Chapter 2 Practice Test
Chapter 2 Practice Test
1.
Individuals with CIDs are satisfied with the use of the term CIDs to
describe their disability.
True
False
2.
The 2010 edition, Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification,
and Systems of Supports, published by AAIDD, defines CIDs as: a
disability characterized by significant limitations in intellectual
functioning as expressed in conceptual skills. This disability
originates before age 18.
True
False
3.
Heber introduced the requirement of a deficit in adaptive behavior in
addition to a deficit in intelligence as criteria to establish CIDs.
True
False
4.
The first clear definition of CIDs was provided by the psychiatrist
Esquirol in 1845.
True
False
5.
Adaptive behavior, although difficult to define, generally refers to a
person's ability to adapt to the emotional challenges resulting from
having CIDs.
True
© Taylor & Francis 2015
False
6.
Perhaps the greatest influence on the area of adaptive behavior
testing was made by Alfred Binet. He was asked (along with
Theodore Simon) by the Ministry of Education in France to develop a
test that would differentiate individuals with and without CIDs based
on adaptive behavior.
True
False
7.
The Wechsler Scales provide an IQ with a mean of 100 and a
standard deviation of 15 (the Stanford-Binet-V also has a mean of
100 and a standard deviation of 15).
True
False
8.
On the Wechsler Scales, approximately 85% of the population will
score between the mean and + one standard deviation from the
mean.
True
False
9.
Classification on the basis of needed supports requires classifying
individuals with CIDs in a way that will suggest the type and extent
of financial support specifically that they will need to perform
optimally in their environment.
True
False
10. The Larry P. v. Riles court case brought attention to the fact that
African-American children were grossly overrepresented in classes
for mild CIDs.
True
False
© Taylor & Francis 2015
11. The prevalence rate for CIDs increased during the 1970s and 1980s.
One reason for this occurrence can again be explained by the
increase of drug and alcohol usage.
True
False
12. Three important processes when characterizing CIDs are _______,
_______, and ________.
naming, defining, and classifying.
SPMR, TMR, and EMR.
adaptive behavior, IQ, and social skills.
chronological age, developmental age, and social age.
13. CIDs has been classified by etiology, mental ability (IQ), educational
needs, and more recently, by _______.
levels of needed supports.
levels of functional independence.
levels of adaptive behavior.
levels of social adaptability.
14. The number of individuals with CIDs is generally reported to be
about 1% of the population but varies based on age, geographic
region, ______, and ______.
number of siblings with CIDs and age of parents.
socioeconomic status and ethnic background.
age of parents and religion and ethnicity.
prenatal care and age of father.
15. In 1973 a significant change in the criteria for determining CIDs was
recommended. After considerable debate, the decision was made to
_____.
© Taylor & Francis 2015
include Social Skills Adaptability Scales (SSAS) and Social Skills
Functioning Scales (SSFS).
eliminate the use of IQ and focus on adaptive behavior.
lower the IQ cutoff from one SD below average to two SDs below average.
change criteria to closely reflect criteria for learning disabilities (LD).
16. The 1992 AAMR Manual recommended elimination of the levels of
CIDs based on IQ and replace them with levels of needed supports.
The four levels of support included _______, _________, _______,
and _________.
intermittent, limited, extensive, and pervasive.
occasional, frequent, intensive, and constant.
legal, financial, social, and functional.
academic, social, adaptive behavior, and psychological.
17. The number of individuals with CIDs is generally reported to be
around _____ of the population.
.05%
5%
10%
1%
18. The Larry P. v. Riles court case brought attention to the fact that
________ children were grossly overrepresented in classes for mild
CIDs.
Puerto Rican
inner-city
African-American
male
19. The number of students with CIDs ages 6-21 served under IDEA was
603,331 in 1997-1998 and _______ in 2001-2002.
© Taylor & Francis 2015
605,268
803,269
300,256
200,268
20. Consider the various classification systems used for individuals with
CIDs throughout recent history. Describe each system and provide
pros and cons for each.
21. Some people felt that the label mental retardation resulted in lower
teacher expectations and poor self-concept for the person being
labeled (e.g., Algozzine & Sutherland, 1977; Jacobs, 1978; Taylor,
Smiley, & Ziegler, 1983). Briefly design a hypothetical study (include
statement of the problem, research question(s), and methodology)
to address teacher expectations based on the MR label.
© Taylor & Francis 2015