Ancient Greek Art Notes Read Discovering Art History pages 178-189 Periods of Ancient Greek Art History Ancient Greek Time Periods Archaic Art - 600-480 BCE Classical Art – 480-323 BCE Hellenistic Art - 320-30 BCE 3 Art forms: Sculpture, Architecture and Painting (on ceramics) Sculpture Innovations Fearless nudity Ambitious stone-carving Believable articulation and motion Ancient Greek SCUPLTURE Greek Sculpture Vocabulary Articulation Contrapposto Kouros Kore – • Kouros, 600 BCE, marble, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York p180 Archaic Sculpture • Peplos Kore, 530 BCE, marble, Acropolis Museum, Athens, Greece. p173 • Zeus or Poseidon Artemision, 460 BCE, bronze, National Museum of Archeology, Athens, Greece. Classical Sculpture • Myron, The Discus Thrower, 450 BCE, marble (from bronze), National Roman Museum, Rome, Italy. • Dying Gaul, from Pergamon, 230-220 BCE, marble (from bronze), Capitoline Museum, Rome, Italy. p182 Hellenistic Sculpture • Nike of Samothrace, 190 BCE, marble, Louvre, Paris, France. p183 • Three Goddesses, from the Parthenon (Elgin Marbles), 438432 BCE, marble, British Museum, London, England. p178, 181 • Venus de Milo (Aphrodite of Melos), 150-125 BCE, marble, Louvre, Paris, France. Ancient Greek ARCHITECTURE Greek Architecture Vocabulary Acropolis Architrave Capital Caryatid Cella Cornice Entablature Frieze Pediment Shaft Orders of Columns (see order, page 611) - Architecture Innovations: • Expansion of post (pillar) and lintel construction • Trusses over wide open spaces Ancient Greek Architecture to Know • Iktinos and Kallikrates, The • The Erechtheion, (Porch of the • Polykleitos, Theater, 350 BCE, Parthenon, 447-438 BCE, Maidens), 421-405, BCE, Epidauros, Greece. p187 Acropolis, Athens Greece. p174, Acropolis, Athens Greece. p186 184 Ancient Greek POTTERY and PAINTING Characteristics of Greek Pottery Form followed function Separate potter and painter Horizontal “registers” Descriptive perspective Abstract and Imitational designs Styles of Greek Pottery Archaic Period - black figure Classical Period - red figure Hellenistic Period - dynamic movement Greek Pottery Vocabulary Amphora Black Figure Hydria Kiln Krater Kylix Red Figure – • Exekias, Ajax and Achilles Playing Dice, 540-530 BCE, ceramic,Vatican Museums, Rome, Italy. Greek Pottery to Know • Epiktetos (painter) and Pamphaios (potter) Red-Figure Eye-Cup, ca. 520-510 B.C. Earthenware with slip decoration, Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin •The Atalanta Lekythos (Funerary Oil Jug), attributed to Douris, 500-490 BC, slip painted earthenware, Cleveland Museum of Art.