Name: __________________________________________________________________ Date: ___________ Hour: __________
Rock Cycle Study Guide
VOCABULARY SECTION
Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer from the options below. Write the letter of the answer on the line in front of the
question. No word will be used twice, but not all words will be used.
a. erosion
b. metamorphic rock
d. radiation
e. conduction
h. deposition
f. igneous rock
i. community
k. convecction
c. population
g. strata
j. sedimentary rock
l. weathering
m. magma
_____ 1. The process in which sediment is laid down
_____ 2. All of the species of living organisms that live and interact in an area
_____ 3. The type of rock that forms from the compaction and cementation of sediment
_____ 4. The transfer of thermal energy by movement in liquids and gases
_____ 5. The process in which sediment moves from one place to another
_____ 6. The texture of metamorphic rock in which grains are arranged in bands
_____ 7. The type of rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
_____ 8. Layers in sedimentary rock
_____ 9. The transfer of thermal energy by waves
_____ 10. The type of rock formed due to heat and pressure
IGNEOUS ROCK SECTION
Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer from the options below. Write the letter of the answer on the line in front of the
question. No word will be used twice, but not all words will be used.
_____ 1. Which of the following substances cools and hardens to create igneous rock?
a. sediment
b. magma
c. muffins
d. sand
_____ 2. How are igneous rocks classified?
a. composition and how they form
b. texture and how they form
c. texture and composition
d. how they form and their minerals
_____ 3. What two categories is the composition of igneous rock broken into?
a. foliated and nonfoliated
b. felsic and mafic
c. clastic and chemical
d. fine-grained and coarse-grained
_____ 4. Which of the following accurately describes the texture of intrusive igneous rocks?
a. fine-grained
b. clastic
c. coarse-grained
d. organic
_____ 5. Which of the following accurately describes the texture of extrusive igneous rocks?
a. fine-grained
b. clastic
c. coarse-grained
d. organic
_____ 6. What is the color and density of a mafic igneous rock?
a. dark colored, more dense
b. light colored, less dense
c. dark colored, less dense
d. light colored, more dense
_____ 7. What is the color and density of a felsic igneous rock?
a. dark colored, more dense
b. light colored, less dense
c. dark colored, less dense
d. light colored, more dense
____ 8. How and where do extrusive igneous rocks cool?
a. slowly, inside Earth’s crust
b. slowly, outside Earth’s crust
c. quickly, inside Earth’s crust
d. quickly, outside Earth’s crust
____ 9. How and where do intrusive igneous rocks cool?
a. slowly, inside Earth’s crust
b. slowly, outside Earth’s crust
c. quickly, inside Earth’s crust
d. quickly, outside Earth’s crust
SEDIMENTARY ROCK SECTION
Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer from the options below. Write the letter of the answer on the line in front of the
question. No word will be used twice, but not all words will be used.
_____ 10. The movement of sediment is called ______________________.
a. cementation
b. weathering
c. deposition
e. compaction
f. erosion
e. compaction
f. erosion
e. compaction
f. erosion
e. compaction
f. erosion
e. compaction
f. erosion
_____ 11. The laying down of sediment is called ____________________.
a. cementation
b. weathering
c. deposition
_____ 12. The breaking down of existing rock is called ____________________.
a. cementation
b. weathering
c. deposition
_____ 13. The binding of sediment is called ____________________.
a. cementation
b. weathering
c. deposition
_____ 14. The pressing together of sediment is called ____________________.
a. cementation
b. weathering
c. deposition
_____ 15. Which of the following shows the correct order of events that creates a sedimentary rock? (Think of your flow chart)
a. weathering, erosion, cementation, compaction, deposition
b. cementation, compaction, deposition, erosion, weathering
c. weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
d. cementation, deposition, weathering, erosion, compaction
_____ 16. How are sedimentary rocks classified?
a. how they form b. texture
c. composition
d. their minerals
_____ 17. What is the most noticeable feature of sedimentary rocks?
a. stripes
b. chunks
c. strata
d. there are no noticeable features
_____ 18. What type of sedimentary rock forms from minerals crystallizing out of a solution?
a. clastic b. chemical
c. organic
d. felsic
____ 19. Which type of sedimentary rock often contains fossils?
a. clastic b. chemical
c. organic
d. felsic
____ 20. Which type of sedimentary rock is made of large pieces of minerals compacted together?
a. clastic b. chemical
c. organic
d. felsic
METAMORPHIC ROCK SECTION
Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer from the options below. Write the letter of the answer on the line in front of the
question. No word will be used twice, but not all words will be used.
_____ 21. What creates metamorphic rock?
a. cementation
b. heat and/or pressure
c. sediment
d. cooling
_____ 22. How are metamorphic rocks classified?
a. composition
b. texture
c. texture and composition
d. how they form
_____ 23. Which of the following describes the texture of metamorphic rocks in which mineral grains are arranged in planes or bands?
a. fine-grained
b. nonfoliated
c. coarse-grained
d. foliated
_____ 24. What type of metamorphism occurs when hot magma directly touches and changes a rock?
a. contact
b. regional
c. foliated
d. nonfoliated
_____ 25. What type of metamorphism occurs deep within Earth’s crust due to pressure from many layers of rock?
a. contact
b. regional
c. foliated
d. nonfoliated
____ 26. Which of the following describes the texture of metamorphic rocks in which mineral grains are not arranged in planes or bands?
a. fine-grained
b. nonfoliated
c. coarse-grained
d. foliated
ROCK CYCLE SECTION
Directions: Look at the rock cycle below. For each number missing on the diagram, determine which answer best completes the diagram.
Write the letter of your answer on the line in front of the number.
6
_____ 6. Which item below fits in #6 to complete the
rock cycle diagram accurately?
a. magma
b. igneous rock
c. cementation
d. heat and pressure
_____ 7. Which item below fits in #7 to complete the
rock cycle diagram accurately?
a. magma
b. sedimentary rock
c. compaction
d. heat and pressure
_____ 8. Which item below fits in #8 to complete the
rock cycle diagram accurately?
a. melting
10
8
b. metamorphic rock
c. sediment
d. cooling
_____ 9. Which item below fits in #9 to complete the
rock cycle diagram accurately?
7
a. sedimentation
b. weathering and erosion
c. deposition, compaction and cementation
9
_____ 10. Which item below fits in #10 to complete the
rock cycle diagram accurately?
a. sedimentation
b. weathering and erosion
c. deposition, compaction and cementation
CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE SECTION
Directions: Completely respond to all three bullet points IN A PARAGRAPH.
Constructed Response Prompt:
Compare and contrast the formation of rock types.
 Describe how each rock type forms. (1 point)
 Describe at least one way that the formation of rocks are similar. (1 point)
 Describe at least one way that the formation of rocks are different. (1 point)

get an essay or any other
homework writing help
for a fair price!
check it here!