Chapter 14 Diagnostic Test
NAME: ___________________________
Pd: ___
SCORE: _____
*Please use this as a learning goal study guide for Chapter 14.
Directions: Circle the correct answer and fill in the corresponding circle on the scan-tron.
1. More than 97% of Earth’s total water supply is found in:
a. ice sheets
b. the oceans
c. the atmosphere
d. groundwater
2. The land area that supplies water to a river system is called a:
a. divide
b. wetland
c. watershed
d. tributary
3. The water table is the upper limit of the:
a. zone of saturation
b. zone of aeration c. aquifer zone
d. well zone
4. You must build a model of an aquifer for a science project. What material would
be the best to use for the layer that will hold water?
a. an impermeable material, such as clay
b. a liquid, such as oil
c. a permeable material, such as gravel
d. a material that does not have pores
5. One process uses to obtain fresh water from salt water is called:
a. coagulation
b. filtration
c. recharge
d. desalination
6. Globally, MOST fresh water used by humans is for:
a. drinking and cooking
b. washing and home use
c. agricultural irrigation
d. electrical production
7. The All-American Canal, which brings water from the Colorado River to farm
fields in California, is an example of a:
a. dam
b. water diversion
c. reservoir
d. well
8. Which of the following does NOT contribute to water conservation?
a. drip irrigation
b. xeriscaping
c. Using a low-flow facets and shower heads
d. watering lawns during peak sunlight hours, when plants need water most
9. An oil spill is an example of
a. point-source pollution
b. nonpoint-source pollution
c. reversible pollution
d. natural pollution
10. Chlorine is often added during water treatment to
a. make particles form clumps
b. kill disease-causing organisms
c. improve the taste of water
d. remove objects such as fish and trash
11. Most fresh water on Earth is:
a. frozen
b. liquid
c. in rivers
d. in the atmosphere
12. Water moves through _____________ materials.
a. non-permeable
b. impermeable
c. semi-permeable d. permeable
13. This photo shows a _________ source of pollution.
a. point
b. non point
c. poor
d. crude
14. Cultural eutrophication can result from ________ pollution.
a. toxic-chemical
b. toxic-biological
c. nutrient
d. nutrition
15. Dams create ________, artificial lakes that humans use for water storage.
a. reservoirs
b. aquifers
c. tributaries
d. estuaries
16. The picture below is an example of a ____________ plant.
a. power
b. desalination
c. solar
d. nuclear
17. The picture below shows a(n) _______, a type of nutrient pollution that occurs
in the ocean.
a. red tide
b. mercury spill
c. oil spill
d. algal bloom
18. An oil covered street, an example of _________ pollution.
a. point source
b. non point source
c. air
d. soil
19. Water that has been used by people in some way is called:
a. desalination
b. waste water
c. red tide
d. none of these
20. When a pathogen makes it way into our water it is known as ________ pollution.
a. chemcial
b. physical
c. biological
d. thermal
c. fluoride
d. sulfates
21. The maincause of groundwater pollution is:
a. human activity
b. aluminum
22. Making it illegal to to release pollution from a point source without a permit,
the ____________ was the single most important law to prevent water pollution.
a. Pollution Water Act
b. Pollution Water Law
c. Clean Water Act
d. Chemcial Water Act
23. ________mining turns groundwater into a nonrewable resource.
a. Underwater
b. Underground
c. Groundwater
d. Salinization
24. A hole that is dug into an aquifer in order to obtain water is called a __________.
a. water table
b. well
c. recharge zone
d. watershed
c. Great Basin
d. Souris-Red-Rainy
25. In which watershed do we live in?
a. Atlantic Slope
b. Mississippi River

Chapter 14 Diagnostic Test