Student Exploration: Rock Cycle
Student Exploration: Rock Cycle
Gizmo Warm-up
Over millions of years, rocks are broken down and transformed into other
rocks. The Rock Cycle Gizmo illustrates the different transformations that
make up the rock cycle.
Gizmo Warm-up
Over millions of years, rocks are broken down and transformed into other
rocks. The Rock Cycle Gizmo illustrates the different transformations that
make up the rock cycle.
1. What types of rocks are shown in the image?
1. What types of rocks are shown in the image?
2. Magma is molten (liquid) rock under Earth’s surface. Based on the
image, how do you think magma turns into extrusive igneous rock?
2. Magma is molten (liquid) rock under Earth’s surface. Based on the
image, how do you think magma turns into extrusive igneous rock?
3.
Click Extrusive igneous rock button to the right of the image. Were
you correct? _____________
3.
Click Extrusive igneous rock button to the right of the image. Were
you correct? _____________
Activity: The Rock Cycle. Click “Start Again.”
Activity: The Rock Cycle. Click “Start Again.”
Observe: A cycle is a path with the same start and end. Create a rock cycle
with the Gizmo.
Observe: A cycle is a path with the same start and end. Create a rock cycle
with the Gizmo.
1. Click Magma. How hot is magma? ______________________
2. Click Crystallization (below ground). What kind of rock is formed when
magma cools below the surface? ______________________________
1. Click Magma. How hot is magma? ______________________
2. Click Crystallization (below ground). What kind of rock is formed when
magma cools below the surface? ______________________________
3. Click Exposure and weathering. What forms when rocks break down?
3. Click Exposure and weathering. What forms when rocks break down?
4. Click Erosion and deposition. In what ways are sediments transported?
4. Click Erosion and deposition. In what ways are sediments transported?
5. Click Lithification and compaction. (Lithification is hardening into
rock.) What kind of rock is formed from sediments?
5. Click Lithification and compaction. (Lithification is hardening into
rock.) What kind of rock is formed from sediments?
6. Click Increase temp. and pressure. What kind of rock is formed?
6. Click Increase temp. and pressure. What kind of rock is formed?
7. Click Melt. What is formed when rocks melt deep underground?
7. Click Melt. What is formed when rocks melt deep underground?
8. Describe: Select the PATH tab. What are the steps in this rock cycle?
8. Describe: Select the PATH tab. What are the steps in this rock cycle?
9. Diagram: The image summarizes the different stations in the rock cycle.
Draw an arrow to represent each possible transition from one rock type
to another. Then label each arrow with the process that occurs, such as
“weathering” or “erosion and deposition.”
9. Diagram: The image summarizes the different stations in the rock cycle.
Draw an arrow to represent each possible transition from one rock type
to another. Then label each arrow with the process that occurs, such as
“weathering” or “erosion and deposition.”
10. Practice: List the steps that would cause each transformation below.
10. Practice: List the steps that would cause each transformation below.
Intrusive igneous rock  sedimentary rock:
Intrusive igneous rock  sedimentary rock:
Metamorphic rock  sediment:
Metamorphic rock  sediment:
Sediment  sedimentary rock:
Sediment  sedimentary rock:
Sedimentary rock  sediment:
Sedimentary rock  sediment:
Now, take the 5 question assessment and submit your answers.
Now, take the 5 question assessment and submit your answers.
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