reduction of sources of contamination. Or interventions directed towards
prevention of spread of the disease between animals and humans;
2. Improvement of diagnosis of the disease in animals and humans;
3. Improving the treatment of infected humans.
The program is focused to develop models of good practice in TB
management and control.
31
Table 13 - Calls or programmes on environmental and occupational health (Public health research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country,
code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Health promotion /Environmental, occupational
Country
Commissioning agency
Belgium
French Community – Health
Directorate
Denmark
Danish Council for Strategic
Research
France
Ministry of ecology, energy
and sustainable development
France
Ministry of work
Name of the program/call
Environmental health –
scientific pole of expert
testimony
Strategic research in health,
food and welfare/ Foods
including
biological
manufacturing
National research program
on environmental and
health risks linked to
genetically
modified
organisms
Occupational risk (SUMER
survey)
Overall objective of the program/call
To ensure the scientific role of pole expert testimony in environmental health
in accordance with the June 13 2008 decree
The research is seeking to document the health promoting effects or
nutritional qualities of bioactive substances. Requirements for the strictest
standards of food safety and traceability are key competitive parameters for
the food industry, since they will enable Denmark to market safe and healthy
foods. The research focus on preventing and combating infections and the
spread of resistant microorganisms and for the purposes of extending
expertise in biological preparedness.
Environment, health and genetically modified organisms
Methodological surveillance of GMO
Issues related to food safety including economical, ethical and social
dimensions
Identification of occupational risks and of actions that can be implemented to
tackle these problems
32
Table 13 - Calls or programmes on environmental and occupational health (Public health research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country,
code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Health promotion /Environmental, occupational
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
France
Ministry of ecology and
sustainable development
Call for research proposals
«national research program
on endocrine disruptors»
France
Agence Nationale de la
Recherche (ANR) / National
Research Agency
Pollutants
and
Environments : metrology,
health,
adaptability,
behaviours and uses (CESA)
France
Agence Nationale de la
Recherche (ANR) / National
Research Agency
Program
Global
Environmental Changes and
Society (CEP&S)
Overall objective of the program/call
To understand better the endocrine disruptors mechanisms
a) Assessment of endocrine disruptors exposure;
b) Development of tools and strategies to improve the endocrine disruptors
risks assessment;
e) Health risk assessment and costs analysis of endocrine disruptors exposure;
f) Management of the endocrine disruptors issue in public policies;
g) Endocrine disruptors and scientific practice.
To bring better fundamental knowledge on contaminants in order to identify
adapted preventive measures to reduce their potentially harmful effects on
ecosystems and human, animal and vegetal health. (…) To understand better
environmental exposures (nature, sources), their effects on health, diseases
associated with contaminations and methods for detecting and preventing
them; To develop use and combination/coupling of environment and health
data bases, from existing or future information systems; To promote
surveillance methods; To evaluate risk perceptions on populations and
societies, including contamination modes and behaviours and uses towards
pollutants;
Strengthening comprehension of processes (evolution of production,
economic, social, ecological systems) related to Global Environmental
Changes for a better governance of these changes
33
Table 13 - Calls or programmes on environmental and occupational health (Public health research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country,
code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (continuation).
Health promotion /Environmental, occupational
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
National
program
of
Research
Environmental
and Occupational Health,
Call for proposals 2010
France
AFSSET
Collaboration of ADEME and
INCA
France
Conseil Régional Nord Pas de
Calais / Nord Pas de Calais
Region
Research in Environmental
Health
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Program
Prevention
4
Participation and health
(occupational health)
Norway
Norwegian Research Council
Environmental Exposures
and
Health
Outcomes
(MILGENHEL programme)
Overall objective of the program/call
Evaluation and analysis of environmental risks for human health, general
population and occupational health
To strengthen knowledge about the relationships between environment and
health. To identify preventive actions, recommendations and structure
networks of actors from the prevention and public decision making fields.
Research program on the development of interventions (development,
evaluation of (cost)effectiveness and implementation) of interventions to
improve health in work environment
Two main priorities in two calls that go together :
1. Interventions that promote life time employability;
2. Projects that promote the knowledge on implementation and strategies for
implementation of interventions in work areas (organizations) and effects of
implementation of these interventions on the health and quality of life of
employees.
To generate new research-based knowledge on the interplay between the
environment and health.
Research projects must incorporate both environmental and health
perspectives. The programme encompasses research into all aspects of
exposure to environmental factors, and addresses basic as well as applied
research questions. As a general rule, research on the working environment is
not included under this programme
34
Table 14 - Calls or programmes on Health promotion, in general (Public health research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country, code of
call, commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Health promotion (in general)
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Denmark
Danish Council for Strategic
Research
Strategic research in health,
food
and
welfare/
Connection between food,
health and lifestyle
Finland
Ministry of Social Affairs and
Health
Health promotion - grant
France
Institut
de
recherches
scientifiques sur les boissons,
IREB / Institute on Drinking
Research
Research on Alcohol 2011
France
Institut veille sanitaire, InVS /
National Surveillance Institute
Call for proposals for the
analysis of National Study
on Nutrition and Health
(ENNS) data
Overall objective of the program/call
The connection between diet and lifestyle, including factors determined by
changes in professional and private life; the interaction between diet and
genes; and for the development of dietary recommendations which will
contribute to an improvement in health. Funding is available for research
within projects concerning environmental, health and ethical related issues
applying new technology in the crossing of health, food and life style.
To support current and feasible development and research projects related to
health promotion, where results are useful in practice.
Research on alcohol in the field of social studies:
-Alcohol consumption: epidemiology, social use, interactions between genetic
and environmental factors, psychopathological aspects, social consequences,
vulnerability, interpersonal relationships
-Predictive factors of overuse and dependency
-Alcohol and society: history, culture, creativity, art and literature, policy,
ethics, economics
To use data bases of the ENNS study to carry out different analyses than those
which have already been conducted, in order to have a wider scope of use of
these data.
35
Table 14 - Calls or programmes on health promotion, in general (Public health research / Health promotion) opened in 2010, by country, code of
call, commissioning agency and objectives (continuation).
Health promotion (in general)
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Iceland
Ministry of Health
Directorate of Health
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Sexual Health of Youth
Switzerland
Swiss Federal Office of Public
Health (Ministry of health)
Tobacco prevention fund
United Kingdom
Economic and Social Research
Council
Health and wellbeing
and
Prevention fund
Overall objective of the program/call
Evaluation of implemented public health programmes in primary health care,
target group children in elementary schools; research/surveys focusing on
population health such as: alcohol/drug consumptions, tobacco, mental
health, nutrition and physical activity, targets group is children in elementary
and secondary schools.
Research on proven intervention strategies to prevent the transmission of
STD’s and AIDS, and to prevent unwanted pregnancy, to develop.
