STAAR REVIEW 4
1920s
THE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTS
*___________________________________Sought a “return to ________________________” after WWI
__________________________________ scandal
*___________________________________No right to strike against the public safety
Believed business of America is _______________________
*___________________________________Engineer who organized food production in WWI; Secretary of ______________
As President, predicted an end to _____________________________
Believed in rugged individualism; Felt government interference should be
Minimal to the economy
REASONS FOR PROSPERITY OF 1920s
*________________________________________ Cars allowed greater mobility; Model T priced less than ____________
*OTHER NEW INDUSTRIES: __________________________ and electric ______________________________
Radio, motion pictures, vacuum cleaners
*MORE EFFICIENT PRODUCTRION TECHNIQUES____________________________________, standardized parts
*AGE OF ____________________________________ advertising stimulated demand; retailers introduced installment buying
CULTURAL VALUES OF THE 1920s: ATTMEPT TO PRESERVE ______________________________________________________
*______________________________________:_________________________ banned alcoholic drinks
Social experiment was a failure; ______________ amendment ended prohibition.
*______________________________________(1925): Pitted traditional _______________________ values against
Darwin’s Theory of ____________________________________________.
*NEW RESTRICTIONS ON IMMIGRATION: Growth in __________________________________ sentiment.
Immigration Acts of __________, ___________, ____________
EMERGENCE OF NEW VALUES IN 1920s
*___________________________: ________Amendment (right to vote); _________________; greater independence;
New morals and manners
*YOUTH AND ________________________________________; fads included flagpole sitting and marathon dancing
Rejected desire for material wealth. Disillusioned writers such as
Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, and _______________________________.
*________________________________________New optimism and growth of African-American culture.
__________________________ (poet and novelist)
__________________________ (Black historian)
__________________________ (Leader of Back-to-Africa Movement)
KEY INDIVIDUALS
________________________________________ Convicted and executed of a robbery in part because of the hysteria
Against foreigners
________________________________________Early auto manufacturer who pioneered new production techniquest
(assembly line)
________________________________________Aviation pioneer who developed airplanes that landed on water
_________________________________________Active in the Temperance and Women’s Rights Movement
_________________________________________ Represented Scopes at the “Monkey Trial” on evolution in 1925
_________________________________________Helped prosecute John Scopes at the “Monkey Trial”
_________________________________________African-American poet and writer during the Harlem Renaissance
_________________________________________Believed in black-owned businesses; led Back-to-Africa Movement
_________________________________________First person to fly solo across Atlantic Ocean; international hero
_________________________________________Wrote The Great Gatsby; captured the spirit of the Jazz Age
ONE LAST NOTE:
______________________ A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC BELIEF THAT THE HUMAN RACE COULD BE IMPROVED BY BREEDING.
_______________________ SECTION OF NEW YORK CITY THAT BECAME THE CENTER FOR SONG-WRITING AND MUSICAL IDEAS
“I will build a motor car for the great multitude. It will be large enough for the family but small enough for the individual to run and
car for. It will be constructed of the best materials, by the best men, after the simplest designs that engineering can devise. But it
will be so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one—and enjoy with this family the blessing of hours of
pleasure in God’s open spaces.
-HENRY FORD, 1909
1. Which management innovation helped Henry Ford to realize this vision?
A. PROVIDING VARIOUS MODELS OF CARS
B. CREATING A BUSINESS MONOPOLY
C. DOWNSIZING THE LABOR FORCE
D. USING ASSEMBLY-LINE PRODUCTION METHODS
2. The executions of Sacco and Vanzetti in the 1920s demonstrated the—
A. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S WAR ON CRIME
B. THE PERSISTENCE OF LYNCHINGS
C. CORRUPTION OF POLITICAL MACHINES
D. INCREASE IN NATIVIST ATTITUDES
3. Prohibition, established by the Eighteenth Amendment, stated that—
A. ONLY IMPORTED ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES COULD BE SOLD
B. THE MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WAS BANNED
C. AMERICANS MUST BE 18-YEARS OLD TO PURCHASE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
D. ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES COULD BE SOLD ONLY IN GOVERNMENT-RUN STORES
4. What was Frances Willard’s contribution to American society?
A. SHE HELPED OVERTURN THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT
B. SHE SPOKE OUT AGAINST THE INTRODUCTION OF EUGENICS
C. SHE FOUGHT FOR OWMEN’S RIGHTS AND BAN ON THE SALE OF ALCOHOL
D. SHE SPEARHEADED IMPORTANT INNOVATIONS IN MANUFACTURING
IMMIGRATION BEFORE AND AFTER
FROM NORTHERN AND WESTERN
FROM SOUTHERN AND EASTERN
QUOTA LAWS
EUROPE
EUROPE AND ASIA
AVERAGE ANNUAL NUMBER OF
176,983
685,531
IMMIGRANTS (1907-1914)
IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1921
198,082
158,367
IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1924
140,999
21,847
IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1929
132,323
20,251
5. BASED ON THE CHART, WHAT EFFECT DID THE PASSAGE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS HAVE ON IMMIGRATION TO THE
UNITED STATES?
A. THEY ENDED ALL IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES
B. THEY HAD LITTLE EFFECT ON THE FLOW OF IMMIGRANTS ENTERING THE UNITED STATES
C. THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS FROM SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE AND ASIA DECLINED DRAMATICALLY
D. THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS FROM NORTHERN AND WESTERN EUROPE INCREASED
6. Which aspect of the 1920s is most closely identified with the emergence of Tin Pan Alley?
A. THE PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION OF PROHIBITION PAMPHLETS
B. THE SUCCESSFU FLIGHT OF THE FIRST HYDROPLANE IN NORTH CAROLINA
C. THE LOCATION OF THE MUSIC PUBLISHING INDUSTRY IN NEW YORK CITY
D. THE REPEAL OF THE TWENTY-FIRST AMENDMENT
Use this cartoon and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions…
7. This carton is from the 1920S. It shows attempts of the United States government
to deal with the issue of—
A. FOREIGN TRADE
B. TRANSPORTATION GRIDLOCKS
C. IMMIGRATION
D. MIGRANT WORKERS
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EOC PowerPoint Review 4