Associacion Latino-Americana de Fisica
Nuclear y Aplicaciones - ALAFNA
Alinka Lépine-Szily
(co-chair of ALAFNA)
Meeting NuPECC, Sevilla 08/18/2012
CHART OF SANTIAGO
The “Association of Latin American Nuclear Physics and
Applications” (ALANFA) was formed in Santiago, Chile
on Dec. 19, 2009, by representatives of Argentina,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.
In Spanish is called “Asociación Latino Americana de Física Nuclear
y Aplicaciones” ALAFNA
In Portuguese is called “Associação Latino Americana de Física
Nuclear e Aplicações” ALAFNA
Chairs of ALANFA: Andrés Kreiner (Argentina)
Alinka Lépine-Szily (Brazil)
Steering Committee (SC) of ALAFNA is formed by
the 15 original founders:
Ricardo Alarcon (Arizona State Univ., USA)
Hugo Arellano (U. of Chile, Chile)
Haydn Barros (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)
Maria Ester Brandan (UNAM, Mexico)
Roelof Bijker (UNAM, Mexico)
Laszlo Sajo Bohus (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)
Fernando Cristancho (UNal, Colombia)
Paulo Gomes (U. Fed. Fluminense, Brazil)
Carlos Granja(Inst.Exp.Appl.Phys. Czech Tech.U. Czech Rep.)
Andrés Kreiner (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina) Chair
Alinka Lépine-Szily (USP, Brazil) Chair
Rubens Lichtenthäler (USP, Brazil)
Modesto Montoya (Inst. Per. Em. Nucl., Peru)
Roberto Morales (U. of Chile, Chile)
Alberto Pacheco (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)
Objectives of ALAFNA
To strengthen ties among the Latin American Communities
doing nuclear research and applications to foster
collaborations and promotion of activities,
To educate the scientific community and the general public
through the promotion of nuclear physics and the
peaceful uses of nuclear technology,
To do periodic overall assessments of nuclear science in
Latin America in the context of world wide activities,
and
To discuss at a multi-national level future planning of
nuclear science activities in Latin America
Role of the Steering Committee:
-establishment of ALAFNA governance rules
-divulgation of ALAFNA in the scientific community
-divulgation of ALAFNA within governments of Latin
America with interest in nuclear science and applications
ALAFNA homepage was installed on the website of the IX
Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and
Applications” (LASNPA) july 18-22,2011, Quito, Ecuador
http://www.lasnpa-quito2011.org/alafna.org
07/22/2011: ALAFNA meeting after IX Latin American
Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications (LASNPA).
Agenda: Bylaws of ALAFNA
The bylaws of the Association were discussed by all presents.
Some conclusions:
The association should be open to all nuclear scientists
of the region (different from ANPHA or NUPECC)
The executive board should have 1 representative of
each member country.
Proposal of Chile and Venezuela: Alafna should promote
education for general public and schools on all levels,
to compensate the negative effect on the general publics
perception on nuclear science due to the Fukushima accident.
Agenda: ANDES project
Construction of an underground laboratory with international
visibility in the tunel Agua Negra, between Argentina and Chile,
below the Andes. Situated between 3.5-5km on Argentinian side,
Thickness of the rock >1500 m.
Situated between 3.5-5km on Argentinian side,
Thickness of the rock >1500 m.
The present members have discussed the project and
those of the steering commitee voted in favour of an
endorsement.
However there is a worry about the cost of the project
and the maintenance of the present funding of existing
projects.
Also it was stated that the project should benefit the
local and regional technological developement.
Accelerator developement-Tandar
Common activities since the last meeting (Dec. 19, 2009)
- Adoption of the Chart of Santiago (January 2010)
- July 2-4, 2010 two-Day Symposium on International Nuclear Science
of the IUPAP Working Group WG.9 at TRIUMF
- July 10, 2010: National Academy of Sciences (NP2010)
Text in the final report
-July 2011 IX Symposium under the auspices of IUPAP (Quito)
-July 2011
Presence at IUPAP WG9 meeting on 07/24/2011 at MIT
-February 2012, Experimental Nuclear Physics Summer School at USP
with expressive latin american participation.