Interventions where gaps in knowledge exist, and to disseminate at least one
intervention method for each age category.
To finance preventive measures to prevent the onset of tobacco use, promote
its decision and to protect people from passive smoking. One of the goals of
the programme is to promote research.
ESRC provides social science funding for cross-council projects a) Addictions
b) Dietary Decisions in the 21st Century
36
Table 15 - Calls or programmes on health services, statistics, information, screening, organization (Public health research / Health services) opened
in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Health services / Health services, statistics, information, screening, organization
Country
Commissioning agency
Denmark
Danish Council for Strategic
Research
Name of the program/call
Strategic
research
in
individuals, disease and
society/ Clinical Research
Danish Council for Strategic
Research
Strategic
research
in
individuals, disease and
society/ Rehabilitation
Finland
The
Social
Insurance
Institution of Finland
Funding for research and
development
projects
focused on rehabilitation,
health promotion, and
health insurance
France
Conseil Général des Alpes
Maritimes / Alpes Maritime
Department
Support to Department
medical and scientific teams
for technical innovations in
health
Germany
Federal Ministry of education
and research (BMBF)
Research Networks
Health Economics
Italy
Ministry of Health
Program for health research
2009 – targeted research
Denmark
on
Overall objective of the program/call
Funding may be granted to clinical research projects concerning patientcentred research, intervention research and health-service research.
The aim is to promote research that documents the effects of methods in
treatment, retraining and nursing from a holistic perspective on the citizen,
with the involvement of professional expertise in the projects. These would
include interventions and professional teams in disciplines such as clinical
medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, social work and
psychology.
Objective is to support current and feasible research related to social
security/health insurance, where results are useful in practice.
To support innovative projects, developed by department teams, aiming at
improving health, prevention, screening, diagnosis or management of
pathologies: Technical or technological innovations; Cancer: at the
department level but in accordance with the National Response to Cancer;
Alzheimer disease.
To finance “Studies in health services research" using different
methodological approaches
Financing of clinical and healthcare-related research project and of
translational biomedical research. “Targeted research” is for competitive
proposals.
37
Table 15 - Calls or programmes on health services, statistics, information, screening, organization (Public health research / Health services) opened
in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (to be continued).
Health services / Health services, statistics, information, screening, organization
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
Netherlands
The Netherlands Organization
for Health Research and
Development
Program
Prevention
4
Screening and (medical)
preventive interventions in
(primary) health care
Norway
Norwegian Research Council
Research Programme on
Health and Care Services
(HELSEOMSORG)
United Kingdom
Medical Research Council
Patient Reported Outcome
Measures (PROMs)
Overall objective of the program/call
New methods of screening: research on the (long term) (cost)effectiveness of
already existing screening programmes; research on ethical aspects of
screening; research on methods to inform and counsel.
Preventive interventions in health care: research on the development,
evaluation and implementation of preventive interventions in health care. All
research has to take into account social economic health differences.
To identify the most effective methods of organising, managing, financing and
delivering high-quality health and care services, lowering the incidence of
undesirable incidents, minimising differences in people’s access to health
services, and providing better security for the individual patient and user.
PROMs are an assessment of health status and health-related quality of life
that comes directly from the patient. The focus of the call is improving the
generation, validation, interpretation and evaluation of PROMs.
38
Table 15 - Calls or programmes on health services, statistics, information, screening and organization (Public health research / Health services)
opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and objectives (continuation).
Health services / Health services, statistics, information, screening, organization
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
United Kingdom
NIHR - National Institute for
health Research
Health
Assessment
United Kingdom
NIHR - National Institute for
health Research
Research for patient benefit
United Kingdom
NIHR - National Institute for
health Research
Service
Delivery
Organisation
Technology
and
Overall objective of the program/call
Health Technology … covers any method used by those working in health
services to promote health, prevent and treat disease and improve
rehabilitation and long-term care. Includes effectiveness, costs and broader
impact of healthcare treatments and tests. NHS-funded interventions
mentioned include: screening programmes; interventions delivered by
midwives, health visitors or community pharmacists; research involving prison
health services; smoking cessation services.
“Response-mode” programme to generate high quality research for the
benefit of users of the NHS in England. It funds regionally-derived applied
research projects in health services and social care. While clinical trials form
the largest single category, there is also qualitative work in mixed methods
studies, in pilots, and in other health interventions.
To identify, prioritise and refine the research needs of the NHS management
community; to commission research that will be of great value to that
community in shaping, influencing and contributing to decision-making; and in
promoting the more effective use of research evidence alongside other forms
of knowledge in their work.
39
Table 16 - Calls or programmes on other health services (Public health research / Health services) opened in 2010, by country, code of call,
commissioning agency and objectives.
Health services / Other
Country
France
United Kingdom
Commissioning agency
Caisse Nationale de Solidarité
pour l’Autonomie (CNSA) and
Mission « Research » of the
Direction
of
Research,
Studies,
Evaluation
and
Statistics
Department of health
Name of the program/call
Permanent call for research
about
handicap
and
autonomy loss
Policy Research Programme
Overall objective of the program/call
Strengthening research field dealing with handicap and autonomy loss by
individual and collective supports
Focus on populations and their needs, on infrastructures, services, and public
policies and programmes.
Heads of the main policy groups in the Department of Health submit requests
for research directly to the PRP. Research is not commissioned in response to
unsolicited proposals.
“The primary objective of the PRP is to assist colleagues in DH who are
formulating developing or evaluating policy by: providing evidence to inform
policy development and implementation in timely and accessible ways,
including assessment of its potential impact and cost-effectiveness; evaluating
existing policies or experimental pilots before policies are fully implemented;
commissioning research evidence for policy making over the longer-term.”
40
Table 17 - Call or program on youth (Public health research / Target groups) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and
objectives.
Target groups / Youth
Country
Commissioning agency
France
Wyeth (Pfizer) Foundation for
child and adolescent’s health
Name of the program/call
6th call for research
proposals on adolescents
and health
Overall objective of the program/call
Youth health risks
Table 18 - Call or program on ageing (Public health research / Target groups) opened in 2010, by country, code of call, commissioning agency and
objectives.
Target groups / Ageing
Country
Commissioning agency
Name of the program/call
United Kingdom
Medical Research Council
Lifelong
wellbeing
health
and
Overall objective of the program/call
Supporting multidisciplinary research, to build and sustain existing and
emerging areas of ageing-related research and strengthen the UK ageing
research community.
Specific focus included: self-management of chronic pain, independence
during rehabilitation, promoting health postretirement; major determinants
of health and wellbeing in later life; Identify and develop effective
interventions; Inform policy and practice including the development of
services and technologies for independent living.
41
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries.
