Sample List 1
THEORY (Critical/cultural)
“The structural transformation of the public sphere: An Inquiry into a category of
bourgeois society” - Jurgen Habermas
“After Habermas: New Perspectives on the Public Sphere” - Nick Crossle & John Michael
Roberts
“Habermas and the Public Sphere” - Craig Calhoun
“Gatekeeping theory” - Pamela Shoemaker &Timothy Vos
“The Phantom Public Sphere” - Bruce Robbins
“Public Opinion” - Walter Lippman
“Imagined Communities” - Benedict Anderson
“On the Public” - Alastair Hannay
“Hidden Debates: Rethinking the relationship between popular culture and the public
sphere” - Joke Hermes
“Hearing Ordinary Voices: Cultural Studies, Vernacular Creativity and Digital
Storytelling” - Jean Burgess
“The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article” - Habermas
"What is Enlightenment?" - Immanuel Kant.
“Why Conversation is not democracy” - Michael Schudson
“Rethinking the Public Sphere” - Fraser
“Habermas, the Public Sphere, and Democracy: A Critical Intervention” - Kellner
“The Networked Public Sphere” - Friedland, Hove & Rojas (2006)
Sample List 2
THEORY (Selective Exposure, Spiral of Silence, Third Person Effect, Hostile Media
Effect)
Cotton, J. L. (1985). Cognitive dissonance in selective exposure. In D. Zillmann & J.
Bryant (Eds.), Selective exposure to communication (pp. 11-33). Hillsdale:
Erlbaum.
Festinger, L. A. (1957). A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Stanford, CA: Stanford
University Press
Feldman, L., & Price, V. (2008). Confusion or enlightenment? How exposure to
disagreement moderates the effects of political discussion and media use on
candidate knowledge. Communication Research, 35(1), 61-87
Freedman, J. L. (1965a). Confidence, utility, and selective exposure. Journal of
Personality & Social Psychology, 2(5), 778-780.
Freedman, J. L. (1965b). Preference for dissonant information. Journal of Personality &
Social Psychology, 2(2), 287-289.
Frey, D. (1986). Recent research on selective exposure to information. In L. Berkowitz
(Ed.), Advanced in Experimental Social Psychology (pp. 41-80). New York:
Academic Press.
Garrett, R. K. (2009a). Echo chambers online? Politically motivated selective exposure
among Internet news users. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 14,
265-285.
Garrett, R. K. (2009b). Politically motivated reinforcement seeking: Reframing the
selective exposure debate. Journal of Communication, 59, 676-699.
Iyengar, S., Hahn, K. S., Krosnick, J. A., & Walker, J. (2008). Selective exposure to
campaign communication: The role of anticipated agreement and issue public
membership. Journal of Politics, 70(1), 186-120.
Iyengar, S. (1990). Shortcuts to political knowledge: The role of selective attention and
accessibility. In J. A. Ferejon & J. H. Kuklinski (Eds.), Information and
democratic processes (pp. 160-185). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Kim, Y. M. (2007). How intrinsic and extrinsic motivations interact in selectivity:
Investigating the moderating effects of situational information processing goals in
issue publics' Web behavior. Communication Research, 34(2), 185-211
Knobloch-Westerwick, S., & Meng, J. (2009). Looking the other way: Selective exposure
to attitudeconsistent and counterattitudinal political information. Communication
Research, 36(3), 426-448.
Mutz, D. C. (2002a). The consequences of cross-cutting networks for political
participation. American Journal of Political Science, 46, 838-855.
Mutz, D. C. (2002b). Cross-cutting networts: Testing democracy theory in practice.
American Political Science Review, 96, 111-126.
Mutz, D. C., & Martin, P. S. (2001). Facilitating communication across lines of political
difference. The American Political Science Review, 95, 97-114.
Sears, D. O., & Freedman, J. L. (1967). Selective exposure to information: A critical
review. Public Opinion Quarterly, 31, 194-213.
Stroud, N. J. (2008). Media use and political predispositions: Revisiting the concept of
selective exposure. Political Behavior, 30, 341-366.
Stroud, N. J. (2010). Polarization and partisan selective exposure. Journal of
Communication, 60(3), 556-576
Wojcieszak, M. E., & Mutz, D. C. (2009). Online groups and political discourse: Do
online discussion spaces facilitate exposure to political disagreement? Journal of
Communication, 59, 40-56
Sample List 3
Theory (Agenda Setting)
Golan, G., & Wanta, W. (2001). Second-level agenda setting in the New Hampshire
primary: A
comparison of coverage in three newspapers and public perceptions of
candidates. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 78, 247-259.
