1 Name: ____________________________ Hour: ________ Rock Cycle Gizmo www.explorelearning.com Vocabulary: deposition, erosion, extrusive igneous rock, intrusive igneous rock, lava, lithification (basically…cementation), magma, metamorphic rock, rock cycle, sediment, sedimentary rock, soil, weathering Gizmo Warm-up Over millions of years, rocks are broken down and transformed into other rocks. The Rock Cycle Gizmo™ illustrates the different transformations that make up the rock cycle. 1. What are the 3 types of rocks? 2. Label where these 3 types of rocks can be found. 3. Magma is molten (liquid) rock under Earth’s surface. When it cools, it forms either extrusive or intrusive igneous rocks. How do these two types of igneous rocks differ in terms of their formation and their characteristics? _________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Activity A: The rock cycle Get the Gizmo ready: Click Start again. Question: What is the rock cycle? 4. Observe: A cycle is a path with the same start and end. Create a rock cycle with the Gizmo. A. Click Magma. How hot is magma? _______________________________________ B. Click Crystallization (below ground). What kind of rock is formed when magma cools below the surface? _______________________________________________ C. Click Exposure and weathering. What forms when rocks break down? __________ D. Click Erosion and deposition. In what ways are sediments transported? __________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ E. Click Lithification and compaction. (Lithification (cementation) is hardening into rock.) What kind of rock is formed from sediments? ____________________________________ F. Click Increase temp. and pressure. What kind of rock is formed? ______________ G. Click Melt. What is formed when rocks melt deep underground? ________________ 5. Describe: What are the stages in this rock cycle? ____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 6. With a partner: In the spaces below, create three rock cycles. Go through each of your Journeys through the Rock Cycle (cartoon) pathways for Cycles 1 & 2 and then make up a third cycle together using the simulation. You need to have at least 10 “stops” in your 3rd Cycle! Cycle 1 Cycle 2 Cycle 3 7. Practice: List the steps that would cause each transformation below. A. Intrusive igneous rock sedimentary rock: ________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ B. Metamorphic rock sediment: _________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ C. Sedimentary rock Extrusive Igneous: ___________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ D. Sedimentary rock sediment: __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ E. Intrusive Igneous rock Metamorphic rock: _______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 8. Assessment Questions: Record your answers below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.