Country
Complementary information provided
Exclusion criteria
Cyprus
Call/Program
Commissioning agency: Cyprus Research Promotion Foundation;
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Pillar 1: Strategic Multithematic Research, Programme Health
and Biological Sciences, Action Public Health
Overall objective of the program/call: Production of New Knowledge at international level in scientific matters
related to Public Health; Enforcement of initiatives for new strategies and policies in the Public Health Sphere,
the provision of statistics and data on the development of various diseases and the protection and promotion of
good mental health; Promotion of development of new health systems which will contribute to the promotion of
quality in public health services.
Specific focus of the program/call: Epidemiological studies on various chronic or infectious diseases;
Epidemiological studies on rare diseases; Epidemiological studies on population groups such as the children, the
elderly, pregnant women, communities, etc.; Epidemiology as a tool for public health policy promotion; Physical
activity, sports and health promotion; Health and safety at work; Child health and risk factors; Sunlight and
related consequences on health; Health risk factors; Health systems, hospital management, more effective
health care and health care improvement; Development of Home Care
Information on the “Framework Programme of the Federal Government on Health Research” from the Federal
Ministry for Education and Science, adopted in December 2010.
Objective of the program: to improve the application of clinical research; research on population diseases and
individualized therapy. Includes research on population diseases, on prevention and nutrition, on health care; on
economic perspectives of the health care sector.
The strategic document "Health Research Framework Programme of the Federal Government", was available in
July 2011 at http://www.bmbf.de/pub/health_research_framework_programme.pdf. No information on
amounts available or application mechanisms was provided.
Cal was not announced in
2010
(call has been open /been
communicated to the
researchers between June
and September 2009)
Germany a)
No specific information on
public health research calls
opened during 2010
42
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Germany b)
Greece a)
Complementary information provided
Call/Program
Commissioning agency: Federal Ministry of education and research, association of private health insurance
funds, German pension insurance and Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, since 2006.
Name of the funding program: Patient-Oriented Research - Patient Orientation and Chronic Diseases
Objective of the program: Area of Health Care Research from the Health research programme from the Ministry
of education and research. It establishes research oriented comprehensive care. The "Patient-oriented Research"
funding priority thus contributes to a more effective and clearer presentation of the complex care system for
patients with chronic diseases. Patients are more actively involved in their own health care”; “Among other
things, scientists are looking into ways to evaluate training concepts for rehabilitation, innovative patient
information schemes in hospitals, and how to integrate the wishes of patients into the work of general
practitioners. Numerous projects are also dealing with patient-oriented healthcare which overcomes the barriers
between and links the different care sectors”; http://www.bmbf.de/en/6647.php
Research center
Information on a research center under the General Secretariat for Research and Technology (Ministry of
Education, Lifelong Learning and Religious affairs)
“The National Hellenic Research Foundation (NHRF; www.eie.gr) is a national research Centre funded by the
General Secretariat for Research and Technology. It comprises a number of research institutes, including the
Institute of Biological Research and Biotechnology, within which operate a number of long-term research
Programmes of relevance to public health.
The Programme of Chemical Carcinogenesis and Genetic Toxicology is one of these programmes with closest
relevance to public health, focussing on the conduct of research in the area of the environmental aetiology of
cancer, identification of biomarkers of cancer risk and individual susceptibility, and mechanism-based cancer risk
assessment. The Programme conducts its research in the form of specific projects, funded through the Centre’s
regular budget as well as by extramural sources (mostly EU-funded projects).”
Exclusion criteria
Not possible to know if the
program opened calls
during 2010
Information
on
a
programme
developed
inside an organization: The
National Hellenic Research
Foundation, funded by the
Ministry.
It is not a competitive
funding that was open to
other applicants.
It is a direct financing from
the ministry to a research
centre.
43
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Greece b)
Greece c)
Ireland
Italy a)
Complementary information provided
Call/Program
Information on a call on public health research opened in 2009
Exclusion criteria
Call was not announced in
2010
Thematic not on public
health research
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Health
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Development of a diagnostic assay for hepcidin, the ironregulatory hormone implicated in the anaemia of chronic disease and in hemochromatosis.
Objective of the program: The aim of the proposal is the development of diagnostic tools for the detection of
hepcidin.
Call/Program
Call was not announced in
Information on a call on PHR opened in 2009
2010
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Differentiation and Gene Flow among strains belonging to the
Leishmania donovani complex in Eastern Mediterranean
Objective of the program: The general objective is to contribute to the establishment of a surveillance system in
this region and to promote trans-border control strategies.
PHIRE Supplemental Information – Ireland (Appendix 10)
public health research
financed in other ways
Ireland provided supplemental information on governmental support to public health research development.
then programmes and calls
opened in 2010
Call/Program
Thematic not considered
on public health research
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Education, University and Research.
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Program “Future in Research” 2010 (Bando “Futuro in ricerca”
2010) within the Fund for Investment in Basic Research (FIRB, Fondo per gli Investimenti in Ricerca di Base)
Objective of the program/call: To promote generational turnover and to support emerging scientific excellences,
by allocating adequate resources to the financing of fundamental research projects proposed by young
researchers.
44
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Italy b)
Italy c)
Complementary information provided
Call/Program
Exclusion criteria
Thematic not considered
on public health research
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Education, University and Research.
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Research Projects of National Interest 2009 (PRIN, Progetti di
Ricerca di Interesse Nazionale).
Objective of the program/call: Financing of projects that, by complexity or nature, require the cooperation of
more scientists or financial resources that exceed the normal capabilities or single institutions.
The research projects can belong to one of 14 disciplines that have been specified by a previous law (Ministerial
Decree n. 175/2000); those relevant to the field of public health are “Medical sciences”, “Agrarian and
veterinarian sciences”, “Biological sciences”, “Chemical sciences”, “Economic and statistical sciences”, “Political
and social sciences”.
Call/Program
Thematic not considered
on public health research
Commissioning agency: Italian Drug Agency (AIFA, Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco), the Government Agency
supervising research, approval and surveillance of drugs in Italy.
Name of the funding program/call for projects: 2009 call for independent research on drugs (Bando 2009 per la
ricerca indipendente sui farmaci).
Objective of the program/call: The AIFA calls on independent research on drugs is targeted at promoting the
production of knowledge with features of “excellence” which can contribute to improving public health in
research areas that would otherwise remain marginal because of their low commercial interest. AIFA, the Italian
Drug Agency, was the first European national drug agency that included among its duties the promotion of
independent drug research, so as to give more opportunities to research areas that would have otherwise been
overlooked by private research because of their low commercial value.