-August 2012 Presence at IUPAP WG9 meeting on 08/18/2012 at
RIKEN
-October 2012 Presence at NuPECC meeting Sevilla.
-26-30 Nov. 2012 Andean School “Nuclear Physics in the 21st century”
in Bogota, Colombia.
Latin American Symposia on Nuclear Physics and
Applications
1995
1997
1999
2001
2003
2005
2007
2009
2011
2013
Caracas, Venezuela
Caracas, Venezuela
San Andrés, Colombia
Ciudad de México, México
Santos, Brazil
Iguazu, Argentina
Cuzco, Peru
Santiago, Chile
Quito, Ecuador
Montevideo, Uruguay
Scope: the dissemination of the major theoretical and experimental
advances in the field of nuclear science and its applications.
The main topics to be covered are: Nuclear Structure and Reactions,
Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics, Cosmic Rays, Hadron Structure
and Phases of Nuclear Matter, Tests of Fundamental Symmetries
and Properties of Neutrinos, Nuclear Instrumentation and Facilities:
Radiation Detectors and Sources, and Applications in Medicine
(Biomedical Imaging, Radiotherapy),Art/Archeology, Energy, Space and
International Security.
Scientific Program of the IX LASNPA
Copiar o pdf fa website do simp.
Number of participants: 120
Less than in Chile (170), due to less local
Participation, air fares expensive from
Brazil and Argentina, higher fee.
Next Symposium dec. 2013-Montevideo
-Uruguay
31 plenary talks
58 talks in parallel sessions
http://videos.physics.asu.edu/LatinIX/program-IX-Latin-June30.pdf
Number of participants: 125
Less than in Chile (170), due to less local
participation, air fares expensive from
Brazil and Argentina, higher fee.
Next Symposium dec. 2013-Montevideo
-Uruguay
General Informations on the status of
Nuclear Physics in
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Mexico
Venezuela
Ecuador
Colombia
Peru
Nuclear Physics and Applications in
Argentina and Cooperation in Latin
America
A.J.Kreiner1,2,3.
1Departamento de
Física, CNEA, Atomic Energy Commission Arg.
2Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnología. Universidad de San Martin, Arg.
3CONICET (National Research Council), Argentina.
Major facility: TANDAR 20 MV Tandem
(Pelletron)
Facility's major experimental instrumentation and its capabilities:
• - QDD magnetic spectrometer.
• - Microbeam facility (beam spots of about 1μ2) with high resolution X-ray
detection.
• - External beam irradiation facility with on-line dose determination.
• - Heavy-ion identification based on a time-of-flight facility (start and stop
signals derived from microchannel plates) followed by a Bragg spectrometer or
solid state detectors.
• - 30-inch diameter multipurpose scattering chamber.
• - Irradiation chamber for the simulation of outer-space environmental
conditions.
• Ion implanter.
• Number of actual, active users of the facility: 51
• Number of a) permanent staff, as scientific, technical, and administrative staff,
employed by the lab: 46 and b) temporary staff (including graduate students
and postdoctoral researchers on the facility’s payroll): 12
Research Programs
The main experimental and theoretical research lines
related to Nuclear Physics and its applications are the
following:
• Low-energy nuclear physics: Nuclear structure,
nuclear reactions, collective nuclear excitations and
giant resonances, break-up reactions and their
influence on fusion reactions involving weakly bound
nuclei; fusion barrier distributions.
• High-energy nuclear physics: Hadronic models based
on QCD. Phase structure of strong interactions.
Other CNEA centers
• 1.2 EZEIZA Atomic Center: Isotope production (40 MeV proton
Cyclotron). Nuclear metrology (radiation measurements,
standards for gammas, betas, neutrons). Reactor physics (RA-3
research reactor). BNCT with reactors. 60Co irradiators. Isotope
production. (150 people).
• 1.3 BARILOCHE Atomic Center: Neutron physics (electron
LINAC for neutron production thru photonuclear reactions, 10
people). Reactor physics and engineering RA-6 (School of Nuclear
Engineering). Clinical trials in BNCT (4). Auger physics (4).
• 1.4 School of Nuclear medicine (Mendoza). PET center in
association with National Cancer Institute (Buenos Aires).