Huckins, K. (1999). Interest group influence on the media agenda: A case study.
Journalism &
Mass Communication Quarterly, 76, 76-86.
Kim, S. H., Scheufele, D. A., & Shanahan, J. (2002). Think about it this way: Attribute
agendasetting function of the press and the public’s evaluation of a local issue.
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 79, 7-25.
Kiousis, S., Bantinmaroudis, P., & Ban, H. (1999). Candidate image attributes:
Experiments on
the substantive dimension of second level agenda setting. Communication
Research, 27, 414-428.
Lopez-Escobar, E., & Llamas, J. P. (1998). Agenda setting and community consensus:
First and
second level effects. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 10, 335349.
McCombs, M. E., Llamas, J. P., Lopez-Escobar, E., & Rey, F. (1997). Candidate images
in
Spanish elections: Second-level agenda-setting effects. Journalism and Mass
Communication Quarterly, 74, 703–716.
McCombs, M. E., Lopez-Escobar, E., & Llamas, J. P. (2000). Setting the agenda of
attributes in
the 1996 Spanish general election. Journal of Communication, 50, 77-92.
McCombs, M. E., Shaw, D. L., & Weaver, D. (1997). Communication and democracy:
Exploring the intellectual frontiers in agenda-setting theory. Mahwah, NJ:
Erlbaum.
Scheufele, D. A., (2000). Agenda-setting, priming, framing revisited: Another look at
cognitive
effects of political communication. Mass Communication & Society, 3, 297316.
Wanta, W., Golan, G., & Lee, C. (2004). Agenda-setting and international news: Media
influence on public perceptions of foreign nations. Journalism & Mass
Communication Quarterly, 81, 2, 364-377.
Wanta, W. (1988). The effects of dominant photographs: An agenda-setting
experiment.
Journalism Quarterly, 65, 107-111.
Weaver, D., McCombs, M., & Shaw, D. L., (2004). Agenda-setting research: Issues,
attributes, and influences. In L. L. Kaid (Ed.), Handbook of political
communication research (pp. 257-282). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Associates.
Chang, Kuang-Kuo. "Auto Trade Policy and the Press: Auto Elite as a Source of the
Media Agenda." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 76, No. 2, Summer 1999, 312-324
Coleman, Renita and Stephen Banning. "Network TV News' Affective Framing of the
Presidential Candidates: Evidence for a Second-Level Agenda-Setting Effect Through
Visual Framing." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 83, No. 2, Summer 2006, 313-328.
Coleman, Renita and Maxwell McCombs. "The Young and Agenda-less? Exploring
Age-Related Differences in Agenda Setting on the youngest Generation, Baby
Boomers, and the Civic Generation." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 84, No. 3, Autumn 2007,
495-508.
Entman, Robert M. "Framing Bias: Media in the Distribution of Power." Journal of
Communication, 57 (2007): 163-173.
Lee, Jae Kook. "The Effect of the Internet on Homogeneity of the Media Agenda: A
Test of the Fragmentation Thesis." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2007, 745760.
Lim, Jeongsub. "A Cross-Lagged Analysis of Agenda Setting Among Online News
Media." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 83, No. 2, Summer 2006, 298-312.
Lippmann, Walter. Public Opinion. New York: Macmillian, 1922.
McCombs, Maxwell and Donald Shaw. "The Agenda-Setting Funcation of Mass
Media." Public Opinion Quarterly, 36 (1972), 176-187.
McCombs, Maxwell. Setting the Agenda: The Mass Media and Public Opinion.
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2004.
Reese, Stephen D., Oscar H. Gandy, and August E. Grant (eds.). Framing Public Life.
Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.
Roberts, Marilyn, Wayne Wanta and Tzong-Houng (Dustin) Dzwo. "Agenda-Setting
and Issue Salience Online." Communication Research Vol. 29 (2002): 452-465.
Scheufele, Dietram A. and David Tewksbury. "Framing, Agenda Setting, and Priming:
The Evolution of Three Media Effects Models." Journal of Communication 57 (2007):
9-20.
Song, Yonghoi. "Internet News Media and Issue Development: A case Study on the
Roles of Independent Online News Services as Agenda-Builders for Anti-US Protests
in South Korea." New Media & Society Vol. 9 (1): 71-92.
