WRITING PAPER
Factor which Can Mak\e the Students
Improve Their Academic Achievement
PUJI HAPSARI NOVITANINGRUM
PBI B / 12202241034
YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY
2013
CHAPTER I
FOREWORD
A. BACKGROUND
Yogyakarta State University (YSU) is an education university which has a
big amount of student in every year. One of the most favourite department is
English Education department which consists of 2 study programmes that are
English Education Study Programme and English Language and Literature Study
Programme. Many people want to be students of these two study programmes in
every year since they believe that their future will be bright if they can be english
educator or people who have good capability in English. In this paper, the writer
will only explain about problems that happen to the students of English Education
Study Programme class B,Yogyakarta State University.
Some problems happen to the students of English Education Study
Programme, such as difficulty in understanding the material, loosing motivation in
the middle of study, and difficulty in thesis writing since the thesis must be 100 %
in English. These problems must be caused by any factor. It can be from the
inside or the outside of the students. From inside, for example, students own
motivation and belief, while from the outside such as the lecturer, the condition of
the class, and also the lectures.
These problems can also be solved by some factors. The writer believes
that lecture or the materials which are delivered by the lecturer in every semester
will influence much, since when students are going to college, the most important
thing they have to face is accepting lectures or material almost in everyday. The
more the students love and appreciate the lecture, the more motivation they get
and the less probem will happen. That is why, the writer wants to find what
lectures actually the students appreciate the most, what factors make the lectures
be the most appreciated lectures, and finally the writer will explain how the data
can help the students to improve their academic achievement.
B. Systemic Component of Problem of Research
The keyword of this reasearch entitled “Factor which Can Make the
Students Improve Their Academic Achievement” is appreciated . The problem of
the most appreciated lectures may be related to the following component of
problem ;
1. Students as the ones who appreciate ;
2. Lecturer as the one who delivers the lectures ;
3. The material in every lecture ;
4. The process of appreciating ;
5. The time range of appreciating process ;
6. The place where process of appreciating happens ;
7. The tool of appreciating process ; and
8. The infrastructure of appreciating process
All of components of problem above have been learnt about the posibility
of influencing the process of appreciating lectures that is done by the students.
The component which has significant influence to the students so that they can
decide what lectures they appreciate the most will be the focus of problem in that
paper.
C. Formulation of Problem

What are the most appreciated lectures based on the students of
English Education Programme class B YSU ?

What are the factors that make those lectures become the most
appreciated lectures?

What are the influences of those most appreciated lectures to the
learning motivation of the students?
D. Goal of the Research

To know the most appreciated lectures based on students of
English Education Programme class B, YSU.

To know the factors which make students appreciate the lectures.

To know the influences of those most appreciated lectures to the
learning motivation of the students.
CHAPTER II
RESEARCH METHOD
A. Approach
The approach of this research is naturalistic qualitative which means that
the data will be got and found directly from the research subject which really
exists in lecture setting of English Education Programme class B, YSU. The data
which is got is qualitative data that contains information about what the most
appreciated lectures are and what makes them become the most appreciated and
finally the data can be used to help students to improve their academic
achievement.
B. The Needed Data
Data which is needed is coming from the students of English Education
Programme class B YSU which are the real doer of the lecture in this class. The
students of English education Progrmme class B are believed to be able to give
the information about the most appreciated lectures,the factors what make them
become the most appreciated,and finally the information will be used to explain
the relation between most appreciated lectures and the way how to improve
students’ improvement of their academic achievement.
C. The Way to Get the Data
The way to get the data is reflection. The students of English Education
Programme class B YSU send the reflection about 3 lectures they appreciated the
most, and the reasons why they appreciate those 3 lectures to yk-edu.org. Then the
writer downloaded and collected all of the reflections from the students.
D. The Way to Process the Data

First, data processing, is categorization which will result in groups
of factor in deciding the most appreciated lectures that can help the
students
improve
their
academic
achievement,
in
certain
characteristic.

Second, describing 2 (two) groups of factor which have the biggest
influence in improving students’ academic achievement
and
giving the alternative solvation.
E. Data Source and Suject of Research
The one and only source of this research is students of English Education
Programme class B YSU which are now atill active in attending the class.
F. Appearance of Result of Research

Appearance of result of this research will be the illustration of
general and spesific factors which can help the students to improve
their academic achievement.

