Tropical Rain Forest
Carolina Merkt
Johana Puerta
Tatiana Riera
Johanna Cepeda
Ciencias
Marymount, Medellin
2012
Table of contents:
1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Body
3.1 what is a biome
3.2 description of characteristics
3.3 temperature
3.4 map of the world locating the biome
3.5 Does the biome exist in Colombia? Make a
description of characteristics and location
3.6 effects climate change
3.7 flora and fauna
3.8 topography
3.9 biotic and abiotic factors
3.10 food chain
4. cyber graphy
1. Abstract
The tropical rain forests are mostly located near in
equator. The climate it’s mostly between 34% c and
20% c and humidity between 77 % and 88% there
are many species of animals and plants. In the
Colombian amazon is a tropical rain forest that
covers approximately 42% of the land area of the
country.
Tropical rain forest, have tree tropical levels
emergent, canopy and understory. Emergent: tallest
trees animals that live here and monkeys and
butterflies
Canopy: primary layer it’s a maze of trees and
flowers animals that live here are snakes and
treetops frogs
Understory: little sunshine reaches area animals
include jaguars; this area is full of insects.
Forest floor: it’s very dark no plants grow in this
area, a leaf might take one year to decompose, and
giant anteaters leave here.
2. Introduction
In this work we are going to put information about
the biome “tropical rain forest” we were told to look
for information like: temperature, climate, flora and
fauna, etc.
3. Body
3.1 What is a biome?
A biome is a geographical area characterized by
plants animals, climate, geology, soil types, water,
and latitude.
3.2 description of characteristics
These forests are characterized by many lianas and
vines growing through three well-defined layers: the
canopy contains trees between 10-25 m in height;
the understory contains mostly juvenile trees and
thin-stemmed species; the herbaceous layer is less
than 1 m tall. Most species partially or fully lose their
leaves during the dry season. An inventory of the
flowering plants (angiosperms) yielded 412 species
in 92 families. Of these, 55 species are consumed
by cotton-top tamarinds, most of them for their fruit
but also for their gums.
3.3 temperatures
the temperature of a rain forest is 34ºc that is the
higher temperature and 20ºc that is the lowest
temperature the humidity is between 77% and 88%
when it rains is more than 100 inches a year in
monsoonal areas is a real dry season almost rain
forest are near the equator
3.4 map of the world locating the biome
3.5 Does the biome exist in Colombia? Make a
description of characteristics and location if the
biome exists in Colombia where is located.
The Colombian Amazon covers approximately 42%
of the land area of Colombia and is also the least
densely populated area of the country. Special
about this region is that there are many Indians
living in traditional lifestyle in harmony with
nature. Colombia has also been described as a
"mega diversity" country Colombia covers 0.77% of
the Earth's land surface, but has almost 10% the
plants and animals.
Andean Highlands: The Andes Mountains divide
into three distinct chains, Cordillera Occidental,
Cordillera Central, and Cordillera Oriental, in the
latter of which, the capital of Bogota is located.
Mountain peaks are permanently covered with
snow, but a moderate climate in the basins and
plateaus allows almost 80% of the human
population to live in the Andes.
Pacific Lowlands: The Pacific lowlands are bordered
by the Cordillera Occidental and the Pacific Ocean,
and have been described as a region of jungle and
swamps. Such swampy areas, though unpopular
with humans, often hold an astounding array of
plants and wildlife.
Orinoco/Amazon: The Amazon, east of the Andes,
covers three-fifths of Colombia's total area, but is
only inhabited by about 2% of the human
population. The northern region is described as
llanos, or seasonally flooded plains, while the
southern region contains tropical rain forest.
3.6 effects climate change
How does climate changes in a rain forest:
Rain forest of Africa Asia and south America are a
sink for the carbon dioxide emissions due to cars,
industry, trains, greenhouse gas.
Due to the amount of co2 emissions that are 40%
higher than the rain forests were processing, the
earth´s atmosphere could suffer a climate change
due to overheating.
Rain forests are disappearing because people use
their wood for industry and for greenhouse gas. If
greenhouse gas is not reduced in 14% each year
irreversible damage can be done to the amazon rain
forest. This has caused that some parts of the
amazon changed from co2 transformers to co2
producers
3.7 flora and fauna
Flora:
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Bougainvillea
Curare
Bengal Bamboo
Coconut Tree
Durian
Jambu
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Kapok Tree
Mangrove Forests
Strangler Figs
Tulanga
Fauna:
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Africa Forest Elephant
Bengal Tiger
Chimpanzee
Common Palm Civet or Musang
Dawn Bat
Golden Lion Tamarin
Harpy Eagle
Jambu Fruit Dove
King Cobra
Kinkajou
Linn's Sloth
Orangutan
Proboscis Monkey
Red-shanked Douc Langur
Silvery Gibbon
Slender Loris
Sumatran Rhinoceros
Toco Toucan
Vampire Bat
Wagler's Pit Viper
3.8 topography
The topographical features are:
 Mountain: it’s found in South America, Australia,
Africa and the pacific.
 Valley: it provides channels for the flow of rivers.
 Wetland: it’s a marsh and it’s found in Brazil,
Chile Bolivia and Paraguay the biggest one is in
Brazil.
 Stream: its water that flows through a path.
 Flood plain: is a vast area present on rivers.
 River: is a stream of water that flows into a big
sea or river, the biggest one of them is the
amazon.
3.9 biotic and abiotic factors
Biotic factors: eagles, monkeys, bats, butterflies,
vines, mosses, lichens, orchids, birds, snakes,
lizards, jaguars, boa constrictors, tigers, jaguars,
insects, etc
Abiotic factors: water and sunlight, climate, weather
and precipitation
3.10 food chain
3.11 Cyber graphy
 http://www.enotes.com/science/q-and-a/what-biome288536
 http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rainforest.htm
 http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_animal_page
.htm
 http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_plant_page.
htm
 http://www.buzzle.com/articles/landforms-in-tropicalrainforests.html
 http://www.nature.com/nature/index.html
 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=es&newwindow=1&sa=X&rlz=1C1TSNP
_enCO469CO469&biw=1517&bih=741&tbm=isch&tbnid=SOc7zTmUstv5ZM:&imgre
furl=http://www.worldbuilders.org/lessons/less/biomes/rainforest/temp_rain/tempweb.html&docid=QPsSPlZztnaNM&imgurl=http://www.worldbuilders.org/lessons/less/biomes/rainforest/temp_rain/tempgifs/tempweb.gif&w=
575&h=743&ei=4ZZOUMDYMorE9gSRsYG4DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=327&vpy=5
0&dur=322&hovh=255&hovw=196&tx=88&ty=112&sig=118239550213005462904
&page=1&tbnh=121&tbnw=94&start=0&ndsp=34&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:76
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Tropical Rain Forest Carolina Merkt Johana Puerta Tatiana Riera