2016 Farmer’s Market
Aquaponic Solar Greenhouse Training
This material copyright 2008-16 by Friendly Aquaponics, Inc, Susanne Friend, and Tim Mann. Copying
or using portions of or excerpts from this material without express written permission from the
authors is prohibited by law. Friendly Aquaponics, Inc, PO Box 1196, Honokaa, Hawaii 96727, Version
FMASG16-1.0, friendlyaquaponics.com
Technology Manual
Table Of Contents
I.
Introduction: Why You Need A Solar Greenhouse, And What It
Can Do For You/ Types Of Greenhouses Available For You To
Use.
II.
Principles And Strategies For Energy-Efficient Thermal Transfer
(TANSTAAFL: Or, There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch,
courtesy Robert Heinlein)
A. Glossary of Terms and Definitions
B. The “Systems Nature” Of The Aquaponic Solar Greenhouse
C. Incremental Benefits From The Aquaponic Solar Greenhouse
D. What Is Heat And How Does It Behave?
E. Thermal Mass Principles And Strategies
F. Energy-Efficient Heating Strategies
G. Energy-Efficient Cooling Strategies
H. Combination Heating/Cooling Systems (Heat Exchangers)
I. Short-Duration Backup Systems For Heating And Cooling
J. Site Selection: What Are YOUR Heating And Cooling Resources?
III. The Four Climatic Conditions And Their Requirements
A. Sweltering Summers, Frigid Winters
B. Hot Summers, Cold Winters
C. Warm Summers, Cool Winters
D. Warm Summers, Warm Winters (Tropical/SubTropical)
IV.
Tactics For Addressing The Four Conditions
A. Glazing Methods And Considerations
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
ETFE Film Glazing
Standard Poly Film Glazing
Double-Layer Inflated Poly Film Glazing
Polycarbonate Rigid Sheet Glazing
Glass Glazing: Single And Double Layer
B. Insulation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
How Insulation Works; Types Of Insulation
Insulating The Aquaponics System Water Containers
Insulating The Greenhouse Walls
Insulating The Greenhouse Roof (Glazing/Insulated Glazing)
Insulating The Greenhouse Floor
C. Energy-Efficient Cooling Methods
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Passive Hot Air Venting
Active Hot Air Venting
Active Air Cooling
Cooling The Aquaponics System Water Using Geothermal Water Heat Exchangers
Cooling The Greenhouse Air Using Geothermal Air Heat Exchangers
Cooling The Greenhouse Air Using Water Walls/Swamp Coolers
Cooling The Greenhouse Using Shading Methods
Backup Cooling Methods For The Solar Greenhouse
D. Energy-Efficient Heating Methods
1. Heating the Aquaponics System Water Using Solar Water Heat Exchangers
2. Heating The Greenhouse Air Using Solar Air Heat Exchangers
3. Actively Heating The Aquaponics System Water/Backup Heating System (Burning
Something For Heat)
4. Actively Heating The Greenhouse Air/Backup Heating System (Burning
Something For Heat)
E.
Combination Heating/Cooling/Electricity Production Systems
1. Rare Circumstances: Unlimited Wind, Hydro, or Natural Gas On-Site
V.
Electrical Use, Conservation, And Generation
A. Electricity: What It Is And How It Works
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
How Electricity Works: AC And DC And Alternate Energy
How To Design Your System For Your Electrical Needs
The AC System
The DC System
Safety Precautions: If You Have Any Doubts, GET AN ELECTRICIAN!
B. Methods For Conservation Of Electricity
1.
2.
3.
4.
How To Choose Electrically-Efficient Equipment
Timers, Programmable Timers, And Other Electrical Control Equipment
Backup Electrical Power Issues
Partial Operation: Winter Configuration/Summer Configuration
C. Generating Electricity: Alternate Energy Systems
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The Easiest Way: Use The Grid (If You Can)
Small Hydro-Electric Systems
Electric Wind Turbines
PhotoVoltaic Panels (PV)
Biogas-Powered Electricity Generation
Internal Combustion Backup Generators
A modern Chinese Solar Greenhouse. Although they are growing in the dirt
and in pots inside the greenhouse, this structure gives many of the benefits
our Aquaponic Solar Greenhouse does. Note the concrete grade beam to the
left that the ends of the steel trusses that form the roof of this greenhouse
are embedded into. Concrete and the labor to form it is quite inexpensive in
China. Also note the North wall to the right that the trusses also attach to:
this wall is often up to four feet thick, with double layers of masonry brick
with straw bales in between for insulation. NOT a construction method that
most US Building Departments currently allow.
China is building thousands more of these right now, as they allow farmers to
grow warm-weather crops such as tomatoes and cucumbers right through
the often-severe Chinese winters.
Construction Manual
A. General Information
page 49
B. Insulation In Depth
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insulating
Insulating
Insulating
Insulating
The
The
The
The
Aquaponics System Water Containers
Greenhouse Walls
Greenhouse Roof (Glazing, Thermal Kilt)
Greenhouse Floor
C. Ventilation In Depth
1. Passive Summertime Ventilation Through Ridge Vent
2. Passive/Active Summertime Ventilation Through Vents And Doors
3. Wintertime Venting
D. Introduction To The Chinese-Style Greenhouse: Choosing The Right Kind
E. Modular Chinese Greenhouse
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Pros And Cons
Site Prep, Foundation, And Foundation Insulation
Panel Construction Techniques And Materials
Curved Beam Construction Techniques And Materials
Moving And Storing Panels
Erecting Panels And Assembling Modules
Finishing The Greenhouse
The Seeding, Germination, And Harvesting Area
F. Built-In-Place Chinese Greenhouse
1.
2.
3.
4.
Pros And Cons
Site Prep And Foundation
Wooden Stud Construction
Steel Stud Construction
G. Steel-Framed Conventional Greenhouses
1.
2.
3.
4.
Pros And Cons
What To Include In Your Purchase
Erection Of New “Conventional” Greenhouses
Disassembly, Transportation, and Erection Of Used Greenhouses
H. Other Types Of Greenhouses
1. Wood-Framed Greenhouses
I.
Construction Photos
Epoxy Technology For Building Laminated Wooden Beams
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Aquaponic Solar Greenhouse Training