Name ______________________________________________ Block ____________________Date _________________ Cellular Energy Review Use this sheet to study for your quiz and your test. The more you know, the better prepared you will be! 1. Write the chemical reaction for photosynthesis? 2. Write the chemical reaction for cellular respiration? 3. Why do organisms rely on plants for life? 4. What role does oxygen play in photosynthesis and cellular respiration? 5. The main source of energy for ALL living things is taken from which molecule? 6. Sugar and oxygen are both products of _______________________ and reactants of _______________. 7. Describe how ATP creates energy for the cell. 8. What is the purpose of the stomata? Describe how it is like the lungs of an animal? 9. What is the difference between aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration (fermentation)? 10. What is an autotroph? What is a heterotroph? Mitochondria or Chloroplast: For the following questions, write “Mitochondria” or “Chloroplast,” as appropriate for each of the following descriptions. 11. _______________________ Where Cellular Respiration occurs. 12. _______________________ Where Photosynthesis occurs. 13. _______________________ Captures Energy. 14. _______________________ Releases Energy. 1. Complete the paragraph below using the following word bank: mitochondria anaerobic glycolysis electron transport chain yeast muscle Photosynthesis lactic acid sun light glucose chloroplast alcoholic Glucose Aerobic _______________ is the process of creating food molecules for all life forms. The plant uses _______________ to convert water into ____________ and carbon dioxide into water. At the end of the process, the chloroplast has made ___________ for all life forms to use to continue the process of creating energy for the cell. Photosynthesis takes place in the _______________ of all plant cells. ______________ is the main food molecule that living organisms use for energy production in the cells. The first pathway for energy release from glucose takes place in the cytoplasm and is called ________________. If oxygen is present, glycolysis is followed by ________________ respiration. The first pathway is the Kreb’s Cycle, followed by the __________________________. These two pathways make up Cellular Respiration, which is the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen. Cellular respiration takes place in the ___________________ of all cells. If oxygen is not present, the pathway that follows glycolysis is ________________________ fermentation. Fermentation releases energy from food molecules by producing ATP in the absence of oxygen. The two main types of fermentation are ________________fermentation and ________________ fermentation. _______________ cells use alcoholic fermentation, forming ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide as wastes. Alcoholic fermentation causes bread dough to rise. When oxygen is not present in _____________ cells, lactic acid fermentation results, causing painful burning sensations that may lead to muscle stiffness and soreness.