Quarterly Progress Assessment #2
Review Sheet
A. Punnett Squares and Genetics
1. Define the following terms:
Recessive
6. Brown eyes are dominant to blue eyes. A blue eyed
dad (bb) and a brown eyed mom (Bb) have children.
What is the probability that the children will have blue
eyes?
Dominant
Allele
Practice Problems –
2. Tall pea plant are dominant to short pea plants. What
are the chances that two pea plants that are Tt will have
offspring that are short? Write a sentence to explain
how 2 tall plants can have short offspring.
3. Two tall pea plants have some offspring that are
short. Explain how this can happen by using a Punnett
square AND by writing a sentence using the word
dominant OR recessive.
4. A tall plant (Tt) and a short plant (tt) have two sweet
baby plants that are both short. Explain how this can
happen using a Punnett square AND by writing a
sentence using the word allele.
5. A tall pea plant and a short pea plant have some
offspring that are short. What are the genotypes of the
parents?
7. What was Gregor Mendel’s most important
contribution to the study of genetics?
8. How many chromosome do humans have? How many
chromosomes (traits) does a person get from each
parent? Why is it that sometimes a child might
resemble one parent more than the other?
B. – Selective Breeding – Write a short paragraph
describing what selective breeding is and give some
examples.
C. – Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
E. Write down the equations for photosynthesis and
cellular respiration. Now, memorize their reactants and
their products.
types of
cells
produced
purpose
describe
the cells
produced
F. Describe the relationship between genes,
chromosomes, DNA, and the nucleus.
D. Sexual vs. Asexual reproduction
Sexual
Asexual
definition
parents
offspring's
genes
offpsring
compared
to parents
G. – Classification
1. Write the levels of classification from broadest to
most specific. Now memorize this order. Which group
has the most similarities? The least similarities?
2. Dichotomous Key Use the following chart to determine the kingdom of each organism.
1
2
3
4
5
a. prokaryotic
b. eukaryotic
a. cell walls have peptidoglycan
b. cell walls do not have
peptidoglycan
a. cells have cell walls
b. cells do not have cell walls
a. cells wall contain cellulose
b. cells walls contain chitin
a. multicellular
b. unicellular
go to 2
go to 3
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
go to 4
Animalia
go to 5
Fungi
Plantae
Protista
a. A unicellular organisms with a nucleus that has cell walls that contain cellulose
__________________________________________
b. An organism that does not have a nucleus and has cell walls made of peptidoglycan
___________________________________________
c. An organism that does not have a nucleus and cells wall are NOT make of peptidoglycan
_____________________________________________
d. A multicellular organisms with a nucleus that has cell walls that contain cellulose
_____________________________________________
e. An organism with a nucleus and cell wall made of chitin.______________________________________
f. An organism with a nucleus and no cell walls _____________________________________________
What is the difference between each of the following kingdoms?
Plants and animals
Protists and fungi
Protists and plants
Fungi and plants
Bacteria and plants
Animals and fungi
Bacteria and fungi
Bacteria and animals
Animals and protists
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Quarterly Progress Assessment #2 Review Sheet A. Punnett