The general factors will be used to give general recommendation to
English Education Programme YSU, while the spesific factors will
be used to give spesific recommendation to the English Education
Programme YSU. Both of these appearances hopefully can be the
solution
to
improvement.
imprve
the
students’
academic
achievement
CHAPTER III
DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULT OF RESEARCH
A. Category of Research Data
As the writer conveyed before, that method which is used in doing this
research is naturalistic method. That is why, the most suitable data analysis for
this research is category analysis. From all of the siurces of this research which
are students of English Education Programme class B, the writer got 126 data.
Then the writer divided those data into 2 categories, which are 56 internal data
and 70 external data. Internal category is data that is related to everything inside
of the students, while external category is data that is related to everything coming
from outside of the students.
Some internal data are directly related to the way how to improve
students’ academic achievement, some are not. It also happens to the external
data. Directly related internal data and indirectly related internal data are divided
into 2 categories, which are course and advantage. The same with internal data,
directly related and indirectly related external data are also divided into two
categories, which are method, and lecturer.
Course category divided into two categories which are “difficult” and
“interesting”. Advantage category is divided into three ctegories which are
“psychomotor”, “affective”, “cognitive”. From external category, “method”
category is divided into two categories which are “effective” and “various”. While
“lecturer” category is divided into three categories, which are “smart”,
“discipline”,and “kind”. “various” category is also divided into three categories
which are “singing”, “presentating”, “assignment”.
From those categorization of data, the writer got 12 (twelve) spesific tip
data, and the writer will choose two of them to be described further how it can be
the way to improve students’ academic achievement improvement. Thay are
“singing” and “discipline”.
In the form of chart, the result of categorization will like the chart below.
From this scheme or this chart, it can be seen that there are 12 tip data which need
spesific description, and two of them are “singing” and “discipline”.
Appreciating
126
Internal
56
Course
25
Difficult
8
Interesting
17
External
70
Method
39
Advantage
31
Psychomotor
9
Cognitive
13
Affective
5
Effective
21
Singing
4
Various
18
Presentating
9
Lecturer
30
Smart
9
Disclipine
4
Assignment
4
Kind
17
A. Descriptive analysis of Research Data
1. Singing
Here is the data from the students of English Education Programme class
B YSU about singing method in thir lectures.
Category: The Variety of Teaching Methods- Song
No.
Data
1.
Terkadang diselingkan dengan lagu-lagu sehingga proses pembelajaran menyenangkan
2.
She also taught us pronunciation with song
3.
Sering diselingi dengan pembelajaran menggunakan lagu
4.
Menggunakan teknik pembelajaran seperti presentasi, bernyanyi dan menyampaikan
gagasan yang mahasiswa inginkan di depan kelas
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, and
augments regular speech by the use of both
tonality and
rhythm.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singing). While In music, a song is a composition
for voice or voices, performed by singing. A choral or vocal song may be
accompanied by musical instruments, or it may be unaccompanied, as in the case
of Medina, Suzanne (1993), “The use songs in the classroom activities
familiarizes students with common vocabulary and sentences construction as
phrase are constantly repeated.” Based on Suyanto, K.E. Kasihani (2008:114),
“Song and rhytm are parts of children’s life and also are tool or medium of
language learning for children”.
Based on the reflection data from the students, this method often appear in
two kinds of lecture, which are pronunciation and Listening I and Listening II.
Many university students like to sing, or just like to listen to music. This hoby
does support the influence of song or singing in learning method. When students
are given method that they like, they will get more spirit and motivation to learn.
In pronunciation, the students are taught how to pronounce every single
words in lyrics of some songs. Of course, the lyrics of the songs should be words
that are rare to be knoown by the students, so that the students can learn much.
With this kind of method, the students will be able to pronounce the word easily
since it will be altogether with the tone or intonation. The students also will be
able to memorize how to pronounce the word correctly,again, it is because of the
influence of song or singing in learning, and also because the students actually
love the method.
In Listening I and Listening II, the students are given lyric of a song with
some blank in it. Then they have to listen to the song, and fill in the word blank.
There is still possibility for some students actually have ever heard the song, and
some students already remember the lyric so that they do not have to listen to the
song to fill in the blank. It seems like this method is little bit unfair if we see this
method from this point of view. Yet still, this method is believed to be able to
guide students to be a good listener, of course in listening everything in English.
In general, English Song is one of the mediums that can help students to
have good ability and knowledge of vocabularies, because in the song there are
words that are related to the material that is delivered by the lecturer to the
students. With English song, students are supported to memorize words that are
given by the lecturer, hopefully the students will be more interested with the
material. Song will be more effective and useful for the students and also the
lecturer. The lecturer will be able to convey the material easily and the students
will understand the material that is conveyed by the lecturer easily.
This is also relevant to the statement of Nurjanah, Ida (2010) in her thesis
entitled “The influence of using english songs lyric as teaching media on student’s
vocabulary mastery” (an experimental study of the fifth grade of SDN
Nagarawangi 2 Tasikmalaya).” Nurjanah, Ida (2010 )concluded “english songs
can help the teachers when they give the vocabulary to the students, because using
