Directions for Atmosphere Step Foldable:
1.
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9.
10.
You will need THREE sheets of computer paper to make the step foldable.
Once you fold the paper, staple once in each corner on the top crease.
Write YOUR NAME on in the lower right corner on the back.
Write “THE ATMOSPHERE” on the top/first flap.
Write “LAYERS” on the second flap.
Write “AIR POLLUNTANTS” on the third flap.
Write “SMOG” on the fourth flap.
Write “EFFECTS OF ACID DEPOSITION” on the fifth flap.
Write “THE CLEAN AIR ACT” on the sixth flap.
“LAYERS” flap: Cut and Paste the “LAYERS of ATMOSPHERE” picture to the RIGHT side of section:
11. On LEFT side of the “LAYERS” section, define AIR POLLUTION and FOSSIL FUEL.
12. Complete the “Air Pollutant” Tables, then cut and paste onto “AIR POLLUTANT”
DEFINTION:
SOURCES
AFFECTS on
HUMAN HEALTH
SECONDARY
Harmful products
produced when primary
products react
_________________ with
other substances.
Tropospheric ozone(O3),
Sulfuric Acid H2SO4),
Nitric Acid (HNO3)
O3: _________________
problems and injure living
tissue
AFFECTS on
ENVIRONEMENTAL H2SO4 and HNO3 = acid
HEALTH
__________
PRIMARY
DEFINTION:
SOURCES
AFFECTS on
HUMAN HEALTH
Pollutants that do harm
________________.
Carbon monoxide(CO),
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), soot,
lead, Nitrogen dioxide
(NO2), Volatile organic
compounds
CO: deprives __________
of oxygen.
______: lung irritation
Soot: _________ damage
Lead: _________ damage
NO2: __________ irritation
VOC: cancer
AFFECT on
ENVIRONMENTAL NO2: acid __________
HEALTH
VOC: produce
_______________ozone
13. “SMOG”: Complete the “SMOG” “Table, cut and paste onto the top half. Next, cut & paste the
pictures to bottom half. LABLE as NORMAL or TEMPERATURE INVERSION.
VOCABULARY
DEFINITION
Damaging materials released into the atmosphere.
Examples: particulate matter (soot/smoke) and gases
(sulfur dioxide/carbon monoxide)
SMoke + fOG; an unhealthy mixture of air pollutants that
may form over cities
_____________ Produced when __________ combines with sulfur
SMOG
compounds and water droplets in the air.
A thick, brownish haze that forms when sunlight acts on
_____________ certain air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and
SMOG
chemicals called ________________.
“thermal inversion”; the condition in the troposphere in
_____________ which a layer of ___________ air is located beneath of
Inversion
layer of _______air
14. “Acid Deposition”: Define Acid Rain at the top of the section. Next, complete the picture below. Cut
and paste onto the TOP section.
___________
___________
Causes of
Acid Rain
___________
15. Cut the picture out below and past to the bottom half of the section:
16. “Clean Air Act”: Complete the table below. Cut and Paste into TOP section. Next, complete
the concept map and cut/paste into bottom half.
QUESTION
ANSWER
What is the goal of the CLEAN AIR ACT?
Which government agency sets standards
governing air quality?
The release of harmful pollutants has gone
(a.)_______ by (b.)_______% since the
Clean Air Act was enacted.
(a.)__________
(b.)__________
What is a catalytic converter?
What is a scrubber?
PROVISIONS
EFFECTS
Limits ________________
Pollution _______________
Sets Standards for ___________ ___________
Less ___________ pollution
Allows people to ___________ industry.
Cleaner _____________
Sets aside ___________ funds.
Answer Key
PRIMARY
DEFINTION:
SOURCES
AFFECTS on
HUMAN HEALTH
Pollutants that do harm
Directly.
Carbon monoxide(CO),
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), soot,
lead, Nitrogen dioxide
(NO2), Volatile organic
compounds
CO: deprives Cells of
oxygen.
