Name: Period: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Date: Rocks and Minerals Study Guide 1. What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? What characteristics do they have in common? What differences do they have? 2. What are the 5 common characteristics of minerals? 3. Is coal a mineral or rock? Why? 4. Describe two ways that minerals generally form. A. B. 5. If I have an unknown mineral or unknown rock, what are eight tests or physical properties I could use to identify the unknown specimen? Please describe each of these tests/properties in detail below. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. 6. Please describe the 3 rocks we have mentioned in class in as much detail as you can. 7. If an igneous rock is transformed into a sedimentary rock, what is this process called and what 5 steps need to take place for this to occur? (Describe each of the steps below) Process name: A. B. C. D. E. 8. If a sedimentary rock is transformed into a metamorphic rock, what is the process called and what 4 conditions much be present for this to occur? (Describe each of the steps below) Process name: A. B. C. D. 9. If a metamorphic rock is transformed unto an igneous rock, what 3 processes have to occur? (Describe each of the steps below) A. B. C. 10. Igneous ricks are often classified based upon whether or not they are intrusive or extrusive. What is the difference between intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks? Intrusive Igneous Rocks: Extrusive Igneous Rocks: 11. Describe the other way that igneous rocks can be classified. 12. List at least 4 examples of igneous ricks we have talked about in class. 13. List and describe the 3 classification groups for sedimentary rocks. For each classification grouping list at least 2 examples if rocks that would fit within that group. A. B. C. 14. Metamorphic rocks are classified based upon whether or not their minerals are foliated. What does it mean for a rock to have foliated minerals? 15. We talked about 6 ways or conditions that rocks need to be out under to become metamorphic rocs. List and describe those six ways or conditions below. A. B. C. D. E. F. 16. List 3 example of metamorphic rocks and what their original rock was before they underwent recrystallization. 17. What type of rock am I going to find fossils in? Why?