Soroka, Stuart N. Agenda-Setting Dynamics in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.
Takeshita, Toshio. "Agenda-Setting Effects of the Press in a Japanese Local Election."
Studies of Broadcasting Vol. 29 (1993): 193-216.
Takeshita, Toshio and Shunji Mikami. "How Did Mass Media Influence the Voters'
Choice in the 1993 General Election in Japan?: A Study of Agenda Setting." Keio
Communication Review Vol. 17 (1995): 27-41.
Tan, Yue and David H. Weaver. "Agenda-Setting Effects Among the Media, the Public,
and Congress, 1946-2004." J&MC Quarterly Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2007, 729-744.
Van Gorp, Baldwin. "The Constructionist Approach to Framing: Bringing Culture
Back In." Journal of Communication Vol. 57 (2007): 60-78.
Wanta, Wayne and Y. Hu. "Time-Lag Differences in the Agenda Setting Process: An
Examination of Five News Media." International Journal of Public Opinion Research
Vol. 6 (1994): 225-240.
Weaver, David H. "Thoughts on Agenda Setting, Framing, and Priming." Journal of
Communication Vol. 57 (2007): 142-147.
Sample List 4
Theory (Framing)
Carragee, K., & Roefs, W. (2004). The neglect of power in recent framing research.
Journal of
communication, 54(2). 214-233.
Coleman, R. & Banning, S. (2006) Network TV news’ affective framing of the
presidential candidates: evidence for a second-level agenda-setting effect
through
visual framing. Journalism & mass communication quarterly, 83(2). 313- 328.
D’Angelo, P. (2002). News framing as a multiparadigmatic research program: A
response to
Entman. Journal of communication, 52(4). 870-888.
Entman, R. (1993). Framing: toward clarification of a fractured paradigm. Journal of
communication, 43(4). 51-58.
Gamson, W. (1989). News as framing. American behavioral scientist, 33(2). 157-161.
Graber, D.A. (1984) Processing the news: how people tame the information tide.
New York : Longman.
Iorio, S. & Huxman, S. (1996) Media coverage of political issues and the framing of
personal
concerns. Journal of communication. 46(4). 97-115.
Muthukumaraswamy, S.D. & Johnson, B.W. (2007) A dual mechanism neural
framework for
social understanding. Philosophical psychology, 20(1). 43-63.
Pan, Z. & Kosicki, G. (1993) Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse.
Political
communication, 10. 55-75.
Reese, S., Gandy, O., &Grant, A. (Eds). (2001) Framing public life: Perspectives on
media and
our understanding of the social world. Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Scheufele, B. (2004) Framing-effects approach: A theoretical and methodological
critique.
European journal of communications 29(4). 401-428.
Scheufele, D. (1999). Framing as a theory of media effects. Journal of
communication, 49(1).
103-122.
Bystrom, D.G., Robertson, T.A., & Banwart, M.A. (2001). Framing the fight: An
analysis of media coverage of female and male candidates in primary races
for governor and U.S. Senate in 2000. American Behavioral Scientist. 44(12),
1999-2013.
Kamhawi, R. & Grabe, E. (2008). Engaging the female audience: An evolutionary
psychology
perspective on gendered responses to news valence frames. Journal of
Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 52(1), 33-51.
Miller, A. & Ross, S.D. (2004). They are not us: Framing of American Indians
by the Boston Globe. The Howard Journal of Communications, 15, 245259.
Poindexter, P.M., Smith, L. & Heider, D. (2003). Race and ethnicity in local
television news: Framing, story assignments, and source selections. Journal
of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 524-536.
Iyengar, S. (1991). Is anyone responsible?: How television frames political issues.
Chicago: University of Chicago.
Reese, S. D. (2007). The framing project: A bridging model for media research
revisited. Journal of Communication, 57(1), 148-154.
Scheufele, D. A. (2000). Agenda-setting, priming, and framing revisited: Another
look at cognitive effects of political communication Mass Communication &
Society, 3(2&3), 297-316.
Semetko, H. A., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2000). Framing European politics: A content
analysis of press and television news. Journal of Communication, 50(2), 93108.
Price, V., Tewksbury, D., & Powers, E. (1997). Switching trains of thought: The
impact of news frames on readers' cognitive responses. Communication
Research, 24(5), 481-506.