45
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Latvia
Complementary information provided
Call/Program
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Education and Science
Following the recommendations from EU and initiatives of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Science and
Educations agreed that the research strategy in clinical and public health research will be developed by the
Ministry of Health. The deadline for the Ministry of Health to develop the next research strategy was set to be
June, 2011
Name of the funding program/call for projects: State research program 2010 – 2013 "New prevention,
treatment, diagnostic tools and methods, biomedical technologies to improve public health" priority direction of
science "Public health (prevention, treatment, diagnostic tools and methods, biomedical technology)"
(hereinafter - the priority research areas "Public Health").
Objective of the program/call: The main objective of the program is with methods of clinical medicine, molecular
genetics and cell biology, as well as medical chemical and pharmaceutical methods in framework of
multidisciplinary research consortium to create new personalized medicine technologies and treatments in order
to improve public health.
Program includes 3 main areas: 1) Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases; 2) Cancer; 3) Children and infectious
diseases. More about the program http://stradini.lv/page.php?id=1578.
Malta
Exclusion criteria
Call was not announced in
2010
Call not specific for public
health research
Comment from respondent: “Despite the name the program, it has very little relation with public health.
Biomedical researches are granted under the label of “public health research”. There is no separate allocated
budget for public health research in Latvia. The call for state programmes is every fourth year”.
National public health funding
Calls were not announced
in 2010
"The national public health funding in 2010 was limited to scholarships, training and postdoctoral awards. The
National Research and Innovation Programme, due to funding constraints, funded only 3 projects starting in
2010. None of them were Public Health projects, however."
46
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Complementary information provided
Norway
Call/Program
Poland
Exclusion criteria
Thematic not considered
on public health research
Commissioning agency: Norwegian Research Council
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Research Programme on Clinical Research
Objective of the program/call: The primary objective of the KLINISKFORSKNING programme is to enhance the
knowledge base for preventive measures, diagnostic methods, and treatment and rehabilitation measures
through clinical trials.
List of Programmes from Ministry of Health
Information on whether
calls were opened in 2010
National Public Health Association was not able to find information on areas of research that were financed was not possible to find
through calls in 2010.
A list of programmes from the ministry of health was provided (below). Within those programmes many research
are being made, but it is not clear whether it was conducted in 2010 and whether the calls were in 2010.
National Health Programmes of Ministry of Health in Poland in 2010
1. New-borns Screening Programme in Poland in 2009-2014; 2. Providing Self-sufficiency of Poland in blood and
blood products in 2009-2014; 3. National Programme of Haemophilia Treatment in 2005-2011; 4. National
Programme of Cancer Fighting in 2010; 5. National Programme of Transplantation Medicine POLGRAFT in 20102014; 6. National Programme of Antibiotics Protection in Poland in 2006-2010, including Module I – Monitoring
of Nosocomial Infections and Invasive Bacterial Infections; for Epidemiological and Preventive Purposes and for
Treatment in 2009-2013; 7. Psychiatric Health Care in 2009-2013; 8. Antiretroviral Treatment of people infected
with HIV in Poland in 2010-2011; 9. Programme of elimination of iodine deficiency in Poland in 2009-2011
10. Programme of Complex Diagnosis and Intrauterine Therapy in Developmental Defects and Fetus Illness
Prevention – as a part of Fetus’ and Newborns’ Health Status Improvement in 2009-2013; 11. National
Programme of Overweight, Obesity and Chronic Non-Infectious Diseases Prevention through Nutrition and
Physical Activity Improvement in 2007-2011 POL-HEALTH; 12. National Programme of Reduction the Inequity in
Cardiovascular Diseases Prevention and Treatment in 2010-2012 POLKARD; 13. National Programme of Lifestyle
Diseases Prevention: Module I – Programme of Overweight, Obesity and Chronic Non-Infectious Diseases
Prevention through Nutrition and Physical Activity Improvement in 2007-2011 Module II – Programme of
Diabetes Prevention and Treatment in Poland in 2010-2011 Module III – Programme of Elimination of Iodine
Deficiency in Poland in 2009-2011
47
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Portugal
Complementary information provided
Exclusion criteria
Information on activities of the Science and Technology Foundation, Ministry of Science
Calls were not announced
The FCT’ mission is mainly accomplished through the funding, subsequent to the evaluation of the merit, of in 2010
proposals presented by institutions, research teams or individuals in public open calls, and also through
cooperation agreements and other forms of support in partnership with universities and other public or private
institutions. The FCT, Science and Technology Foundation has held Calls for Projects in all scientific domains
every 2 years since 2000 and every year since 2008.
Some research on Public Health was financed but through scholarships, seminars, scientific conferences, or
postdoctoral awards. However no specific call on any thematic area of Public health was open.
(Source: http://alfa.fct.mctes.pt/fct.phtml.en)
Information on research financing activities from Ministry of Health
The Ministry of health opens, on a non-regular basis, calls for support of research. At present, for example, in
2011, INSA, National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge held a call for research on health services
research/primary health care services reform. The deadline for responding to the call was end of March and the
research projects approved will be completed on the next three years.
Comment from respondent: “However no calls or programmes on public health research were opened on 2010”.
48
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Romania a)
Romania b)
Complementary information provided
Call
Name of the commissioning agency : National Authority for Scientific Research , Ministry of Economy, Trade And Business
Environment – Authority for Management of Operational Sectorial Program “Increasing Economic Competitiveness”
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Operational Sectorial Program “Increasing Economic Competitiveness”;
Priority Axis 2 –Research, Technological Development and Innovation for Competitiveness; Key areas of intervention 2.1 –
R&D partnerships between universities/research institutes, and enterprises for generating results directly applicable in
economy
Objective of the program/call: The enhancement of the R&D cooperation between research institutes/universities, and
enterprises for increasing the R&D activities in the benefit of enterprises; promoting technological transfer especially in key
fields that are European or national priorities; generating results of economic interest and transferring the research results
and knowledge through the economic environment; R&D partnerships with R&D organizations that will generate results
directly applicable in economy with the aim of creating new or improved products, technologies and services of high addedvalue; Increasing the level of the technological development of the enterprises; the program is focused to research activities
based on new technologies
Comment from respondent: “This program is not specific for public health, but it has “HEALTH” as one major fields of
intervention. Public health calls are eligible as they could be classified as Health related projects.”
Call
Commissioning agency: National Authority for Scientific Research and Ministry of Economy, Trade And Business
Environment – Authority for Management of Operational Sectorial Program “Increasing Economic Competitiveness”
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Operational Sectorial Program “Increasing Economic Competitiveness”;
Priority Axis 2 –Research, Technological Development and Innovation for Competitiveness; Key areas of intervention 2.3 –
Supporting ICT use and creating new working places
Objective of the program/call: The program is focused to develop the research capacity of the enterprises in order to
increase their innovation and competitiveness; increasing the number of working places in R&D activities is also an objective
(Modernising the existing infrastructure through purchasing new equipment; Building new establishments for creating new
research centres or laboratories). The health field is eligible
Exclusion criteria
Call not specific for public
health research
Call was not announced in
2010
Call not specific for public
health research
Comment from respondent: “The call is not specific for public health, but public health research activities could be eligible
as part of modernizing projects in the health fields. Private universities, hospitals and private clinics are not accepted, but
SME in public health field are eligible.”