Sulfur dioxide: lung
irritation
Soot: lung damage
Lead: tissue damage
NO2: lung irritation
VOC: cancer
AFFECT on
ENVIRONMENTAL
HEALTH
DEFINTION:
SOURCES
AFFECTS on
HUMAN HEALTH
NO2: acid rain
VOC: produce
_______________ozone
SECONDARY
Harmful products
produced when primary
products react chemically
with other substances.
Tropospheric ozone(O3),
Sulfuric Acid H2SO4),
Nitric Acid (HNO3)
O3: Tropospheric ozone
problems and injure living
tissue
AFFECTS on
ENVIRONEMENTAL H2SO4 and HNO3 = acid
HEALTH
rain
Smog Data Table
VOCABULARY
DEFINITION
Smog
Damaging materials released into the atmosphere.
Examples: particulate matter (soot/smoke) and gases
(sulfur dioxide/carbon monoxide)
SMoke + fOG; an unhealthy mixture of air pollutants that
may form over cities
Industrial
SMOG
Produced when soot combines with sulfur compounds
and water droplets in the air.
Photochemical
SMOG
A thick, brownish haze that forms when sunlight acts on
certain air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and
chemicals called hydrocarbons.
Temperature
Inversion
“thermal inversion”; the condition in the troposphere in
which a layer of warm air is located beneath of layer of
cooler air
Emissions
Acid Deposition
Harms ecosystems
Damages human made structures such as statues
Increases the acidity in the soil leading to contamination of drinking water
Clean Air Act Table
QUESTION
ANSWER
What is the goal of the CLEAN AIR ACT?
Provisions that have reduced air pollution
in the US.
Which government agency sets standards
governing air quality?
EPA
(a.)down
The release of harmful pollutants has gone
(a.)_______ by (b.)_______% since the
Clean Air Act was enacted.
What is a catalytic converter?
(b.)57%
A device in a motor vehicle that reduces
the amount of air pollutants in emissions.
Removes pollutants or changes them
chemically before they leave factory
smokestacks.
What is a scrubber?
PROVISIONS
EFFECTS
Limits emissions of pollutants
Pollution decreases
Sets Standards for air quality
Less air pollution
Allows people to sue industry.
Cleaner air
Sets aside research funds.
Atmosphere Foldable Rubric
NAME: _____________________
Assignment
Flaps Correctly Labeled
Definitions: air pollution, fossil fuel, acid rain
Layers Picture Pasted in Correct Location
Primary Air Pollutants Table – Complete/Correct Location
Secondary Air Pollutants Table - Complete/Correct Location
SMOG Table Complete/Correct Location
SMOG Pictures Pasted In Correct Location
Effects of Acid Rain Figures Labeled/Pasted Correctly
Effects of Acid Rain Picture Pasted Correctly
The Clean Air Act Table Completed/Pasted Correctly
The Clean Air Act Concept Map Completed/Pasted Correctly
Name Correctly Written on the Back in the Lower Right Corner
Pd: ____
Pts Possible
6
3
1
9
4
10
2
3
1
7
8
1
TOTAL: 55
Pts Earned
Atmosphere Foldable
NAME: _____________________
Assignment
Flaps Correctly Labeled
Definitions: air pollution, fossil fuel, acid rain
Layers Picture Pasted in Correct Location
Primary Air Pollutants Table – Complete/Correct Location
Secondary Air Pollutants Table - Complete/Correct Location
SMOG Table Complete/Correct Location
SMOG Pictures Pasted In Correct Location
Effects of Acid Rain Figures Labeled/Pasted Correctly
Effects of Acid Rain Picture Pasted Correctly
The Clean Air Act Table Completed/Pasted Correctly
The Clean Air Act Concept Map Completed/Pasted Correctly
Name Correctly Written on the Back in the Lower Right Corner
Pd: ____
Pts Possible
6
3
1
9
4
10
2
3
1
7
8
1
TOTAL: 55
Pts Earned
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Chapter 15 Atmosphere Foldable directions