NUCLEAR PHYSICS RESEARCH IN
BRAZIL
Alinka Lépine-Szily
Number of scientists and graduate students in
In
Nuclear Physics in Brasil in 2010
2005
(underestimated)
96
25
170
291
2005:
2009:
1999:
2004:
2009:
63 universities
131 universities (http://www.universidades.com.br/brasil.htm)
2.7 millions of students, 6.9%
4.16 millions of students
4.88 millions of students, 13.9%
SP
Major Facility for Nuclear Physics research
8 MV Pelletron Tandem
University of São Paulo: Institute of Physics
8 MV tandem
3-5 MeV.A
RIBRAS
Local facility: Very important for graduate student training, 56 MS and
PhD thesis in last 10 years
Facility´s major experimental
instrumentation and capabilities:
1. Radioactive Ion Beam Brasil
(RIBRAS) 2 superconducting solenoids
can select and focus radioactive beams
produced by transfer reactions B=6.5T.
6He,8Li,7,10Be,8B,17,18F etc beams.
2. Two large position sensitive
neutron
detectors (Neutron wall)
3. Gamma-ray+charged particle
spectrometer (SACI-PERERE)
4. Enge split-pole spectrometer
5. Multi-purpose scattering chamber.
6. Large scattering chamber
Research Programs:
Low-energy nuclear physics:T,E
Low energy reaction and structure studies with stable and
radioactive beams, break-up, fusion, nuclear astrophysical
reactions, Gamma-spectrosopy, nuclear structure with
light-ion transfer reactions.
T: 3-body description of halo nuclei, fusion models for
superheavies, weak-interaction for r-process
High-energy nuclear physics:
Theory:
Hadronic models in QCD, Phases of nuclear matter,
nuclear astrophysics within relativistic models(hadronic
and quark
stars),
1111118th 118th Intn Few-Body Problems in PhysIcs 8th International IUPAP Conference on Few-Body Problems in PhysIcs
Experimental: Auger project
STAR collaboration at RHIC, Alice collaboration at LHC
PHENIX collaboration at RHIC, Atlas collab. at LHC
Highlights of recent results from RIBRAS, first and unique
radioactive facility in Latin America
-elastic scattering of halo nuclei on light, medium mass, heavy nuclei
6He +9Be ,27Al, 51V,120Sn, 7Be + 9Be, 51V,8Li + 9Be, 51V
8B + 27Al, 8Li, 7Be , 10Be on 12C ,8Li + p, 6He + p
Resonant transfer reactions :p(8Li,4He)5He
p(8Li,4He)5He R-matrix fits
Ecm(MeV)
Main Institutions:
1. São Paulo state (80% experimental, 35% theoretical
-
activity)
São Paulo USP E, T research in low, high energy nuclear physics
IFT/UNESP Hadronic models in QCD, 3-body models of halo
nuclei T
ITA 3-body models of halo nuclei , relativistic nuclear structure T
Unicamp; Auger project, RHIC, LHC E
IPEN: gamma spectrosopy, instrumentation and applications E
2.
Rio de Janeiro
UFRJ Theoretical studies of Nuclear Reactions, Hadron Physics T
UFF Low energy Nuclear Reactions T,E
AMS E
CBPF Hadron Physics, fusion models for SHE, r-process T
3. Southern states, Paraná, UEL, applications, Gamma and X-ray
spectrometry for material analysis E
Santa Catarina, UFSC nuclear astrophysics within relativistic
models(hadronic and quark stars) T
Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS, FURG hadron physics using QCD T
International Collaborations:
Experimental:
1.Strong collaboration between Pelletron (USP) -Tandar
Argentina and UFF (Niteroi, Brasil) Pro-Sul CNPq-CONICET
2. STAR, PHENIX collaboration at RHIC
3. Alice collaboration at LHC
5. Collaborations: Legnaro, Catania, Sevilla, Madrid, U. Notre
Dame, CNS-U.Tokyo, GANIL, ANU
Theory:
U.La Plata (Arg.), Cuba, U. Coimbra, Tandar, National
Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of
Sciences , Oxford Univ., Univ. Tennessee, Univ. Sydney,
Univ. Aarhus.