49
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Complementary information provided
Exclusion criteria
Romania c)
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Internal Affairs
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Operational Program “Administrative Capacity Development”;
Priority Axis 1 – Structural and process improvements of the public policy management Cycle; Key area of
intervention: Improvement the political – administrative decision-making process.
Objective of the program/call: Conceptual, horizontal issues in the areas of decision making system, aiming at
increasing the quality of decisions within public administration by developing mechanisms for substantiating
policy initiatives, increasing the effectiveness of organisational structures through better planning, and
strengthening the accountability framework. The specific objective is to develop capacity in policy formulation,
better regulation, strategic planning and inter-institutional partnership working. Activities under Priority Axis 1
concern the system for all central and local administration, including the health sector that was considered a
priority.
Romania d)
Comment from respondent: “This program is not specific for public health, but the health system was defined as
a priority sector. Public health research calls are eligible if they are focused to the improvement of the policy
process at the administrative level.”
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: Ministry of Internal Affairs
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Operational Program “Administrative Capacity Development”;
Priority Axis 1 – Structural and process improvements of the public policy management cycle; Key area of
intervention: Improving the CSOs effectiveness in supporting the reform in public administration.
Objective of the program/call: Improving the effectiveness of CSOs in collaborating with the public institutions at
least in the following fields: involving CSOs in the decision-making process at central and local level (including the
definition of the public policies); involving the CSOs in the provision of social, educational and health services;
developing the fund-raising capacity for CSOs; developing the CSOs capacity to be involved in national
programmes or projects implemented by the public administration; involving CSOs in advisory boards of the
public administration institutions.
Comment from respondent: “This program is not specific for public health, but the health system was defined as
a priority sector. Public health research activities can be eligible if they are related to the main goal of improving
the effectiveness of CSOs in relation to the public administration”.
50
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Slovakia a)
Slovakia b)
Complementary information provided
Exclusion criteria
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: Slovak Research and Development Agency (APVV)
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: General Calls – Verejná výzva; General call for projects on
research and development in particular subdivisions of science and technology fields.
Objective of the call: This call has not limitation referring focus of projects. The project’s focus, objectives and
scope of research and development is determined by applicant. The agency wants to increase research quality
through competition of all applicants in competitive environment. In project proposal, applicant itself indicates
scientific field as well as project theme.
Comment from respondent: “these kind of calls are also (potentially) related to public health research field but
in fact they are not open on some specific public health theme or topic.”
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education of the SR (VEGA)
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Call on VEGA grant projects with start in 2011
Objective of the call: Overall objective is to support quality improvement of basic research in particular
subdivisions of research and development fields and to strengthen competitiveness of Slovakia through R&D.
Public health subdivision belongs to medical sciences field. From all 136 applications, 18 were excluded before
evaluation. Based on project title, no new project is public health research project.
Comment from respondent: “these kind of calls are also (potentially) related to public health research field but
in fact they are not open on some specific public health theme or topic.”
51
Table 20 - Additional information provided by countries (continuation).
Country
Slovakia c)
Slovenia
Complementary information provided
Exclusion criteria
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: Cultural and Educational Grant Agency (KEGA)
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Call on KEGA grant projects with start in 2011
Objective of the call: Overall objective is to donate projects on applied research focused on support of new
pedagogical educational models, new technologies, forms and methods within school education system and
beyond it. Agency is also aimed at empowering research and development projects in the education field, which
are initiated by researchers and Ministry of Education in particular groups of research and development fields
and financial support of projects related to creative art.
Comment from respondent: “these kind of calls are also (potentially) related to public health research field but in
fact they are not open on some specific public health theme or topic.”
Call
Call not specific for public
Commissioning agency: The Slovenian Research Agency
health research
Name of the funding program/call for projects: Public call for financing the research projects for 2011 – call in
2010 - Medicine
Objective of the call: Medicine in general: each applicant defines their own theme for the project.
52
Appendix 1 - Distribution of the countries by partners
Countries
Belgium,
France,
Germany,
Luxembourg,
Netherlands,
United Kingdom,
Switzerland,
Iceland
Estonia,
Finland,
Latvia,
Lithuania,
Poland,
Sweden,
Norway,
Denmark
Cyprus,
Greece,
Italy,
Malta,
Portugal,
Spain,
Ireland
Austria,
Bulgaria,
Czech Republic,
Hungary,
Romania,
Slovakia,
Slovenia
Coordination of geographical areas
French School of Public Health (EHESP Ecole des Hautes
Etudes en Santé Publique)
Olivier Grimaud
Martine M. Bellanger
Cláudia Conceição (Work package coordinator)
Institute of Hygiene, Lithuania
Laura Narkauskaitė (June)
Rasa Varvuoliene (June)
Vytenė Jankauskienė (left in June 2011)
Vytautas Jurkuvėnas (left in May 2011)
Ministry of Health, the Elderly and Community Care
(MHEC), Malta
Marvic Sammut
Amanda Bugeja
Slovak Public Health Public Health Association (SAVEZ)
Zuzana Katreniakova
53
Appendix 2 - 1st phase WP5 letter sent by email to National Public
Health Associations’contacts or other national contacts
Dear Dr /Mr /Mrs / Professor ….
PHIRE (Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe) is a new collaborative action between
EUPHA members and is co-funded under the second Public Health Programme. Its general
objective is to contribute to the improvement of public health knowledge and practice across
the European Union by assessing the impact and uptake of the first Public Health Programme
and structuring information on public health research.
First phase of PHIRE is aimed at the collection of data in order to provide a description of what
public health research is supported through national programmes or/and calls.
We are seeking especially for information on thematic areas of public health research
(research fields) which are currently being financed through national programmes and calls
(named in different ways by commissioners as “programmes”, “calls”, “calls for research
proposals”, “calls for grants”, “programme grants”, “project grants”). We are not seeking
information on public health programmes or calls on scholarships, seminars, scientific
conferences, training, and grants for visiting researchers, bursaries or postdoctoral awards.
We are sending you a form and kindly ask your collaboration in fulfilling one form for each
national public health thematic program or call open in 2010.
We are aiming to have on-line database ready by mid September and to be presented in
EUPHA annual meeting in Copenhagen (November 2011).
We would most appreciate that you could send us the filled forms by 15 April 2011.
Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.
We thank you for your collaboration and look forward to hearing from you,
(Partner signature) and contacts (phone)
54
PS We also send in attachment your country profile that was obtained with STEPS
(Strengthening Engagement in Public Health Research, http://www.steps-ph.eu/countryhealth-research-profiles/). This might be of assistance in the identification of relevant funding
agencies in your country
Definition of Public Health Research used on SPHERE
Public-health research operates at a complex level between scientists, individuals and society.
