How does New York and Chicago cope with the large amount of people and shortage of space through design and in particular improvised design? Motivation for the research With over 7 billion people in the world, rapid population growth and shortage of space is a global issue. Living in a large space is not affordable or sustainable for most people particularly in big cities. Industrial designers should consider this to ensure living in a small space is comfortable affordable and sustainable. For example public spaces such as parks, museums, library, train stations need to be able to accommodate a large number of people without compromising lifestyles. This is not a new concept and people are beginning to pay attention to the shortage of space due to the cost and sustainability. Even in Adelaide – where there isn’t a rapid population growth, there is still innovative space saving design – such as pop up bars in shipping containers, rooftop gardens and mobile food vans. The obvious conclusion of this is that all design is going to have to be considering space for the future, industrial design industry is no exception. Overall research question How does New York and Chicago cope with the large amount of people and shortage of space through design and in particular improvised design? Living in Adelaide there isn’t a huge space problem, so it isn’t a focus for industrial designers. I am very interested in researching what innovative design methods design forward cities with big populations such as New York and Chicago have to offer. Approach Research for this topic will involve visiting public spaces such as parks and cafes to discover design opportunities by observing peoples behavior and interaction with the environment and objects, paying particular attention to any improvised design. I will also be observing existing space saving designs in these environments as well as at a design firm. Through doing this I am hoping to gain inspiration and ideas to design my own space saving product. Anticipated results I think in a design forward city, I will be impressed by clever space saving design. I am hoping to find a problem that I can resolve as a designer, either through someone’s improvised design or through my own. On a personal level, I’m hoping to be inspired by a different culture, which will make me consider our space issues in Australia and challenge me to find new, innovative and sustainable design ideas for my future design career. Articles Firms redesigning space needs by Jonathon Sapers (http://search.proquest.com/docview/219142280?OpenUrlRefId=info:xri /sid:primo) A new methodology for evaluating sustainable product design performance with two-stage network data envelopment analysis (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377221712002688) Lets get small: Annals of design (http://search.proquest.com/docview/879508284?accountid=14649&Op enUrlRefId=info:xri/sid:primo) Designing Interior Architecture: Concept, Typology, Material, Construction (http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unisaau/reader.action?docID=10728861) Counter Space: Design and the Modern Kitchen (http://docserver.ingentaconnect.com/deliver/connect/bloomsbury/1754 7075/v3n3/s8.pdf?expires=1433211508&id=81952398&titleid=7500476 3&accname=University+of+South+Australia&checksum=277F9679092 1FFE532E9C692917FC1EE) Sustainable style and substance (http://search.proquest.com/docview/210847000?accountid=14649&Op enUrlRefId=info:xri/sid:primo) Collapsible – The Genius of Space-Saving Design – Per Mollerup Space Saving Furniture – Living Comfortable in Small Spaces – Jair Robles (http://www.superconsciousness.com/topics/environment/spacesaving-furniture-design) A/B space saving furniture by kim myung hyun (http://www.designboom.com/readers/a%E2%88%A9b-_-simplesystem-furniture-_-sharing-legs/) http://www.theminimalists.com/apartment/ High Density Living in Hong Kong https://lsecities.net/media/objects/articles/high-density-living-in-hongkong/en-gb/ Chicago is expensive - http://expandfurniture.com/cutting-down-onliving-expenses-in-chicago/ TED talks/videos: Writer and designer Graham Hill asks: Can having less stuff, in less room, lead to more happiness? He makes the case for taking up less space, and lays out three rules for editing your life. https://www.ted.com/talks/graham_hill_less_stuff_more_happiness#t31792 How can we fit more people into cities without overcrowding? Kent Larson shows off folding cars, quick-change apartments and other innovations that could make the city of the future work a lot like a small village of the past. https://www.ted.com/talks/kent_larson_brilliant_designs_to_fit_more_p eople_in_every_city?language=en A rich life with less stuff, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgBpyNsSjU&list=LLkbFiBwMYMXAqifXF4xo5Uw Places to visit: New York Central Park The High Line park IDEO Design Consultancy Guggenheim Museum Museum of Modern Art (Exhibition: Young Artchitects program http://www.moma.org/visit/calendar/exhibitions/1575) NYSID MFA Thesis & MPS Projects Exhibition (http://nycxdesign.com/events/nysid-mfa-thesis-mps-projectsexhibition-2015-07-01/#.VXDqmVWUeWs) Beyond Metal Gallery (http://nycxdesign.com/events/beyond-metalgallery-2015-07-01/#.VXDpi1WUeWs) Chicago Minimal Design Consultancy Meet up with Keiichi Sato (organizing at the moment) – Professor at Institute of Design Institute of Design The Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture and Design Chicago Design Museum I understand I have a lot of places listed to visit, so I am not expecting to visit them all, but will try plan my itinerary around the ones I can. If Keiichi is available for a meeting, that would be my main priority.