Difficulties: Small groups, Heavy travel
expenses, little money for graduate students
Funding: Brazil
Federal Funding Agency: Conselho de Desenvolvimento
Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq ).
State funding agencies: Ex: Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa
de Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP).
~50 M$/year, 2.5M$/year for Nuclear Physics,
(include grants, student fellowships, does not include
salaries, which are paid by Univ, Intitutes)
Science without Frontiers: 200.000 undergraduate
students/year are being t for 1 year abroad.
Funding: less in other Latin American countries
Future projects in Brazil: RMB (Multipurpose Research
Reactor) of 30MW for radioisotope production and applications,
Argentinian-Brazilian collaboration OPAL reactor, totally funded
900MR$=350MEuro
XXXV Nuclear Physics Workshop in Brazil
2-6 september 2012, Maresias, Brazil
24 plenary talks (14 international), 191 participants,
Parallel session, posters
New 14C-AMS facility installed at Universidade Federal Fluminense,
Niteroi, Brazil . First in South America.
Nuclear Physics in Chile
Roberto Morales
Universidad de Chile
UNIVERSITY OF CHILE VAN DE GRAAFF LABORATORY
Acelerador Van de Graaff. 3.75 MeV
Sistemas de espectroscopía gamma, rayos X, alfa
P.A. Miranda, M. A. Chesta, S. A. Cancino, J. R. Morales, M. I. Dinator, J. A. Wachter and C. Tenreiro
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 248 (2006) 150-154
Recursos humanos.-´
Investigadores Universidad de Chile
Arellano, Hugo
Cancino, Simón
Dinator, Maria I.
Morales, J. Roberto
Miranda, Pedro
Dr.
M.Cs.
M.Cs.
Dr.
Dr.
UCH
UCH
UCH
UCH
UCH
Colaboradores
Robert Flocchini.
Javier Miranda.
Andrea Seelenfreund.
Rafael Correa.
Sergio Montes.
Claudio Tenreiro.
Mario Ávila.
Raúl Morales.
Margarita Préndez.
Diego Salazar.
Raúl Muñoz.
UC Davis, California, U.S.A.
UNAM, México.
Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano
Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana
Universidad de Santiago
Universidad de Talca
Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear
Fac. Ciencias, Universidad de Chile
Fac. Ciencias Química y Farmacéutica. U. de Chile
Fac. Ciencias Sociales. U. de Chile
Fac. de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas. U. de Chile
*
Nuclear Physics in Mexico
Roelof Bijker and
María Ester Brandan
UNAM
Experimental facilities
• 6 MV Tandem (ININ)
• 0.7 and 5.5 MV Van de Graaf and 3 MV
Pelletron (IFUNAM)
• Instrumentation laboratories
– Pyramid of the Sun and HAWC (IFUNAM)
– Detector lab (ICNUNAM)
– Instrumentation labs (Puebla and UMSNH)
Where?
• UNAM, DF, Instituto de Física, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares,
Fac de Ciencias
• ININ and Univ. Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca
• Cinvestav, DF y Mérida
• Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa
• Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla
• Universidad Michoacana San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia
• Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Zacatecas
• Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
How many?
• About 20 (10) in basic research and its
instrumentation
• About 30 (10) in applied nuclear physics
and its instrumentation
• Graduate students: About 50
Subjects: Basic science
• Nuclear structure (symmetries, cluster models,
nuclear masses, double b decay) T
• Hadronic physics (LE QCD, quark models) T
• Cosmic rays (Pyramid of the Sun, HAWC) E
• Neutron physics, fundamental symmetries E
• International collaborations: T, E
–
–
–
–
ALICE (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, Cinvestav, BUAP, UAS)
Auger (ICNUNAM)
RIB ORNL, Notre Dame (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM)
LANL (IFUNAM)
Subjects: Applied science
• Medical physics (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM,
School of Medicine UNAM, UAZ) E
• Radiation physics E
– RBS, PIXE, other techniques
Nuclear Physics and Applications in Ecuador
Institutions
/
activity
www.epn.edu.ec
Escuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN), Quito
Dept. de Física y Astronomía
Dept. de Ciencias Nucleares
linac
Co irradiator
Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito
• Bulk irradiations (electron, gamma)
• Atomic absorption (X-rays, UV)
• Fluorescence and mass analysis
• Particle physics (D0 Fermilab)
www.usfq.edu.ec
„National Bureau of Control, License and Studies of Nuclear Sciences“ (former Atomic Energy Commission)
Dependency of the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy
Laboratories (e.g. Dosimeter and radiation monitor calibration).