And the issues that public-health research addresses – how to improve the health of the
population, and how to ensure the effective and efficient organisation of health care – are of
direct concern to governments themselves. For SPHERE, the following definition of public
health research, which gave a broad meaning, was used:
"Public-health research refers to the organized quest for new knowledge to protect, promote
and improve people's health. It:
• is undertaken at population or health services level, in contrast to laboratory (cellular) or
clinical (individual)
health research;
• differs from public-health practice (which also uses scientific methods), as it is designed to
obtain generalisable knowledge rather than to address specific programmes for service
delivery;
• is usually goal-oriented, addressing questions of policy relevance, and may be published in
either academic journals or reports; and
• uses a range of observational methods, including surveys, registers, data sets, case studies
and statistical modelling, and draws on disciplines including epidemiology, sociology,
psychology and economics, and interdisciplinary fields of environmental health, health
promotion, disease prevention, health-care management, health-services research and healthsystems research."
(BMC Public Health 2009, 9:203 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-203)
55
Appendix 3 - Form
PHIRE
Public
Health
Innovation
and
Research in Europe
Agreement Number 2009 12 14
PHIRE
Retrieval of national public health thematic research
programmes and calls
Please fulfil one form for each program or call
Please, save each filled form as ‘yourcountry-PHIRE-form-number’ – e.g. ‘SlovakiaPHIRE-form-1’
Country:
Name:
Name and Contacts of Title:
respondent
Email:
Telephone number:
Please provide us this information, in case we need to contact you for clarifications
A - Identification of the funding thematic program or call for research projects
A1) Name of the commissioning agency which is launching the funding program/call
For identifying the relevant funding agencies from your country you can use the
organogram and list of “Research Commissioners” which are described in the STEPS
country profile available at http://www.steps-ph.eu/country-health-research-profiles/
A2) Name of the funding program/call for projects (please translate into English):
A3) Date of the program/call
We are looking for information on program/call which has been open (been
communicated to the researchers) between the 1/01/2010 and the 31/12/2010.
Date the program/call was publically available (dd/mm/yy):
Deadline for responding to the program/call (dd/mm/yy):
56
B - Description of the program/call
Please provide in this section information on the following items when relevant
B1) Overall objective of the program/call
Please describe in one or two sentences the main goal or domain that the program/call
is addressing
B2) Population targeted
Please tick as many as necessary population group(s) explicitly addressed as target
group(s) of the program/call
Age group:
Children
Adult
Elderly
None specified
Gender:
Men
Women
None specified
Other groups (e.g. drug users, ethnic minorities, …):
B3) Specific focus of the program/call
If applicable, describe in more details the specific topic(s) or focus of the research
program/call
B4) Scientific disciplines invited to answer the program/call
The program/call may be aimed at one or several disciplines e.g. economics,
epidemiology, biostatistics,…
57
C - Funding and duration of the program/call
C1)
Total
amount
of
funding
available
from
the
program/call
This is the total amount of money that the commissioning agency has provisioned for
funding all successful bidders provide to research project(s) within the program/call
Total
amount
available
for
the €
program/call:
Please convert into € if necessary
C2) Amount of funding available for individual projects within the program/call
Minimum funding for one project:
€
Maximum funding for one project:
€
Please convert into € if necessary
Not specified
Not applicable (please explain):
C3) Percentage of co-funding requested from applicants own sources
Minimum of co-funding for one project:
%
Not specified
C4) Expected duration of the projects to be funded
The program/call may indicate that e.g. project of no less than 12 months and no more
than 36 months will be funded
Minimum duration of projects:
Maximum duration of projects:
Not specified
Not applicable (please explain):
58
D - Eligibility criteria & other conditions to obtain funding
D1) Who can apply?
Choose all the suitable answers, please
D1.1) Nationality of research team
National researchers
National plus other country researchers (Please specify which “other country”)
Other (please explain):
Not specified
D1.2) Status of research team
Public institutions (please specify which):
Private institutions (please specify which):
Other (please explain):
Not specified
D2) Other conditions to be eligible:
59
E – Link to website where further information on this program/call can be
accessed
F – Additional comments
Should you have further information or comments on this program/call, please add it
here
Thank you very much for your collaboration
60
Appendix 4 - Email and letter from EUPHA office and president
about PHIRE 1st phase WP5
From: Floris Barnhoorn [mailto:[email protected]]
Sent: 1 de February 2011 15:06
To:
Subject: PHIRE and Member Associations
Dear Governing Council Members,
In the EUPHA Governing Council Meeting of 11 November 2010, we informed you about
PHIRE, a EUPHA coordinated project on Public Health Innovation and Research in Europe
which will be implemented through collaboration of EUPHA Sections and Member Associations
(see attached Summary document). The project has started now with the research activities
and it we are now looking for contributions from our members.
We would like to ask you to forward, if applicable, the attached documents to your
association’s Board or Secretariat.
In the letter, EUPHA's President Walter Ricciardi invites the member associations to
collaborate in PHIRE and, in particular, requests the member associations to assist with the
identification of a knowledgeable researcher who could complete the forms or questionnaires
which are to follow in a few days time. The forms will be sent directly to the member
associations by the Work Package Co-ordinators.
Thank you very much indeed for your co-operation.
Best regards,
Floris Barnhoorn
Senior Project Officer
EUPHA - European Public Health Association
61
Appendix 5 - Letter from EUPHA president to National Public
Health Associations
62
63
Appendix 6 - PHIRE summary sent to National Public Health
Associations
64
PHIRE – Public Health Innovation & Research in Europe
Appendix 7 – Second email from EUPHA office and president to National Public
Health Associations
Email from EUPHA office and president to National Public Health Associations
From: Floris Barnhoorn [mailto:[email protected]]
Sent: 14th April 2011 16:21
To:
Subject: EUPHA project PHIRE
Dear EUPHA Members,
In the attached letter, EUPHA's President Walter Ricciardi extends his thanks to EUPHA member associations for
their participation in PHIRE, our collaborative action to study public health research and innovation in Europe.
Those that have not responded yet are invited again to join the project in this first phase of data collection. In the
coming days you will be contacted by one of the regional work package coordinators.
Thank you very much indeed for your co-operation.
