Atmosphere and Climate Change Diagnostic Pre-Test
Name: ___________________________________
Pd: ____
4/23/15
Directions: Circle the correct letter.
1. Harmful products produced when primary products react ______ with other substances.
a. Physically
b. Elementary
c. Chemically
d. Poorly
2. Another term for O3, is __________, which can injure living tissue.
a. Ozone
b. Odor
c. Toxins
d. Climate
3. H2SO4 and HNO3 = acid __________
a. Rain
b. Water
c. Damage
d. Bases
4. Pollutants that do harm _________ are called primary pollutants.
a. Directly
b. Indirectly
c. Slightly
d. Alot
5. Sources of ________ pollutants are Carbon monoxide, Sulfur dioxide, soot, lead,
Nitrogen dioxide, and volatile organic compounds.
a. Primary
b. Secondary
c. Stinky
d. Tertiary
6. Carbon monoxide deprives __________ of oxygen.
a. Lungs
b. Tissues
c. Cells
d. Heart
7. ______ causes lung irritation.
a. Sulfur dioxide b. Soot
c. Lead
d. Nitrogen dioxide
8. Soot causes _________ damage.
a. Tissue
b. Heart
c. Lung
d. Brain
9. Lead causes _________ damage.
a. Tissue
b. Heart
c. Lung
d. Brain
10. NO2 causes __________ irritation.
a. Tissue
b. Heart
c. Lung
d. Brain
11. Volatile organic compounds can cause ____________.
a. Cancer
b. Diabetes
c. AIDS
d. High Blood Pressure
12. Volatile organic compounds produce _______________ozone.
a. Lithospheric
b. Tropospheric
c. Thermospheric
d. Mesopheric
13. Damaging materials released into the atmosphere, such as soot, smoke and gases is:
a. Fossil Fuel
b. Acid Rain
c. Emissions
d. Scrubber
14. SMoke + fOG; an unhealthy mixture of air pollutants that may form over cities is called:
a. SMOG
b. Fossil Fuel
c. Scrubber
d. Emissions
15. This type of smog is thick, brownish haze that forms when sunlight acts on certain air
pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and chemicals called ________________.
a. Industrial
b. Fossil Fuel
c. Photochemical
d. Temperature
16. This type of smog is produced when soot combines with sulfur compounds and water
droplets in the air:
a. Industrial
b. Fossil Fuel
c. Photochemical
d. Temperature
17. Temperature ____________, also called “thermal inversion”; the condition in the
troposphere in which a layer of cooler air is located beneath of layer of warm air.
a. Geosphere
b. Thermosphere
c. Emissions
d. Inversion
18. The picture below shows how _________________ inversion occurs.
a. Temperature
b. Tropical
c. Photochemical
d. Physical
19. Three effects of acid deposition include harming ecosystem, damages statues
and increases __________ in the water, contaminating our drinking water.
a. Acidity
b. Bases
c. Erosion
d. Fossil Fuels
20. What is the goal of the CLEAN AIR ACT?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Protect the quality of water and safeguard human health.
Protect quality of air and safeguard human health.
Protect the quality of forests and safeguard human health.
Protect the quality of the ocean and safeguard human health.
21. Which government agency sets standards governing air quality?
a. Clean Air Act Commission
b. Environmental Air Commission
c. Environmental Protection Agency
d. Clean Air Act Agency
22. The release of harmful pollutants has _______ by 57% since the Clean Air Act
was enacted.
a. Increased
b. decreased
c. neither increased/decreased d. =(
23. A device in a motor vehicle that reduces the amount of air pollutants in emissions is a:
a. catalytic converter
b. Scrubber
c. Brakes
d. Engine
24. A device that removes pollutants or changes them chemically before they leave a factory
a. catalytic converter
b. Scrubber
c. Brakes
d. Engine
25. Which of the following are considered the major greenhouse gases?
a. Water vapor and Ozone
b. Water vapor and Carbon dioxide
c. Ozone and Carbon dioxide
d. Ozone and Methane
26. The sun’s rays strike Earth most directly at the
a. Poles
b. Equator
c. Temperate Zones
d. Gulf Stream
27. Rising sea levels are a result of
a. Increased amounts of precipitation
b. Melting ice only
c. Increased carbon dioxide levels in the water
d. Melting ice and expansion of heated water
28. Which of the following does not provide clues about Earth’s climate in the distant past?
a. Volcanoes
b. Sediments
c. Ice Cores
d. Tree Rings
29. When large amounts of carbon dioxide dissolve in the oceans, what is the result?
a. Seawater with higher pH
b. Seawater with lower pH
c. Rising sea levels
d. Increased coral growth
30. Which activity is the largest source of US greenhouse gases?
a. Vehicle emissions
b. Electricity generation
c. Factory emissions
d. Geothermal power
31. Which of the following is not an example if a mitigation strategy?
a. Improving energy efficiency
b. Protecting forests from deforestation
c. Pumping water out of low-laying coastal areas
d. Conserving energy
32. ________________ refers to the surface characteristics of an area, such as the
presence of a mountain.
a. Topography
b. Global Climate Change
c. pH
d. Fossil Fuel
33. When seawater becomes warmer, its volume ______________.
a. remains the same
b. increases
c. decreases
d. none of these
34. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions for which an individual or group is responsible
is called a carbon ________________.
a. Handstamp
b. Footprint
c. Thumbprint
d. Fingerprint
35. In the global win patterns shown below, warm air rises at the __________.
a. Poles
b. equator
c. North Pole ONLY
d. South Pole ONLY
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Atmosphere and Climate Change Diagnostic Pre