Science and Technology Journal of BgNS, VOL. 13, No. 1, JUNE 2009 ISSN 1310-8727 Title: EVOLUTION OF THE SHELL STRUCTURE FAR FROM STABILITY BY MEANS OF HIGH INTENSITY STABLE BEAMS Authors: G. de Angelis Abstract: The study of nuclear structure far from stability: which mainly on the availability of radioactive nuclear beams, can complementary be addressed by means of high intensity beams of stable ions. In particular high intensity beams of stable ions can open new avenues for the nuclear structure research both for proton and neutron rich systems. Deep-inelastic and multi nucleon transfer reactions are a powerful tool to populate yrast and non yrast states in neutron-rich nuclei. Particularly successful is here the combination of large acceptance spectrometers with highly segmented γ-detector arrays. Such devices, eventually complemented by large coverage particle detectors can provide the necessary channel selectivity to identify very rare signals. An example is the CLARA γ-ray detector array coupled with the PRISMA spectrometer at the Legnaro National Laboratories (NLN). Large data sets have been recently collected for nuclei close to the N=28, 40 and 50 shell closures. The obtained results complement studies performed with current radioactive beam (RIB) facilities. The data clearly show the evolution of the effective single particle energies in very good agreement with the predictions of the mean field model with tensor interaction. The excited states of the N=50 isotopes, extended down to Z=31 and of N=51 isotopes, extended down to Z=34, have been used to test the predictions of the shell evolution based on the effects of the tensor interaction as well as of the different effective interaction. As future perspective the development of a γ-ray detection system capable of tracking the location of the energy deposited at every γ-ray interaction point will also provide an un parallel level of detection sensitivity, and will open new revenues for nuclear structure studies. References  G.A.Lalazissis et al., Phys. Lett B 418, 7 (1998).  B.Blank, P.H.Regan, Nucl. Phys. News Internat. 11 (1) (2001) 15.  J.Dobaczewski et al. Phys. Scr. T56, 15 (1995).  R.C.Nayak, Phys. Rev. C 60, (1999) 064305.  X.Campi et al., Nucl. Phys. A 25 (1975) 193.  N.Fukunishi et al. Phys. Lett B 296, (1992) 279.  T.Otsuka et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 11 (1964) 145.  T.Otsuka, Theoret. Phys. Suppl. 146 (2002).  T.Otsuka et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 (2006) 162501.  H.Grave, Sprihger Lect. Notes in Phys. 651 (2004) 33.  R.Broda et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 686 (1995).  I.Ishii et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.81, 4100 (1998) and refs therein.  R.B.Firestone, Table of isotopes, 8th, ed., Wiley, 1996.  A.Gadea et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 193 (2004).  A.M.Stefanini et al., Nucl. Phys. A701, 217c (2002).  G.Montagnoli et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 547, (2005) 455.  S.Begini et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 551, (2005) 364.  D.Bazzacco, Proceedings of the Intern. Conference on Nuclear Structure at high Angular Momentum, vol 11, Ottawa, 1992, p.376. Rep. N. AECL 10613.  Y.H.Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. C 70, (2004) 024301.  Lisetskiy et al., Phys. Rev. C 70, 044314 (2004).  G. de Angelis et al., Phys. Lett B 535, 93 (2002).  G. de Angelis et al., Phys. Lett B 437, 236 (1998).  N.Marginean et al., Phys. Rev. C 63, 031303 (2001).  A.Gadea et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 152501 (2006).  S.Lenzi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 122501 (2001).  A.P.Zuker et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.89, 142502 (2002).  M.A.Bentley et al., Phys. Lett., B437, 243 (1998).  A.Poves et al., Nucl. Phys. A694, 157 (2001).  J.Ekman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 132501 (2004).  D.H.Wilkinson, Isospin in Nuclear Physics, North Holland (1969), pag. 134.  J.Simpson, Z. Phys. A358, 139 (1997).  R.Orlandi, see contribution to these proceedings..  M.A.Bentley, Proceeding of the FINUSTAR. Conference, 12-16 September 2005, Kos, Greece.  M.Hasegava et al., Phys. Lett., B617, 150 (2005).  E.Farnea et al., Phys. Lett., B551, 56 (2003).  G.Prete, see contribution to these proceedings.  SPES Technical Design for an Advanced Exotic Ion Beam Facility at LNL, LNLINFN (REP) 181/02, June 2002.