Best regards,
Floris Barnhoorn
Senior Project Officer
EUPHA - European Public Health Association
Appendix 8 – Second letter from EUPHA president to National Public Health
Associations
66
Appendix 9 - Form with answers
PHIRE
Public
Health
Innovation
and
Research in Europe
Agreement Number 2009 12 14
PHIRE
Retrieval of national public health thematic research
programmes and calls
Please fulfil one form for each program or call
Please, save each filled form as ‘yourcountry-PHIRE-form-number’ – e.g. ‘Slovakia-PHIRE-form-1’
Country:
30 countries inquired (25 answers) ; 75 calls
16 countries with, at least, one call/program on PHR announced
in 2010;
9 countries had no information on call/programmes opened in
2010
Name:
Name and Contacts of Title:
respondent
Email:
Telephone number:
Please provide us this information, in case we need to contact you for clarifications
A - Identification of the funding thematic program or call for research projects
A1) Name of the commissioning agency which is launching the funding program/call
For identifying the relevant funding agencies from your country you can use the organogram and list of
“Research Commissioners” which are described in the STEPS country profile available at
http://www.steps-ph.eu/country-health-research-profiles/
Tables 6-18
A2) Name of the funding program/call for projects (please translate into English):
Tables 6-18
A3) Date of the program/call
We are looking for information on program/call which has been open (been communicated to the
researchers) between the 1/01/2010 and the 31/12/2010.
Date the program/call was publically available (dd/mm/yy):
2010
Deadline for responding to the program/call (dd/mm/yy):
2010
67
B - Description of the program/call
Please provide in this section information on the following items when relevant
B1) Overall objective of the program/call
Please describe in one or two sentences the main goal or domain that the program/call is addressing
Tables 6-18
B2) Population targeted
No answer 2
Please tick as many as necessary population group(s) explicitly addressed as target group(s) of the
program/call
Age group: Children 3; Adult 0; Elderly 1; Children+adult 4; None specified 57; No answer 13
Gender: Men 0; Women 0; None specified 66; No answer 9
Other groups (e.g. drug users, ethnic minorities, …):
Specific groups of patients – 9;
Vulnerable groups – 5
Adolescents - 3
B3) Specific focus of the program/call
If applicable, describe in more details the specific topic(s) or focus of the research program/call
Tables 6-18
B4) Scientific disciplines invited to answer the program/call
The program/call may be aimed at one or several disciplines e.g. economics, epidemiology,
biostatistics,…
68
C - Funding and duration of the program/call
C1)
Total
amount
of
funding
available
from
the
program/call
This is the total amount of money that the commissioning agency has provisioned for funding all
successful bidders provide to research project(s) within the program/call
Total
amount
available
for
the [135.000€; 101.482.381€]
program/call:
No answer: 34
Please convert into € if necessary
C2) Amount of funding available for individual projects within the program/call No answer: 14
Minimum funding for one project:
No answer: 66
[3.200€; 5.674.595€]
Maximum funding for one project:
No answer: 53
[3.000€; 21.500.0005€]
Please convert into € if necessary
Not specified 30
Not applicable 4
No limits;
Funding scheduled by objectives of programme.
C3) Percentage of co-funding requested from applicants own sources No answer: 18
Minimum of co-funding for one project:
0% - 9; 20% - 1; 25% - 2; 30% - 2; 50% -1
Not specified 42
C4) Expected duration of the projects to be funded
The program/call may indicate that e.g. project of no less than 12 months and no more than 36 months
will be funded
No response 11
Minimum
duration
of
1 year-10; 2 years-6; 3 years – 4; 6 years-1.
projects:
Maximum
no answer 54;
duration
projects:
of
No answer 33
1 year-6;
2 years-8; 2.5 – 1;
3 years-13; 3,5 year-4;
4 years-4;
5years-5;
10 years 1.
Not specified: 17
Not applicable (please explain): 3
“no limits”
69
D - Eligibility criteria & other conditions to obtain funding
D1) Who can apply?
Choose all the suitable answers, please
D1.1) Nationality of research team
No answers: 6
National researchers 20
National plus other country researchers (Please specify which “other country”) 13
Other (please explain): 7
Not specified 31
D1.2) Status of research team
No answers: 7
Public institutions (please specify which): 50
Research institutions;
Universities;
Other public institutions with a research mission;
Health care institutions
Private institutions (please specify which): 36
Note: all the calls where private institutions could apply also public ones could.
Research institutions;
Partnerships with industry
Enterprises
Non-for-profit organizations
Universities
Other (please explain): 3
Organisations with private-public ownership
Not specified 18
D2) Other conditions to be eligible: 30
70
Appendix 10 - PHIRE Supplemental Information – Ireland
PHIRE Supplemental Information – Ireland
1.
Department of Health (DoH)
There are significant policy-supportive research areas of child health and well-being, health of the traveller
community, and practice and standards in health care provision. The DOH provides core funding to the Economic
and Social Research Institute (ESRI) to maintain the HIPE database of in-patient admissions to Irish hospitals, and
to the Children’s Research Centre at TCD.
2.
Department of Children and Youth Affairs (DCYA)
The
Department
of Children and Youth Affairs, (formerly with the DOH), has
lead responsibility for the
implementation of a national children’s research programme, which aims to facilitate the achievement of a better
understanding of how children grow up in Ireland, including both their individual and shared needs. The overall
programme comprises capacity building, the development of a data and research infrastructure around children’s
lives and a commissioned research programme. Within each of these areas, public health is a core focus. The
elements of the Research Programme are

A funded Research Programme, which includes Growing Up in Ireland – the National Longitudinal Study of
Children;

A
Research
Capacity
Building
Programme,
which includes Research Placement
and Research
Scholarship Programmes; and a contribution to the funding of a Structured PhD Programme in Child and
Youth Research in Trinity College Dublin

A Research Infrastructure and Dissemination Programme, which includes the development of a National Set
of Child Well-Being Indicators, the production of a biennial State of the Nation’s Children Report based on
the indicator set, the development of a National Data and Research Strategy on Children’s Lives and other
initiatives
3.
Health Research Board
The HRB extramural research programme is supported primarily through a core grant from the DOH; others smaller
sources of support include the Health Services Executive, Department of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Irish Aid
and so on.
3.1 HRB capacity building in the public health space (on-going support)
PhD Scholars Programme in Health Services Research
71
The overall purpose of this scheme is to improve the quality of PhD training in health research by facilitating a
broader education for young researchers, and enhancing co-operation between post-graduate students in different
research groups. It also encourages institutions to establish a critical mass of students in a themed area by funding
four-year PhD training programmes. Institutions in Northern Ireland are eligible to apply as co-applicants or
partners.
A total of six training sites have been established under this scheme covering a broad spectrum of health research
from applied biomedical to health services research. Each programme supports four cohorts of four to eight
postgraduate scholars working in related research areas for four years. Host institutions must provide a structured
training programme in the first year for each scholar cohort; including access for the scholars to specialist and
generic skills training; as well as choice of laboratory rotations in different groups. The PhD Scholars programme in
Health Services Research has been singled out for continued funding beyond the original 7 year programme.
