PHILOSOPHY
FINAL EXAM REVIEW TERMS
Pre-Socratics
Milesians
Milesians as first “scientists”
Cosmology
Earth, Air, Fire, Water
Atomism
Materialism
Thales
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anaxagoras
Parmenides
Heraclitus
Democritus
Empedocles
“Nature and Flow”
“Love and Strife”
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Socrates
Socratic Method
Dialogue
“Happiness”
Plato
Plato’s theory of “the state”
The Apology
The Allegory of the Cave
Perfect “forms”
Dualism
Monism
Realm of Ideas
Plato’s theories regarding the “soul”
The Academy
Aristotle
How does one live well?
Logic
Ethics
The Lycium
Age of Hellenism
Cynicism
Diogenes
Epicureanism
Neoplatonism
Stoics
Zeno
Logos
Stoics view on “reason”
Stoics- internal vs. external
Four BIG Words
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Rationalism
Empiricism
Three Important Historical Periods
The Renaissance
Humanism
Secularism
The Scientific Revolution
Universal Laws
Scientific Method
Sir Francis Bacon
Nicolas Copernicus
Empiricism
The Enlightenment
Philosophes
Deism
Progress
Natural Rights
John Locke
Social Contract Theory
Thomas Hobbes
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Jeremy Bentham
Utilitarianism
Tabula Rasa
David Hume
“Simple and Complex Ideas”
Two Important Philosophers
Rene Descartes
Descartes’ Method
I think, therefore I am
“Epistemological Turn”
Immanuel Kant
“Categories”
Categorical Imperative
Ethics
Ethical Relativism
Ethical Nihilism
Ethical Dilemma
“Hard Case”
Free Will
The Nineteenth Century
Charles Darwin
Karl Marx
Communism
Capitalism
“Class Struggle”
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis
Free Association
Id
Ego
Super Ego