Oncology Society SOLCA, Quito
commercial radiotherapy linacs (e–,g)
Hospitals (oncology), Quito, Guayaquil
commercial radiotherapy linacs (e–,g)
www.meer.gov.ec
• Regulations, safeguards
• Nuclear techniques (element analysis)
• Medical Physics
• Radiotherapy (electron, photon)
www.solca.med.ec
• Radiotherapy treatments (electron, photon)
Nuclear Physics in VENEZUELA
Universidad de los Andes
LASER
Spectrometer δ18
High Energy Group (3 Ph.D) Dr. Luis Nuñez
Hydrogeology Group (2 Ph.D) Dr. Hervé Jegat
OIEA
I.V.I.C.
60-Co Irradiation Facility. Ing. Paolo Traversa
Secondary Calibration Lab. Dr. Lila Carrizalez
Medical Physics Masters Courses
Official National Training Courses in Radioprotection
Environmental Radioactivity
Universidad Central de Venezuela
Medical Physics Masters Courses. Dr. Rafael Martín (20-25 students / year)
Lab. Applications Nuclear Tech. In Industry. Dr. Héctor Constan. (L.Cintillation)
Ministery of Energy
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, National Nuclear Authority. Dr. Héctor Constan
Regularions & Permissions.
Training (Through IAEA)
Monitoring for evaluations and permissions (Gamma Spectroscopy).
Univ. Centro Occ. Lizandro Alvarado
TXRF – Chemistry Department. Dra. Lué Meru Marco
Hospitals & Private Centres
Ciclotron (18F), PET, LINAC, Gamma Ch., MRI, CT, etc. Dra. Aisa Manzo
Universidad Simon Bolivar
(www.nuclear.fis.usb.ve)
Last Five years
Researchers 8
New Professionals 29
Prof. L. Sajo-Bohus
Ph.D. Physics 2
Prof. E. Greaves
M.Sc. Physics 2
Dr. P. Nemeth
M.Sc. Chemistry 2
Prof. J. Liendo
M.Sc. Eng. Electronic 1
Prof. D. Palacios
B.Sc. Physics: 12
Prof. H. Barros
B.Sc. Chemistry 5
Prof. M. Bernal
B.Sc. Biology 1
Prof. F. Rodríguez
Electric & Electronic Eng. 6
Support Staff 3
Postgraduate abroad 12
Techniques and devices
Ion Implanter (0,4 MeV)
Neutron Source (Cf)
Alpha (Si) & Gamma Spectrometry (HPGe)
TXRF & DRX
TLD and SSNTD
Co & Cs intense sources
BGO, NaI(Tl) and Cherenkov
Abroad
NAA
2 Tech. + 1 Adm.
Ion Beam Analysis
Students 8
Ph.D. 5
M.Sc. 6
B.Sc. 5
AMS, ICPMS & TIMS
OIEA
Física nuclear y aplicaciones en el Perú
El Instituto Peruano de Energía Nuclear (IPEN)
cuenta con un reactor de investigación de 10 MW,
en el cual se produce radioisótopos para medicina y
se realiza análisis químicos por activación neutrónica.
Se tiene también una facilidad de neutrografía.
El IPEN en colaboración con la Universidad Nacional
de Ingeniería se realiza simulación de experimentos
de fisión y experimentos de física de reactores.
Un grupo de la Pontifica Universidad Católica del Perú
trabaja en el experimento ALICE con el grupo de
México en el CERN.
Conclusions:
Most countries in the region have small activity in
basic Nuclear Physics research. Mostly radiation
and medical applications. Very small number of
scientists (each country <20).
Exceptions: Argentina (130), Brazil (400),
Mexico(100), including graduate students.
Region has no large scale facilities in NP, but
intense activity around smaller facilities, large
number of students.
Small support from funding agencies even for
maintenance of existing facilities.
Thank you for your attention