Clinician Scientist Awards
The HRB’s Clinician Scientist awards are targeted at individuals with a strong, internationally competitive track
record in research. An applicant must be either a medical consultant in the Irish health service or a senior clinician
in a health-related discipline that is qualified to hold a post in the Irish health service. The objective of the scheme is
to create research leaders in the health services, capable of driving forward a health research agenda in the HSE
and in providing mentorship to postgraduate and post-doctoral medical and other health professionals. The scheme
has, to date, released outstanding researchers from some or all of their service commitments for a period of five
years, to conduct world-class research. There are currently seven clinicians funded under this scheme with an
average investment of €1.6M per award. The scheme is currently being reviewed and a modified scheme will be
launched in 2011.
Interdisciplinary Capacity Enhancement (ICE) Awards
This new postdoctoral fellowship scheme, launched by the HRB in 2011, is aimed at building and attracting capacity
into population health and health services research and, through a team-based approach, will enable the
development of partnerships between researchers, practitioners and decision makers in policy and health service
delivery. The ICE Awards initiative is a strategic initiative to address gaps in capacity, build on existing investment,
strength and capabilities and encourage partnership and collaboration between the population health research and
health services research communities and clinical researchers. Applicant teams must be interdisciplinary in nature
to ensure that fellows receive appropriate training and mentoring in contextual, methodological and other issues
related to their work and they develop skills and competencies required for successful interdisciplinary and transsectoral research in population health and health services research.
3.2 Fellowships relevant to the public health space
Health Professional Fellowships
The HRB has, in recent years rationalized a number of its fellowships into the Health Professional Fellowships. This
encompasses the different health professions (medicine, nursing and the allied health professionals.)
Approximately 10 to 15 new awards are made annually through the Health Professional Fellowship scheme and
many of these are for research relevant to public health.
Cancer Prevention Fellowships
This Fellowship programme aims to encourage successful applicants to pursue careers in cancer prevention on the
island of Ireland. The Fellowship equips participants to embark on such careers by giving them the opportunity to
obtain a Masters in Public Health (MPH) degree in year one, followed by two years of mentored research in the
National Cancer Institute’s distinguished Cancer Prevention Fellowship Programme in Washington DC.
Health Economics Fellowship
72
This Fellowship programme aims to encourage successful applicants to pursue careers in health economics on the
island of Ireland. The duration of the fellowship is four years leading to a PhD degree in health economics. The
Fellowship includes ten months of coursework in health economics, cancer prevention and health policy, based
mainly in Ireland, followed by two years of mentored research at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Washington
DC and a final year of mentored research at an affiliated host institution in Ireland. Two awards have been made in
each year in 2008, 2009 and 2010, and 2011.
Cochrane Fellowships and Colloquiums
The aim of the Cochrane Fellowship scheme is to build capacity in conducting systematic reviews in the health and
social care field in Ireland by freeing up protected time for applicants to conduct a Cochrane systematic review in
any topic of their choice. The Fellowship provides the Fellow with protected time of up to two days per week for up
to two years to conduct their review. The award covers systematic review training costs, salary-related costs and
research expenses. This scheme has supported over 70 health practitioners to undergo Cochrane training and a
further 20 health professionals or scientists to undertake Cochrane Systematic Reviews. The Fellowship scheme is
currently being reviewed prior to an expected new call in 2011.
Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships
Post-doctoral research fellowship awards are open to anyone with a PhD in an area relevant to health. The purpose
is to enable researchers with a PhD to develop their research careers at an advanced level in Ireland. Each year a
number of these awards are in the public health sphere.
HRB Infrastructure Development in the public health space
Health Research Centres
The purpose of these awards is 1) to address priority research needs of the health services in Ireland, 2) to provide
capacity bridging higher education and health care to perform large-scale research projects underpinning clinical,
health systems and health services research, and 3) to facilitate dissemination of the knowledge base and to
increase its impact on health policy and health practice.
The objective of each Health Research Centre (HRC) is to undertake research and dissemination activities that will
improve the health and/or care of the population. A HRC is intended to foster collaborative research and critical
mass within the relevant research community to underpin translational, clinical, health systems and health services
research and to ensure that new knowledge is translated into practice. Funding is available to support research
consortia that enhance our ability to address health issues and that are aligned with national/international research
and funding priorities. There are currently two HRC awards in Diet and Health and Primary Care. Consideration of
further HRC awards is actively being reviewed.
Clinical Research Facilities (CRFs)
The HRB funds three of the seven clinical research facilities (CRFs) on the Island of Ireland, as collaborative
initiatives with either the Department of Health or the Wellcome Trust UK. The HRB provides the running costs over
a 5 year period, while the DoH or the Wellcome Trust provides the capital. The Dublin St. James and Galway CRFs
were launched in 2007, while the Cork CRF was launched in 2008. These key clinical infrastructures aim to build
world-class clinical research capability in Ireland to support bench-to-bedside initiatives and improve translation of
the results of health research into treatments and techniques that are provably effective in the clinic. The Galway
CRF has, as part of its research portfolio, strands in health services research and primary care research.
Methodological Supports
The HRB has committed almost €600k to the provision of methodological support to the broader research
community through the Research Methodology Support Centre (CSTAR) which is intended to provide health and
73
social care practitioners and academic colleagues with methodological support to strengthen quality in health
services, primary care and clinical research on a national basis, across health service and academic institutions.
The aim of the Centre is to strengthen research quality by providing advice, consultancy, training and education in
research methodologies (both quantitative and qualitative), study design, project management, analysis, reporting
and other support services. The HRB is currently examining a Hub and Spoke model to embed methodological
design, statistics and data management in the health research infrastructure in the Republic of Ireland.
3.3 HRB Support for national health databases (on behalf of Department of Health)
1. The Drug-Related Deaths Index (NDRDI) which is a census of drug-related deaths (such as those due to
accidental or intentional overdose) and deaths among drug users (such as those due to hepatitis C and HIV) in
Ireland. It also records alcohol-related deaths.
2. The National Drug Treatment Reporting System (NDTRS), which is an epidemiological database on treated
drug and alcohol misuse in Ireland. It was established in 1990 in the Greater Dublin Area and was extended in
1995 to cover all areas of the country.
3. The National Intellectual Disability Database (NIDD) and the National Physical and Sensory Disability Database
(NPSDD), which collect information on the demographic profile, receipt of, or need for, specialised health
services for people with intellectual disability (NIDD) and physical or sensory disability (NPSDD).
4. The National Psychiatric In–Patient Reporting System (NPIRS) and national psychiatric inpatient database in
Ireland records data on all admissions to, and discharges from, psychiatric inpatient facilities in Ireland
annually.
The HRB is also the Irish national focal point for the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
(EMCDDA).
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National Public Health Research Calls and Programmes in 2010