Grade Level: 3rd Unit Title: Tall Tales/Fables/Myths/Legends: Compare and Contrast Settings & Paraphrase Duration: 2-3 weeks ***The following Reading Progression reflects using Mentor Text to teach the specific genre. Therefore, reading will come first in the progression followed by writing. Lastly, grammar skills are included and should be taught throughout the unit of study. Story Elements in fables, legends, myths, and tall tales 1. Understandings: Essential Questions: Themes in traditional literature relate to our How does reading a variety of genres impact lives. the reader’s life? Knows: Embedded themes that relate to our own lives can be found in fables, legends, myths, and stories Exaggeration is a component used in tall tales, fables, myths, and legends. Settings in myths and traditional folktales have similarities and differences. Authors have a purpose in sharing traditional literature. Dos: Compare and contrast settings in myths and traditional folktales and provide text evidence. Make connections (thematic links, author analysis) between literary and informational texts with similar ideas and provide text evidence. Make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of drama (plot, character) presented through dialogue in scripts that are read, viewed, written, or performed. Paraphrase the themes and details of fables, legends, myths, or stories. Summarize and sequence the plot’s main events and how they relate to future events in the story. Describe interactions of characters including relationships and changes. Analyze, make inferences, and draw conclusions about the author’s purpose supported with text evidence. Impact of culture on fables, myths, legends, tall tales 2. Understanding: Culture impacts writing. The same legend, myth, tall tale, fable, can change depending on its origin. Traditional literature is read to better understand history, traditions, and culture. Knows: Traditional literature stories are passed down orally from one group to another in history. Examples include: folktales, fairy tales, fables, legends, and myths from different cultures. Essential Questions: In what ways do folktales, tall tales, fables, myths, and legends impact culture? How are cultural beliefs and values portrayed in traditional literature? How do different versions of the same story change throughout time? Dos: Writers exploring with Tall Tales, Fables, Legends, and Myths 3. Understandings: Essential Questions: There are different components that make up Why do writers produce stories in different folktales, legends, myths, tall tales, and fables. ways? Different genres have unique organizational patterns. Knows: Writers tell stories orally to help organize, elaborate ideas, and use their voice to tell stories. Imaginative stories build the plot to climax with details about characters and setting. Scripts can be read, viewed, written, or performed. Reading with expression and phrasing improves understanding of text. Dos: Read grade level texts fluently with expression and appropriate phrasing. Writing tools/Effective tools for Tall Tales, Myths, Fables, and Legends 4. Understandings: Essential Questions: Effective writing communicates clearly to the How do descriptive words make writing more audience. interesting? Elements of dialogue support understandings. How can dialogue be used to support understanding? Knows: Writers choose words to convey meaning in a precise, interesting, and natural way. Words create images. Drama based on dialogue includes the elements plot and character. Dos: Use effective word choices to convey the intended meaning. Write focused, organized, imaginative stories to express ideas and feeling about real or imagined people, events, or ideas with a plot that leads to a climax and details about characters and setting. Organize ideas into paragraphs (including paragraph indentation) Revise stories for voice. Grammar Skills 5. Understandings: Knows: A comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but) connect two simple complete sentences into a compound sentence. Commas are used when listing items in a series. A contraction is a combination of two or more words with an apostrophe replacing a letter or letters. A possessive shows ownership and some need apostrophes. Adding prefixes and suffixes change the meaning of words. A prefix is a letter or letters added to the beginning of a word. A suffix is a letter or letters added to the end of words. Homophones are words that sound the same but have different spellings and meanings Synonyms have similar meanings and antonyms have opposite meaning. Homographs are words that have the same spelling but have different meanings and pronunciations. Paragraphs organize writing and should be indented. Essential Questions: Dos: Use compound sentences (joined by coordinating conjunction) with subject-verb agreement in writing. Recognize and use apostrophes in contractions an dpossessives. Recognize and use commas in a series. Write legibly in cursive script with spacing between words. Identify the meaning of common prefixes (ex: dis, re, un, de) and suffixes (ex: ful, less, ing, ly, ed) and how they change the meaning of roots. Identify and use antonyms, synonyms, homographs, and homophones.