Name _______________________________________________________________________
Seasons Test, Revolution & Rotation
Objective – Explain that Earth's axis is tilted relative to its yearly orbit around the Sun.
1. What is the standard definition of revolution, as it relates to Earth?
a. Earth's orbital path around the Sun.
b. Earth spinning on its axis.
2. Imagine a Sunset. What is happening on the other side of the world?
a. The Sun and Moon are seen together.
b. The Sun is rising.
c. The Moon is rising.
d. The Moon is setting.
3. What happens every 24 hours?
a. The Moon goes around the Sun once.
b. A week passes.
c. Earth makes one complete rotation on its axis.
d. Earth makes one complete revolution around the Sun.
4. The Sun appears to move across the daytime sky because …
a. The Earth revolves around the Sun.
b. The Earth rotates on its axis.
c. The Sun revolves around the Earth.
d. The Sun rotates on its axis.
5. The Sun rises in the _____________ and sets in the _____________.
a. west/east
b. north/south
c. east/west
d. south/north
1
Match the picture with the correct term.
A. Revolution
B. Rotation
_____6. Fan blade spinning.
_____7. Swimming around a boat
_____8. Tire spinning on axle.
_____9. Dog running around you on a leash.
2
Name _______________________________________________________________________
Seasons Test, Revolution & Rotation - Short Answers
Objective – Explain that Earth's axis is tilted relative to its yearly orbit around the Sun.
1. Describe what occurs during Sunset and Sunrise. You must use the unit vocabulary as part
of your answer. Underline vocabulary words. Use complete sentences.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. What is the Earth’s axis? Use complete sentences.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
3. Using the terms revolves, axis, tilt, Sun, and angled, describe why the different seasons occur.
Use complete sentences. Underline the terms you are required to use.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
3
Use the graph to answer the next question.
20
18
Daylight Hours
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Month
4. This graph shows the daylight hours throughout the year for an unknown city. Is the unknown
city in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Explain why you chose the Northern or Southern Hemisphere, using the data on the graph as a
part of your explanation. Use complete sentences.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
4
Seasons Test, Revolution & Rotation – Key
1. What is the standard definition of revolution, as it relates to Earth?
b. Earth’s orbital path around the Sun.
2. Imagine a Sunset. What is happening on the other side of the world?
b. The Sun is rising.
3. What happens every 24 hours?
c. Earth makes one complete rotation on its axis.
4. The Sun appears to move across the daytime sky because …
b. The Earth rotates on its axis.
5. The Sun rises in the _____________ and sets in the _____________.
c. east/west
B 6. Fan blade spinning.
A 7. Swimming around a boat
B 8. Tire spinning on axle.
A 9. Dog running around you on a leash.
5
Seasons Test, Revolution & Rotation - Short Answers – Key
Objective – Explain that Earth's axis is tilted relative to its yearly orbit around the Sun.
1. Describe what occurs during Sunset and Sunrise. You must use the unit vocabulary as part
of your answer. Underline vocabulary words. Use complete sentences.
During sunset and sunrise the Earth is rotating on its axis. The Sun appears to be
moving through the sky when it is actually the Earth rotating.
2. What is the Earth’s axis? Use complete sentences.
An imaginary line going from the North Pole to the South Pole. The earth spins on
this line.
3. Using the terms revolves, axis, tilt, Sun, and angled, describe why the different seasons occur.
Underline the terms you are required to use.
The Earth tilts on its axis 23.5o. As the Earth revolves around the Sun, different parts
of the Earth tilt towards or away from the Sun. When the axis tilts towards the Sun, that
hemisphere experiences summer. When the axis tilts away from the Sun, that hemisphere
experiences winter. When the Earth neither tilts towards nor away from the Sun, that
hemisphere experiences fall or spring.
6
20
18
Daylight Hours
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Month
4. This graph shows the daylight hours throughout the year for an unknown city. Is the unknown
city in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere?
Southern Hemisphere
Explain why you chose the Northern or Southern Hemisphere, using the data on the graph as a
part of your explanation. Use complete sentences.
The key piece of data is the daylight hours during Jun, July, and August. In the
Northern Hemisphere, these months would be summer. We receive the most daylight
hours in summer. We receive the fewest daylight hour during the winter. This city
experiences winter during June, July, and August, therefore, it must be in the Southern
Hemisphere.
7
Seasons Test, Revolution & Rotation – Scoring Guide
1. b (2 choices)
2. b
3. c
4. b
5. c
6. B (2 choices)
7. A (2 choices)
8. B (2 choices)
9. A (2 choices)
Scoring Guide
8-9 – 3
7 – 2.5
6–2
5 – 1.5
4–1
1-3 – .5
0–0
8
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