english songs lyric can attract the students to give more attention in learning
English vocabulary, so it can maximize the student’s ability to accept material
easily.” It means that by using english songs lyric medium, syudents will be more
interested and pay more attention to the material which is being given.
2. Discipline
Here is the data from reflection of English Education Programme class B
YSU about how discipline become factore that make them appreciate the lectures.
Lecturer: Discipline
No.
Data
1.
He was so discipline, and taught the students to discipline well
2.
The lecturer was discipline
3.
The lecturer was discipline
4.
The lecturer is very discipline
In its original sense, discipline is systematic instruction intended to train a
person, sometimes literally called a disciple, in a craft, trade or other activity, or to
follow a particular code of conduct or "order". Often, the phrase "to discipline"
carries a negative connotation. This is because enforcement of order–that is,
ensuring instructions are carried out–is often regulated through punishment.
Discipline is the assertion of willpower over more base desires, and is
usually understood to be synonymous with self control. Self-discipline is to some
extent a substitute for motivation, when one uses reason to determine the best
course of action that opposes one's desires.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discipline)
This category is a part of category “lecturer”, so it means that the students
appreciate the lectures because the lecturer of those lectures is always applying
discipline in his or her method of teaching, for example the lecturer always comes
on time, the lecturer will give punishment for students who do not do the
assignment up to the due date, or any other example.
Though some students do not like lecturer who applies discipline well,
since the punishment from that kind of lecturer may be so explicit (whereas we
know that recently, students love to break the rule), some students from English
Education Programme class B YSU believes that discipline is good t be applied in
teaching method.
If we are discussing about discipline, it will be also about how the students
should act in every class of lectures. Students have to pay attention to the
explanation from the lecturer, the students should not sleep in the class, students
should not eat and drink in the class, and so on.
Self-discipline and attitude are two traits that affect a students learning.
Students need to know how to react whether they don't understand something,
received a bad grade, or are having a bad day. Acting up will not fix this and it
does not help the student or the class. Attitude is a big obstacle for many students
as they believe it is impossible to learn something, therefor they prevent
themselves from even having a chance at learning it. A self-disciplined student
will learn and prevent, rather then misbehave, then complain.
CHAPTER IV
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
1. COUNCLUSION
It is important to know the ways how to make students become motivated
in improving their academic achievement. Though every result depends on the
students themseles, yet they need help from all of the aspects around them, for
example the college, the lecturer, parent, friend, tools and infrastructure, method,
and many others aspect.
As the writer said that the result mainly depends on the students, it is
important to know their opinion about what makes them appreciate material, and
what makes them become motivated in having or attending the lectures. By doing
this research, the students can reflect what they are feeling about their lectures.
The factors why they appreciate the lectures are concluded to be the way or thing
that can help the students to improve their academic achievement.
In this research, the writer get 126 data from the result of naturalistic
approach. From those 126 data, the writer got 12 tip data, and then the writer
chose two of those 12 tip data to be described further as the analysis data. Those
data are “singing” and “discipline”.
Singing English Song is one of the mediums that can help students to have
good ability and knowledge of vocabularies, because in the song there are words
that are related to the material that is delivered by the lecturer to the students.
Nurjanah, Ida (2010 ) also concluded that “english songs can help the teachers
when they give the vocabulary to the students, because using english songs lyric
can attract the students to give more attention in learning English vocabulary, so it
can maximize the student’s ability to accept material easily.”
Discussing about discipline from the side of the students, self-discipline
and attitude are two traits that affect a students learning. Students need to know
how to react whether they don't understand something, received a bad grade, or
are having a bad day. While from the side of the lecture, though some students do
not like lecturer who applies discipline well, since the punishment from that kind
of lecturer may be so explicit (whereas we know that recently, students love to
break the rule), some students from English Education Programme class B YSU
believes that discipline is good t be applied in teaching method.
2. SUGGESTION
It cannot be denied that singing or song, and discipline influence the
motivation of the students to learn in their class. To all of the lecturers, they
should vary their method in teaching better, so that the students can get the
lectures that suit their hoby and whet they like, since we know that every student
has his or her own hoby.
While to all of the students, they have to keep their motivation to conduct
themselves to improve their academic achievement. If it is possible, no matter
who the lecturer is, no matter what the method that is used, the students should
always keep their spirit and motivation. Their main purpose going to the college is
academic reason. So, it is important for the students to keep improving their
academic achievement. As the writer said above that the result actually depends
on the students themselves, so it is the students who have to do effort to improve
their academic achievement, eventhough it actually needs help from other aspects
in students life.
REFFERENCES
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_can_self_discipline_and_attuitude_influence_lea
rning
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discipline
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chapter iv conclusion and suggestion - E