Aristotle
(384 BCE-322 BCE)
Mine is the first step and therefore a small one, though worked out with much thought and hard
labor. You, my readers or hearers of my lectures, if you think I have done as much as can fairly be
expected of an initial start. . . will acknowledge what I have achieved and will pardon what I have
left for others to accomplish.
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sent to Athens to study philosophy with Plato
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set up a school known as the Lyceum.
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Wrote 150 philosophical treatises (A systematic, usually extensive written discourse on a
subject.-www.dictionary.com)
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Aristotle saw ultimate reality in physical objects, knowable through experience.
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Worked in zoology
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Aristotle studied earth sciences "all the affections we may call common to air and water,
and the kinds and parts of the earth and the affections of its parts."
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Believed the universe would never end- that it was eternal and it would change but
never perish
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Aristotelian philosophy became the official philosophy of the Roman Catholic Church
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(above info is courtesy of Berkley University
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/aristotle.html)
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A lot of his theories have been combined to fall under what is known as physics
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Studied logic and placed it into 4 categories: logic, theoretical philosophy (including
metaphysics, physics, mathematics) practical philosophy and poetical philosophy.
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"man is by nature a political animal." Aristotle thought of politics as being like an
organism rather than a machine which constantly changes, and as a collection of parts none
of which can exist without the others.
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Studied the logic behind politics